Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona

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Locating records of your ancestors  
 
Locating records of your ancestors  
  
*Find where your ancestor lived and when he live there  
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*Find where your ancestor lived and when he lived there  
 
*Identify the jurisdiction covering the land when and where your ancestor lived  
 
*Identify the jurisdiction covering the land when and where your ancestor lived  
 
*Determine the record repositories for that jurisdiction in the present day
 
*Determine the record repositories for that jurisdiction in the present day
  
 
For example, suppose you were told your ancestor lived in Tucson, Arizona Territory in 1861.  
 
For example, suppose you were told your ancestor lived in Tucson, Arizona Territory in 1861.  
*In the present day, Tucson is indeed located in Arizona. But Arizona didn't exist in 1861. Arizona Territory wasn't created until 1863. Before that, the land belonged to New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. So your ancestor lived in New Mexico Territory. This jurisdiction still exists today as the State of New Mexico.  
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*In the present day, Tucson is indeed located in Arizona. But Arizona Territory didn't exist in 1861, it wasn't created until 1863. Before that, the land belonged to New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. So your ancestor lived in New Mexico Territory. This jurisdiction still exists today as the State of New Mexico.  
*In 1853, the US bought the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, which contained land south of the Gila River. This is the land where Tucson is located. In 1854, this land was given to New Mexico Territory and in 1855 this land was added to Dona Ana county. Then in 1860, New Mexico created Arizona county from the land in Dona Ana county. Arizona County existed totally within the present day State of Arizona. So your ancestor lived in Arizona County in the New Mexico Territory.
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*In 1853, the US bought the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, which contained land south of the Gila River. This is the land where Tucson is located. In 1854, this land was given to New Mexico Territory and in 1855 this land was added to Dona Ana county. Then in 1860, New Mexico created Arizona county from the land in Dona Ana county. Arizona County existed totally within the present day State of Arizona. So your ancestor lived in Arizona County in New Mexico Territory.
 
*But Arizona county was discontinued in 1862, then recreated in 1863 and finally discontinued again when Arizona Territory was created in 1863. The records from this extinct county reverted to Dona Ana County, which still exists in the State of New Mexico.
 
*But Arizona county was discontinued in 1862, then recreated in 1863 and finally discontinued again when Arizona Territory was created in 1863. The records from this extinct county reverted to Dona Ana County, which still exists in the State of New Mexico.
 
Putting this all together, your ancestor actually lived in Tucson, Arizona County, New Mexico Territory in 1861. Therefore look for records at the archives in Tucson, Dona Ana County, and the State of New Mexico.
 
Putting this all together, your ancestor actually lived in Tucson, Arizona County, New Mexico Territory in 1861. Therefore look for records at the archives in Tucson, Dona Ana County, and the State of New Mexico.
  
Sometimes, records were recorded in a county or jurisdiction where your ancestor did not live. Maybe there was confusion as to where the borders lay. Or maybe it was a shorter distance to the neighboring county seat. There could be several reasons, so don't overlook records in nearby jurisdictions. But treat this as the exception to the rule and check the most obvious place first.
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Sometimes, records were recorded in a county or jurisdiction where your ancestor did not live. Maybe there was confusion as to where the borders lay. Or maybe it was a shorter distance to the neighboring county seat. There could be several good reasons. But treat this as the exception to the rule and check the most obvious place first.
  
 
=== From the 1600s to 1846 - Spanish and Mexican land that would later become Arizona  ===
 
=== From the 1600s to 1846 - Spanish and Mexican land that would later become Arizona  ===
  
From the 1600's, Spain laid claim to much of the land in present day southwestern US. But because of the great distances and the hostilities of the Indian tribes, Spanish rule effectively extended only to the southern portion of present day Arizona, and sometimes not even that much. Tucson was the only permanent town established, because of the military garrison there.  
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From the 1600's, Spain laid claim to all of the land in present day Arizona. But because of the great distances and the hostilities of the Indian tribes, Spanish rule effectively extended only to the southern portion of this area, and sometimes not even that much. Tucson was the only permanent town established, because of the military garrison there.  
  
Spain established the practice of giving land grants to encourage settlement on the fringes of their rule. Mexico continued this practice. All Spanish and Mexican land grants for present day Arizona were located in the Gadsden Purchase. Stand in downtown Tucson and and look toward the southeast corner of present day Arizona, then turn 90 degrees to the west. All of these Spanish and Mexican Land Grants are located in that triangle.
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Spain established the practice of giving land grants to encourage settlement on the fringes of their rule. Mexico continued this practice. All Spanish and Mexican land grants for present day Arizona were located in the Gadsden Purchase, south of Tucson.
  
 
Look for records in the following places
 
Look for records in the following places
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*[[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Spain and Mexico Archives]]
 
*[[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Spain and Mexico Archives]]
  
1820 - The San Ignacio de la Canoa Grant. Two brothers petitioned the governor of Sonora/Sinaloa for four leagues (sitios) to raise cattle and horses. Title was issued by Mexico in 1849 and Court of Private Land Claims confirmed the grant for 17,204 acres in 1899. This land grand was located on both sides of Interstate 19 south of Green Valley (that town is in the northwest corner of the grant).  
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[[File:Arizona+Land+Grants.jpg|600px]]
  
1820 - The San Bernardino Grant south of Bisbee was also applied for by Ignacio de Perez, a Spanish lieutenant, who paid $90 for four leagues. The grant was surveyed in 1821 and recorded in Arizpe, Sonora but no title was ever issued. Most of the grant is located south of the border. The Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 2,383 acres that are on the American side.  
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1820 - San Bernardino land grant. Lieutenant Ignacio de Perez petitioned for a grant of 4 sitios of land. It was surveyed in 1821 and witnesses testified that Perez had enough livestock to start a ranch. An auction was held in Arispe, Mexico in May 1822. Perez held the wining bid of $90. A record of the grant was filed, but no title was issued. In 1900, the Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 2,3366.5 acres on the American side, the rest being in Mexico. After a survey, it was determined that this land grant was actually 2,383.86 acres.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona,  pp 197-200</ref>
  
1821 - Southwest of Patagonia is the San José de Sonoita Grant, the smallest grant made in Arizona. It was applied for in 1821 by Leon Herreras, a resident of Tubac, who had it surveyed and who received a Mexican title in 1825 for 7,598 acres. Court of Private Land Claims rejected that title on the grounds that the treasurer of Sonora had no authority to sell land in that area, but U. S. Supreme Court overturned the rejection. However it only confirmed 5,123 acres.  
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September 1820 - Ignacio de la Canoa land grant. Thomas and Ignacio Ortiz, residents of Tubac petitioned the intendent of Occidente for 4 sitios to raise cattle and horses. The land was surveyed by Elias Gonzalez, commander of the Tubac garrison. It was appraised at $120. At the auction held 13 - 15 December 1821, the two brothers held the wining bid of $250. No title was given at that time. In 1849 the brothers presented themselves at Ures, Sonora and were given a title for their own protection.<br>
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Frederick Maish and Thomas Driscoll bought a controlling interest in the Canoa land grant from the Ortiz heirs. On 27 Nov 1899, the Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 17, 208.333 acres of the original grant.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 166-172</ref>
  
