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United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Henrico County Gotoarrow.png Richmond (Independent City)

Richmond, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Location in Virginia
Founded 1782
Website http://www.ci.richmond.va.us

Contents

Courthouse

History

Parent County

1782--Richmond was created in 1782 from Henrico County. [1]

Resources

Varichmondcity.jpg

Research Guides

  • "Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1983):1; Vol. 9, No. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 1983):1-2. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.
  • "Genealogical Research in Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1989):1-2; Vol. 15, No. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1989):1-2. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African American

Cemeteries

  • Mason, Polly Cary. Register of the Confederate Dead, Interred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va. Richmond: Gary, Clemmitt & Jones, Printers, 1869. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($)' and World Vital Records ($).

Church

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. First Baptist Church, City of Richmond, Va. (1780).[2] A centennial history was published in 1880. It is available online.[3]
  2. Leigh Street, Richmond, Va. (1854). A centennial history was published in 1954: FHL Book 975.5451 K2L.[4]
  3. Tabernacle, Richmond, Va. (1891). A centennial history was published in 1991: FHL Book 975.5451 K2h.[5]

Richmond fell within the bounds of the Dover Association.

Catholic
  • Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).
Church of England
  • Newton, Blake T. "The Monumental Church of Richmond [City] and the Northern Neck Personages Connected With Its History," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 12 (1962).
Jewish
  • Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at JSTOR ($).
Quaker

In the 1700s and 1800s, Friends from Richmond, Virginia also attended the Cedar Creek Meeting House in Hanover County, Virginia.[6]

Unitarian-Universalist
  • Gibson, George H. "The Unitarian-Universalist Church of Richmond," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):321-335. Available at JSTOR ($).

Court

Criminal Records
  • Saunders, Robert M. "Crime and Punishment in Early National America: Richmond, Virginia, 1784-1820," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):33-44. Available at JSTOR ($).

Directories

Genealogy

  • [Cooper] Shockley, Martin Staples. "Priscilla Cooper in the Richmond Theatre," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Apr. 1959), 180-185. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Joel] Joel, Joseph and Myron Berman. "My Recollections and Experiences of Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 1884-1892," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):344-356. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Mordecai] Weddell, Alexander Wilbourne. "Samuel Mordecai: Chronicler of Richmond 1786-1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 53, No. 4 (Oct. 1945):265-287. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Newman] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Genealogy of the Newman Family, 1618-1900," see Table of Contents; discusses Newmans of Richmond.]
  • [Page] Page, Richard Channing Moore. Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia. Also a Condensed Account of the Nelson, Walker, Pendleton and Randolph Families, With References to the Bland, Burwell, Byrd, Carter, Cary, Duke, Gilmer, Harrison, Rives, Thornton, Wellford, Washington, and Other Distinguished Families in Virginia. New York: Press of the Publishers' Printing Co., 1893. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books.
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Richmond appears in Vol. 2 Part 4]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Richmond appears in Vol. 2]

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Richmond with the following surnames: Gairdner, Mitchell, and Selden.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 105 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Richmond (some may have lived in Richmond County).[7]

Land and Property

Local Histories

Maps

Military

The Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home in Richmond serviced many veterans between the 1880s and 1940s. US Military Old Soldiers Home Records identifies several types of records concerning these individuals.

Revolutionary War
  • "Arnold's Expedition to Richmond, Virginia, 1781," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1932):187-190. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Benedict Arnold in Richmond, January, 1781: His Proposal concerning Prize Goods: With Historical Introduction by George Green Shackelford," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 4 (Oct. 1952):591-599. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Henrico County, City of Richmond on page 131.]
War of 1812
  • "Richmond During the War of 1812," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr. 1900):406-418. Available at JSTOR ($).
Civil War

Civil War service men from Richmond served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed with many men from Richmond.  

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate). Company C (2nd) (Henrico Artillery aka Courtney Artillery), Company D (Richmond Howitzers)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Williams Rifles) (Confederate) Company A (Richmond Grays), Company B (Richmond City Guard), Company C (Montgomery Guard), Company D (Old Dominion Guard), Company G (Capt. William H. Gordon's Co.), Company H (Richmond Grays No. 2), Company I (Capt. William O. Taylor's Co.), Company K (Virginia Rifles)
-2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Companies C and D
- 10th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Allen's) (Confederate). Company A (Metropolitan Guards).[8]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (Richmond Grays).[9]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Richmond Sharpshooters).[10]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company E (Richmond Zouaves).[11]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battles
Richmond Virginia damage2.jpg
The following Civil War battles were fought in Henrico County.
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography:

