Russell County, Virginia

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(deredundacized)
(consolidated references)
(47 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Russell County'''
 +
 +
Guide to '''Russell County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
 +
 +
{{VADC}}
 +
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Russell County
 
| county = Russell County
Line 10: Line 16:
 
| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Lebanon
 
| seat wl = Lebanon
}} ''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Russell_County,_Virginia|Russell County]]''
+
}}  
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southwest_Virginia Southwest Virginia] county.
+
== Russell County, Virginia Courthouse  ==
 +
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 +
[http://www.russellcountyva.us/ Russell County Courthouse]<br>P O Box 435<br>Lebanon, Virginia 24266<br>Phone:&nbsp; 540-889-8023<br><br>
  
== County Courthouse  ==
+
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1853, <br>divorce and court records from 1786, probate records <br>from 1803 and land records from 1787<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Russell County, Virginia. Page 721 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
'''Russell County, Virginia'''<br>P O Box 435<br>Lebanon, Virginia 24266<br>540-889-8023
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
+
|-
*Circuit Court Clerk has marriage records from 1853, divorce and court Records from 1786, probate records from 1803, and land records from 1787<ref name="Handybook"/>
+
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853  
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1820
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1787  
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1803
 +
|}
  
== History  ==
+
== Russell County, Virginia History  ==
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1785'''--A [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1785pet.html petition to form Russell County] was submitted by citizens of [[Washington County, Virginia|Washington]] County in Dec 1785. Russell County was formed on 2 Jan 1786. The county's [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/frstcrt.html first court] met on 9 May 1786 at Castle's Woods, later known as Castlewood.<br>'''County seat:''' Lebanon <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,'' 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
+
'''1785'''--A [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1785pet.html petition to form Russell County] was submitted by citizens of [[Washington County, Virginia|Washington]] County in Dec 1785. Russell County was formed on 2 Jan 1786. The county's [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/frstcrt.html first court] met on 9 May 1786 at Castle's Woods, later known as Castlewood.<br>'''County seat:''' Lebanon <ref name="HBG"/>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
Line 35: Line 58:
 
*Courthouse fire 1872: Loss of a deed book and a marriage book attributed to this event
 
*Courthouse fire 1872: Loss of a deed book and a marriage book attributed to this event
  
== Places/Localities  ==
+
== Russell County, Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
Line 69: Line 92:
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Resources  ==
+
== Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Varussell.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Varussell.jpg]]
  
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
Line 79: Line 104:
 
Freedmen's Bureau {{RecordSearch|1596147|Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872}}  
 
Freedmen's Bureau {{RecordSearch|1596147|Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872}}  
  
Kegley, Mary B. ''Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves''. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at {{FHL|1234067|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH42,53652 Family History Archives]. [Includes information from Russell County.]  
+
Kegley, Mary B. ''Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves''. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at {{FHL|1234067|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at {{FSbook|69756}}. [Includes information from Russell County.]  
 +
 
 +
==== Bible Records  ====
 +
 
 +
{{VABible}}
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
Line 129: Line 158:
 
'''1820'''  
 
'''1820'''  
  
*Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. ''Russell County, Virginia, Census of 1820. ''Clintwood, Va.: unknown, 1940. Available at {{FHL|635635|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10608 Ancestry] ($).
+
*Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. ''Russell County, Virginia, Census of 1820. ''Clintwood, Va.: unknown, 1940. {{FHL|635635|item|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10608 Ancestry] ($).
  
 
'''1840'''  
 
'''1840'''  
Line 142: Line 171:
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/census/1850CEN.txt 1850 Annotated Census: Russell Co. Virginia] (text version; Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/census/1850CEN.txt 1850 Annotated Census: Russell Co. Virginia] (text version; Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/1850mort.html 1850 Russell County, Virginia Federal Mortality Schedule] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/1850mort.html 1850 Russell County, Virginia Federal Mortality Schedule] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
*Ball, Bonnie S. and Ada Grace Catron. ''The Seventh Population Census of the United States for Russell County, Virginia, 1850''. Haysi, Va.: B. Ball?, 1964. Available at {{FHL|121219|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10628 Ancestry] ($).
+
*Ball, Bonnie S. and Ada Grace Catron. ''The Seventh Population Census of the United States for Russell County, Virginia, 1850''. Haysi, Va.: B. Ball?, 1964. {{FHL|121219|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10628 Ancestry] ($).
  
