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Potawatomi Chief Wabaunseei (little Dawn) 1815

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Various Spellings: Potawatomi, Potawatami, Potawatamie, Putawatimi, Pattawatima, Patawattimie, Pottwatami, Potawattimie, Pottawattimie, Pattawatima, Putawatame, Pottowotomee, Pottawatamy, Poutawatamie, Pottowautomie

Ancestral homeland: Southern Michigan and Indiana; Lower peninsula of present-day Michigan

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1670: Nicholas Perot- French explorer made contact with the tribe
  • 1754-63: fought with the French during the French and Indian Wars
  • 1775-83: fought with the British against the Americans
  • 1790-94: Little Turtle's War the tribe fought with other tribes to descourage non-Indian settlement
  • 1809-11: Tecumsen's Rebellion fought with other tribes to descourage non-indian settlement
  • 1832: Black Hawk War fought with other tribes to descourage non-indian settlement
  • after 1831: Many removed to: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Missouri, then on to Iowa, Kansas and Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
  • 1833: Treaty of Chicago begins removal process
  • 1838: migration from Indiana to Oklahoma is called the "Trail of Death"
  • 1867: A group of Potawatomi move to a reservation in Oklahoma and forms the Citizen Band
  • 1953-1954: The Prairie Band wins fight against Termination

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Potawatomi  tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

E. Claspy. The Potawatomi Indians of Southwestern Michigan.  Dowagiac, MI. 1966 FHL Book 970.3 P848c

Records of the Citizen Band of the Potawatomi Tribe, Shawnee, OK. FHL Film 126353

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[1], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[2], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Bands and Groups of the Potawatomi Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities

The term or designation of Potawatomi Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically ranged from Canadian border on the north to Oklahoma on the south and from Ohio on the east to the Mississippi River Valley and beyond on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Potawatomi, with their colonies or reservations, include:

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation -- (Oklahoma)
  • Forest County Potawatomi Community -- (Wisconsin)
  • Hannahville Indian Community -- (Michigan)
  • Huron Potawatomi, Inc. -- (Michigan)
  • Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Potawatomi -- (Michigan)
  • Pokagon Band -- (Michigan and Indiana)
  • Prairie Band of Potawatomi -- (Kansas)

Records

Allotment Records

Correspondence and Census Records

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

- - - - - - FHL Films: 580771-580774
Potawatomi Carter and Laona Agencies, 1911-27 Chicago - - Rolls 22, 230-23 FHL Film: 573868
Potawatomi Grand Rapids Agency,1900-26 Chicago - - - FHL Film: 576857
Potawatomi Great Lakes Consolidated, 1875-1952 Chicago - - Rolls 170-71, 176 FHL Films: 576859-576860
Potawatomi Fort Wayne and Indiana, 1824-50 Washington D.C. Rolls 304, 354-61 - Rolls 230-33 -
Potawatomi

Green Bay/Chicago/

Mackinac, 1824-80

Washington D.C. and Chicago Rolls 132-34, 315-36, 402-15 - - FHL Films: 576861-576863
Potawatomi Winnebago Agency,     1864-1965 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 931-47 - - FHL Films: 583122-583129

Potawatomi,

Iowa

Council Bluffs Agency,  1837-47 Washington D.C. Rolls 215-18 - - -

Potawatomi,

Kansas

Osage RIver Agency,     1837-47 Washington D.C. Rolls 642-51 - - -

Potawatomi,

Kansas

Ft. Leavenworth Agency, 1847-51 Washington D.C. Rolls 300-03 - - -

Potawatomi,

Kansas

Horton (Potawatomi) Agency 1851-80 Kansas City - - Rolls 210, 392-95 -

Potawatomi

Kansas

Great Nemaha and Kickapoo, 1837-80 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 307-14, 371-74 FHL Film: 576899
Potawatomi, Indian Terr. Quapaw/Shawnee/Sac and Fox, 1871-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 703-13 - Rolls 453-54, 490-96 FHL Films: 581405-581410

Potawatomi, Citizen

Shawnee Agency, 1890-1952 Fort Wayne - - Rolls 490-96 FHL Films: 581865-581871
Potawatomi, Citizen Sac and Fox Agency, Oklahoma, 1889-1919 with gaps Fort Wayne - - Rolls 453-55 FHL Films: 581444-581449

Census

Lac du Flambeau 1910-1935 FHLfilms: 576918-576921

Laona - 1916-1927 FHL Film: 576922

Enrollment

Military

Black Hawk War (1832):

  • Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Black Hawk War (Wisconsin Historical Society) - Transcription of Wisconsin Muster Rolls from the Black Hawk War. Lists soldiers in the 18 companies of "Iowa" militia (i.e., Iowa Co, Michigan Territory), plus the Menominee and Potawatomie warriors and one militia company raised at Green Bay.

Treaties

  • 1789January 9, at Fort Harmar
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville
  • 1803
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry
  • 1805 August 21, at Grouseland
  • 1807 November 17, at Detroit
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown
  • 1815 July 18, at Portage des Sioux
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1816 August 24, at St. Louis
  • 1817 September 29, at the Miami
  • 1818  October 2, at St. Mary's
  • 1818 September 17,
  • 1821 August 29, at Chicago
  • 1825 August 19, at Prairie du Chien
  • 1826 October 16, on the Wabash
  • 1828 August 25, at Green Bay
  • 1828 September 20, on the St. Joseph River
  • 1829 July 29, at Prairie du Chien
  • 1832 October 20, at Camp Tippecanoe
  • 1832 October 26, on Tippecanoe River
  • 1832 October 27, on Tippecanoe River
  • 1834 December 4,
  • 1834 December 10,
  • 1834 December 16,
  • 1834 December 17,
  • 1836 March 26,
  • 1836 March 29
  • 1836 April 11,
  • 1836 April 22,
  • 1836 August 5, on Yellow River
  • 1836 September 20, at Chippewanaung
  • 1836 September 22, at Chippewanaung
  • 1836 September 23, at Chippewanaung
  • 1837 February 11, at Washington
  • 1846 June 5 and 17, at Council Bluffs
  • 1861 November 15, at Kansas River
  • 1866 March 29,
  • 1867 February 27, at Washington


Vital Records

  • Potawatomi Agency, M595, births and deaths 1918-1935, FHL|Film: 580774
  • Sac and Fox Agency, M595, births and deaths 1930-1939, FHL|Film: 58144
  • Lac du Flambeau - Potawatomi birth and death 1924-1932, FHL|Film: 576920

Important Web Sites

References

  1. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  2. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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