Richmond, Virginia

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{{Virginia-stub}}''[[United States|United States]] > [[Virginia|Virginia]] Richmond (Independent City)''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Richmond,_Virginia|Richmond (Independent City)]]''  
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{{Infobox settlement
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| name                    = Richmond, Virginia
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| settlement_type        = Independent City
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| image_map              = Varichmond.png
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| map_caption            = Location in [[Virginia]]
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| established_title      = Founded
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| established_date        = 1782
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| website                = http://www.ci.richmond.va.us
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| footnotes              =
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}}
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=  =
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{{Tip|For additional records, see [[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]].}}
  
 
== Courthouse  ==
 
== Courthouse  ==
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'''1782--'''Richmond was created in 1782 from [[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]]. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
 
'''1782--'''Richmond was created in 1782 from [[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]]. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
==== Boundary Changes ====
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== Resources ==
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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[[Image:Varichmondcity.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Varichmondcity.jpg]]
  
==== Record Loss ====
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==== Research Guides ====
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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*"Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1983):1; Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 1983):1-2. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
 
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*"Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 15, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1989):1-2; Vol. 15, No. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1989):1-2. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
==== Populated Places  ====
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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== Resources  ==
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==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Register of the Confederate Dead, Interred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va''. Richmond: Gary, Clemmitt &amp; Jones, Printers, 1869. Available at {{FHL|144892|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30174 Ancestry]&nbsp;($)' and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcd_registeroftheconfederatedead World Vital Records] ($).
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For a detailed list of cemeteries, see [[Richmond, Virginia Cemeteries]].
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*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Register of the Confederate Dead, Interred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va''. Richmond: Gary, Clemmitt &amp; Jones, Printers, 1869. {{FHL|144892|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30174 Ancestry]&nbsp;($)' and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcd_registeroftheconfederatedead World Vital Records] ($).
  
 
*[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=109972 Mount Calvary Cemetery, Richmond] Billiongraves (free)
 
*[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=109972 Mount Calvary Cemetery, Richmond] Billiongraves (free)
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#'''Tabernacle''', Richmond, Va. (1891). A centennial history was published in 1991: {{FHL|587635|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5451 K2h}}.<ref>Margaret Hickerson Emery, ''The First Hundred Years: A History of the Tabernacle Baptist Church of Richmond, Virginia'' (Richmond, Va.: Tabernacle Baptist Church, 1991). {{FHL|587635|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5451 K2h}}.</ref><br>
 
#'''Tabernacle''', Richmond, Va. (1891). A centennial history was published in 1991: {{FHL|587635|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5451 K2h}}.<ref>Margaret Hickerson Emery, ''The First Hundred Years: A History of the Tabernacle Baptist Church of Richmond, Virginia'' (Richmond, Va.: Tabernacle Baptist Church, 1991). {{FHL|587635|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5451 K2h}}.</ref><br>
  
Richmond fell within the bounds of the Dover Association.
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Richmond fell within the bounds of the Dover Association.  
  
===== Catholic =====
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===== Catholic =====
  
 
*Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).
 
*Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).
  
===== Church of England =====
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===== Church of England =====
  
 
*Newton, Blake T. "The Monumental Church of Richmond [City] and the Northern Neck Personages Connected With Its History," ''Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine'', Vol. 12 (1962).
 
*Newton, Blake T. "The Monumental Church of Richmond [City] and the Northern Neck Personages Connected With Its History," ''Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine'', Vol. 12 (1962).
  
===== Jewish =====
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===== Jewish =====
  
 
*Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
===== Quaker =====
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===== Quaker =====
  
*Bell, James Pinkney Pleasant. ''Our Quaker Friends of Ye Olden Time: Being in Part a Transcript of the Minute Books of Cedar Creek Meeting, Hanover County, and the South River Meeting, Campbell County, Va''. Lynchburg, Va.: J.P. Bell Company, 1905. Available at {{FHL|78257|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=70W5XafR9W0C Google Books] (full-view). [Includes Quakers from Richmond.]
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{{Cedar}}  
  
===== Unitarian-Universalist =====
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===== Unitarian-Universalist =====
  
 
*Gibson, George H. "The Unitarian-Universalist Church of Richmond,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):321-335. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*Gibson, George H. "The Unitarian-Universalist Church of Richmond,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):321-335. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
'''''Criminal Records'''''
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===== Criminal Records =====
  
