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The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been constantly settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Celtic societies, followed by incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions in the 2nd century BC, and subsequently into Germanic Kingdoms, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. The Moors occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula from the early 8th century when they first arrived and conquered the Christian Kingdoms of Germanic background. After the starting of the Reconquista, in the early 1100s Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its Christian neighbors, Castile and Leon. In little over a century Portugal had nearly established its modern-day borders by conquering territory from the Muslim Moors.
BYU Research Guide for Portugal
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
Portugal, Coimbra, Testament Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
See tutorials in FamilySearch Learning Center for "Reading Portuguese handwritten Records"
Portugal has 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regiões autónomas, singular - região autónoma).
Viana do Castelo
Portugal Genealogy links on genealogylinks.net
Portuguese Genealogy - Tracing Your Family Tree & History in Portugal - about.com
Cyndi's List - Portugal
Genealogy : Portugal : Selected Internet Resources (Portals to the World, Library of Congress)
Directory of Parish Records (for the continent of Portugal)
Centro de Conhecimento dos Açores: Church Records, Emigration etc.(Azores)
Regional Archives of Madeira (ARM)
Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
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