  • Chesson, Michael B. "Harlots or Heroines? A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 92, No. 2 (Apr. 1984):131-175. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Hoslett, Schuyler Dean. "The Richmond Daily Press on British Intervention in the Civil War: A Brief Summary," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan. 1940):79-83. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Moore, John Hammond. "Richmond Area Residents and the Southern Claims Commission, 1871-1880," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 3 (Jul. 1983):285-295. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Rachal, William M.E. "The Occupation of Richmond, April 1865: The Memorandum of Events of Colonel Christopher Q.," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1965):189-198. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Shackelford, George Green. "From the Society's Collections: Attorneys Andrew of Boston and Green of Richmond Consider the John Brown Raid," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Jan. 1952):89-114. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Spencer, Warren F. "A French View of the Fall of Richmond: Alfred Paul's Report to Drouyn De Lhuys, April 11, 1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1965):178-188. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Stuart, Meriwether. "Of Spies and Borrowed Names: The Identity of Union Operatives in Richmond Known as 'The Phillipses' Discovered," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Jul. 1981):308-327. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "The Evacuation of Richmond," [Civil War] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Jul. 1933):215-222. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Wight, Willard E. "War Letters of the Bishop of Richmond," [Catholic Bishop] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):259-270. Available at JSTOR ($).

Minorities

  • O'Brien, John T. "Reconstruction in Richmond: White Restoration and Black Protest, April-June 1865," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Jul. 1981):259-281. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Watkinson, James D. "William Washington Browne and the True Reformers of Richmond, Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 97, No. 3, "A Sense of Their Own Power": Black Virginians, 1619-1989 (Jul. 1989):375-398. Available at JSTOR ($).

Newspapers

Obituaries

  • "List of Obituaries: From Richmond, Virginia Newspapers," [1786-1825] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. 1912):282-291; Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct. 1912):364-371. Available at JSTOR ($).

Occupations

  • Berry, Thomas S. "The Rise of Flour Milling in Richmond," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct. 1970):387-408. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Richmond silversmiths.]
  • Shockley, Martin Staples. "The Proprietors of Richmond's New Theatre of 1819," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):302-308. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Shockley, Martin Staples. "The Richmond Theatre, 1780-1790," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Jul. 1952):421-436. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Spencer, Warren F. "French Tobacco in Richmond during the Civil War," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 71, No. 2 (Apr., 1963), pp. 185-202
  • "The Burning of the Richmond Theatre, 1811," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 51, No. 3 (Jul. 1943):297-300. Available at JSTOR ($).

Periodicals

  • Morrison, Alfred J. "The Virginia Literary and Evangelical Magazine, Richmond, 1818-1828," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Apr. 1911):266-272. Digital version at [www.jstor.org/stable/1919426 JSTOR] - free.

Private Papers

  • [Green] Green, Thomas and Joanne L. Gatewood. "Richmond during the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830: An Extract from the Diary of Thomas Green, October 1, 1829, to January 31, 1830," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 84, No. 3 (Jul. 1976):287-332. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [Robinson] "Letters of Moncure Robinson to His Father, John Robinson, of Richmond, Va., Clerk of Henrico Court," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr. 1928):71-95; Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul. 1928):143-156. Available at JSTOR ($).

Probate

A free index to Richmond, Virginia wills and administrations (1782-1810) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Schools

  • "College Notices in 1806: From the Richmond Enquirer," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jul. 1911):19. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Daniel, W. Harrison. "The Genesis of Richmond College, 1843-1860," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Apr. 1975):131-149. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Griffin, Barbara J. "Thomas Ritchie and the Founding of the Richmond Lancasterian School," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):447-460. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Pratt, Robert A. "A Promise Unfulfilled: School Desegregation in Richmond, Virginia, 1956-1986," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 99, No. 4 (Oct. 1991):415-448. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Some References to Colleges and Schools in Richmond, Va. Newspapers," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul. 1914):288-296. Available at JSTOR ($).

Slavery

  • "Negroes in Richmond in 1864," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul. 1938):193-200. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Stuart, Meriwether. "Colonel Ulric Dahlgren and Richmond's Union Underground: April 1864," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 72, No. 2 (Apr. 1964):152-204. Available at JSTOR ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Richmond is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1819] Heinegg, Paul. "Richmond City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1819," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1791, 1800] Images of the 1791 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Richmond, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Richmond is included in Vol. 1.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 118-119. Digital version at Google Books.
  3. The First Century of the First Baptist Church of Richmond Virginia: 1780-1880 (Richmond, Va.: Carlton McCarthy, 1880).
  4. W.C. James, Leigh Street Baptist Church, 1854-1954: A Brief History of Its First Hundred Years in the Service of Christ (Richmond, Va.: Whittet and Shepperson, 1954). FHL Book 975.5451 K2L.
  5. Margaret Hickerson Emery, The First Hundred Years: A History of the Tabernacle Baptist Church of Richmond, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Tabernacle Baptist Church, 1991). FHL Book 975.5451 K2h.
  6. Mary Marshall Brewer, Quaker Records of Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting, Virginia, 1739-1793 (Lewes, De.: Colonial Roots, 2002), Introduction. FHL Book 975.5462 K2b.
  7. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  8. Jeffrey C. Weaver, 10th and 19th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1996). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 124.
  9. William D. Henderson, 12th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8.
  10. Thomas M. Rankin, 23rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 14.
  11. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  12. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  13. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  14. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  15. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  16. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  17. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  18. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  19. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  21. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August 2012).
  22. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  23. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  24. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)


 

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