Portugal Genealogy

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| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
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*Add news and events
  
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<td style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%"> <b>News &amp; Events</b>
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| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
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*[[Portugal Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
<ul><li>Add news and events
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*[[Portugal Biography|Biography]]
</li></ul>
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*[[Portugal Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
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*[[Portugal Census|Census]]
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*[[Portugal Church Directories|Church Directories]]
<td style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%"> <b>Topics</b>
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*[[Portugal Church History|Church History]]
</td></tr>
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*[[Portugal Church Records|Church Records]]
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*[[Portugal Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
<td style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%">
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*[[Portugal Court Records|Court Records]]
<ul><li><a href="Portugal Archives and Libraries">Archives and Libraries</a>
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*[[Portugal Finding Cultural Areas|Cultural Areas]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Biography">Biography</a>
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*[[Portugal Directories|Directories]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a>
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*[[Portugal Dwellings|Dwellings]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Census">Census</a>
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*[[Portugal Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Church Directories">Church Directories</a>
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*[[Portugal Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Church History">Church History</a>
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*[[Portugal Genealogy|Genealogy]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Church Records">Church Records</a>
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*[[Portugal Heraldry|Heraldry]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Civil Registration">Civil Registration</a>
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*[[Portugal Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Court Records">Court Records</a>
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*[[Portugal History|History]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Finding Cultural Areas">Cultural Areas</a>
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*[[Portugal Land and Property|Land and Property]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Directories">Directories</a>
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*[[Portugal Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Dwellings">Dwellings</a>
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*[[Portugal Maps|Maps]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Emigration and Immigration">Emigration and Immigration</a>
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*[[Portugal Military Records|Military Records]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a>
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*[[Portugal Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Genealogy">Genealogy</a>
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*[[Portugal Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Heraldry">Heraldry</a>
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*[[Portugal Newspapers|Newspapers]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Historical Geography">Historical Geography</a>
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*[[Portugal Nobility|Nobility]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal History">History</a>
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*[[Portugal Notary Records|Notary Records]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Land and Property">Land and Property</a>
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*[[Portugal Obituaries|Obituaries]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Language and Languages">Language and Languages</a>
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*[[Portugal Occupations|Occupations]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Maps">Maps</a>
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*[[Portugal Population|Population]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Military Records">Military Records</a>
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*[[Portugal Probate Records|Probate Records]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Names, Personal">Names Personal</a>
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*[[Portugal Schools|Schools]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Naturalization and Citizenship">Naturalization and Citizenship</a>
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*[[Portugal Societies|Societies]]
</li><li><a href="Portugal Newspapers">Newspapers</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Nobility">Nobility</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Notary Records">Notary Records</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Obituaries">Obituaries</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Occupations">Occupations</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Population">Population</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Probate Records">Probate Records</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Schools">Schools</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Societies">Societies</a>
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</li></ul>
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</td></tr>
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<td style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%"> <b>Did You Know?</b>
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<td style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto"> <span class="fck_mw_template">{{{info|fckLR* Add informationfckLR}}}</span>
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<p><span class="fck_mw_template">{{Forum badgefckLR| layout = verticalfckLR| link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=8fckLR| name = Western European Research ForumfckLR}}</span>
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</p>
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</div><div style="width: 74%; float: right"><!-- Introduction goes below here-->
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<p><b>Portugal</b>, officially the <b>Portuguese Republic</b>, is a country in southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. Being the westernmost country of mainland Europe, Portugal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are also part of Portugal.
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</p><p>The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been constantly settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Celtic societies, followed by incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions in the 2nd century BC, and subsequently into Germanic Kingdoms, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. The Moors occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula from the early 8th century when they first arrived and conquered the Christian Kingdoms of Germanic background. After the starting of the <i>Reconquista</i>, in the early 1100s Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its Christian neighbors, Castile and Leon. In little over a century Portugal had nearly established its modern-day borders by conquering territory from the Muslim Moors.
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</p>
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<h2> Research Tools  </h2>
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<ul><li><a href="http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Portugal.pdf">BYU Research Guide for Portugal</a>
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</li><li>Listing of all <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&amp;countryId=1927058">records collections for Portugal</a> available on FamilySearch.org.
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</li><li>etomo.com Portugal National Archives
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</li><li><a href="http://www.arquivo-madeira.org/homepage.php">Regional Archives of Madeira</a>
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</li></ul>
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<p><b>Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:</b>
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</p>
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<ul><li><a href="Portugal Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)">Portugal, Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>
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</li><li><a href="https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal_Deaths_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)">Portugal, Deaths, 1640-1910 (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>
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</li><li>Portugal, Marriages 1670-1910 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li><a href="https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Aveiro_Catholic_Church_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)">Portugal, Diocese of Aveiro, Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>
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</li><li>Portugal, Aveiro, Passport Registers, 1882-1965 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Aveiro, Testaments, 1900-1936 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Braga Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li><a href="Portugal, Diocese of Bragança Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)">Portugal, Bragança Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>
