Powhatan County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Powhatan_County,_Virginia|Powhatan County]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Powhatan County'''  
  
[[Image:{{VAPowhatanmap}}]]
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Guide to '''Powhatan County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
  
[[Image:{{VAPowhatanboundary}}]]
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{{VADC}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| county = Powhatan County
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| adoption_sign =
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| custom_text =
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| boundary_map = Powhatan_County_Boundary_Map.JPG
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| county_map = Location_of_Powhatan_County,_Virginia.png
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| state = Virginia
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| state_map = Virginia.png
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| founded year = 1777
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| founded date =  
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| seat wl = Powhatan
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}}
  
[[Image:{{VAPowhatancourthouse}}]] 
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== Powhatan County, Virginia Courthouse  ==
  
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}  
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[[Image:{{VAPowhatancourthouse}}]]
  
== History  ==
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[http://www.powhatanva.com/courthouse.htm Powhatan County Courthouse]<br>P.O. Box 37<br>3880 Old Buckingham Road<br>Suite C<br>Powhatan, Virginia 23139-0037
  
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Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,<br>probate, court and land records from 1777<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Powhatan County, Virginia. Page 719 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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{{RAOGKcourthouse}}<br>
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1777
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1810
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1777
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1777
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|}
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== Powhatan County, Virginia History  ==
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left;">
 
[[Image:{{ChiefPowhatan}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{ChiefPowhatan}}]]  
  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1777'''--Powhatan County was created 5 May 1777 from [[Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield]] and [[Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland]] Counties.<br>'''County seat:''' Powhatan <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,'' 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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'''1777'''--Powhatan County was created 5 May 1777 from [[Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield]] and [[Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland]] Counties.<br>'''County seat:''' Powhatan <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,'' 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
 
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Powhatan County, Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="99%"
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{| width="99%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
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== Resources  ==
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== Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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[[Image:Vapowhatan.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
  
 
==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
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<br>Freedmen's Bureau [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1596147 Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872]
  
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm "Powhatan County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1817,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm "Powhatan County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1817,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
*Kegley, Mary B. ''Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves''. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at {{FHL|1234067|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH42,53652 BYU Family History Archives]. [Includes information from Powhatan County.]
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*Kegley, Mary B. ''Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves''. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at {{FHL|1234067|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at {{FSbook|69756}}.[Includes information from Powhatan County.]
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==== Bible Records  ====
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{{VABible}}
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
{{RAOGKcemetery}}
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{{RAOGKcemetery}}  
  
 
*[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/powhatan.html Tombstone Transcription Project Powhatan County] - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
 
*[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/powhatan.html Tombstone Transcription Project Powhatan County] - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
 
<br><br><br><br>
 
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
{{USCensusPop
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{{VAcensus}} {{USCensusPop
 
|1790=6822
 
|1790=6822
 
|1800=7769
 
|1800=7769
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|1990=15328
 
|1990=15328
 
|2000=22377
 
|2000=22377
}}
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}}  
  
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'''''1783 Enumeration'''''
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*[http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-03.pdf Powhatan County Heads of Families - 1783] at U.S. Census Bureau - free. County begins on page 58.
  
 
'''''1850'''''  
 
'''''1850'''''  
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*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
==== Church  ====
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==== Church Records ====
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===== Baptist  =====
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Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
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#'''Muddy Creek''' (1774)<ref name="baptist" />
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#'''Powhatan '''(1771)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 254. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
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Powhatan County fell within the bounds of the Middle District Association.
  
 
===== Church of England  =====
 
===== Church of England  =====
  
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[King William Parish, Virginia|King William Parish]]
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[King William Parish, Virginia|King William Parish]] <br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. James Southam Parish, Virginia|St. James Southam Parish]]  
<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. James Southam Parish, Virginia|St. James Southam Parish]]
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==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 50 genealogies have been published about Powhatan County families. To view a list, visit [[Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy|Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy]].
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More than 50 genealogies have been published about Powhatan County families. To view a list, visit [[Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy|Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of a resident of Powhattan Co. with the following surname: Mayo.]
 