 
*Saunders, Robert M. "Crime and Punishment in Early National America: Richmond, Virginia, 1784-1820," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):33-44. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*Saunders, Robert M. "Crime and Punishment in Early National America: Richmond, Virginia, 1784-1820," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):33-44. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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==== Directories<br>  ====
 
==== Directories<br>  ====
  
*''Chataigne's Richmond City Directory, 1889-1890''. Richmond, VA: Chataigne Co, 1890. Available at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4419 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
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*'''1856''' - [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/Richmond1856M.htm The Richmond Directory and Business Advertiser for 1856] at Don's List - free.
*''Chataigne's Manchester Directory, 1889''. Richmond, VA: Chataigne Co., 1890. Available at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4419 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*'''1889-1890''' - ''Chataigne's Richmond City Directory, 1889-1890''. Richmond, VA: Chataigne Co, 1890. Available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4419 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
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*'''1889''' - ''Chataigne's Manchester Directory, 1889''. Richmond, VA: Chataigne Co., 1890. Available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4419 Ancestry] ($).<br>
  
 
==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
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During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 105 British aliens, many of&nbsp;whom had families,&nbsp;living in Richmond (some may have lived in Richmond County).<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812.]'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item}} 973 W4s; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>  
 
During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 105 British aliens, many of&nbsp;whom had families,&nbsp;living in Richmond (some may have lived in Richmond County).<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812.]'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item}} 973 W4s; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>  
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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The Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home in Richmond serviced many veterans between the 1880s and 1940s. [[US Military Old Soldiers Home Records|US Military Old Soldiers Home Records]] identifies several types of records concerning these individuals.  
 
The Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home in Richmond serviced many veterans between the 1880s and 1940s. [[US Military Old Soldiers Home Records|US Military Old Soldiers Home Records]] identifies several types of records concerning these individuals.  
  
===== '''''Revolutionary War''''' =====
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
 
*"Arnold's Expedition to Richmond, Virginia, 1781," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1932):187-190. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
*"Arnold's Expedition to Richmond, Virginia, 1781," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1932):187-190. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
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*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Henrico County, City of Richmond on page 131.]
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Henrico County, City of Richmond on page 131.]
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
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===== War of 1812  =====
  
 
*"Richmond During the War of 1812," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr. 1900):406-418. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*"Richmond During the War of 1812," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr. 1900):406-418. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
===== '''''Civil War''''' =====
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===== Civil War  =====
  
 
Civil War service men from Richmond served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed&nbsp;with many&nbsp;men&nbsp;from Richmond.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
 
Civil War service men from Richmond served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed&nbsp;with many&nbsp;men&nbsp;from Richmond.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
  
:-[[2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry|2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry]], Companies C and D&nbsp;
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:- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)]]. Company C (2nd) (Henrico Artillery aka Courtney Artillery), Company D (Richmond Howitzers)
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:- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Williams Rifles) (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Williams Rifles) (Confederate)]] '''Company A''' (Richmond Grays), '''Company B''' (Richmond City Guard), '''Company C''' (Montgomery Guard), '''Company D''' (Old Dominion Guard), '''Company G''' (Capt. William H. Gordon's Co.), '''Company H''' (Richmond Grays No. 2), '''Company I''' (Capt. William O. Taylor's Co.), '''Company K''' (Virginia Rifles)
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:-[[2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry|2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry]], Companies C and D  
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:- [[10th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Allen's) (Confederate)|10th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Allen's) (Confederate)]]. Company A (Metropolitan Guards).<ref>Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''10th and 19th Battalions of Heavy Artillery'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1996). {{FHL|777686|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 124}}.</ref>
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:- [[12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company G (Richmond Grays).<ref>William D. Henderson, ''12th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). {{FHL|122363|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8}}.</ref>
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:- [[23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company H (Richmond Sharpshooters).<ref>Thomas M. Rankin, ''23rd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). {{FHL|257443|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 14}}.</ref>
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:- [[44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company E (Richmond Zouaves).<ref>Kevin C. Ruffner, ''44th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). {{FHL|610175|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39}}.</ref>
  
