Research Strategies for BayernEdit This Page

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'''Research Problems and Strategies'''  
 
'''Research Problems and Strategies'''  
  
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*'''When children were born illegitimately and the father’s name is not known what research strategy is suggested?'''
 
*'''When children were born illegitimately and the father’s name is not known what research strategy is suggested?'''
  
1. Check who the witnesses were at birth of child. Likelihood is that there might be a relationship<br>There might exist a separate section in the church book for illegitimate births. <br>2. Check whether the mother marries the father later and the child became legitimized by the father’s acknowledgment .<br>3. Check confirmation records.<br>4. Find school records to see if school fees were paid for the child and by whom (Search in School records . One possibility “Kirchenvisitationen”, “Schülerverzeichnis”)<br>5. Was the child adopted? (Search in court records, key word: “ Adoptionen”, “Vormundschaft”)<br>6. See if a will exists in which the child was bequeathed money or property. (Search in court records for “Testamente”)  
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1. Check who the witnesses were at birth of child. It is likely that there might be a relationship between the witnesses and the child.<br>There might exist a separate section in the church book for illegitimate births. <br>2. Check whether the mother marries the father later and the child became legitimized by the father’s acknowledgment.<br>3. Check confirmation records. The child's father might be listed there.<br>4. Find school records to see if school fees were paid for the child and by whom (Search in School records. One possibility “Kirchenvisitationen,“Schülerverzeichnis”)<br>5. Was the child adopted? (Search in court records, key word: “ Adoptionen,“Vormundschaft”)<br>6. See if a will exists in which the child was bequeathed money or property. (Search in court records for “Testamente.”)  
  
7. See if a marriage hearing exists when the parents asked permission to marry. Many times the parents tried to marry but were not allowed to. Most of the marriage hearings for Bavaria are available on microfilm. See [[Bayern (Bavaria)Königreich (kingdom) Marriage Proclamation and Residency Records|Bavarian Marriage Proclamation and Residency Files]]. See also [[Bavarian Marriage Customs, Laws, and Trends of Illegitimacy|Bavarian Marriage Customs, Laws, and Trends of Illegitimacy]].<br>8. Check to see if a guardianship file or a paternity suit (Pflegschaft) was filed against the father. These can be found at the Bavarian State Archives for the region where the village is.<br>
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7. See if a marriage hearing exists when the parents asked permission to marry. Many times, the parents tried to marry but were not allowed to. Most of the marriage hearings for Bavaria are available on microfilm. See [[Bayern (Bavaria)Königreich (kingdom) Marriage Proclamation and Residency Records|Bavarian Marriage Proclamation and Residency Files]]. See also [[Bavarian Marriage Customs, Laws, and Trends of Illegitimacy|Bavarian Marriage Customs, Laws, and Trends of Illegitimacy]].<br>8. Check to see if a guardianship file or a paternity suit (Pflegschaft) was filed against the father. These can be found at the Bavarian State Archives for the region where the village is.<br>  
  
*'''When parents came from a city unknown what would be the research strategy?<br>'''
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*'''When parents came from a city unknown, what would be the research strategy?<br>'''
  
1. Check the witnesses at the children’s baptisms. Witnesses might be relatives and there may be a place name which could give a clue.<br>2. Check citizenship records of present residence (Search for "Ansässigmachung", ” Bürgerrolle”, “Bürgerbuch”, “Bürgerliste”,” Bürgerverzeichnis”, “Einwohnermeldeverzeichnis”)<br>3. Check for journeymen or servants records (Search for “Geburtsbriefe”, “Gesindebuch”, “Heimatscheine”, “Wanderbücher”, “Gutsarchiv” records)<br>4. Check census records. Search for “Volkszählungen”.<br>5. Check guild records. Search for “Innungen”<br>6. Check neighboring church records to see if parents appeared as witnesses.  
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1. Check the witnesses at the childrens’ baptisms. Witnesses might be relatives and there may be a place name which could give a clue.<br>2. Check citizenship records of present residence (Search for "Ansässigmachung", ” Bürgerrolle,” “Bürgerbuch,” “Bürgerliste,”&nbsp;"Bürgerverzeichnis,” “Einwohnermeldeverzeichnis.”)<br>3. Check for journeymen or servants records (Search for “Geburtsbriefe,” “Gesindebuch,” “Heimatscheine,” “Wanderbücher,” or “Gutsarchiv” records)<br>4. Check census records. Search for “Volkszählungen.<br>5. Check guild records. Search for “Innungen.”<br>6. Check neighboring church records to see if parents appeared as witnesses.  
  
