Prince William Parish, South Carolina

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Prince_William_Parish,_South_Carolina|Prince William Parish]]''
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Also known as '''Old Sheldon Church'''. It was burned in 1779 by British troops during the Revolutionary War,<ref>Old Sheldon Church, http://www.gloryway.com/old_sheldon_church.htm (accessed 21 May 2011).</ref> was rebuilt in 1826, and then at the end in the Civil War the insides were plundered by Union troops and local citizens for building materials.<ref name="SCIWAY">"Old Sheldon Church Ruins – Yemassee, South Carolina" in ''SCIWAY'' at http://www.sciway.net/sc-photos/beaufort-county/old-sheldon-church.html (accessed 20 May 2011).</ref>
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Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref> 
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[[Image:Scprincewilliam.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]
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==== Founded  ====
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[[Prince_William_Parish,_South_Carolina|Prince William Parish]] (near Sheldon, Beaufort, SC) was created in 1745 from the northwest side of [[St. Helenas Parish, South Carolina|St. Helena's Parish]], part of [[Granville (1708-1768) County, South Carolina|Granville (1708-1768) County]].<ref name="1750map">"South Carolina Counties and Parishes 1750" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1750.html (accessed 20 May 2011).</ref>
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==== Boundary  ====
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'''Borders:''' [[St. Bartholomews Parish, South Carolina|St. Bartholomew's]], [[St. Helenas Parish, South Carolina|St. Helena's]], [[St. Peters Parish, South Carolina|St. Peter's]] 1747-1767, [[St. Lukes Parish, South Carolina|St. Luke's]] starting 1767, and [[St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina|St. Matthew's]] starting 1768 parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].
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'''Areas Served:''' Prince William Parish served:<ref name="1750map" />
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:*part of [[Granville (1708-1768) County, South Carolina|Granville (1708-1768) County]] 1745-1768
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:*part of [[Beaufort District, South Carolina|Beaufort District]] 1768-1800 - (no church building 1779-1826)
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:*most of [[Shrewsbury County, South Carolina|Shrewsbury County]] 1785-1791 - (no church building 1779-1826)
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:*part of [[Beaufort County, South Carolina|Beaufort County]] 1800-1865<ref name="SCIWAY" /> - (no church building 1779-1826)
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'''Modern equivalents:''' The original parish covered parts of what are present-day [[Beaufort County, South Carolina|Beaufort]], [[Hampton County, South Carolina|Hampton]], and a small slice of [[Jasper County, South Carolina|Jasper]] counties.
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=== Resources  ===
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==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
 
*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0055.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Prince William County]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
 
*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0055.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Prince William County]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
  
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_955" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_488" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_93" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_416" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_11" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1287003475748_360" />
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==== Cemetery  ====
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Many of the old parish church's graves are described at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=1901012&CScn=Prince+William&CScntry=4&CSst=43& Find A Grave].
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Members of the DAR did a survey of Sheldon Church Cemetery:
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*National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. ''Cemetery Records of South Carolina''. Typescript. {{FHL|115076|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 A1 no. 11}}. [Includes Sheldon Church Cemetery, Prince William's Parish, Beaufort County.]
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==== Genealogy  ====
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*Bowers, Gloria Cook Jones. ''Southern Cousins: Cook, Fennell, and Related Families of Prince William's Parish, South Carolina''. Varnville, S.C.: G. Bowers, 1991. {{FHL|448159|item}} 929.273 C771bg
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==== Parish History  ====
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For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 23, Prince William's Parish, pages 382-384, in:
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*Dalcho, Frederick. ''An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published''. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. {{FHL|375296|item|disp=FHL Film 22657}}; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SG0QAAAAIAAJ Google Books]; [http://www.archive.org/details/historicalaccoun00dalc Internet Archive].
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*Todd, John Reynard and Francis Marion Huston. ''Prince William's Parish and Plantations''. Richmond, Va.: Garrett &amp; Massie, 1935. {{FHL|203365|item|disp=FHL Book 975.79 H2t}}
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==== Parish Records  ====
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===== Parish Registers  =====
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The original parish registers of Sheldon Church are kept at ... Abstracts:
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*deTreville, Marie and William L. Glover. "Registers of Sheldon Church, Prince William's Parish, 1826-1947," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'', Vol. 56, No. 3 (Jul. 1955):151-156; Vol. 56, No. 4 (Oct. 1955):226-228; Vol. 57, No. 1 (Jan. 1956):51-53; Vol. 57, No. 2 (Apr. 1956):103-106; Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul. 1956):179-181. Digital versions at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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*Sheldon Church, Prince Williams Parish, Beaufort, South Carolina Births or Christenings 1825-1873. {{FHL|53340|item|disp=FHL Books 975.7 B2s v. 56-57}}; Index: {{FHL|4605|item|disp=FHL Film 821 Item 15}}; also indexed in the IGI
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*Sheldon Church, Prince Williams Parish, Beaufort, South Carolina Marriages 1826-1876. {{FHL|53340|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 57}}; Index: {{FHL|292165|item|FHL Film 1002591 Item 12}}; also indexed in the IGI.
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'''South Carolina Historical Society holdings:''' "Prince William (Episcopal) Parish Church. McPhersonville. Register, 1825-1876, 1907-1932. 1 vol."  
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:"Baptisms, marriages, and burials (1823-76; 1907-32). Lists of communicants (1827, 1848, 1851, 1852, 1858, and 1876). Non-communicants (1839, 1848). Confirmations (1856-73, 1907-32). For the slaves, baptismal lists (1837-53); communicants (1842), with note of three suspensions of the fifty slaves named. Family names appearing in the records include Barnwell, Chaplin, Cuthbert, Deas, Elliott, Fraser, Fuller, Gregorie, Haskell, McPherson, Ravenel, Screven, and Wigg."<ref>Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 84 (October 1983): 262. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567808 JSTOR] ($). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49042081 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|53362|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84}}.</ref>
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== Websites  ==
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{{Wikipedia|Old Sheldon Church Ruins}}
  
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*Hurst, Robert Latimer. [http://www.gloryway.com/old_sheldon_church.htm "Old Sheldon Church Remains Hidden in South Carolina Low Country Near Pocotaligo."] Accessed 17 February 2011. Includes history and photographs.
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*[http://www.sciway.net/sc-photos/beaufort-county/old-sheldon-church.html Old Sheldon Church Ruins - Yemassee, South Carolina], at SCIWAY (South Carolina's Information Highway). Includes some nice photographs and history.
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*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=26366 Ruins of Old Sheldon], The Historical Marker Database
  
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== References  ==
  
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<references />
  
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{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}
  
[[Category:South Carolina]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]

Revision as of 17:38, 22 June 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Prince William Parish

Also known as Old Sheldon Church. It was burned in 1779 by British troops during the Revolutionary War,[1] was rebuilt in 1826, and then at the end in the Civil War the insides were plundered by Union troops and local citizens for building materials.[2]

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.[3]

Scprincewilliam.jpg

Contents

Founded

Prince William Parish (near Sheldon, Beaufort, SC) was created in 1745 from the northwest side of St. Helena's Parish, part of Granville (1708-1768) County.[4]

Boundary

Borders: St. Bartholomew's, St. Helena's, St. Peter's 1747-1767, St. Luke's starting 1767, and St. Matthew's starting 1768 parishes. For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: Prince William Parish served:[4]

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered parts of what are present-day Beaufort, Hampton, and a small slice of Jasper counties.

Resources

Research Guides

Cemetery

Many of the old parish church's graves are described at Find A Grave.

Members of the DAR did a survey of Sheldon Church Cemetery:

  • National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. Cemetery Records of South Carolina. Typescript. FHL Book 975.7 A1 no. 11. [Includes Sheldon Church Cemetery, Prince William's Parish, Beaufort County.]

Genealogy

  • Bowers, Gloria Cook Jones. Southern Cousins: Cook, Fennell, and Related Families of Prince William's Parish, South Carolina. Varnville, S.C.: G. Bowers, 1991. FHL Collection 929.273 C771bg

Parish History

For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 23, Prince William's Parish, pages 382-384, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.
  • Todd, John Reynard and Francis Marion Huston. Prince William's Parish and Plantations. Richmond, Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1935. FHL Book 975.79 H2t

Parish Records

Parish Registers

The original parish registers of Sheldon Church are kept at ... Abstracts:

  • deTreville, Marie and William L. Glover. "Registers of Sheldon Church, Prince William's Parish, 1826-1947," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Jul. 1955):151-156; Vol. 56, No. 4 (Oct. 1955):226-228; Vol. 57, No. 1 (Jan. 1956):51-53; Vol. 57, No. 2 (Apr. 1956):103-106; Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul. 1956):179-181. Digital versions at JSTOR ($).
  • Sheldon Church, Prince Williams Parish, Beaufort, South Carolina Births or Christenings 1825-1873. FHL Books 975.7 B2s v. 56-57; Index: FHL Film 821 Item 15; also indexed in the IGI
  • Sheldon Church, Prince Williams Parish, Beaufort, South Carolina Marriages 1826-1876. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 57; Index: FHL Collection; also indexed in the IGI.

South Carolina Historical Society holdings: "Prince William (Episcopal) Parish Church. McPhersonville. Register, 1825-1876, 1907-1932. 1 vol."

"Baptisms, marriages, and burials (1823-76; 1907-32). Lists of communicants (1827, 1848, 1851, 1852, 1858, and 1876). Non-communicants (1839, 1848). Confirmations (1856-73, 1907-32). For the slaves, baptismal lists (1837-53); communicants (1842), with note of three suspensions of the fifty slaves named. Family names appearing in the records include Barnwell, Chaplin, Cuthbert, Deas, Elliott, Fraser, Fuller, Gregorie, Haskell, McPherson, Ravenel, Screven, and Wigg."[5]

Websites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Old Sheldon Church Ruins

References

  1. Old Sheldon Church, http://www.gloryway.com/old_sheldon_church.htm (accessed 21 May 2011).
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Old Sheldon Church Ruins – Yemassee, South Carolina" in SCIWAY at http://www.sciway.net/sc-photos/beaufort-county/old-sheldon-church.html (accessed 20 May 2011).
  3. "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "South Carolina Counties and Parishes 1750" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1750.html (accessed 20 May 2011).
  5. Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," South Carolina Historical Magazine 84 (October 1983): 262. Digital version at JSTOR ($). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84.