1821 - The San Rafael de la Zanja Grant, just to the north of the Mexican border, east of the Patagonia Mountains. The four-league grant was sold at public auction for $1,297 and title was issued by Mexico in 1825. Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 17,352 acres of the grant in 1902.  
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1821 - San Jose de Sonoita land grant. Leon Herreras, rancher and resident of Tubac, petitioned for 2 sitios of land to pasture his heard of cattle. The survey was done by Ignacio Elias Gonzalez. Herreras bought the land at public auction for $105 plus fees. A title was issued in 1825 by the commissary-general of the new Mexican state of Occidente.<br>
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In 1857, the Herreras heirs sold this land grant. After several tranfers, the grant was acquired by Matias Alsua. In 1892, the Court of Private Land Claims rejected his title to the land. But in 1898, the Supreme Court reversed the decision. Title was confirmed for 5,123.42 acres.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 185-188</ref>
  
24 Aug 1821 - The Treaty of Cordoba was signed by [[Spain]], which recognized [[Mexico]]'s independence.<ref>Beers, 100; "Mexican War of Independence," New Handbook of Texas, 4:698</ref> The land in present day Arizona became part of Mexico, north of the Gila River was in the State of Alta California and south of the Gila River was in the State of New Navarra. Look for records in the [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Spain and Mexico Archives]].  
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19 July 1821 - San Rafael de la Zanja land grant. Manuel Bustillo, a cattleman living in the presidio of Santa Cruz, petitioned for this land grant. It was surveyed by Captain Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and appraised for $210. At the auction held 8 Jan 1822, Don Ramond Romero held the wining bid of $1200 plus $97 in fees connected with the sale. Title was issued on 15 May 1825 at Arispe, Mexico by the Commissary General.<br>
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Romero lived until 1873. But after his death, title to this land grant was in doubt, until Dr. Alfred A. Green obtain controlling interest. On 20 June 1880, Green sold the San Rafael land to Rollin Rice Richardson, an oil man from Pennsylvania. Then in 1883, Richardson sold this grant to Colin Cameron. Dr Green then brought suit in the Court of Private Land Claims against Cameron and Harvey L. Christie, plus other defendants. But title to the San Rafael grant was confirmed to Cameron and Christie for 17,354 acres. In 1902, the Supreme Court upheld this decision in all aspects.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 177-184</ref>
  
1827 - The San Ignacio del Babocomari Grant looks on a map like a twenty miles long boomerang north and west of present day Fort Huachuca. In 1827, Ignacio Elías y Gonzales and his sister Lulalia paid $380 for this nearly fifty-three square miles grant. The title to the grant was issued by the treasurer general of Sonora, Mexico on 25 December 1832. The Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 33,792 acres for this grant.
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24 Aug 1821 - The Treaty of Cordoba was signed by [[Spain]], which recognized [[Mexico]]'s independence.<ref>Beers, 100; "Mexican War of Independence," New Handbook of Texas, 4:698</ref> The land in present day Arizona became part of Mexico. Land north of the Gila River was claimed by the State of Alta California and the State of New Mexico. Land south of the Gila River was in the State of Sonora. Look for records in the [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Spain and Mexico Archives]].  
  
1827 - The San Juan de las Boquillas y Nogales Grant is located along the San Pedro River west of Tombstone. Title was issued to Ignacio Elías y Gonzales in 1833. The Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 17,354 acres for this grant.
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1826 - Maria Santisima del Carmen, also know as Buenavista land grant. Francisco Jose de Tuvera petitioned for a deserted rancho. He died during the procedings and the application was then sought in the name of his widow, Dona Josefa Morales. Title was not issued until 24 Oct 1831 because the land had to be resurveyed.<br>
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The grant was purchased at the appraised price of $190 and occupied by Tuvera's heirs until 1851, then sold to Hilario Gabilando. In 1872, the tract was transfered to Jose Maria Quiroga for $500. In 1879, the tract was sold again to Frederick Maish and Thomas Driscoll for $2000. In 1899, the grant was confirmed to Maish and Driscoll by the Court of Private Land Claims for 5,733.41 acres. The rest of this land grant being in Mexico. <ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 172-177</ref>
  
1827 - The San Rafael del Valle Grant is adjoined to the San Juan grant on the south. Title was issued in 1832. The San Rafael Grant was at first rejected by Court of Private Land Claims, but the rejection was overturned in the U.S. Supreme Court, who confirmed 17,475 acres for this grant.
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1827 - San Ignacio del Babocomari land grant. Don Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and Dona Eulalia Elias Gonzales petitioned for a tract of 8 sitios of land for rasing cattle and horses. The land was auctioned and purchased by the petitioners the following year. The price was $380 for slightly more than 54 square miles of land. The title was issued at Arispe, Mexico on 25 Dec 1832.<br>
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By 1877, Dr. Edward B. Perrin had purchased all the rights to the Babocomari. On 23 June 1881, he sold the land for $16,000 to his brother Robert Perrin, who had the land recorded in Cochise County. But the Court of Private Land Claims rejected the claim. Then in 1898 the Supreme Court reversed that judgement. Title was confirmed for 34,723.028 acres. Robert Perrin sold the land back to his brother Edward. The Letter of Patent dated 16 May 1904 gave title to Dr. Perrin.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 188-192</ref>
  
24 October 1831 - The Buena Vista Grant straddles the international boundary just east of Nogales and two thirds of it is in Mexico. This Mexican land grant was made to Dona Josefa Morales. It consisted of 18,640 acres and was also known as the Maria Santissima del Carmen Land Grant. Following the Gadsden Purchase, the Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 5,733 acres of the grant to men named Maish and Driscoll.
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1827 - San Juan de las Boquillas Y Nogales land grant. Captain Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and Nepomucino Feliz applied for 4 sitios of land. They paid $240 and were issued a title in 1833. The rights of the heirs were purchased by George Hill Howard by 1880. He sold half of the claim to George Hearst and the other half to his wife Janet G. Howard. Hearst then bought the rest of the Howard claim in 1889.<br>
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Hearst's heirs, his wife Phoebe and son William Randolph petitioned the Court of Private Land Claims. On 14 Feb 1899, their title was confirmed for 17,355,86 acres. A Letter of Patent was issued on 18 Jan 1901.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 192-194</ref>
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1827 - San Rafael del Valle land grant. Rafael Elias Gonzalez aquired this land grant for $240. In 1832, he received title. In 1862, the Elias heirs mortgaged this land grant and other land for $12,000. On 23 March 1869, they deeded their land to Joseph, Pierre, and Pascual Camou to cover their debts. The Court of Private Land Claims rejected the claim of the Camou brothers, but it was confirmed by the Supreme Court for 17,474.93 acres.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona,  pp 194-197</ref>
  
 
=== From 1846 to 1863 - New Mexico Territory land that would later become Arizona  ===
 
=== From 1846 to 1863 - New Mexico Territory land that would later become Arizona  ===
  
