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Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png Denbighshire Gotoarrow.png Rhosymedre

Rhosymedre is a village and ecclesiastical parish in the County Borough of Wrexham in Wales. Today Rhosymedre is in the community of Cefn.

Contents

History

The parish of Rhosymedre was created in 1844 from the Ruabon townships of Coed Cristionydd and Cristionydd Cynrig. The parish contains the villages of Cefn Mawr, Cefn Bychan, Acrefair, Newbridge, Plas Madoc and Rhosymedre.

The parish church, St. John the Evangelist, was consecrated on 6 July 1837. However, in 1894 a new chapel of ease, St. Paul's , was built as a chapel of ease in Acrefair.

In 1879, part of the township of Cristionydd Cynrig was transferred to the new parish of Penycae.

The area was formerly heavily industrialised with large deposits of iron, coal and clay. Iron was worked at Acrefair; Cefn Mawr and Plas Madoc. In 1867 Robert Graesser, an industrial chemist from Obermosel in Saxony, Germany established a chemical works at Plas Kynaston in Cefn Mawr to extract paraffin oil and wax from the local shale. This was the start of the long association with the chemical industry. The site was later acquired by the American chemical company Monsanto, their first venture in Europe. Coal was worked throughout the parish and large brickworks existed at Acrefair and Newbridge.

Much of the mineral wealth of the area was exported by canal over the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Shropshire Union Canal, until the railway reached Ruabon in 1855.

Administration

Years County
pre 1536 Powys Fadog
1536 - 31 March 1974 Denbighshire
1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996 Clwyd
from 1 April 1996 Wrexham


Census Records

Rhosymedre formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.

Year Parts
1841 missing
1851 HO107/2503 folios 15 to 378
1861 RG9/4280 folios f9 to end
RG9/4283 folio 80
1871 RG10/5652 folios 17 to end
RG10/5653 folio 189
1881 RG11/5512 folios 11 to end
RG11/5514 folio 124
1891 RG12/4612 folios 8 to 179
RG12/4613 folio 168
1901


Church Records

The following Rhosymedre Parish Registers have been deposited at the Denbighshire Records Office in Ruthin:

Baptisms 1837 - 1992
Marriages: 1844 - 1988
Burials: 1839 - 1974


Nonconformist Church Records

  • The following chapel records have been published:
Chapel Source Baptisms
Calvinistic Methodist Clwyd FHS Blackwell Index CD 1819-1837
Wesleyan Methodist IGI Batch C101611 1815-1837
Seion Welsh Baptist Clwyd FHS Booklet 1790-1838
Cefn Bychan Welsh Baptist Clwyd FHS Booklet 1798-1866


Civil Records

The Registry Office was in High Street, Ruabon. Births, marriages and deaths in Rhosymedre are recorded in the GRO indexes as:

Years Sub-district District Volumes
1 Jul 1837 - 1974 Ruabon Wrexham XXVII (1837-51)
11b (1852-1946)
8A (1946-74)


Poor Law Union

The Wrexham Union was created on 30 March 1837 and the parish of Ruabon, and later the parish of Rhosymedre, formed part of this. A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Bersham, Wrexham. The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.

Cemeteries

  • St. John's Church, Rhosymedre
  • Trefynant Cemetery, Acrefair
  • Capel Seion Cemetery, Cefn Mawr
  • Welsh Baptist Chapel Cemetery, Cefn Bychan

See also

 

Bibliography

 

External links


 

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