Prince Edward Island Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Prince Edward Island Census, 1861 .
 

Contents

Collection Time Period

This census was taken in 1861 for the census year 1860.

Record Description

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.

Record Content

This census records only the name of the head of household, along with information about the other members of the household. Key genealogical facts found in the 1861 Prince Edward Island Census are:

  • Name of head of household
  • Number and age of individuals in household
  • Race
  • Religion
  • Residence
  • Profession of head of household 

How to Use this Record

This census records the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.

Record History

The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Prince Edward Island. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties.

For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. This census covers the population of Prince Edward Island in 1861.

Why this Record Was Created

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Record Reliability

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Web Sites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.

Related Wiki Articles

wiki.familysearch.org/en/Prince_Edward_Island

wiki.familysearch.org/en/Prince_Edward_Island_Census

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Sources of This Collection

"Prince Edward Island Census, 1861," database, FamilySearch; from Canada. Board of Registration and Statistics. "Census of Canada, 1861," Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 296 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.


How to Cite Your Sources 

An example of citing these records is: Canada. Board of Registration and Statistics. Prince Edward Island census, 1861. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Rotherick Smith, Township/Lot 35, Queens, Prince Edward Island, image number 00121. 'Instructions for citing this source can be found at: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from the record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.


The suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection

Prince Edward Island Census, 1861. digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: January 27,2011). Census Record for Thomas James, Township/Lot 29, Queens, Prince Edward Island, film number 899940.








 

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