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1846.jpg|right|100px]]
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18 Aug 1846 - During the war with [[Mexico]], the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>Williams 108-110</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
|18 Aug 1846 - During the war with [[Mexico]], the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>Williams 108-110</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1848.jpg|right|100px]]
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4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, [[Mexico]] ceded all of present day [[California]], [[Nevada]], and [[Utah]], and parts of present day [[Arizona]], [[Colorado]], [[New Mexico]], and [[Wyoming]]. Part of the international boundary was in dispute.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A</ref> The land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona was not ceded, it remained in control of Mexico. Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1850.jpg|right|100px]]
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13 Dec 1850 - The US created the [[New Mexico]] Territory from unorganized federal land.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, ch. 49[1850]/pp. 446-452; Baldwin, 117-137; Van Zandt, 28-29, 162-165</ref> This territory named after the Mexican State of New Mexico. Some counties were created, but they were small and covered land only in present day New Mexico. The land in the present day Arizona was at that time non-county land. Also the land south of the Gila River still belonged to [[Mexico]]. Look for records in the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1852.jpg|right|100px]]
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9 Jan 1852 - New Mexico redefined the boundaries of previous counties and created new ones to cover all the land within its territory. The boundary of [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] was expanded to include some land in present day Arizona, while the boundary of [[Socorro County, New Mexico|Socorro County]] was stretched across present day [[Arizona]] to the California border.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292</ref> The boundaries of [[Bernalillo County, New Mexico|Bernalillo]], [[Rio Arriba County, New Mexico|Rio Arriba]], [[Santa Ana County, New Mexico|Santa Ana (extinct)]], [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos]], and [[Valencia County, New Mexico|Valencia]] counties were stretched across present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]] to the California border.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 292</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socorro_County,_New_Mexico Socorro County], [http://www.bernco.gov/ Bernalillo], [http://www.rio-arriba.org/ Rio Arriba], [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos], and [http://www.co.valencia.nm.us/ Valencia] counties.
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1853.jpg|right|100px]]
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30 Dec 1853 - The US bought the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gadsden_Purchase Gadsden Purchase] from Mexico. It contained land south of the Gila River in present day [[Arizona]] and [[New Mexico]]. It also settled the International boundary dispute between the [[United States]] and [[Mexico]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]], and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1854.jpg|right|100px]]
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4 Aug 1854 - The land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase was officially added to [[New Mexico]] Territory, it became non-county land.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1855.jpg|right|100px]]
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3 Feb 1855 - [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] gained all the land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57</ref> Its boundary was stretched across present day Arizona to the Baja California border. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
  
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|4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, [[Mexico]] ceded all of present day [[California]], [[Nevada]], and [[Utah]], and parts of present day [[Arizona]], [[Colorado]], [[New Mexico]], and [[Wyoming]]. Part of the international boundary was in dispute.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A</ref> The land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona was not ceded, it remained in control of Mexico. Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1860.jpg|right|100px]]
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1 Feb 1860 - New Mexico created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from land in [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74</ref> Arizona County was located entirely within present day Arizona. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1850.jpg|1850 Map]]
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|13 Dec 1850 - The US created the [[New Mexico]] Territory from unorganized federal land.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, ch. 49[1850]/pp. 446-452; Baldwin, 117-137; Van Zandt, 28-29, 162-165</ref> This territory named after the Mexican State of New Mexico. Some counties were created, but they were small and covered land only in present day New Mexico. The land in the present day Arizona was at that time non-county land. Also the land south of the Gila River still belonged to [[Mexico]]. Look for records in the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1860P.jpg|right|100px]]
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5 Apr 1860 - An unofficial convention held in Tucson declared the creation of the Territory of Arizona from the southern half of New Mexico Territory below 34 degrees north latitude and proposed 4 counties for the new territory: Castle Dome, Ewell, Mesilla, and Dona Ana. They also created a provisional constitution and established a government. <ref>Thomas Edwin Farish, ''History of Arizona'' (Phoenix, Ariz., 1915), 1:324. [{{babhat}}].</ref> <ref>Sacks, 36, 151; Swindler, 1:244-248</ref> But the US Congress rejected the idea of Arizona becoming a territory, just as they had eight times before. So the proposed new territory was never officially created. However this time was different, because a government had been created for the intended Arizona Territory. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown.
|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1852.jpg|1852 Map]]
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|9 Jan 1852 - New Mexico redefined the boundaries of previous counties and created new ones to cover all the land within its territory. The boundary of [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] was expanded to include some land in present day Arizona, while the boundary of [[Socorro County, New Mexico|Socorro County]] was stretched across present day [[Arizona]] to the California border.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292</ref> The boundaries of [[Bernalillo County, New Mexico|Bernalillo]], [[Rio Arriba County, New Mexico|Rio Arriba]], [[Santa Ana County, New Mexico|Santa Ana (extinct)]], [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos]], and [[Valencia County, New Mexico|Valencia]] counties were stretched across present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]] to the California border.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 292</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socorro_County,_New_Mexico Socorro County], [http://www.bernco.gov/ Bernalillo], [http://www.rio-arriba.org/ Rio Arriba], [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos], and [http://www.co.valencia.nm.us/ Valencia] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1861.jpg|right|100px]]
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12 Jan 1861 - New Mexico created [[San Juan County, New Mexico (Extinct)|San Juan County]] (original, extinct) from land in [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1860-1861, 10th assy. /p. 16</ref> Look for records in [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos County].
|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1853.jpg|1853 Map]]
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|30 Dec 1853 - The US bought the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico. It contained land south of the Gila River in present day [[Arizona]] and [[New Mexico]]. It also settled the International boundary dispute between the [[United States]] and [[Mexico]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]], and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1854.jpg|1854 Map]]
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1861P.jpg|right|100px]]
|4 Aug 1854 - The land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase was officially added to [[New Mexico]] Territory, it became non-county land.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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16 Mar 1861 - Another unofficial convention met in Mesilla and declared that the territory formed the previous year was part of the Confederacy. An ordinance was written stating the reasons Arizona had seceded from the United States.<br>
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28 Mar 1861 - Another convention held in Tucson ratified the Mesilla secession ordinance. Some government organization was made, including sending a delegate to the Confederate Congress.<br>
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1 Aug 1861 - Confederate General John Robert Baylor, fresh from his victory at the Battle of Mesilla, made a proclamation declaring Arizona to be a Confederate Territory and appointed a government. A judicial district was formed for land around Mesilla and another one for land around Tucson. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown
|3 Feb 1855 - [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] gained all the land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57</ref> Its boundary was stretched across present day Arizona to the Baja California border. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].  
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18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[San Juan County, New Mexico (Extinct)|San Juan County]] (original, extinct) returning the land to [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 16</ref> Look for records in [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos County]. <br> 18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] returning the land to [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
|1 Feb 1860 - New Mexico created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from land in [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74</ref> Arizona County was located entirely within present day Arizona. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].  
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|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1861.jpg|1861 Map]]
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13 January 1862 - The Confederate Congress passed a bill declaring Arizona to be a Territory of the Confederate States of America. President Jefferson Davis signed the bill, which then became law.<ref>Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)</ref><br>
|12 Jan 1861 - New Mexico created [[San Juan County, New Mexico (Extinct)|San Juan County]] (original, extinct) from land in [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1860-1861, 10th assy. /p. 16</ref> Look for records in [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos County].
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14 February 1862 - The Confederate law creating Arizona as a Territory became effective.<ref>Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)</ref> Note: Fifty years later to the day, Arizona became a state in the United States of America.<br>
|-
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8 July 1862 - The last Confederate troops left Confederate Arizona Territory as Union troops entered from California and Colorado. The Confederate Arizona government disbanded. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown.
|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1862.jpg|1862 Map]]
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<br>
|18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[San Juan County, New Mexico (Extinct)|San Juan County]] (original, extinct) returning the land to [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 16</ref> Look for records in [http://www.taoscounty.org/ Taos County]. <br> 18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] returning the land to [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].  
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[[File:Arizona+Land+1863.jpg|right|100px]]
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28 Jan 1863 - New Mexico re-created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1862-1863, 12th assy. /p.30</ref> This county discontinued when Arizona Territory was created. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
|[[Media:Arizona+Land+1863.jpg|1863 Map]]
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<br>
|28 Jan 1863 - New Mexico re-created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1862-1863, 12th assy. /p.30</ref> This county discontinued when Arizona Territory was created. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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|}
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===From 1863 to the Present - Arizona land  ===
 