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</li><li>Portugal, Castelo Branco, Catholic Church Records, 1714-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Coimbra, Catholic Church Records, 1459-1911 &#160;(FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938) (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li><a href="Portugal, Coimbra Testament Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)">Portugal, Coimbra, Testament Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>&#160;
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</li><li>Portugal, Faro, Catholic Church Records, 1587-1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Guarda, Catholic Church Records, 1459-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Leiria, Catholic Church Records, 1534-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Leiria, Passport Registers, 1861-1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li><a href="Portugal, Diocese of Lamego Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)">Portugal, Lamego Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a>
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</li><li>Portugal, Porto, Catholic Church Records, 1535-1949 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Setúbal, Catholic Church Records, 1555-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Viana do Castelo, Catholic Church Records, 1537-1909 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal,Vila Real, Catholic Church Records, 1575-1975 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li>Portugal, Viseu, Catholic Church Records, 1523-1989 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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</li><li><a href="Portugal, Diocese of Viana do Castelo Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)">Portugal, Diocese of Viana do Castelo Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)</a><br>
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</li></ul>
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<h2> Featured Content  </h2>
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<ul><li><i>See tutorials in FamilySearch Learning Center for </i><a href="https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&amp;fq=place%3A%22Portugal%22"><i>"Reading Portuguese handwritten Records"</i></a>
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</li></ul>
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<h2> Jurisdictions  </h2>
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<p>Portugal has 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas , singular - regiao autonoma).
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</p>
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<td> <br>
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| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
</td>
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|-
<td>
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| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | {{{info|
<ul><li>Aveiro
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* Add information
</li><li><a href="Azores">Acores (Azores)</a>*
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}}}
</li><li>Beja
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|}
</li><li>Braga
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</li><li>Braganca
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</li><li>Castelo Branco
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</li><li>Coimbra
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</li><li>Evora
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</li><li>Faro
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</li><li>Guarda
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</li></ul>
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</td>
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<td>
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<ul><li>Leiria
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</li><li>Lisboa (Lisbon)  
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</li><li><a href="Madeira Islands">Madeira</a>*
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</li><li>Portalegre
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</li><li>Porto
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</li><li>Santarem
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</li><li>Setubal
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</li><li>Viana do Castelo
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</li><li>Vila Real
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</li><li>Viseu
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</li></ul>
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</td></tr></table>
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<h2> Websites  </h2>
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<ul><li><a href="http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/portugal/index.html">Portugal Genealogy links on genealogylinks.net</a>
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</li><li><a href="http://genealogy.about.com/od/portugal/">Portuguese Genealogy - Tracing Your Family Tree &amp; History in Portugal - about.com</a>
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</li><li><a href="http://www.cyndislist.com/portugal.htm">Cyndi's List - Portugal</a>
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</li><li><a href="http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/hispanic/portugal/resources/portugal-genealogy.html">Genealogy&#160;: Portugal&#160;: Selected Internet Resources (Portals to the World, Library of Congress)</a>
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</li><li><a href="http://etombo.com">Directory of Parish Records</a> (for the continent of Portugal)
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</li><li><a href="http://www.culturacores.azores.gov.pt/ig/">Centro de Conhecimento dos Açores: Church Records, Emigration etc.</a> (Azores)
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</li><li><a href="http://www.arquivo-madeira.org/homepage.php">Regional Archives of Madeira</a> (ARM)
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</li><li><a href="http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#Iberia">Directory of Royal Genealogical Data</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portuguese Letter-writing Guide">Letter-writing Guide</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portuguese Genealogical Word List">Word List</a>
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</li><li><a href="Portugal Websites">Websites</a>
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</li></ul>
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<h2> Things you can do  </h2>
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<p>In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
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</p>
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<table class="FCK&#95;_ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1">
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<tr>
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{{Forum badge
<td>
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| layout = vertical
<ul><li><a href="Edit a page">Expand an article</a> or <a href="Special:Shortpages">short page</a>
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| link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=8
</li><li><a href="How to author an article in the Wiki">Create a new article</a><br>
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| name = Western European Research Forum
</li><li><a href="How to categorize an article">Categorize articles</a><br>
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}}
</li></ul>
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</div><div style="width: 74%; float: right"><!-- Introduction goes below here-->  
</td>
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'''Portugal''', officially the '''Portuguese Republic''', is a country in southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. Being the westernmost country of mainland Europe, Portugal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are also part of Portugal.
<td>
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<ul><li><a href="Create an external link">Add external links to articles</a>
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</li><li><a href="Create an internal link">Add internal links to articles</a>
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</li><li><a href="FamilySearch Wiki:Translation">Translate pages</a>
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</li></ul>
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</td></tr></table>
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<p><span class="fck_mw_template">{{H-langs|en=Portugal|pt=Portugal}}</span>
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</p><p>__NOTOC__
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</p>
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</div>
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<p><br>
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</p>
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<a _fcknotitle="true" href="Category:Portugal">Category:Portugal</a>
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The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been constantly settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Celtic societies, followed by incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions in the 2nd century BC, and subsequently into Germanic Kingdoms, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. The Moors occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula from the early 8th century when they first arrived and conquered the Christian Kingdoms of Germanic background. After the starting of the ''Reconquista'', in the early 1100s Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its Christian neighbors, Castile and Leon. In little over a century Portugal had nearly established its modern-day borders by conquering territory from the Muslim Moors.
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 +
== Research Tools  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Portugal.pdf BYU Research Guide for Portugal]
 +
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927058 records collections for Portugal] available on FamilySearch.org.
 +
*[http://etombo.com/ etombo.com] Portugal National Archives
 +
*[http://www.arquivo-madeira.org/homepage.php Regional Archives of Madeira]
 +
 