 
'''1860'''  
 
'''1860'''  
Line 152: Line 181:
 
'''1870'''  
 
'''1870'''  
  
*Salyer, Elisabeth L.W. ''1870 Census of Russell County, Virginia''. West Palm Beach, Fla.: Palm Beach County Genealogical Society, 1975. Available at {{FHL|121227|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10626 Ancestry] ($).  
+
*Salyer, Elisabeth L.W. ''1870 Census of Russell County, Virginia''. West Palm Beach, Fla.: Palm Beach County Genealogical Society, 1975. {{FHL|121227|item|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10626 Ancestry] ($).  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/1870mort.html 1870 Russell County, Virginia Federal Mortality Schedule] (document scans; Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/1870mort.html 1870 Russell County, Virginia Federal Mortality Schedule] (document scans; Russell Co. GenWeb)
  
Line 163: Line 192:
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
==== Church  ====
+
==== Church Records ====
  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/church/index.html Russell County Church Records] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/church/index.html Russell County Church Records] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 +
 +
===== Baptist  =====
 +
 +
Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
 +
 +
#'''Castlewoods''' (1806)<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Copper Creek''' (1808)<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Glade Hollows''' (1788)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 358-359. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
 +
#'''Russel''' (1805)<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Stony Creek''' (1802)<ref name="baptist" />
 +
 +
Russell County fell within the bounds of the Holston and Mountain Associations.
  
 
==== Court<br>  ====
 
==== Court<br>  ====
Line 178: Line 219:
 
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Russell County families. To view a list, visit [[Russell County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
 
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Russell County families. To view a list, visit [[Russell County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
  
==== Land  ====
+
==== Land and Property ====
  
 
===== '''''Grants and Patents'''''  =====
 
===== '''''Grants and Patents'''''  =====
 +
 +
{{vapatent}}
  
 
*Anderson. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 699 patents dated 1782-1912 in what is now Russell and Tazewell Counties, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper. 2007. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]  
 
*Anderson. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 699 patents dated 1782-1912 in what is now Russell and Tazewell Counties, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper. 2007. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]  
Line 201: Line 244:
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
 +
 +
Tom Rudder produced a map of the "First Land Owners in Castles Woods (Russel County, Virginia)," which as published in ''The Appalachian Quarterly,'' Vol. 11, No. 1 (Mar. 2006):59-62. {{FHL|1462631|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5743 D25a v. 12}}. Rudder's map includes supporting documentation.
  
 
*[http://libremap.org/ Libre Map Project] (includes detailed topographic maps of Russell Co.)  
 
*[http://libremap.org/ Libre Map Project] (includes detailed topographic maps of Russell Co.)  
Line 215: Line 260:
 
*Kegley, Mary B. ''Revolutionary War Pension Applications of Southwest Virginia Soldiers''. n.p.: M.B. Kegley, 1997. Available at {{FHL|677541|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Russell County pensioners.]  
 
*Kegley, Mary B. ''Revolutionary War Pension Applications of Southwest Virginia Soldiers''. n.p.: M.B. Kegley, 1997. Available at {{FHL|677541|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Russell County pensioners.]  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Russell County on page 136.]  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Russell County on page 136.]  
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
+
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
+
===== War of 1812  =====
 +
 
 +
Russell County men served in the 72nd Regiment.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 192. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>
  
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Russell County, p. 102. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Russell County, p. 102. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  
===== '''''Civil War''''' =====
+
===== Civil War  =====
  
