Reute parish, Appenzell, Switzerland GenealogyEdit This Page

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Contents

Geography

Reute lies in the mountains between Heiden and Rebstein. The parish divides the Innerrhoden parish of Oberegg into two pieces.  It is divided into three districts which are individual hamlets: Mohren, Reute, and Schachen.  It has an area of 4.9 square kilometers (1.9 square miles).  The area is divided thusly:

40.4% agriculture
52.7% forest
6.9% settlement

Click here for a geographical map of Appenzell, including Reute.

History

Reute was created during the Reformation during the division of Appenzell.  The residents of Hirschberg were mainly Catholic and wanted to remain with the Innerrhoden, while the Protestant minority wanted to become part of the Ausserrhoden.  During the division of Appenzell (known as the Landteilungsbrief or Land division treaty), the land owned by the Protestants became Reute in Ausserrhoden. The Catholic portion of Hirschberg became part of the parish of Oberegg. The residents of Reute belonged to the parishes of Marbach, Berneck, and Altstätten in Sankt Gallen until 1687, when an independent church was built and the parish was established and named Reute.

Place Names

Locations within Reute

Bechreuthe
Berg
Buchtobel
Bühl
Eschenmoos
Hägli
Hard
Herren
Hirschberg
Hof

Horn
Kapf
Klen
Knollhausen
Knuser
Laderen
Mohren
Rank
Reute

Rickenbach
Rohnen
Säge
Schachen
Schwellmühle
Schwendi
Städeli
Steinigocht
Watt

Surrounding Parishes

Click here for a map showing Reute in relation to the rest of Canton Appenzell.

Balgach (Sankt Gallen)
Heiden
Marbach (Sankt Gallen)
Oberegg (Appenzell-Innerrhoden)
Rebstein (St. Gallen)

Collections

Church Records

The church records for Reute are now available online from the Appenzell State Archives.  They are organized by volume.  Click here to access these records.

Reute was established as a Reformed protestant parish in 1687 from the parish of Berneck, the parish of Marbach, and the parish of Altstätten. Some baptisms of citizens of Reute were extracted from the three parishes from 1658 onward.  Records held by the Family History Library include baptisms (Taufen) 1698-1840, marriages (Heiraten) 1698-1828, and burials (Toten) 1698-1829. Records after this time period are housed at the Cantonal Archive in Herisau, Switzerland.

The following family book (Familienbuch) records exist for Reute, and the following are found in the rectory of the parish church:

Volume 1 (1828) - household visitation book
Volume 2 (1841) - family register
Volume 3 (1846) - household visitation book
Volume 4 (1849) - household visitation book
Volume 5 (1852) - household visitation book
Volume 6 (1856) - household visitation book
Volume 7 (1866) - household visitation book
Volume 8 (19th century) - Family register of citizens
Volumes 9-11 (19th century) - Family register of citizens
Volume 12 (19th-20th centuries) - Family register of citizens

Other family books (Familienbuch) available at the Family History Library are those that were established in 1740, 1786, and 1830.  They contain information into the late 1600s.

Census Records

Census records, taken by the Zürich Synod, exist for the area that is now Reute.  The censuses are numerated under the parishes of Altstätten, Berneck, and Marbach and exist for the years:

1634 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,140, item 2, beginning on page 783
1634 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,140, item 2, beginning on page 831
1634 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,140, item 2, beginning on page 885
1637 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,142, item 2, beginning on page 625
1637 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,142, item 2, beginning on page 669
1637 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,142, item 2, beginning on page 645
1640 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,144, item 1, beginning on page 843
1640 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,144, item 1, beginning on page 881
1640 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,144, item 1, beginning on page 861
1643 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,147, item 1, beginning on page 827
1643 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,147, item 1, beginning on page 857
1643 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,147, item 1, beginning on page 849
1646 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,148, item 2, beginning on page 981
1646 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,148, item 2, beginning on page 997
1647 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,148, item 2, beginning on page 1031
1649 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,150, item 1, beginning on page 541
1649 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,150, item 1, beginning on page 595
1649 (Marbach: Oberegg): FHL Film 1,185,150, item 1, beginning on page 559
1652 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,150, item 3, beginning on page 1293
1671 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,155, item 2, beginning on page 751
1671 (Berneck: Ober Hirschberg): FHL Film 1,185,155, item 2, beginning on page 813
1678 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,157, item 2, beginning on page 609
1682 (Altstätten: Eichberg): FHL Film 1,185,161, item 2, beginning on page 35

Genealogies

(see here for article describing Swiss compiled genealogies)

The following genealogies have been researched for Reute:

Künzler family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 1,183,714)
Niederer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,965; see also FHL Film 193,480)

Civil Registration

Civil registration began in 1876. Reute belongs to the Vorderland Appenzell civil registration district. Records are only available in Switzerland. For further information, contact the civil registry office at:

Zivilstandsamt Vorderland Appenzell Ausserrhoden
St. Gallerstrasse 9
Postfach 13
CH - 9038 Rehetobel

Tel: +41 71 878 70 20

email: jeannette.eisenhut@rehetobel.ar.ch

Surnames

The following surnames have citizenship in Reute prior to 1875:

Bänziger
Eugster
Fröhlich (extinct)
Graf
Hohl
Keller
Klee
Knechtli

Künzler
Niederer
Rechsteiner
Reifler (extinct)
Rohner
Rumel (extinct)
Sturzenegger

Related Sources

The town's website (in German) can be found here.

Societies and Libraries

Cantonal Archive of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden (in German)

References

Register of Swiss Surnames

Registry of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden, by Mario von Moos


 

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