<br>From ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography":''  
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Records and histories are available, including:
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*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932382|Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}
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*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932427|Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
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====== Civil War Battles  ======
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[[Image:Richmond Virginia damage2.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]The following Civil War battles were fought in Henrico County.
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*May 31-June 1, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va014.htm Seven Pines], also known as Fair Oaks or Fair Oaks Station<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va014.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 7 August 2012).</ref>
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*June 25, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va015.htm Oak Grove], also known as&nbsp;French’s Field or King’s School House<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va015.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
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*June 27-28, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va018.htm Garnett’s &amp; Golding’s Farms]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va018.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>
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*June 29, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va019.htm Savage's Station]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va019.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 7 August 2012).</ref>
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*June 30, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va020.htm Glendale/White Oak Swamp], also known as Nelson’s Farm, Frayser’s Farm, Charles City Crossroads, White Oak Swamp, New Market Road, or Riddell's Shop<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va020.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>
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*July 1, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va021.htm Malvern Hill], also known as Poindexter's Farm<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va021.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
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*May 11, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va052.htm Yellow Tavern]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va052.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 7 August 2012).</ref>
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*July 27-29, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va069.htm Deep Bottom I], also known as Darbytown, Strawberry Plains, New Market Road, Gravel Hill<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va069.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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*August 13-20, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va071.htm Deep Bottom II], also known as New Market Road, Fussell’s Mill, Bailey’s Creek, Charles City Road, or White’s Tavern<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va071.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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*September 29-30, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va075.htm Chaffin’s Farm/New Market Heights], also known as Combats at New Market Heights, Forts Harrison, Johnson, and Gilmer; Laurel Hill<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va075.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August 2012).</ref>
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*October 7, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va077.htm Darbytown &amp; New Market Roads], also known as Johnson’s Farm or Fourmile Creek <ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va077.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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*October 13, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va078.htm Darbytown Road], also known as Alms House<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va078.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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*October 27-28, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va080.htm Fair Oaks &amp; Darbytown Road], also known as Second Fair Oaks<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va080.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
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From ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography:''  
  
 
*Chesson, Michael B. "Harlots or Heroines? A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 92, No. 2 (Apr. 1984):131-175. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
*Chesson, Michael B. "Harlots or Heroines? A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 92, No. 2 (Apr. 1984):131-175. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
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==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
*"List of Obituaries: From Richmond, Virginia Newspapers," [1786-1825] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. 1912):282-291; Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct. 1912):364-371. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($).  
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*'''1736-1780''' - [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette], index and images online at [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg.]
*Virginia State Library. ''Index to Obituary Notices in the Richmond Enquirer from May 9, 1804, through 1828, and the Richmond Whig from January, 1824, through 1838''. Richmond, VA, USA: Virginia State Library, 1923. {{Worldcat|1111288}} digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4183 Ancestry] ($). Available at {{FHL|517244|title-id|disp=FHL}} (2 copies);
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*'''1736-1803''' - Database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the ''Virginia Gazette ''and other Virginia newspapers, see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia].
*[http://news.google.com/archivesearch/advanced_search?ned=us&hl=en GoogleNews] has the ''Richmond Times - Dispatch'' on-line. The images start with 1985 and continue to the present. It is not a complete list, but it is worth your time. It is free to use and view the newspaper but you cannot print or copy the image.
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*'''1786-1825''' - "List of Obituaries: From Richmond, Virginia Newspapers," [1786-1825] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4243208 Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. 1912):282-291]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4243225 Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct. 1912):364-371]. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] - free.
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*'''1795-1807''' - ''Richmond and Manchester Advertiser'' at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).  
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*'''1797-1816''' - ''Virginia Argus'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1801-1804''' - ''The Examiner'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=WtgKeONp1i0C Google News] - free.
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*'''1804-1838''' - Virginia State Library. ''Index to Obituary Notices in the Richmond Enquirer from May 9, 1804, through 1828, and the Richmond Whig from January, 1824, through 1838''. Richmond, VA, USA: Virginia State Library, 1923. {{Worldcat|1111288}} digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4183 Ancestry] ($). Available at {{FHL|517244|title-id|disp=FHL}} (2 copies).
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*'''1804-1876''' - ''Enquirer'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1809-1819''' - ''Virginia Patriot'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1816-1820''' - ''Richmond Commercial Compiler'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1824-1874''' - ''Richmond Whig'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1833-1882''' - ''Richmond Daily Whig'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1854-1870''' - ''Richmond Enquirer'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1860-1865''' - [http://dlxs.richmond.edu/d/ddr/ Richmond Daily Dispatch 1860-1865] - free.<br>
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*'''1861-1866''' - ''Richmond Examiner'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1885-1900''' - ''Richmond Planet'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1900''' - ''Reformer'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1903-1958''' - ''Richmond Times Dispatch'' at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1940s-1985''' - Index to [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/NI.html ''Richmond Times Dispatch and'' ''Richmond News Leader''] at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/ Library of Virginia] - free. Surnames indexed alphabetically under Biography.<br>
 +
*'''1985-present''' - [http://news.google.com/archivesearch/advanced_search?ned=us&hl=en GoogleNews] has the Richmond Times - Dispatch on-line. The images start with 1985 and continue to the present. It is not a complete list, but it is worth your time. It is free to use and view the newspaper but you cannot print or copy the image.<br>
 +
*'''1985-present''' - ''Richmond Times-Dispatch'' (Richmond, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
  