<br>Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]
+
{{VAciv}}
  
Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]  
+
:- [[2nd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry) (Confederate)|2nd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry) (Confederate)]]. Companies A, E, and H.
 +
:- [[13th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)|13th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)]]. Company G.<ref>William C. Pendleton, ''History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia, 1748-1920'' (Richmond, Va.: W.C. Hill Printing Company, 1920), 629-630. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=KNEz0vNWJG4C Google Books].</ref>
 +
:- [[16th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|16th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company A and Company B.<ref>Jack L. Dickinson, ''16th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). {{FHL|540327|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 60}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[21st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|21st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company E 1st.<ref>John E. Olson, ''21st Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). {{FHL|487692|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 57}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate)|22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate)]]. Company A, Company D, Company E, Company I, and Company K.
 +
:- [[29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company A.<ref>John Perry Alderman, ''29th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). {{FHL|417086|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 53}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Dunn's Battalion, Partisan Rangers) (Confederate)|37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Dunn's Battalion, Partisan Rangers) (Confederate)]]. Company K.<ref>J.L. Scott, ''36th and 37th Battalions Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). {{FHL|576978|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 24}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[37th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|37th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company C, Company G, and Company I (New Garden Fearnots).<ref>Thomas M. Rankin, ''37th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). {{FHL|577308|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 37}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[48th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|48th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company C (Russell Guards).<ref>John D. Chapla, ''48th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). {{FHL|417090|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 54}}.</ref>
  
<br>
+
Records and histories are available, including:  
 
+
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1900rpens.htm Russell County Civil War Pension Applications 1900]
+
  
 +
*Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]
 +
*Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1900rpens.htm Russell County Civil War Pension Applications 1900]
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1888rpens.htm Russell County Pension Applications, 1888]  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/other/1888rpens.htm Russell County Pension Applications, 1888]  
 
*[http://russellvets.org/index.html Russell County, Virginia 1860-1865]  
 
*[http://russellvets.org/index.html Russell County, Virginia 1860-1865]  
Line 243: Line 299:
 
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]  
 
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]  
  
==== <br>Newspapers  ====
+
==== Newspapers  ====
 +
 
 +
{{VAnews}}
  
 
*The Geography of Slavery in Virginia: Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia].  
 
*The Geography of Slavery in Virginia: Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia].  
Line 255: Line 313:
 
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Russell County, Virginia records have been published in the ''Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin'' (39+ vols., 1972-present), the journal of the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnwag/index.htm Watauga Association of Genealogists]. The organization has posted tables of contents for most volumes on their [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnwag/bulletins.htm website]. Back issues are available for purchase. The Family History Library has a complete collection {{FHL|39987|title-id|disp=FHL&nbsp;US/CAN&nbsp;Books 976.897 B2w}}, including Margaret W. Hougland and Betty Jane Hylton's&nbsp;''Bulletin Subject Index: The First Thirty Years, 1972-2001'' (Johnson City, Tenn.: Watauga Association of Genealogists, 2002) {{FHL|1119285|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 976.897 B2w index 1972-2001}}.  
 
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Russell County, Virginia records have been published in the ''Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin'' (39+ vols., 1972-present), the journal of the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnwag/index.htm Watauga Association of Genealogists]. The organization has posted tables of contents for most volumes on their [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnwag/bulletins.htm website]. Back issues are available for purchase. The Family History Library has a complete collection {{FHL|39987|title-id|disp=FHL&nbsp;US/CAN&nbsp;Books 976.897 B2w}}, including Margaret W. Hougland and Betty Jane Hylton's&nbsp;''Bulletin Subject Index: The First Thirty Years, 1972-2001'' (Johnson City, Tenn.: Watauga Association of Genealogists, 2002) {{FHL|1119285|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 976.897 B2w index 1972-2001}}.  
  