 +
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
 +
 
 +
*[[Portugal Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Portugal, Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal_Deaths_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) Portugal, Deaths, 1640-1910 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal_Marriages_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Marriages 1670-1910 (FamilySearch Historical Records) ]
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*[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Aveiro_Catholic_Church_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) Portugal, Diocese of Aveiro, Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*Portugal, Aveiro, Passport Registers, 1882-1965 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
 +
*Portugal, Aveiro, Testaments, 1900-1936 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Braga_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Braga Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[[Portugal, Diocese of Bragança Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Portugal, Bragança Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*Portugal, Castelo Branco, Catholic Church Records, 1714-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Coimbra_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Coimbra, Catholic Church Records, 1459-1911 &nbsp;(FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938) (FamilySearch Historical Records)
 +
*[[Portugal, Coimbra Testament Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Portugal, Coimbra, Testament Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]&nbsp;
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Faro_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Faro, Catholic Church Records, 1587-1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Guarda_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Guarda, Catholic Church Records, 1459-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records) ]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Leiria_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Leiria, Catholic Church Records, 1534-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*Portugal, Leiria, Passport Registers, 1861-1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
 +
*[[Portugal, Diocese of Lamego Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Portugal, Lamego Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Porto_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Porto, Catholic Church Records, 1535-1949 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Setubal_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Setúbal, Catholic Church Records, 1555-1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Viana_do_Castelo_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Viana do Castelo, Catholic Church Records, 1537-1909 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Vila_Real_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal,Vila Real, Catholic Church Records, 1575-1975 (FamilySearch Historical Records) ]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Portugal,_Diocese_of_Viseu_Catholic_Church_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Portugal, Viseu, Catholic Church Records, 1523-1989 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
*[[Portugal, Diocese of Viana do Castelo Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Portugal, Diocese of Viana do Castelo Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
 