 
==== Obituaries  ====
 
==== Obituaries  ====
Line 156: Line 220:
 
==== Periodicals  ====
 
==== Periodicals  ====
  
*Morrison, Alfred J. "The Virginia Literary and Evangelical Magazine, Richmond, 1818-1828," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 19, No. 4 (Apr. 1911):266-272. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
*Morrison, Alfred J. "The Virginia Literary and Evangelical Magazine, Richmond, 1818-1828," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 19, No. 4 (Apr. 1911):266-272. Digital version at [www.jstor.org/stable/1919426 JSTOR] - free.
  
 
==== Private Papers  ====
 
==== Private Papers  ====
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==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
  
{{Vawill|1782-1810}}
+
{{Vawill|1782-1810}}  
 
+
==== Research Guides  ====
+
 
+
*"Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1983):1; Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 1983):1-2. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
+
*"Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 15, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1989):1-2; Vol. 15, No. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1989):1-2. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
+
  
 
==== Schools  ====
 
==== Schools  ====
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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 +
 +
*'''1851-1853''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4498 Virginia Marriages 1851-1853] (Ancestry) ($).
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
Line 202: Line 263:
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
+
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Richmond+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Richmond+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
*[http://virginia-genealogy.org/City-of-Richmond-Genealogy.htm Richmond City Genealogy] (Virginia Genealogy)
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Virginia|Virginia}}<br>
+
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
+
<br>
+
  
 +
{{Virginia-stub}}
 +
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Richmond,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Richmond,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 23:19, 13 May 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Henrico County Gotoarrow.png Richmond (Independent City)

Richmond, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Location in Virginia
Founded 1782
Website http://www.ci.richmond.va.us

Contents

Courthouse

History

Parent County

1782--Richmond was created in 1782 from Henrico County. [1]

Resources

Varichmondcity.jpg

Research Guides

  • "Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1983):1; Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 1983):1-2. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.
  • "Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1989):1-2; Vol. 15, No. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1989):1-2. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African American

Cemeteries

For a detailed list of cemeteries, see Richmond, Virginia Cemeteries.

  • Mason, Polly Cary. Register of the Confederate Dead, Interred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va. Richmond: Gary, Clemmitt & Jones, Printers, 1869. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($)' and World Vital Records ($).

Church

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. First Baptist Church, City of Richmond, Va. (1780).[2] A centennial history was published in 1880. It is available online.[3]
  2. Leigh Street, Richmond, Va. (1854). A centennial history was published in 1954: FHL Book 975.5451 K2L.[4]
  3. Tabernacle, Richmond, Va. (1891). A centennial history was published in 1991: FHL Book 975.5451 K2h.[5]

Richmond fell within the bounds of the Dover Association.

Catholic
  • Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).
Church of England
  • Newton, Blake T. "The Monumental Church of Richmond [City] and the Northern Neck Personages Connected With Its History," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 12 (1962).
Jewish
  • Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at JSTOR ($).
Quaker

In the 1700s and 1800s, Friends from Richmond, Virginia also attended the Cedar Creek Meeting House in Hanover County, Virginia.[6]

Unitarian-Universalist
  • Gibson, George H. "The Unitarian-Universalist Church of Richmond," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):321-335. Available at JSTOR ($).