==== '''Photos''' ====
+
==== Photos  ====
  
 
*Indexed digital photo archive at the Russell County Public Library in Lebanon, documenting Russell County communities from the 20th century to the present
 
*Indexed digital photo archive at the Russell County Public Library in Lebanon, documenting Russell County communities from the 20th century to the present
Line 263: Line 321:
 
Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
 
Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
  
*Knisely, Mary Jane. "An Old Account Book of Russell County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):310. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
+
*Knisely, Mary Jane. "An Old Account Book of Russell County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):310. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
  
==== Probate  ====
+
==== Probate Records ====
  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/probate/index.html Russell County Probate Records] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/probate/index.html Russell County Probate Records] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
Line 339: Line 397:
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/birdeath.html Some Naturalizations, Births &amp; Deaths of Russell County, Virginia] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/birdeath.html Some Naturalizations, Births &amp; Deaths of Russell County, Virginia] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
  
===== Births =====
+
===== Birth =====
  
 
*Birth registers, 1853-1889, on microfilm at the Russell County Public Library  
 
*Birth registers, 1853-1889, on microfilm at the Russell County Public Library  
 
*Birth records, 1863-1864, are missing  
 
*Birth records, 1863-1864, are missing  
*Birth records, 1889-1896, &nbsp;on microfilm at the Library of Virginia  
+
*Birth records, 1889-1896, &nbsp;on microfilm at the [[Library of Virginia]]
 
*Birth records, 1890, are missing  
 
*Birth records, 1890, are missing  
 
*Birth records, 1895, are missing  
 
*Birth records, 1895, are missing  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/births/index.html Russell County Births, 1853-1896] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/births/index.html Russell County Births, 1853-1896] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 +
*'''1853-1866''' - Russell County Birth Index 1853-1866. Batch {{IGI|C868666}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>
  
===== Marriages =====
+
===== Marriage =====
  
*Licenses or permissions, 1849-1911, in digital format the Russell County Public Library  
+
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
*All marriage licenses after May 2000 are electronic with no paper records at the courthouse
+
*'''1849-1911''' - Licenses or permissions, 1849-1911, in digital format the Russell County Public Library  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marriage.html Lost Marriage Records of Russell County, Virginia 1848-1853] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
+
*'''1853-1908''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marriages/index.html Russell County Marriages, 1853-1908] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 +
*'''1848-1853''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marriage.html Lost Marriage Records of Russell County, Virginia 1848-1853] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 +
*'''1853-1908''' - Russell County Marriage Index 1853-1908. Batch {{IGI|M868666}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/alexanderlittlemarriagereg.html Marriage Register of Rev. Alexander Little] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/alexanderlittlemarriagereg.html Marriage Register of Rev. Alexander Little] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marriages/index.html Russell County Marriages, 1853-1908] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/rcvdivorce.html Some Early Divorces of Russell County, Virginia] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/rcvdivorce.html Some Early Divorces of Russell County, Virginia] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marclues.html Some Early Russell County, Virginia Marriage Clues] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/marclues.html Some Early Russell County, Virginia Marriage Clues] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 +
*'''2000-present''' - All marriage licenses after May 2000 are electronic with no paper records at the courthouse
  
===== Deaths =====
+
===== Death =====
  
 
*Death register, 1853-1896, on microfilm at the Russell County Public Library  
 
*Death register, 1853-1896, on microfilm at the Russell County Public Library  
Line 364: Line 425:
 
*Death records, 1895, are missing  
 
*Death records, 1895, are missing  
 
*Death records, 1961 on, available from the Russell County Health Department (released only to immediate family); earlier records are at the Virginia Department of Vital Records in Richmond  
 
*Death records, 1961 on, available from the Russell County Health Department (released only to immediate family); earlier records are at the Virginia Department of Vital Records in Richmond  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/deaths/index.html Russell County Deaths, 1853-1896, 1912-1929] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
+
*'''1853-1896, 1912-1919''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/deaths/index.html Russell County Deaths, 1853-1896, 1912-1929] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 +
*'''1853-1866''' - Russell County Death Index 1853-1866. Batch {{IGI|B868666}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/rusdeathsinwise.html Russell Countians Found in the Wise County, Virginia Death Register] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/rusdeathsinwise.html Russell Countians Found in the Wise County, Virginia Death Register] (Russell Co. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/early1900sdeaths.html Some Early 1900s Russell, Scott, and Washington Co., VA Deaths] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/vitals/early1900sdeaths.html Some Early 1900s Russell, Scott, and Washington Co., VA Deaths] (Russell Co. GenWeb)
  