===From 1863 to the Present - Arizona land  ===
  
{|
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Click on thumb to enlarge map
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1863+1.jpg|1863 Map]]
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|24 Feb 1863 - The US created the [[Arizona]] Territory from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162</ref> All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library] and [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives]<br>
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1863+1.jpg|right|100px]]
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24 Feb 1863 - The US created the [[Arizona]] Territory from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162</ref> All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library] and [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives]
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1864.jpg|1864 Map]]
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<br>
|10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created four counties: [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave]], [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]], [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai]], and [[Yuma County, Arizona|Yuma]] counties.<ref>Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25</ref> All four of these counties named for Indian tribes. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave], [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima], [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai], and [http://www.co.yuma.az.us/ Yuma] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1864.jpg|right|100px]]
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10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created four counties: [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave]], [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]], [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai]], and [[Yuma County, Arizona|Yuma]] counties.<ref>Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25</ref> All four of these counties named for Indian tribes. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave], [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima], [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai], and [http://www.co.yuma.az.us/ Yuma] counties.
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1865.jpg|1865 Map]]
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<br><br><br>
|22 Dec 1865 - Arizona created [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] (extinct) from the northern half of [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1865, 2d assy./ pp. 19-20</ref> This county named for the Paiute Indians, using the spelling of that day. Both Mohave and Pah-Ute counties covered land which was later given to Nevada. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave County].  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1865.jpg|right|100px]]
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22 Dec 1865 - Arizona created [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] (extinct) from the northern half of [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1865, 2d assy./ pp. 19-20</ref> This county named for the Paiute Indians, using the spelling of that day. Both Mohave and Pah-Ute counties covered land which was later given to Nevada. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave County].
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1866.jpg|1866 Map]]
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<br><br>
|5 May 1866 - The US removed the northwest corner from [[Arizona]] Territory (parts of [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute]] (extinct) and [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave]] counties) and gave that land to the State of [[Nevada]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 14, ch. 73[1866]/p. 43; Van Zandt, 158, 165; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1867, 3rd assy./ pp. 67-68; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1868, 4th assy./ pp. 68-69</ref> Nevada used that land by adding to [[Lincoln County, Nevada|Lincoln]] and [[Nye County, Nevada|Nye]] counties. But Arizona held to its previous claim on that land and opposed this transfer, twice petitioning congress to repeal the law. Up thru 1868, representatives from Pah-Ute County (extinct) attended the Arizona Legislature. Look for records in [http://nsla.nevadaculture.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=498&Itemid=416 Nevada State Library and Archives] and [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library]. Also the [http://www.lincolncountynv.org/about/county.htm Lincoln], [http://www.nyecounty.net/ Nye], and [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1866.jpg|right|100px]]
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5 May 1866 - The US removed the northwest corner from [[Arizona]] Territory (parts of [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute]] (extinct) and [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave]] counties) and gave that land to the State of [[Nevada]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 14, ch. 73[1866]/p. 43; Van Zandt, 158, 165; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1867, 3rd assy./ pp. 67-68; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1868, 4th assy./ pp. 68-69</ref> Nevada used that land by adding to [[Lincoln County, Nevada|Lincoln]] and [[Nye County, Nevada|Nye]] counties. But Arizona held to its previous claim on that land and opposed this transfer, twice petitioning congress to repeal the law. Up thru 1868, representatives from Pah-Ute County (extinct) attended the Arizona Legislature. Look for records in [http://nsla.nevadaculture.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=498&Itemid=416 Nevada State Library and Archives] and [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library]. Also the [http://www.lincolncountynv.org/about/county.htm Lincoln], [http://www.nyecounty.net/ Nye], and [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] counties.  
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1869.jpg|1869 Map]]
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<br>
|18 Feb 1869 - [[Utah]] also laid claim to land in the southeastern corner of Nevada by creating [[Rio Virgin County, Utah|Rio Virgin County]] (extinct) from land in [[Washington County, Utah]]; as well as land outside of Utah in Nevada and Arizona.<ref>Utah Terr. Laws 1869, 18th sess., ch. 10/p. 7; Atlas of Utah, 163-164</ref> This county named for the Virgin River. Look for records in [http://www.washco.utah.gov/ Washington], [http://www.lincolncountynv.org/about/county.htm Lincoln], [http://www.nyecounty.net/ Nye], and [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1869.jpg|right|100px]]
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18 Feb 1869 - [[Utah]] also laid claim to land in the southeastern corner of Nevada by creating [[Rio Virgin County, Utah|Rio Virgin County]] (extinct) from land in [[Washington County, Utah]]; as well as land outside of Utah in Nevada and Arizona.<ref>Utah Terr. Laws 1869, 18th sess., ch. 10/p. 7; Atlas of Utah, 163-164</ref> This county named for the Virgin River. Look for records in [http://www.washco.utah.gov/ Washington], [http://www.lincolncountynv.org/about/county.htm Lincoln], [http://www.nyecounty.net/ Nye], and [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] counties.  
|[[Media:Arizona+Territory+1871.jpg|1871 Map]]
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<br>
|14 Feb 1871 - Arizona created [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54</ref> This county named for the Maricopa Indians. Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.<br> 18 Feb 1871 - Arizona discontinued [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] (extinct).<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ p. 87</ref> In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Pah-Ute County (extinct) still in Arizona was returned to Mohave County. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave County].
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1871.jpg|right|100px]]
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14 Feb 1871 - Arizona created [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54</ref> This county named for the Maricopa Indians. Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.<br> 18 Feb 1871 - Arizona discontinued [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] (extinct).<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ p. 87</ref> In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Pah-Ute County (extinct) still in Arizona was returned to Mohave County. Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave County].
|[[Media:Arizona_Territory_1872.png|1872 Map]]
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<br>
|16 Feb 1872 - Utah discontinued [[Rio Virgin County, Utah|Rio Virgin County]] (extinct).<ref>Utah Terr. Laws 1872, 20th sess., ch. 19, sec. 2/p. 28</ref> In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Rio Virgin County (extinct) still in Utah was returned to [[Washington County, Utah|Washington County]]. Look for records in [http://www.washco.utah.gov/ Washington County].  
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1872.png|right|100px]]
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16 Feb 1872 - Utah discontinued [[Rio Virgin County, Utah|Rio Virgin County]] (extinct).<ref>Utah Terr. Laws 1872, 20th sess., ch. 19, sec. 2/p. 28</ref> In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Rio Virgin County (extinct) still in Utah was returned to [[Washington County, Utah|Washington County]]. Look for records in [http://www.washco.utah.gov/ Washington County].
|[[Media:Arizona_Territory_1875.png|1875 Map]]
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<br>
|14 Feb 1873 - Arizona expanded [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] by adding land from  [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1873, 7th assy./ p. 87</ref> Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima], counties. <br>1 Feb 1875 - Arizona created [[Pinal County, Arizona|Pinal County]] from lands in [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20</ref> This county named for the Pinal mountains. Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa], [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima], and [http://pinalcountyaz.gov/Pages/Home.aspx Pinal] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1875.png|right|100px]]