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of a resident of Powhattan Co. with the following surname: Mayo.]
  
During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 5 British aliens, some of whom had families, living in Powhatan County.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812]'' (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W4s}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>
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During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 5 British aliens, some of whom had families, living in Powhatan County.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812]'' (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W4s}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>  
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
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{{vapatent}}
  
 
*Bannister et al. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 380 patents dated 1702-1751 in what is now Powhatan County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
 
*Bannister et al. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 380 patents dated 1702-1751 in what is now Powhatan County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
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==== Migration  ====
 
==== Migration  ====
  
*Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]
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*Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
===== '''''French and Indian War''''' =====
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===== French and Indian War  =====
  
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Powhatan County veterans; see place name index.]
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Powhatan County veterans; see place name index.]
  
===== '''''Revolutionary War''''' =====
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
[http://www.archive.org/stream/virginiamilitiai00mcal#page/39/mode/1up {{PAGENAME}} residents' participation in the Revolutionary War].<ref>J.T. McAllister, ''Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data'' (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 39-40. Digitized by [http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamilitiai00mcal Internet Archive].</ref>
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[http://www.archive.org/stream/virginiamilitiai00mcal#page/39/mode/1up {{PAGENAME}} residents' participation in the Revolutionary War].<ref>J.T. McAllister, ''Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data'' (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 39-40. Digitized by [http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamilitiai00mcal Internet Archive].</ref>  
  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Powhatan County on page 132.]  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Powhatan County on page 132.]  
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
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*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
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===== War of 1812  =====
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Powhatan County men served in the 102nd Regiment.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 172. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>
  
 
*Douthat, James L. ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia.'' Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. '''Free online surname index''' and purchase details at [http://www.mountainpress.com/books/va/details/va-0697w.html Mountain Press] website. {{FHL|1453042|item}} 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Powhatan County.]  
 
*Douthat, James L. ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia.'' Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. '''Free online surname index''' and purchase details at [http://www.mountainpress.com/books/va/details/va-0697w.html Mountain Press] website. {{FHL|1453042|item}} 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Powhatan County.]  
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===== Civil War  =====
 
===== Civil War  =====
  
Civil War service men from Powhatan County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Powhatan County.
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{{VAciv}}
  
 
*Information about the Companies that served from Powhatan County can be found at:<br>
 
*Information about the Companies that served from Powhatan County can be found at:<br>
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (1)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {{FHL|488863|item|disp=FHL book 975.5612 H2c}} titled ''Powhatan: A Bicentennial History'', pages 240-268 and 504-507<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (2)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {{FHL|498411|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29}} titled ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865''<br>  
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (1)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {{FHL|488863|item|disp=FHL book 975.5612 H2c}} titled ''Powhatan: A Bicentennial History'', pages 240-268 and 504-507<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (2)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {{FHL|498411|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29}} titled ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865''<br>  
  
- [[4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]  
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:- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)]] (Company I)
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:- [[4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company E.<br>
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:- [[20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company D (Powhatan Rifles).<ref>G.L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''20th and 39th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1994). {{FHL|566446|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 105}}.</ref>
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:- [[59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]<br>
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:- [[Virginia's Powhatan Light Artillery|Powhatan Artillery (Confederate)]]<br>
  
- [[20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]
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Records and histories are available, including:
  
- [[59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]
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*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932382|Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}
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*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932427|Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
  
- [[Virginia's Powhatan Light Artillery|Powhatan Artillery (Confederate)]]
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==== Naturalization  ====
  
- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)]]
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*Virginia {{RecordSearch|1877093|Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929}}
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
{{RAOGKobituary}}  
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{{VAnews}}  
  
 
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
 
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
  
==== Probate  ====
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==== Private Papers  ====
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Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]
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==== Probate Records ====
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{{Vawill|1777-1800}}&nbsp;
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Digital Images of Powhatan&nbsp;County Wills 1777-1795; 1797-1806; 1806-1811.&nbsp;See names of testators. [http://virginiapioneers.net/counties/countypowhatan.html Virginia Pioneers]
  
 
==== Research Guide  ====
 
==== Research Guide  ====
  
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Powhatan County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):210-212-214. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Powhatan County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):210-212-214. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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*'''[1782, 1784]''' ''Powhatan County Tax List 1782 and 1784.'' Purchase at [http://stores.homestead.com/SimmonsHistoricalBook/-strse-319/Powhatan-County-Tax-List/Detail.bok Simmons Historical Bookstore].  
 