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*'''When given and surnames are present more than once in a parish and additional persons cannot easily be assigned to each other, what would be the research strategy?'''
 
*'''When given and surnames are present more than once in a parish and additional persons cannot easily be assigned to each other, what would be the research strategy?'''
  
1. Establish whole families. See who has married whom and had what children.<br>2. Compare findings in church books with court records. 90% of the population in Germany were dependent farmers. They did not own their farms but had usufruct , for which they were taxed and recorded in administrative records. Parents would bequeath, sell , lease or retire, and children inherit personal property. All such actions were recorded in court records. ( Search in archival records, such as ”Schuld- und Pfandprotokolle” in "Amtsbuch")<br>3. Check tax lists. Twice a year people were required to pay taxes. See if the same heads of family pay each time. If the head of household dies, the widow continues to pay taxes until her child becomes of age and takes over or she remarries. (Search for “Steuerlisten”, “Steuerrollen”, “Amtsrechnungen”).  
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1. Establish whole families. See who has married whom and had which children.<br>2. Compare findings in church books with court records. 90% of the population in Germany were dependent farmers. They did not own their farms but had usufruct, for which they were taxed and recorded in administrative records. Parents would bequeath, sell , lease or retire, and children inherit personal property. All such actions were recorded in court records. (Search in archival records, such as ”Schuld- und Pfandprotokolle” in "Amtsbuch.")<br>3. Check tax lists. Twice a year people were required to pay taxes. See if the same heads of family pay each time. If the head of household dies, the widow continues to pay taxes until her child becomes of age and takes over or she remarries. (Search for “Steuerlisten,” “Steuerrollen,” “Amtsrechnungen.”).  
  
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*'''When different spellings exist for a family name what would be the research strategy? <br>'''1. Be aware that spelling rules are not set until the early 1900s. Dialects can apply when writing official records. Some consonants and vowels are interchangeable. The name Triebenbach can be spelled Driebenbach, Treubenbach, Drübenbach. <br>2. Names can be Latinized: The name Keller becomes Cellarius, names can sound as if they are Latin, such as Debelius. <br>3. The priest simply made a mistake<br>4. Consider looking at neighboring parish registers<br>5. Always compare the spelling of a name with other documents available for the time period. (The most common ones are taxlists, in German “Steuerlisten”, “Steuerrollen”).&nbsp;&nbsp;
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*'''When different spellings exist for a family name what would be the research strategy? <br>'''1. Be aware that spelling varies considerably until the early 1900s. Dialect forms&nbsp;can appear in official records. Some consonants and vowels are often&nbsp;interchangeable. The name Triebenbach, for example,&nbsp;can be spelled Driebenbach, Treubenbach, or Drübenbach. <br>2. Names can be Latinized: The name Keller becomes Cellarius and names can sound as if they are Latin, such as Debelius. <br>3. The priest simply made a mistake.<br>4. Consider looking at neighboring parish registers.<br>5. Always compare the spelling of a name with other documents available for the time period. (The most common ones are taxlists, in German “Steuerlisten,” “Steuerrollen.”)&nbsp;
  
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*'''When church records from a parish cannot be located what should be the research strategy? <br>'''1. Check if the correct parish was chosen. A good source to check is a gazetteer.<br>2. Have parish jurisdictions changed?<br>3. Check with the diocese (Bistum) or deanery (Dekanat) if a duplicate record does exist and where it was deposited.  
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*'''When church records from a parish cannot be located what should be the research strategy? <br>'''1. Check if the correct parish was chosen. A good source to check is a gazetteer.<br>2. Have parish jurisdictions changed?<br>3. Check with the diocese (Bistum) or deanery (Dekanat) if a duplicate record exists and where it was deposited.  
 
