Prince Edward Island Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Access the records: Prince Edward Island Census, 1861 .
Collection Time Period
This census was taken in 1861 for the census year 1860.
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.
This census records only the name of the head of household, along with information about the other members of the household. Key genealogical facts found in the 1861 Prince Edward Island Census are:
- Name of head of household
- Number and age of individuals in household
- Profession of head of household
How to Use this Record
This census records the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.
The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Prince Edward Island. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties.
For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. This census covers the population of Prince Edward Island in 1861.
Why this Record Was Created
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection
"Prince Edward Island Census, 1861." index and images, FamilySearch (www.familysearch.org: accessed 1 April 2011). entry for Thomas James, Township/Lot 29, Queens; citing Census Records FHL micorfilm 899,940; Canada Board of Registration and Statistics, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Sources of Information for This Collection
"Prince Edward Island Census, 1861," index, FamilySearch; from Canada. Board of Registration and Statistics. "Census of Canada, 1861," Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 296 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.