*'''[1782, 1784]''' ''Powhatan County Tax List 1782 and 1784.'' Purchase at [http://stores.homestead.com/SimmonsHistoricalBook/-strse-319/Powhatan-County-Tax-List/Detail.bok Simmons Historical Bookstore].  
 
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Powhatan County is included in Vol. 2.]  
 
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Powhatan County is included in Vol. 2.]  
*'''[1787] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]  
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*'''[1787] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]  
 
*'''[1787-1789]''' ''Powhatan County Tax List 1787-1789.'' Purchase at [http://stores.homestead.com/SimmonsHistoricalBook/-strse-320/Powhatan-County-Tax-List/Detail.bok Simmons Historical Bookstore].  
 
*'''[1787-1789]''' ''Powhatan County Tax List 1787-1789.'' Purchase at [http://stores.homestead.com/SimmonsHistoricalBook/-strse-320/Powhatan-County-Tax-List/Detail.bok Simmons Historical Bookstore].  
 
*'''[1790, 1801] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Powhatan County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1790, 1801] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Powhatan County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
Line 201: Line 272:
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
'''''Birth'''''<br>
+
{{VAbmd}}
  
*Fridley, Beth, comp. ''Powhatan County, Virginia Births, 1853-96'' [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Available at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5305 Ancestry] ($).
+
===== Birth  =====
  
'''''Marriage'''''  
+
*'''1853-1896''' - Fridley, Beth, comp. ''Powhatan County, Virginia Births, 1853-96'' [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5305 Ancestry] ($).
 +
*'''1853-1870''' - Powhatan County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch {{IGI|C868630}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>
  
*Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. ''Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Powhatan County, Virginia, 1777-1830''. Pine Bluff, Arkansas, 1957. Reviewed in ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1957):90-91. Review is available online at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
+
===== Marriage =====
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
*'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1777-1830''' - Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. ''Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Powhatan County, Virginia, 1777-1830''. Pine Bluff, Arkansas, 1957.
 +
*'''1777-1853''' - Powhatan County Marriage Index 1777-1853. Batch {{IGI|M868629}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
*'''1853-1935''' - Powhatan County Marriage Index 1853-1935. Batch {{IGI|M868630}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
===== Death  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1870''' - Powhatan County Death Index 1853-1870. Batch {{IGI|B868630}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 +
 
 +
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
 +
 
 +
== Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
 
 +
*[[The Huguenot Society of the Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia|The Huguenot Society of the Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia]]
  
 
{{RAOGKlibrary}}  
 
{{RAOGKlibrary}}  
  
== Websites  ==
+
== Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vapowhat/ Powhatan] County, Virginia [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vapowhat/ USGENWEB]
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Powhatan|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Powhatan|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 +
*[http://virginiapioneers.net Virginia Pioneers] ($)<br>
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
 
<references />{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
<references />{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
+
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Powhatan_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Powhatan_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 20:05, 3 May 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Powhatan County

Guide to Powhatan County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Powhatan County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Powhatan County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Powhatan County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1777
County Seat Powhatan
Courthouse

Contents

Powhatan County, Virginia Courthouse

Powhatan County Courthouse, Powhatan, Va.

Powhatan County Courthouse
P.O. Box 37
3880 Old Buckingham Road
Suite C
Powhatan, Virginia 23139-0037

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1777[1]

 

Beginning Dates for Powhatan County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1777 1853 1810 1777 1777

Powhatan County, Virginia History

Chief Powhatan (c1545-c1618)

The county is named after Chief Powhatan (c1545-c1618).

Many descendants of early Virginia French Huguenot families lived in this area.