 +
== Featured Content  ==
 +
 
 +
*''See tutorials in FamilySearch Learning Center for ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Portugal%22 ''"Reading Portuguese handwritten Records"'']
 +
 
 +
== Jurisdictions  ==
 +
 
 +
Portugal has 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas , singular - regiao autonoma).
 +
 
 +
{| style="width: 99%; height: 100px" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| <br>
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|
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*[http://digitarq.adavr.dgarq.gov.pt/ Aveiro]
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*[[Azores|Acores (Azores)]]*
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*[http://adbja.dgarq.gov.pt/ Beja]
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*[http://www.adb.uminho.pt/ Braga]
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*[http://digitarq.adbgc.dgarq.gov.pt/ Braganca]
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*[http://digitarq.adctb.dgarq.gov.pt/ Castelo Branco]
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*[http://www.uc.pt/auc/fundos Coimbra]
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*[http://digitarq.adevr.dgarq.gov.pt/ Evora]
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*[http://digitarq.adfar.dgarq.gov.pt/ Faro ]
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*[http://digitarq.adgrd.dgarq.gov.pt/ Guarda]
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 +
|
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*[http://digitarq.adlra.dgarq.gov.pt/ Leiria]
 +
*[http://digitarq.adlsb.dgarq.gov.pt/ Lisboa (Lisbon) ]
 +
*[[Madeira Islands|Madeira]]*
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*[http://digitarq.adptg.dgarq.gov.pt/ Portalegre]
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*[http://pesquisa.adporto.pt/cravfrontoffice/ Porto]
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*[http://digitarq.adstr.dgarq.gov.pt/ Santarem]
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*[http://digitarq.adstb.dgarq.gov.pt/ Setubal]
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*[http://digitarq.advct.dgarq.gov.pt/ Viana do Castelo]
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*[http://digitarq.advrl.dgarq.gov.pt/ Vila Real]
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*[http://digitarq.advis.dgarq.gov.pt/ Viseu]
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|}
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== Websites  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/portugal/index.html Portugal Genealogy links on genealogylinks.net]
 +
*[http://genealogy.about.com/od/portugal/ Portuguese Genealogy - Tracing Your Family Tree &amp; History in Portugal - about.com]
 +
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/portugal.htm Cyndi's List - Portugal]
 +
*[http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/hispanic/portugal/resources/portugal-genealogy.html Genealogy&nbsp;: Portugal&nbsp;: Selected Internet Resources (Portals to the World, Library of Congress)]
 +
*[http://etombo.com Directory of Parish Records] (for the continent of Portugal)
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*[http://www.culturacores.azores.gov.pt/ig/ Centro de Conhecimento dos Açores: Church Records, Emigration etc.] (Azores)
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*[http://www.arquivo-madeira.org/homepage.php Regional Archives of Madeira] (ARM)
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*[http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#Iberia Directory of Royal Genealogical Data]
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*[[Portuguese Letter-writing Guide|Letter-writing Guide]]
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*[[Portuguese Genealogical Word List|Word List]]
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*[[Portugal Websites|Websites]]
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== Things you can do  ==
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In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
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*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
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*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>  
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*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
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|
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*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
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*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
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*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
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|}
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{{H-langs|en=Portugal|pt=Portugal}}
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<br> [[Category:Portugal]]

Revision as of 10:01, 5 March 2013

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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country in southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. Being the westernmost country of mainland Europe, Portugal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are also part of Portugal.

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been constantly settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Celtic societies, followed by incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions in the 2nd century BC, and subsequently into Germanic Kingdoms, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. The Moors occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula from the early 8th century when they first arrived and conquered the Christian Kingdoms of Germanic background. After the starting of the Reconquista, in the early 1100s Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its Christian neighbors, Castile and Leon. In little over a century Portugal had nearly established its modern-day borders by conquering territory from the Muslim Moors.

Research Tools

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Featured Content

Jurisdictions

Portugal has 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas , singular - regiao autonoma).


Websites

Things you can do

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by: