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The provinces of Sweden (called Landskap in Swedish) are geographical areas that are based on politcal subdivisions that pre date the county organization of 1634. The divisions are based on cultural and geographical characteristics that many Swedes (and people of Swedish decent) strongly identify with today. The provinces are unique from each other in many ways such as spoken dialects, traditional clothing, and local social traditions.
With such deep social and cultual roots associated to the provinces, it's not uncommon that immigrants referred to their origin in Sweden by the name of their province. They saw themselves as residents of a certain province such as Skåne, Ångermanland, or Dalarna rather than from a county. Emigrants from large cities, however, such as Stockholm or Göteborg usually gave their origin by the name of the city.
The provincial names were not used for collection organization in the Family History Library Catalog.