Parent County

1777--Powhatan County was created 5 May 1777 from Chesterfield and Cumberland Counties.
County seat: Powhatan [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Powhatan County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Vapowhatan.jpg

African American


Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Powhatan County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17906,822
18007,76913.9%
18108,0733.9%
18208,2922.7%
18308,5172.7%
18407,924−7.0%
18508,1783.2%
18608,3922.6%
18707,667−8.6%
18807,8172.0%
18906,791−13.1%
19006,8240.5%
19106,099−10.6%
19206,5527.4%
19306,143−6.2%
19405,671−7.7%
19505,556−2.0%
19606,74721.4%
19707,69614.1%
198013,06269.7%
199015,32817.3%
200022,37746.0%

1783 Enumeration

1850

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or county of residents this census year.[3]

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Muddy Creek (1774)[4]
  2. Powhatan (1771)[4]

Powhatan County fell within the bounds of the Middle District Association.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also King William Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. James Southam Parish

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1782-1938) and images (1782-1913) to Powhatan County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Genealogy

More than 50 genealogies have been published about Powhatan County families. To view a list, visit Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of a resident of Powhattan Co. with the following surname: Mayo.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 5 British aliens, some of whom had families, living in Powhatan County.[5]

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Powhatan County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Powhatan County, Virginia residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[6]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Powhatan County on page 132.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Powhatan County men served in the 102nd Regiment.[7]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Powhatan County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Powhatan County, pp. 98-99. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Powhatan County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Powhatan County, Virginia:

  • Information about the Companies that served from Powhatan County can be found at:

    (1)    FHL book 975.5612 H2c titled Powhatan: A Bicentennial History, pages 240-268 and 504-507
    (2)    FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29 titled A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate) (Company I)
- 4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company E.
- 20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Powhatan Rifles).[8]
- 59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- Powhatan Artillery (Confederate)

Records and histories are available, including:

Naturalization

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Powhatan County, Virginia newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

Probate Records

A free index to Powhatan County, Virginia wills and administrations (1777-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website. 

Digital Images of Powhatan County Wills 1777-1795; 1797-1806; 1806-1811. See names of testators. Pioneers

Research Guide

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Powhatan County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):210-212-214. Available at American Ancestors ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1782-1817] Heinegg, Paul. "Powhatan County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1817," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1782, 1784] Powhatan County Tax List 1782 and 1784. Purchase at Simmons Historical Bookstore.
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Powhatan County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Powhatan County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 271.]
  • [1787-1789] Powhatan County Tax List 1787-1789. Purchase at Simmons Historical Bookstore.
  • [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Powhatan County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] County Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist. Falmouth VA: Apr 2005. Vol. 49 Iss. 2.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Powhatan County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1816, 1818] Insolvents and Removals, 1816, 1818, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Jul 1983. Vol. 1 Iss. 4.

Vital Records

Indexes to Powhatan County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • 1853-1896 - Fridley, Beth, comp. Powhatan County, Virginia Births, 1853-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • 1853-1870 - Powhatan County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch C868630 at FamilySearch - free.[9]
Marriage
  • 1660-1800 - Virginia Marriages 1660-1800 (Ancestry) ($).
  • 1740-1850 - Virginia Marriages 1740-1850 (Ancestry) ($).
  • 1777-1830 - Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Powhatan County, Virginia, 1777-1830. Pine Bluff, Arkansas, 1957.
  • 1777-1853 - Powhatan County Marriage Index 1777-1853. Batch M868629 at FamilySearch - free.[9]
  • 1853-1935 - Powhatan County Marriage Index 1853-1935. Batch M868630 at FamilySearch - free.[9]
Death
  • 1853-1870 - Powhatan County Death Index 1853-1870. Batch B868630 at FamilySearch - free.[9]
Vital Record Substitutes

Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

 

Powhatan County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Powhatan County, Virginia. Page 719 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Alycon Trubey Pierce, "In Praise of Errors Made by Census Enumerators," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 1993):51-55. FHL Book 973 B2ng
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 254. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  6. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 39-40. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  7. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 172. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  8. G.L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 20th and 39th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 105.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.