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14 Feb 1873 - Arizona expanded [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] by adding land from  [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1873, 7th assy./ p. 87</ref> Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties. <br>1 Feb 1875 - Arizona created [[Pinal County, Arizona|Pinal County]] from lands in [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20</ref> This county named for the Pinal mountains. Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa], [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima], and [http://pinalcountyaz.gov/Pages/Home.aspx Pinal] counties.  
|[[Media:Arizona_Territory_1877.png|1877 Map]]
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<br>
|31 Jan 1877 - Arizona expanded  [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 12-13</ref>  Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties. <br> 9 Feb 1877 - Arizona expanded [[Pinal County, Arizona|Pinal County]] by adding a small area of land that had been separated from main body of [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 108-109</ref> Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] and [http://pinalcountyaz.gov/Pages/Home.aspx Pinal] counties
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1877.png|right|100px]]
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31 Jan 1877 - Arizona expanded  [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 12-13</ref>  Look for records in [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties. <br> 9 Feb 1877 - Arizona expanded [[Pinal County, Arizona|Pinal County]] by adding a small area of land that had been separated from main body of [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 108-109</ref> Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] and [http://pinalcountyaz.gov/Pages/Home.aspx Pinal] counties
|[[Media:Arizona_Territory_1879.png|1879 Map]]
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<br>
|14 Feb 1879 - Arizona created [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1879, 10th assy./ pp. 96-97</ref> This county named for the Apache Indians. Look for records in [http://www.co.apache.az.us/ Apache] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1879.png|right|100px]]
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14 Feb 1879 - Arizona created [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1879, 10th assy./ pp. 96-97</ref> This county named for the Apache Indians. Look for records in [http://www.co.apache.az.us/ Apache] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.
|Arizona Territory 1881
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<br>
|1 Feb 1881 - Arizona created [[Cochise County, Arizona|Cochise County]] from the eastern part of [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 4-7</ref> This county named for Cochise, the great Apache warrior who had died seven years before. Look for records in [http://www.cochise.az.gov/ Cochise] and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.<br> 8 Feb 1881 - Arizona created [[Gila County, Arizona|Gila County]] from lands in [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 14-17</ref> This county named for the Gila River. Look for records in the [http://www.gilacountyaz.gov/ Gila], [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa], and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.<br> 10 Mar 1881 - Arizona created [[Graham County, Arizona|Graham County]] from lands in [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 155-157</ref> This county named for Mount Graham, the highest peak in the area. Look for records in [http://www.co.apache.az.us/ Apache], [http://www.graham.az.gov/Graham_CMS/default.aspx Graham], and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1881.jpg|right|100px]]
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1 Feb 1881 - Arizona created [[Cochise County, Arizona|Cochise County]] from the eastern part of [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 4-7</ref> This county named for Cochise, the great Apache warrior who had died seven years before. Look for records in [http://www.cochise.az.gov/ Cochise] and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.<br> 8 Feb 1881 - Arizona created [[Gila County, Arizona|Gila County]] from lands in [[Maricopa County, Arizona|Maricopa]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 14-17</ref> This county named for the Gila River. Look for records in the [http://www.gilacountyaz.gov/ Gila], [http://www.maricopa.gov/ Maricopa], and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.<br> 10 Mar 1881 - Arizona created [[Graham County, Arizona|Graham County]] from lands in [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache]] and [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima]] counties.<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 155-157</ref> This county named for Mount Graham, the highest peak in the area. Look for records in [http://www.co.apache.az.us/ Apache], [http://www.graham.az.gov/Graham_CMS/default.aspx Graham], and [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] counties.  
|Arizona Territory 1889
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<br>
|6 Mar 1883 - Arizona expanded [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1883, 12th assy./ p. 171</ref> Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.<br> 21 Mar 1889 - Arizona expanded [[Gila County, Arizona|Gila County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1889, 15th assy./ pp. 49-52</ref> Look for records in [http://www.gilacountyaz.gov/ Gila] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1889.jpg|right|100px]]
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6 Mar 1883 - Arizona expanded [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1883, 12th assy./ p. 171</ref> Look for records in [http://www.mohavecounty.us/ Mohave] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.<br> 21 Mar 1889 - Arizona expanded [[Gila County, Arizona|Gila County]] by adding land from [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1889, 15th assy./ pp. 49-52</ref> Look for records in [http://www.gilacountyaz.gov/ Gila] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.
|Arizona Territory 1891
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<br>
|19 Feb 1891 - Arizona created [[Coconino County, Arizona|Coconino County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1891, 16th assy./ pp. 26-34</ref> This county named for the Coconino Indians. Look for records in [http://www.coconino.az.gov/ Coconino] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1891.jpg|right|100px]]
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19 Feb 1891 - Arizona created [[Coconino County, Arizona|Coconino County]] from land in [[Yavapai County, Arizona|Yavapai County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1891, 16th assy./ pp. 26-34</ref> This county named for the Coconino Indians. Look for records in [http://www.coconino.az.gov/ Coconino] and [http://www.yavapai.us/ Yavapai] counties.  
|Arizona Territory 1895
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<br><br><br>
|21 Mar 1895 - Arizona created [[Navajo County, Arizona|Navajo County]] from the west half of [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1895, 18th assy./ pp. 96-105</ref> This county named for the Navajo Indians. Look for records in [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache]] and [http://www.navajocountyaz.gov/ Navajo] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona+Territory+1895.jpg|right|100px]]
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21 Mar 1895 - Arizona created [[Navajo County, Arizona|Navajo County]] from the west half of [[Apache County, Arizona|Apache County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1895, 18th assy./ pp. 96-105</ref> This county named for the Navajo Indians. Look for records in [http://www.co.apache.az.us/ Apache] and [http://www.navajocountyaz.gov/ Navajo] counties.  
|Arizona Territory 1899
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<br><br>
|15 Mar 1899 - Arizona created [[Santa Cruz County, Arizona|Santa Cruz County]] from land in [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57</ref> This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] and [http://www.co.santa-cruz.az.us/ Santa Cruz] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1899.png|right|100px]]
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15 Mar 1899 - Arizona created [[Santa Cruz County, Arizona|Santa Cruz County]] from land in [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57</ref> This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima] and [http://www.co.santa-cruz.az.us/ Santa Cruz] counties.  
|Arizona Territory 1909
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<br><br><br>
|10 Mar 1909 - Arizona created [[Greenlee County, Arizona|Greenlee County]] from land in [[Graham County, Arizona|Graham County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1909, 25th assy./ pp. 43-56</ref> This county named for an early Arizona pioneer. Look for records in [http://www.graham.az.gov/Graham_CMS/default.aspx Graham] and [http://www.co.greenlee.az.us/ Greenlee] counties.  
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[[File:Arizona_Territory_1909.png|right|100px]]
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10 Mar 1909 - Arizona created [[Greenlee County, Arizona|Greenlee County]] from land in [[Graham County, Arizona|Graham County]].<ref>Ariz. Terr. Laws 1909, 25th assy./ pp. 43-56</ref> This county named for an early Arizona pioneer. Look for records in [http://www.graham.az.gov/Graham_CMS/default.aspx Graham] and [http://www.co.greenlee.az.us/ Greenlee] counties.  
|Arizona State1983
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<br><br>
|27 Apr 1983 - Arizona created [[La Paz County, Arizona|La Paz County]] from the northern half of [[Yuma County, Arizona|Yuma County]].<ref>Ariz. Laws 1983, 36th assy., ch. 291/pp. 1089-1094</ref> This county named for the town of La Paz, Arizona. Look for records in [http://www.co.la-paz.az.us/ La Paz] and [http://www.co.yuma.az.us/ Yuma] counties.
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[[File:Arizona_State_Map_1983.png|right|100px]]
|}
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27 Apr 1983 - Arizona created [[La Paz County, Arizona|La Paz County]] from the northern half of [[Yuma County, Arizona|Yuma County]].<ref>Ariz. Laws 1983, 36th assy., ch. 291/pp. 1089-1094</ref> This county named for the town of La Paz, Arizona. Look for records in [http://www.co.la-paz.az.us/ La Paz] and [http://www.co.yuma.az.us/ Yuma] counties.
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 19:59, 2 January 2013