Court

Criminal Records
  • Saunders, Robert M. "Crime and Punishment in Early National America: Richmond, Virginia, 1784-1820," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):33-44. Available at JSTOR ($).

Directories

Genealogy

  • [Cooper] Shockley, Martin Staples. "Priscilla Cooper in the Richmond Theatre," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Apr. 1959), 180-185. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Joel] Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Mordecai] Weddell, Alexander Wilbourne. "Samuel Mordecai: Chronicler of Richmond 1786-1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 53, No. 4 (Oct. 1945):265-287. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Newman] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Genealogy of the Newman Family, 1618-1900," see Table of Contents; discusses Newmans of Richmond.]
  • [Page] Page, Richard Channing Moore. Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia. Also a Condensed Account of the Nelson, Walker, Pendleton and Randolph Families, With References to the Bland, Burwell, Byrd, Carter, Cary, Duke, Gilmer, Harrison, Rives, Thornton, Wellford, Washington, and Other Distinguished Families in Virginia. New York: Press of the Publishers' Printing Co., 1893. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books.
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Richmond appears in Vol. 2 Part 4]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Richmond appears in Vol. 2]

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Richmond with the following surnames: Gairdner, Mitchell, and Selden.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 105 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Richmond (some may have lived in Richmond County).[7]

Land and Property

Local Histories

Maps

Military

The Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home in Richmond serviced many veterans between the 1880s and 1940s. US Military Old Soldiers Home Records identifies several types of records concerning these individuals.

Revolutionary War
  • "Arnold's Expedition to Richmond, Virginia, 1781," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1932):187-190. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Benedict Arnold in Richmond, January, 1781: His Proposal concerning Prize Goods: With Historical Introduction by George Green Shackelford," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 4 (Oct. 1952):591-599. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Henrico County, City of Richmond on page 131.]
War of 1812
  • "Richmond During the War of 1812," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr. 1900):406-418. Available at JSTOR ($).
Civil War

Civil War service men from Richmond served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed with many men from Richmond.  

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate). Company C (2nd) (Henrico Artillery aka Courtney Artillery), Company D (Richmond Howitzers)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Williams Rifles) (Confederate) Company A (Richmond Grays), Company B (Richmond City Guard), Company C (Montgomery Guard), Company D (Old Dominion Guard), Company G (Capt. William H. Gordon's Co.), Company H (Richmond Grays No. 2), Company I (Capt. William O. Taylor's Co.), Company K (Virginia Rifles)
-2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Companies C and D
- 10th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Allen's) (Confederate). Company A (Metropolitan Guards).[8]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (Richmond Grays).[9]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Richmond Sharpshooters).[10]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company E (Richmond Zouaves).[11]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battles
Richmond Virginia damage2.jpg
The following Civil War battles were fought in Henrico County.
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography:

  • Chesson, Michael B. "Harlots or Heroines? A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 92, No. 2 (Apr. 1984):131-175. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Hoslett, Schuyler Dean. "The Richmond Daily Press on British Intervention in the Civil War: A Brief Summary," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan. 1940):79-83. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Moore, John Hammond. "Richmond Area Residents and the Southern Claims Commission, 1871-1880," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 3 (Jul. 1983):285-295. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Rachal, William M.E. "The Occupation of Richmond, April 1865: The Memorandum of Events of Colonel Christopher Q.," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1965):189-198. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Shackelford, George Green. "From the Society's Collections: Attorneys Andrew of Boston and Green of Richmond Consider the John Brown Raid," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Jan. 1952):89-114. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Spencer, Warren F. "A French View of the Fall of Richmond: Alfred Paul's Report to Drouyn De Lhuys, April 11, 1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1965):178-188. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Stuart, Meriwether. "Of Spies and Borrowed Names: The Identity of Union Operatives in Richmond Known as 'The Phillipses' Discovered," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Jul. 1981):308-327. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "The Evacuation of Richmond," [Civil War] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Jul. 1933):215-222. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).

