Roop County, Nevada

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada|Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Roop County, Nevada|Roop County]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada|Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Roop_County,_Nevada|Roop County]]''  
  
'''Roop County''' was created 2 December 1862 by renaming [[Lake County, Nevada|Lake County]].  
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'''Roop County''' was created 2 December 1862 by renaming [[Lake County, Nevada|Lake County]].<ref name="DavWik">William Newell Davis, Jr., "The Territory of Nataqua: an Episode in Pioneer Government East of the Sierra," ''California Historical Society Quarterly'' 21, No. 3 (September 1942), 233-34. Online [http://www.jstor.org/stable/25161008 digital edition] at JSTOR ($), and Wikipedia contributors, "Roop County, Nevada" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roop_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref> <ref>John Koontz, ''Political History of Nevada, 5th ed.'' (Carson City, Nev.: SPO, 1965), 100. {{WorldCat|21179|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. {{FHL|215840|item|disp=FHL Book 979.3 N2k}}</ref> Roop County was discontinued and split between [[California]] and [[Nevada]] 7 February 1865.<ref name="Roop">Wikipedia contributors, "Roop County, Nevada" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roop_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref>
  
At the time the California-Nevada border was in dispute. [[Utah]] had claimed most of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Basin Great Basin] including the east slope of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra_Nevada_%28U.S.%29 Sierra Nevada] in 1849. California claimed the border was the present border, dozens of miles east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada. In 1856 residents of Honey Lake Valley (now [[Lassen County, California]]) began the [[Nataqua Territory]] movement that eventually led to the creation of Nevada. The Nataqua Territory people said their valley was outside California and implied the Sierra Nevada crest as their border claim. Roop County was one of the names given to the Nataqua (later Nevada) claims. The land that became Roop County straddled the eventual border and underwent several name changes:  
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At the time the California-Nevada border was in dispute. [[Utah]] had claimed most of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Basin Great Basin] including the east slope of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra_Nevada_%28U.S.%29 Sierra Nevada] in 1849. In 1856 they sent 60 Mormon families to Carson Valley to backup their claim. California claimed the border was the present border, dozens of miles east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada. In 1856 residents of Honey Lake Valley ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susanville,_California Susanville]) began the [[Nataqua Territory]] movement that eventually led to the creation of [[Nevada|Nevada]]. The Nataqua Territory convention said their valley was outside California and thereby implied the Sierra Nevada crest was their border.<ref name="Dav25">Davis, 225.</ref> Roop County was one of the names given to the Nataqua (later Nevada) claims which also included the Great Basin parts of present-day California. The land that became Roop County straddled the eventual border and underwent several name changes:  
  
:*Nataqua Territory  
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:*[[Nataqua Territory|Nataqua Territory]] 26 April 1856<ref name="Dav25" />
:*Nataqua County, Nevada  
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:*Nataqua County, Nevada 8 August 1857<ref>Davis, 229-30.</ref>
:*Lake County, Nevada  
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:*[[Lake County, Nevada|Lake County, Nevada]] 2 March 1861<ref name="DavWik" />
:*Roop County, Nevada
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:*Roop County, Nevada 2 December 1862. The Nevada legislature used this name-change to assert jurisdiction to the crest of the Sierra Nevada.<ref>Lahontan Images, "Roop County" in ''Exploring Northeastern California History'' at http://www.citlink.net/~lahontan/roopcounty.htm (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref>
  
On 7 February 1865 the Nevada legislature accepted the findings of an official survey that set the California-Nevada border at the 120th degree west longitude. This split Roop County with the most populated part going to [[Lassen County, California]], but the bulk of the Roop County land was consolidated into [[Washoe County, Nevada]].  
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Nevertheless, on 7 February 1865 the Nevada legislature accepted the findings of an official survey that set the California-Nevada border at the 120th degree west longitude. This split Roop County with the most populated Honey Lake Valley part going to [[Lassen County, California]], but the bulk of the Roop County land was consolidated into [[Washoe County, Nevada]].<ref name="Roop" />
  
<br>
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For Roop County records see:  
 
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was created in 2 March 1861 by renaming [[Nataqua Territory|Nataqua County]]. At the time the California-Nevada border was in dispute. Lake County was partially in [[California]] and partially in [[Nevada]]. Most of the Lake County residents were in Honey Lake Valley ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susanville,_California Susanville]) on what a few years later was decided to be the California side of the border. But at the time they believed they were in Nevada because they lived on the east side of the Sierra Nevada. The bulk of the land of Lake County was in present-day Nevada.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Roop County, Nevada" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roop_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref>
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On 2 December 1862 the Nevada legislature asserted their jurisdiction over Honey Lake Valley by changing the name of Lake County to [[Roop County, Nevada|Roop County]].<ref>Lahontan Images, "Roop County" in ''Exploring Northeastern California History'' at http://www.citlink.net/~lahontan/roopcounty.htm (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref> In late 1864 an official survey set the border at the 120th west longitude, splitting Roop (formerly Lake) County. Both the California and Nevada legislatures ratified this settlement by January 1865. Honey Lake Valley went to [[Lassen County, California]] but most of the Roop (formerly Lake) County land was consolidated into [[Washoe County, Nevada]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Washoe County, Nevada" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washoe_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).</ref>
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For Lake County records see:  
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:*[[Lassen County, California]]  
 
:*[[Lassen County, California]]  

Revision as of 14:52, 15 September 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png Nevada Gotoarrow.png Roop County

Roop County was created 2 December 1862 by renaming Lake County.[1] [2] Roop County was discontinued and split between California and Nevada 7 February 1865.[3]

At the time the California-Nevada border was in dispute. Utah had claimed most of the Great Basin including the east slope of the Sierra Nevada in 1849. In 1856 they sent 60 Mormon families to Carson Valley to backup their claim. California claimed the border was the present border, dozens of miles east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada. In 1856 residents of Honey Lake Valley (Susanville) began the Nataqua Territory movement that eventually led to the creation of Nevada. The Nataqua Territory convention said their valley was outside California and thereby implied the Sierra Nevada crest was their border.[4] Roop County was one of the names given to the Nataqua (later Nevada) claims which also included the Great Basin parts of present-day California. The land that became Roop County straddled the eventual border and underwent several name changes:

  • Nataqua Territory 26 April 1856[4]
  • Nataqua County, Nevada 8 August 1857[5]
  • Lake County, Nevada 2 March 1861[1]
  • Roop County, Nevada 2 December 1862. The Nevada legislature used this name-change to assert jurisdiction to the crest of the Sierra Nevada.[6]

Nevertheless, on 7 February 1865 the Nevada legislature accepted the findings of an official survey that set the California-Nevada border at the 120th degree west longitude. This split Roop County with the most populated Honey Lake Valley part going to Lassen County, California, but the bulk of the Roop County land was consolidated into Washoe County, Nevada.[3]

For Roop County records see:

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 William Newell Davis, Jr., "The Territory of Nataqua: an Episode in Pioneer Government East of the Sierra," California Historical Society Quarterly 21, No. 3 (September 1942), 233-34. Online digital edition at JSTOR ($), and Wikipedia contributors, "Roop County, Nevada" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roop_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).
  2. John Koontz, Political History of Nevada, 5th ed. (Carson City, Nev.: SPO, 1965), 100. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 979.3 N2k
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Roop County, Nevada" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roop_County,_Nevada (accessed 4 August 2011).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Davis, 225.
  5. Davis, 229-30.
  6. Lahontan Images, "Roop County" in Exploring Northeastern California History at http://www.citlink.net/~lahontan/roopcounty.htm (accessed 4 August 2011).