United States go to Arizona go to Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona

Contents

Previous Jurisdictions and Record Repositories

Locating records of your ancestors

  • Find where your ancestor lived and when he lived there
  • Identify the jurisdiction covering the land when and where your ancestor lived
  • Determine the record repositories for that jurisdiction in the present day

For example, suppose you were told your ancestor lived in Tucson, Arizona Territory in 1861.

  • In the present day, Tucson is indeed located in Arizona. But Arizona Territory didn't exist in 1861, it wasn't created until 1863. Before that, the land belonged to New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. So your ancestor lived in New Mexico Territory. This jurisdiction still exists today as the State of New Mexico.
  • In 1853, the US bought the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, which contained land south of the Gila River. This is the land where Tucson is located. In 1854, this land was given to New Mexico Territory and in 1855 this land was added to Dona Ana county. Then in 1860, New Mexico created Arizona county from the land in Dona Ana county. Arizona County existed totally within the present day State of Arizona. So your ancestor lived in Arizona County in New Mexico Territory.
  • But Arizona county was discontinued in 1862, then recreated in 1863 and finally discontinued again when Arizona Territory was created in 1863. The records from this extinct county reverted to Dona Ana County, which still exists in the State of New Mexico.

Putting this all together, your ancestor actually lived in Tucson, Arizona County, New Mexico Territory in 1861. Therefore look for records at the archives in Tucson, Dona Ana County, and the State of New Mexico.

Sometimes, records were recorded in a county or jurisdiction where your ancestor did not live. Maybe there was confusion as to where the borders lay. Or maybe it was a shorter distance to the neighboring county seat. There could be several good reasons. But treat this as the exception to the rule and check the most obvious place first.

From the 1600s to 1846 - Spanish and Mexican land that would later become Arizona

From the 1600's, Spain laid claim to all of the land in present day Arizona. But because of the great distances and the hostilities of the Indian tribes, Spanish rule effectively extended only to the southern portion of this area, and sometimes not even that much. Tucson was the only permanent town established, because of the military garrison there.

Spain established the practice of giving land grants to encourage settlement on the fringes of their rule. Mexico continued this practice. All Spanish and Mexican land grants for present day Arizona were located in the Gadsden Purchase, south of Tucson.

Look for records in the following places

Arizona+Land+Grants.jpg

1820 - San Bernardino land grant. Lieutenant Ignacio de Perez petitioned for a grant of 4 sitios of land. It was surveyed in 1821 and witnesses testified that Perez had enough livestock to start a ranch. An auction was held in Arispe, Mexico in May 1822. Perez held the wining bid of $90. A record of the grant was filed, but no title was issued. In 1900, the Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 2,3366.5 acres on the American side, the rest being in Mexico. After a survey, it was determined that this land grant was actually 2,383.86 acres.[1]

September 1820 - Ignacio de la Canoa land grant. Thomas and Ignacio Ortiz, residents of Tubac petitioned the intendent of Occidente for 4 sitios to raise cattle and horses. The land was surveyed by Elias Gonzalez, commander of the Tubac garrison. It was appraised at $120. At the auction held 13 - 15 December 1821, the two brothers held the wining bid of $250. No title was given at that time. In 1849 the brothers presented themselves at Ures, Sonora and were given a title for their own protection.
Frederick Maish and Thomas Driscoll bought a controlling interest in the Canoa land grant from the Ortiz heirs. On 27 Nov 1899, the Court of Private Land Claims confirmed 17, 208.333 acres of the original grant.[2]

1821 - San Jose de Sonoita land grant. Leon Herreras, rancher and resident of Tubac, petitioned for 2 sitios of land to pasture his heard of cattle. The survey was done by Ignacio Elias Gonzalez. Herreras bought the land at public auction for $105 plus fees. A title was issued in 1825 by the commissary-general of the new Mexican state of Occidente.
In 1857, the Herreras heirs sold this land grant. After several tranfers, the grant was acquired by Matias Alsua. In 1892, the Court of Private Land Claims rejected his title to the land. But in 1898, the Supreme Court reversed the decision. Title was confirmed for 5,123.42 acres.[3]

19 July 1821 - San Rafael de la Zanja land grant. Manuel Bustillo, a cattleman living in the presidio of Santa Cruz, petitioned for this land grant. It was surveyed by Captain Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and appraised for $210. At the auction held 8 Jan 1822, Don Ramond Romero held the wining bid of $1200 plus $97 in fees connected with the sale. Title was issued on 15 May 1825 at Arispe, Mexico by the Commissary General.
Romero lived until 1873. But after his death, title to this land grant was in doubt, until Dr. Alfred A. Green obtain controlling interest. On 20 June 1880, Green sold the San Rafael land to Rollin Rice Richardson, an oil man from Pennsylvania. Then in 1883, Richardson sold this grant to Colin Cameron. Dr Green then brought suit in the Court of Private Land Claims against Cameron and Harvey L. Christie, plus other defendants. But title to the San Rafael grant was confirmed to Cameron and Christie for 17,354 acres. In 1902, the Supreme Court upheld this decision in all aspects.[4]

24 Aug 1821 - The Treaty of Cordoba was signed by Spain, which recognized Mexico's independence.[5] The land in present day Arizona became part of Mexico. Land north of the Gila River was claimed by the State of Alta California and the State of New Mexico. Land south of the Gila River was in the State of Sonora. Look for records in the Spain and Mexico Archives.