== Societies and Libraries ==
+
===== Vital Record Substitutes =====
  
'''General William Campbell Chapter SAR'''
+
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
 
+
19770 McCray Drive
+
 
+
Abingdon, Virginia 24211&nbsp;
+
 
+
540-623-2442
+
  
 +
== Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
  
 +
'''General William Campbell Chapter SAR'''<br>19770 McCray Drive<br>Abingdon, Virginia 24211<br>540-623-2442
  
 
*[http://www.russell.lib.va.us/local-history Russell County Public Library: Local History]
 
*[http://www.russell.lib.va.us/local-history Russell County Public Library: Local History]
  
==== Family History Centers<br> ====
+
==== Family History Centers ====
  
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
  
== Websites<br> ==
+
== Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
 
+
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varussel/ Russell County, Virginia USGENWEB]
+
  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Russell|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Russell|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
Line 403: Line 459:
 
*[http://usgwarchives.net/va/russell.htm Russell County, Virginia U.S. GenWeb Archives] (U.S. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://usgwarchives.net/va/russell.htm Russell County, Virginia U.S. GenWeb Archives] (U.S. GenWeb)  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/russell/ Cyndi's List]
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/russell/ Cyndi's List]
 
Learning How to [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help Edit our Wiki Sites<br>]<br>{{Online course badge
 
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html
 
| name = Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos
 
}}
 
 
<br>'''Russell County Family History Hall of Fame<br>'''"May we preserve their memories &amp; Contributions!"
 
 
Please add stories about great historians and genealogists
 
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 418: Line 465:
  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
+
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Russell_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Russell_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 18:54, 12 June 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Russell County

Guide to Russell County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Russell County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Russell County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Russell County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1785
County Seat Lebanon
Courthouse

Contents

Russell County, Virginia Courthouse

Russell County Courthouse
P O Box 435
Lebanon, Virginia 24266
Phone:  540-889-8023

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1853,
divorce and court records from 1786, probate records
from 1803 and land records from 1787[1]

Beginning Dates for Russell County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1853 1853 1820 1787 1803

Russell County, Virginia History

Parent County

1785--A petition to form Russell County was submitted by citizens of Washington County in Dec 1785. Russell County was formed on 2 Jan 1786. The county's first court met on 9 May 1786 at Castle's Woods, later known as Castlewood.
County seat: Lebanon [1]

Boundary Changes

Lee, Scott, Wise, and Buchanan Counties were formed either in whole or in part from Russell County.

Record Loss

  • Censuses lost: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1890
  • Courthouse fire 1872: Loss of a deed book and a marriage book attributed to this event

Russell County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Varussell.jpg

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Russell County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1978):131-133. Digital version at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Kegley, Mary B. Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at FHL; digital version at FamilySearch Books Online. [Includes information from Russell County.]

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Russell County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17903,338
18004,80844.0%
18106,31931.4%
18205,536−12.4%
18306,71421.3%
18407,87817.3%
185011,91951.3%
186010,280−13.8%
187011,1038.0%
188013,90625.2%
189016,12616.0%
190018,03111.8%
191023,47430.2%
192026,78614.1%
193025,957−3.1%
194026,6272.6%
195026,8180.7%
196026,290−2.0%
197024,533−6.7%
198031,76129.5%
199028,667−9.7%
200030,3085.7%
201028,897−4.7%

1790 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1820

  • Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. Russell County, Virginia, Census of 1820. Clintwood, Va.: unknown, 1940. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

1840

  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Mountain Empire of Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2001. FHL Collection 975.5 X2d 1840. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. [Includes Russell County.]

1850

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or county of residents this census year.[2]

1860

1870

1880

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Castlewoods (1806)[3]
  2. Copper Creek (1808)[3]
  3. Glade Hollows (1788)[3]
  4. Russel (1805)[3]
  5. Stony Creek (1802)[3]

Russell County fell within the bounds of the Holston and Mountain Associations.

Court

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about Russell County families. To view a list, visit Russell County, Virginia Genealogy.

