Rockbridge County, Virginia

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'''Rockbridge County Courthouse'''<br>2 South Main Street<br>Lexington, VA 24450  
 
'''Rockbridge County Courthouse'''<br>2 South Main Street<br>Lexington, VA 24450  
  
*Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate, court, and land records 1778<ref name="Handybook" />
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*Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, probate, court, and land records 1778.<ref name="Handybook" />
  
 
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Revision as of 16:11, 1 May 2012

Rockbridge County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Rockbridge County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Rockbridge County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1777
County Seat Lexington
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Rockbridge County

Southwest Virginia county.

Contents

County Courthouse

Rockbridge County Courthouse
2 South Main Street
Lexington, VA 24450

  • Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, probate, court, and land records 1778.[1]
Beginning Dates for Rockbridge County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1778 1853 1810

History

Rockbridge County takes its name from Natural Bridge, a formation found within the county

The county is named after Natural Bridge in Rockbridge County, Virginia.[2]

Parent County

1777--Rockbridge County was created 20 October 1777 from Augusta and Botetourt Counties.
County seat: Lexington [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

  • Bodie, Charles A. Rockbridge County, Virginia, Manuscripts: A Guide to Collections in the United States. Lexington, Va.: Rockbridge Historical Society, 1998. FHL Collection 975.5852 H23r
  • Driver, Robert J., Bobbie Sue Henry and Angela M. Ruley. Guide to Published Material on the History and Genealogy of Rockbridge County, Virginia and Vicinity. Lexington, Va.: Rockbridge Historical Society, 1997. FHL Collection 975.5852 D23g

African American

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Rockbridge County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17906,548
18008,94536.6%
181010,31815.3%
182011,94515.8%
183014,24419.2%
184014,2840.3%
185016,04512.3%
186017,2487.5%
187016,058−6.9%
188020,00324.6%
189023,06215.3%
190021,799−5.5%
191021,171−2.9%
192020,626−2.6%
193020,9021.3%
194022,3847.1%
195023,3594.4%
196024,0392.9%
197016,637−30.8%
198017,9117.7%
199018,3502.5%
200020,80813.4%


1890 Union Veterans

Church

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1781-1958) and images (1781-1931) to Rockbridge County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, which were often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Genealogy

More than 150 genealogies have been published about Rockbridge County families. To view a list, visit Rockbridge County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 16 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Rockbridge County.[3]

Land

Local Histories

  • Christian, Bolivar. The Scotch-Irish Settlers in the Valley of Virginia: Alumni Address at Washington College at Lexington, Va. Lexington, Va.: The Alumni Association, 1860. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • McClung, James Willson. Historical Significance of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1979. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1920. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); BYU Family History Archives; and World Vital Records ($).
  • Tompkins, Edmund Pendleton and Marshall William Fishwick. Rockbridge County, Virginia: An Informal History. Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson, 1952. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1978):121-130. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockbridge County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on 22:123-125.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Rockbridge County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War
- 6th Virginia Regiment (6th Company)[4]

Rockbridge County, Virginia residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[5]

  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: [McClure Co.], 1920. 1973 reprint available at FHL. [Includes conveyances in Borden Tract 1741-1780, early patents outside the Borden Tract, secondary land conveyances prior to 1778, tithables of 1778, taxpayers of 1782 and 1841, militia officers prior to 1816, soldiers of the Revolution, Rockbridge Artillery, soldiers of the World War, and other various lists.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Rockbridge County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Rockbridge County, p. 101. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War
World War I
  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: [McClure Co.], 1920. 1973 reprint available at FHL. [Includes conveyances in Borden Tract 1741-1780, early patents outside the Borden Tract, secondary land conveyances prior to 1778, tithables of 1778, taxpayers of 1782 and 1841, militia officers prior to 1816, soldiers of the Revolution, Rockbridge Artillery, soldiers of the World War, and other various lists.]

Naturalization

Newspapers

 

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Lexington silversmiths.]

Private Papers

Probate

  • Clemens, William M. Virginia Wills Before 1799: A Complete Abstract Register of All Names Mentioned in Over Six Hundred Recorded Wills, ... Copied from the Court House Records of Amherst, Bedford, Campbell, Loudoun, Prince William and Rockbridge Counties. Pompton Lakes, N.J.: Biblio Co., 1924. FHL Collection Fiche 6015628-6015629; digital versions at Access Genealogy; Ancestry ($); and Heritage Quest Online ($). Free online surname index and 2004 reprint purchase details at Mountain Press website.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1778, 1780] Rockbridge County, Virginia Will Book 1, 1778-1796. Original records, Rockbridge County Courthouse, Lexington, Va.; also available on microfilm at FHL. [Includes 1778 List of Tithables on pp. 24-29; 1780 List of [Tax] Delinquents on p. 107.]
  • [1778-1779] "Rockbridge County, Virginia Tithable Lists, 1778-79," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Oct. 1974):307-310; Vol. 19, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1975):55-58; Vol. 19, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1975):97-100. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1778, 1782, 1841] Morton, Oren Frederic. A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: [McClure Co.], 1920. 1973 reprint available at FHL. [Includes conveyances in Borden Tract 1741-1780, early patents outside the Borden Tract, secondary land conveyances prior to 1778, tithables of 1778, taxpayers of 1782 and 1841, militia officers prior to 1816, soldiers of the Revolution, Rockbridge Artillery, soldiers of the World War, and other various lists.]
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1782 personal property tax list of Rockbridge County.]
  • [1782-1821] Heinegg, Paul. "Rockbridge County Personal Property Tax, 1782-1821," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1783] Personal Property Tax List, 1783, In and Around Rockbridge. Rockbridge Baths VA: Summer 1994. Vol. 1 Iss. 3 [A-C surnames]; Fall 1994. Vol. 1 Iss. 4 [C-F surnames]; Winter 1994. Vol. 2 Iss. 1 [F-G surnames]; Spring 1995. Vol. 2 Iss. 2 [G-H surnames]; Summer 1995. Vol. 2 Iss. 3 [H-J surnames]; Fall 1995. Vol. 2 Iss. 4 [J-L surnames]; Spring 1996. Vol. 3 Iss. 2 [M surnames]; Fall 1996. Vol. 3 Iss. 4 [M surnames]; Winter 1997. Vol. 4 Iss. 1 [M surnames]; Spring 1997. Vol. 4 Iss. 2 [M-R surnames]; Fall 1997. Vol. 4 Iss. 4 [R-T surnames]; Winter 1998. Vol. 5 Iss. 1 [T-V surnames]; Summer 1998. Vol. 5 Iss. 3 [W surnames].
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Rockbridge County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1978):121-130. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockbridge County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on 22:123-125.]
  • [1789, 1801] Images of the 1789 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Rockbridge County, Virginia  are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Rockbridge County is included in Vol. 5.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Rockbridge County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Natural Bridge (Virginia)," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_Bridge_(Virginia), accessed 13 January 2012.
  3. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  4. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 67-68. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  5. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 42-43. Digitized by Internet Archive.