1826 - Maria Santisima del Carmen, also know as Buenavista land grant. Francisco Jose de Tuvera petitioned for a deserted rancho. He died during the procedings and the application was then sought in the name of his widow, Dona Josefa Morales. Title was not issued until 24 Oct 1831 because the land had to be resurveyed.
The grant was purchased at the appraised price of $190 and occupied by Tuvera's heirs until 1851, then sold to Hilario Gabilando. In 1872, the tract was transfered to Jose Maria Quiroga for $500. In 1879, the tract was sold again to Frederick Maish and Thomas Driscoll for $2000. In 1899, the grant was confirmed to Maish and Driscoll by the Court of Private Land Claims for 5,733.41 acres. The rest of this land grant being in Mexico. [6]

1827 - San Ignacio del Babocomari land grant. Don Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and Dona Eulalia Elias Gonzales petitioned for a tract of 8 sitios of land for rasing cattle and horses. The land was auctioned and purchased by the petitioners the following year. The price was $380 for slightly more than 54 square miles of land. The title was issued at Arispe, Mexico on 25 Dec 1832.
By 1877, Dr. Edward B. Perrin had purchased all the rights to the Babocomari. On 23 June 1881, he sold the land for $16,000 to his brother Robert Perrin, who had the land recorded in Cochise County. But the Court of Private Land Claims rejected the claim. Then in 1898 the Supreme Court reversed that judgement. Title was confirmed for 34,723.028 acres. Robert Perrin sold the land back to his brother Edward. The Letter of Patent dated 16 May 1904 gave title to Dr. Perrin.[7]

1827 - San Juan de las Boquillas Y Nogales land grant. Captain Ignacio Elias Gonzalez and Nepomucino Feliz applied for 4 sitios of land. They paid $240 and were issued a title in 1833. The rights of the heirs were purchased by George Hill Howard by 1880. He sold half of the claim to George Hearst and the other half to his wife Janet G. Howard. Hearst then bought the rest of the Howard claim in 1889.
Hearst's heirs, his wife Phoebe and son William Randolph petitioned the Court of Private Land Claims. On 14 Feb 1899, their title was confirmed for 17,355,86 acres. A Letter of Patent was issued on 18 Jan 1901.[8]

1827 - San Rafael del Valle land grant. Rafael Elias Gonzalez aquired this land grant for $240. In 1832, he received title. In 1862, the Elias heirs mortgaged this land grant and other land for $12,000. On 23 March 1869, they deeded their land to Joseph, Pierre, and Pascual Camou to cover their debts. The Court of Private Land Claims rejected the claim of the Camou brothers, but it was confirmed by the Supreme Court for 17,474.93 acres.[9]

From 1846 to 1863 - New Mexico Territory land that would later become Arizona

Click on thumb to enlarge map

Arizona+Land+1846.jpg

18 Aug 1846 - During the war with Mexico, the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the New Mexico Territory.[10] Look for records in the National Archives and Records Administration, the Mexico Archives and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.

Arizona+Land+1848.jpg

4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico ceded all of present day California, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of present day Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming. Part of the international boundary was in dispute.[11] The land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona was not ceded, it remained in control of Mexico. Look for records in the National Archives and Records Administration, the Mexico Archives and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.

Arizona+Land+1850.jpg

13 Dec 1850 - The US created the New Mexico Territory from unorganized federal land.[12] This territory named after the Mexican State of New Mexico. Some counties were created, but they were small and covered land only in present day New Mexico. The land in the present day Arizona was at that time non-county land. Also the land south of the Gila River still belonged to Mexico. Look for records in the Mexico Archives and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.

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9 Jan 1852 - New Mexico redefined the boundaries of previous counties and created new ones to cover all the land within its territory. The boundary of Dona Ana County was expanded to include some land in present day Arizona, while the boundary of Socorro County was stretched across present day Arizona to the California border.[13] The boundaries of Bernalillo, Rio Arriba, Santa Ana (extinct), Taos, and Valencia counties were stretched across present day Arizona and Nevada to the California border.[14] Look for records in Dona Ana County, Socorro County, Bernalillo, Rio Arriba, Taos, and Valencia counties.

Arizona+Land+1853.jpg

30 Dec 1853 - The US bought the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico. It contained land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona and New Mexico. It also settled the International boundary dispute between the United States and Mexico.[15] Look for records in the National Archives and Records Administration, the Mexico Archives, and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.

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4 Aug 1854 - The land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase was officially added to New Mexico Territory, it became non-county land.[16] Look for records in the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.

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3 Feb 1855 - Dona Ana County gained all the land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.[17] Its boundary was stretched across present day Arizona to the Baja California border. Look for records in Dona Ana County.



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1 Feb 1860 - New Mexico created Arizona County from land in Dona Ana County.[18] Arizona County was located entirely within present day Arizona. Look for records in Dona Ana County.

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5 Apr 1860 - An unofficial convention held in Tucson declared the creation of the Territory of Arizona from the southern half of New Mexico Territory below 34 degrees north latitude and proposed 4 counties for the new territory: Castle Dome, Ewell, Mesilla, and Dona Ana. They also created a provisional constitution and established a government. [19] [20] But the US Congress rejected the idea of Arizona becoming a territory, just as they had eight times before. So the proposed new territory was never officially created. However this time was different, because a government had been created for the intended Arizona Territory. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown.

Arizona+Land+1861.jpg

12 Jan 1861 - New Mexico created San Juan County (original, extinct) from land in Taos County.[21] Look for records in Taos County.



Arizona+Land+1861P.jpg

16 Mar 1861 - Another unofficial convention met in Mesilla and declared that the territory formed the previous year was part of the Confederacy. An ordinance was written stating the reasons Arizona had seceded from the United States.
28 Mar 1861 - Another convention held in Tucson ratified the Mesilla secession ordinance. Some government organization was made, including sending a delegate to the Confederate Congress.
1 Aug 1861 - Confederate General John Robert Baylor, fresh from his victory at the Battle of Mesilla, made a proclamation declaring Arizona to be a Confederate Territory and appointed a government. A judicial district was formed for land around Mesilla and another one for land around Tucson. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown

Arizona+Land+1862.jpg

18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued San Juan County (original, extinct) returning the land to Taos County.[22] Look for records in Taos County.
18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued Arizona County returning the land to Dona Ana County.[23] Look for records in Dona Ana County.

Arizona+Land+1862R.jpg

13 January 1862 - The Confederate Congress passed a bill declaring Arizona to be a Territory of the Confederate States of America. President Jefferson Davis signed the bill, which then became law.[24]
14 February 1862 - The Confederate law creating Arizona as a Territory became effective.[25] Note: Fifty years later to the day, Arizona became a state in the United States of America.
8 July 1862 - The last Confederate troops left Confederate Arizona Territory as Union troops entered from California and Colorado. The Confederate Arizona government disbanded. Some records may have been created, but where found is unknown.

Arizona+Land+1863.jpg

28 Jan 1863 - New Mexico re-created Arizona County from Dona Ana County.[26] This county discontinued when Arizona Territory was created. Look for records in Dona Ana County.