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Deeds

Local Histories

Russell County Lookups (Russell Co. GenWeb)

  • Albert, Ethel Evans. Southwest Virginia Kin, Vol. 1.
  • Chafin, Andrew. Russell County (Images of America series). Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2008. Google Books page | WorldCat page
  • The Heritage of Russell County, Virginia 1786-1986, 2 vols. Russell County Heritage Book Committee, 1989. Google Books page | WorldCat page
  • Sutherland, Elihu J. Pioneer Recollections of Southwest Virginia.

Maps

Tom Rudder produced a map of the "First Land Owners in Castles Woods (Russel County, Virginia)," which as published in The Appalachian Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Mar. 2006):59-62. FHL Book 975.5743 D25a v. 12. Rudder's map includes supporting documentation.

Military

Pre-Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War
  • Kegley, Mary B. Revolutionary War Pension Applications of Southwest Virginia Soldiers. n.p.: M.B. Kegley, 1997. Available at FHL. [Includes Russell County pensioners.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Russell County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Russell County men served in the 72nd Regiment.[4]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Russell County, p. 102. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Russell County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Russell County, Virginia:

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry) (Confederate). Companies A, E, and H.
- 13th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate). Company G.[5]
- 16th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company A and Company B.[6]
- 21st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company E 1st.[7]
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate). Company A, Company D, Company E, Company I, and Company K.
- 29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A.[8]
- 37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Dunn's Battalion, Partisan Rangers) (Confederate). Company K.[9]
- 37th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C, Company G, and Company I (New Garden Fearnots).[10]
- 48th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Russell Guards).[11]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War I and Later
  • Military discharge records from World War I and later are housed in the courthouse

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Russell County, Virginia newspapers.

Periodicals

Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin

Genealogical articles with abstracts of Russell County, Virginia records have been published in the Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin (39+ vols., 1972-present), the journal of the Watauga Association of Genealogists. The organization has posted tables of contents for most volumes on their website. Back issues are available for purchase. The Family History Library has a complete collection FHL US/CAN Books 976.897 B2w, including Margaret W. Hougland and Betty Jane Hylton's Bulletin Subject Index: The First Thirty Years, 1972-2001 (Johnson City, Tenn.: Watauga Association of Genealogists, 2002) FHL US/CAN Book 976.897 B2w index 1972-2001.

Photos

  • Indexed digital photo archive at the Russell County Public Library in Lebanon, documenting Russell County communities from the 20th century to the present

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

  • Knisely, Mary Jane. "An Old Account Book of Russell County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):310. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Probate Records

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

Russell County's original personal property tax books are held at the Library of Virginia. The years 1787 through 1850 were microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah in 1993: FHL US/CAN Films 1905718-1905720.

Digitized images for select years are available online and abstracts of many of these records have appeared in print:

Vital Records

Indexes to Russell County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • Birth registers, 1853-1889, on microfilm at the Russell County Public Library
  • Birth records, 1863-1864, are missing
  • Birth records, 1889-1896,  on microfilm at the Library of Virginia
  • Birth records, 1890, are missing
  • Birth records, 1895, are missing
  • Russell County Births, 1853-1896 (Russell Co. GenWeb)
  • 1853-1866 - Russell County Birth Index 1853-1866. Batch C868666 at FamilySearch - free.[12]
Marriage
Death
Vital Record Substitutes

Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

General William Campbell Chapter SAR
19770 McCray Drive
Abingdon, Virginia 24211
540-623-2442

Family History Centers

Russell County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Russell County, Virginia. Page 721 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Alycon Trubey Pierce, "In Praise of Errors Made by Census Enumerators," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 1993):51-55. FHL Book 973 B2ng
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 358-359. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 192. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  5. William C. Pendleton, History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia, 1748-1920 (Richmond, Va.: W.C. Hill Printing Company, 1920), 629-630. Digital version at Google Books.
  6. Jack L. Dickinson, 16th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 60.
  7. John E. Olson, 21st Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 57.
  8. John Perry Alderman, 29th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 53.
  9. J.L. Scott, 36th and 37th Battalions Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 24.
  10. Thomas M. Rankin, 37th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 37.
  11. John D. Chapla, 48th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 54.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.