Minorities

  • O'Brien, John T. "Reconstruction in Richmond: White Restoration and Black Protest, April-June 1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Jul. 1981):259-281. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Watkinson, James D. "William Washington Browne and the True Reformers of Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 97, No. 3, "A Sense of Their Own Power": Black Virginians, 1619-1989 (Jul. 1989):375-398. Available at JSTOR ($).

Newspapers

Obituaries

  • "List of Obituaries: From Richmond, Virginia Newspapers," [1786-1825] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. 1912):282-291; Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct. 1912):364-371. Available at JSTOR ($).

Occupations

  • Berry, Thomas S. "The Rise of Flour Milling in Richmond," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct. 1970):387-408. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Richmond silversmiths.]
  • Shockley, Martin Staples. "The Proprietors of Richmond's New Theatre of 1819," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):302-308. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Shockley, Martin Staples. "The Richmond Theatre, 1780-1790," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Jul. 1952):421-436. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Spencer, Warren F. "French Tobacco in Richmond during the Civil War," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 71, No. 2 (Apr., 1963), pp. 185-202
  • "The Burning of the Richmond Theatre, 1811," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 51, No. 3 (Jul. 1943):297-300. Available at JSTOR ($).

Periodicals

  • Morrison, Alfred J. "The Virginia Literary and Evangelical Magazine, Richmond, 1818-1828," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Apr. 1911):266-272. Digital version at [www.jstor.org/stable/1919426 JSTOR] - free.

Private Papers

  • [Green] Green, Thomas and Joanne L. Gatewood. "Richmond during the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830: An Extract from the Diary of Thomas Green, October 1, 1829, to January 31, 1830," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 84, No. 3 (Jul. 1976):287-332. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Robinson] "Letters of Moncure Robinson to His Father, John Robinson, of Richmond, Va., Clerk of Henrico Court," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr. 1928):71-95; Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul. 1928):143-156. Available at JSTOR ($).

Probate

A free index to Richmond, Virginia wills and administrations (1782-1810) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Schools

  • "College Notices in 1806: From the Richmond Enquirer," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jul. 1911):19. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Daniel, W. Harrison. "The Genesis of Richmond College, 1843-1860," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Apr. 1975):131-149. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Griffin, Barbara J. "Thomas Ritchie and the Founding of the Richmond Lancasterian School," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):447-460. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Pratt, Robert A. "A Promise Unfulfilled: School Desegregation in Richmond, Virginia, 1956-1986," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 99, No. 4 (Oct. 1991):415-448. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Some References to Colleges and Schools in Richmond, Va. Newspapers," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul. 1914):288-296. Available at JSTOR ($).

Slavery

  • "Negroes in Richmond in 1864," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul. 1938):193-200. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Stuart, Meriwether. "Colonel Ulric Dahlgren and Richmond's Union Underground: April 1864," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 72, No. 2 (Apr. 1964):152-204. Available at JSTOR ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Richmond is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1819] Heinegg, Paul. "Richmond City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1819," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1791, 1800] Images of the 1791 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Richmond, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Richmond is included in Vol. 1.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 118-119. Digital version at Google Books.
  3. The First Century of the First Baptist Church of Richmond Virginia: 1780-1880 (Richmond, Va.: Carlton McCarthy, 1880).
  4. W.C. James, Leigh Street Baptist Church, 1854-1954: A Brief History of Its First Hundred Years in the Service of Christ (Richmond, Va.: Whittet and Shepperson, 1954). FHL Book 975.5451 K2L.
  5. Margaret Hickerson Emery, The First Hundred Years: A History of the Tabernacle Baptist Church of Richmond, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Tabernacle Baptist Church, 1991). FHL Book 975.5451 K2h.
  6. Mary Marshall Brewer, Quaker Records of Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting, Virginia, 1739-1793 (Lewes, De.: Colonial Roots, 2002), Introduction. FHL Book 975.5462 K2b.
  7. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  8. Jeffrey C. Weaver, 10th and 19th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1996). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 124.
  9. William D. Henderson, 12th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8.
  10. Thomas M. Rankin, 23rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 14.
  11. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  12. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  13. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  14. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  15. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  16. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  17. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  18. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  19. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  21. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August 2012).
  22. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  23. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  24. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)