From 1863 to the Present - Arizona land

Click on thumb to enlarge map

Arizona+Territory+1863+1.jpg

24 Feb 1863 - The US created the Arizona Territory from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[27] All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the Arizona State Library and New Mexico State Records Center and Archives

Arizona+Territory+1864.jpg

10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created four counties: Mohave, Pima, Yavapai, and Yuma counties.[28] All four of these counties named for Indian tribes. Look for records in Mohave, Pima, Yavapai, and Yuma counties.


Arizona+Territory+1865.jpg

22 Dec 1865 - Arizona created Pah-Ute County (extinct) from the northern half of Mohave County.[29] This county named for the Paiute Indians, using the spelling of that day. Both Mohave and Pah-Ute counties covered land which was later given to Nevada. Look for records in Mohave County.

Arizona+Territory+1866.jpg

5 May 1866 - The US removed the northwest corner from Arizona Territory (parts of Pah-Ute (extinct) and Mohave counties) and gave that land to the State of Nevada.[30] Nevada used that land by adding to Lincoln and Nye counties. But Arizona held to its previous claim on that land and opposed this transfer, twice petitioning congress to repeal the law. Up thru 1868, representatives from Pah-Ute County (extinct) attended the Arizona Legislature. Look for records in Nevada State Library and Archives and Arizona State Library. Also the Lincoln, Nye, and Mohave counties.

Arizona+Territory+1869.jpg

18 Feb 1869 - Utah also laid claim to land in the southeastern corner of Nevada by creating Rio Virgin County (extinct) from land in Washington County, Utah; as well as land outside of Utah in Nevada and Arizona.[31] This county named for the Virgin River. Look for records in Washington, Lincoln, Nye, and Mohave counties.

Arizona+Territory+1871.jpg

14 Feb 1871 - Arizona created Maricopa County from land in Yavapai County.[32] This county named for the Maricopa Indians. Look for records in Maricopa and Yavapai counties.
18 Feb 1871 - Arizona discontinued Pah-Ute County (extinct).[33] In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Pah-Ute County (extinct) still in Arizona was returned to Mohave County. Look for records in Mohave County.

Arizona Territory 1872.png

16 Feb 1872 - Utah discontinued Rio Virgin County (extinct).[34] In effect, withdrawing claim to the southeastern corner of Nevada after exhausting all legal recourse. The remnant of Rio Virgin County (extinct) still in Utah was returned to Washington County. Look for records in Washington County.

Arizona Territory 1875.png

14 Feb 1873 - Arizona expanded Maricopa County by adding land from Pima County.[35] Look for records in Maricopa and Pima counties.
1 Feb 1875 - Arizona created Pinal County from lands in Maricopa and Pima counties.[36] This county named for the Pinal mountains. Look for records in Maricopa, Pima, and Pinal counties.

Arizona Territory 1877.png

31 Jan 1877 - Arizona expanded Maricopa County by adding land from Yavapai County.[37] Look for records in Maricopa and Yavapai counties.
9 Feb 1877 - Arizona expanded Pinal County by adding a small area of land that had been separated from main body of Pima County.[38] Look for records in Pima and Pinal counties

Arizona Territory 1879.png

14 Feb 1879 - Arizona created Apache County from land in Yavapai County.[39] This county named for the Apache Indians. Look for records in Apache and Yavapai counties.

Arizona+Territory+1881.jpg

1 Feb 1881 - Arizona created Cochise County from the eastern part of Pima County.[40] This county named for Cochise, the great Apache warrior who had died seven years before. Look for records in Cochise and Pima counties.
8 Feb 1881 - Arizona created Gila County from lands in Maricopa and Pima County counties.[41] This county named for the Gila River. Look for records in the Gila, Maricopa, and Pima counties.
10 Mar 1881 - Arizona created Graham County from lands in Apache and Pima counties.[42] This county named for Mount Graham, the highest peak in the area. Look for records in Apache, Graham, and Pima counties.

Arizona+Territory+1889.jpg

6 Mar 1883 - Arizona expanded Mohave County by adding land from Yavapai County.[43] Look for records in Mohave and Yavapai counties.
21 Mar 1889 - Arizona expanded Gila County by adding land from Yavapai County.[44] Look for records in Gila and Yavapai counties.

Arizona+Territory+1891.jpg

19 Feb 1891 - Arizona created Coconino County from land in Yavapai County.[45] This county named for the Coconino Indians. Look for records in Coconino and Yavapai counties.


Arizona+Territory+1895.jpg

21 Mar 1895 - Arizona created Navajo County from the west half of Apache County.[46] This county named for the Navajo Indians. Look for records in Apache and Navajo counties.

Arizona Territory 1899.png

15 Mar 1899 - Arizona created Santa Cruz County from land in Pima County.[47] This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in Pima and Santa Cruz counties.


Arizona Territory 1909.png

10 Mar 1909 - Arizona created Greenlee County from land in Graham County.[48] This county named for an early Arizona pioneer. Look for records in Graham and Greenlee counties.

Arizona State Map 1983.png

27 Apr 1983 - Arizona created La Paz County from the northern half of Yuma County.[49] This county named for the town of La Paz, Arizona. Look for records in La Paz and Yuma counties.

References

  1. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 197-200
  2. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 166-172
  3. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 185-188
  4. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 177-184
  5. Beers, 100; "Mexican War of Independence," New Handbook of Texas, 4:698
  6. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 172-177
  7. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 188-192
  8. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 192-194
  9. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, by Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona, pp 194-197
  10. Williams 108-110
  11. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
  12. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, ch. 49[1850]/pp. 446-452; Baldwin, 117-137; Van Zandt, 28-29, 162-165
  13. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292
  14. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 292
  15. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162
  16. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22
  17. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  18. N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74
  19. Thomas Edwin Farish, History of Arizona (Phoenix, Ariz., 1915), 1:324. HathiTrust Digital Library edition.
  20. Sacks, 36, 151; Swindler, 1:244-248
  21. N.M. Terr. Laws 1860-1861, 10th assy. /p. 16
  22. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 16
  23. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18
  24. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)
  25. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)
  26. N.M. Terr. Laws 1862-1863, 12th assy. /p.30
  27. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
  28. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
  29. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1865, 2d assy./ pp. 19-20
  30. U.S. Stat., vol. 14, ch. 73[1866]/p. 43; Van Zandt, 158, 165; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1867, 3rd assy./ pp. 67-68; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1868, 4th assy./ pp. 68-69
  31. Utah Terr. Laws 1869, 18th sess., ch. 10/p. 7; Atlas of Utah, 163-164
  32. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54
  33. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ p. 87
  34. Utah Terr. Laws 1872, 20th sess., ch. 19, sec. 2/p. 28
  35. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1873, 7th assy./ p. 87
  36. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20
  37. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 12-13
  38. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1877, 9th assy./ pp. 108-109
  39. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1879, 10th assy./ pp. 96-97
  40. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 4-7
  41. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 14-17
  42. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 155-157
  43. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1883, 12th assy./ p. 171
  44. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1889, 15th assy./ pp. 49-52
  45. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1891, 16th assy./ pp. 26-34
  46. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1895, 18th assy./ pp. 96-105
  47. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57
  48. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1909, 25th assy./ pp. 43-56
  49. Ariz. Laws 1983, 36th assy., ch. 291/pp. 1089-1094