*Check here for [http://www.bayern-evangelisch.de/www/kontakt.php Evangelical records] and  
 
*Check here for [http://www.bayern-evangelisch.de/www/kontakt.php Evangelical records] and  
 
*here for [http://www.bayern-katholisch.de/bistuemer.php Catholic records] [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?as_id=3708 Bistum Augsburg] [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?ar_id=3708 Bistum Speyer]
 
*here for [http://www.bayern-katholisch.de/bistuemer.php Catholic records] [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?as_id=3708 Bistum Augsburg] [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?ar_id=3708 Bistum Speyer]
  
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*'''When church books no longer exist because they were destroyed what should the research strategy be?&nbsp; <br>'''Gather information from other records:<br>1. Tax records (Steuerlisten, Schatzungslisten) – located in state archives<br>2. Debt registers, citizenship records, fire insurance registers (Schuldenregister, Löscheimerlisten, Brandregister, Bürgerlisten) – located in city archives, mayor‘s office<br>3. Guild records, notary records, land records (Innungslisten, Zunftbücher, notarielle Akten, Grundbuchsachen – state archives<br>4. Kataster, Bannbücher (cadastral , absolvent books) – state archives, cadastral offices, finance departments<br>5. Tax records of parishes (Lagerbücher) – church archives<br>6. House lists, address books, house ownership lists, military records, vaccination records (Häuserlisten, Adressbücher, Hauswirtslisten, Stammrollen, Impflisten) – city archives<br>7. News papers (Zeitungen, Amtsblätter) - city archive, state archive<br>8. Emigration records, census records, Wählerlisten (Auswanderungsakten, Volkszählungen,<br>voting records) – state archive<br>9. Cemetery records (Gräber, Gottesacker) – city archi'''ve'''
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*'''When church books no longer exist because they were destroyed, what should the research strategy be?&nbsp; <br>'''Gather information from other records:<br>1. Tax records (Steuerlisten, Schatzungslisten) – located in state archives<br>2. Debt registers, citizenship records, fire insurance registers (Schuldenregister, Löscheimerlisten, Brandregister, Bürgerlisten) – located in city archives, mayor‘s office<br>3. Guild records, notary records, land records (Innungslisten, Zunftbücher, notarielle Akten, Grundbuchsachen – state archives<br>4. Kataster, Bannbücher (cadastral , absolvent books) – state archives, cadastral offices, finance departments<br>5. Tax records of parishes (Lagerbücher) – church archives<br>6. House lists, address books, house ownership lists, military records, vaccination records (Häuserlisten, Adressbücher, Hauswirtslisten, Stammrollen, Impflisten) – city archives<br>7. Newspapers (Zeitungen, Amtsblätter) - city archive, state archive<br>8. Emigration records, census records, Wählerlisten (Auswanderungsakten, Volkszählungen,<br>voting records) – state archive<br>9. Cemetery records (Gräber, Gottesacker) – city archi'''ve'''
  
 
Check out the [http://www.archive-in-bayern.de/server/content_aib_indizes_02_ortsnamen.shtml archive list] for Bavaria  
 
Check out the [http://www.archive-in-bayern.de/server/content_aib_indizes_02_ortsnamen.shtml archive list] for Bavaria  
  
Also check out [http://www.progenealogists.com/germany/articles/bavgen.htm this website]  
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Also check out [http://www.progenealogists.com/germany/articles/bavgen.htm this website] and this [http://www.ahnenforschung-benz.de/links.htm one]  
  
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'''Important!''' If you come across an article in German which needs translation, consider the language tool in Google. On the Google main page choose language tool and category "translate a website". Hi-lite the URL you want translated and paste into category "translate a website". Then choose your language (German) into English and click translate.  
 
'''Important!''' If you come across an article in German which needs translation, consider the language tool in Google. On the Google main page choose language tool and category "translate a website". Hi-lite the URL you want translated and paste into category "translate a website". Then choose your language (German) into English and click translate.  
  
 
[[Category:Germany]] [[Category:Bayern]]
 
[[Category:Germany]] [[Category:Bayern]]

Latest revision as of 17:15, 25 February 2013

Research Problems and Strategies


  • When children were born illegitimately and the father’s name is not known what research strategy is suggested?

1. Check who the witnesses were at birth of child. It is likely that there might be a relationship between the witnesses and the child.
There might exist a separate section in the church book for illegitimate births.
2. Check whether the mother marries the father later and the child became legitimized by the father’s acknowledgment.
3. Check confirmation records. The child's father might be listed there.
4. Find school records to see if school fees were paid for the child and by whom (Search in School records. One possibility “Kirchenvisitationen,” “Schülerverzeichnis”)
5. Was the child adopted? (Search in court records, key word: “ Adoptionen,” “Vormundschaft”)
6. See if a will exists in which the child was bequeathed money or property. (Search in court records for “Testamente.”)

7. See if a marriage hearing exists when the parents asked permission to marry. Many times, the parents tried to marry but were not allowed to. Most of the marriage hearings for Bavaria are available on microfilm. See Bavarian Marriage Proclamation and Residency Files. See also Bavarian Marriage Customs, Laws, and Trends of Illegitimacy.
8. Check to see if a guardianship file or a paternity suit (Pflegschaft) was filed against the father. These can be found at the Bavarian State Archives for the region where the village is.

  • When parents came from a city unknown, what would be the research strategy?

1. Check the witnesses at the childrens’ baptisms. Witnesses might be relatives and there may be a place name which could give a clue.
2. Check citizenship records of present residence (Search for "Ansässigmachung", ” Bürgerrolle,” “Bürgerbuch,” “Bürgerliste,” "Bürgerverzeichnis,” “Einwohnermeldeverzeichnis.”)
3. Check for journeymen or servants records (Search for “Geburtsbriefe,” “Gesindebuch,” “Heimatscheine,” “Wanderbücher,” or “Gutsarchiv” records)
4. Check census records. Search for “Volkszählungen.”
5. Check guild records. Search for “Innungen.”
6. Check neighboring church records to see if parents appeared as witnesses.


  • When given and surnames are present more than once in a parish and additional persons cannot easily be assigned to each other, what would be the research strategy?

1. Establish whole families. See who has married whom and had which children.
2. Compare findings in church books with court records. 90% of the population in Germany were dependent farmers. They did not own their farms but had usufruct, for which they were taxed and recorded in administrative records. Parents would bequeath, sell , lease or retire, and children inherit personal property. All such actions were recorded in court records. (Search in archival records, such as ”Schuld- und Pfandprotokolle” in "Amtsbuch.")
3. Check tax lists. Twice a year people were required to pay taxes. See if the same heads of family pay each time. If the head of household dies, the widow continues to pay taxes until her child becomes of age and takes over or she remarries. (Search for “Steuerlisten,” “Steuerrollen,” “Amtsrechnungen.”).


  • When different spellings exist for a family name what would be the research strategy?
    1. Be aware that spelling varies considerably until the early 1900s. Dialect forms can appear in official records. Some consonants and vowels are often interchangeable. The name Triebenbach, for example, can be spelled Driebenbach, Treubenbach, or Drübenbach.
    2. Names can be Latinized: The name Keller becomes Cellarius and names can sound as if they are Latin, such as Debelius.
    3. The priest simply made a mistake.
    4. Consider looking at neighboring parish registers.
    5. Always compare the spelling of a name with other documents available for the time period. (The most common ones are taxlists, in German “Steuerlisten,” “Steuerrollen.”) 


  • When church records from a parish cannot be located what should be the research strategy?
    1. Check if the correct parish was chosen. A good source to check is a gazetteer.
    2. Have parish jurisdictions changed?
    3. Check with the diocese (Bistum) or deanery (Dekanat) if a duplicate record exists and where it was deposited.
  • Check here for Evangelical records and
  • here for Catholic records Bistum Augsburg Bistum Speyer



  • When church books no longer exist because they were destroyed, what should the research strategy be? 
    Gather information from other records:
    1. Tax records (Steuerlisten, Schatzungslisten) – located in state archives
    2. Debt registers, citizenship records, fire insurance registers (Schuldenregister, Löscheimerlisten, Brandregister, Bürgerlisten) – located in city archives, mayor‘s office
    3. Guild records, notary records, land records (Innungslisten, Zunftbücher, notarielle Akten, Grundbuchsachen – state archives
    4. Kataster, Bannbücher (cadastral , absolvent books) – state archives, cadastral offices, finance departments
    5. Tax records of parishes (Lagerbücher) – church archives
    6. House lists, address books, house ownership lists, military records, vaccination records (Häuserlisten, Adressbücher, Hauswirtslisten, Stammrollen, Impflisten) – city archives
    7. Newspapers (Zeitungen, Amtsblätter) - city archive, state archive
    8. Emigration records, census records, Wählerlisten (Auswanderungsakten, Volkszählungen,
    voting records) – state archive
    9. Cemetery records (Gräber, Gottesacker) – city archive

Check out the archive list for Bavaria

Also check out this website and this one


Important! If you come across an article in German which needs translation, consider the language tool in Google. On the Google main page choose language tool and category "translate a website". Hi-lite the URL you want translated and paste into category "translate a website". Then choose your language (German) into English and click translate.


 

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  • This page was last modified on 25 February 2013, at 17:15.
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