Russia

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{{Russia-sidebar}}  
<div style="width: 74%; float: right;">Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population (149 million people). The Russian Federation spans&nbsp;nine time zones.  
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<div style="width: 74%; float: right;">
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Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population (149 million people). The Russian Federation spans&nbsp;nine time zones.  
 +
 
 
Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).  
 
Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).  
  
 
Russia was an independent country for many centuries, then following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),&nbsp; Russia is now known as&nbsp;the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.  
 
Russia was an independent country for many centuries, then following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),&nbsp; Russia is now known as&nbsp;the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.  
  
=== Featured Content  ===
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[[Image:Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg|thumb|center|500px|Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg]]  
 
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[[Image:Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg|thumb|center|500px]]  
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Imperial Russia was divided into ''gubernias/provinces'', which were divided into ''uyezds/districts''. Soviet Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into ''oblasts/provinces'' which were and are divided into ''raions/districts''. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use ''krai'' instead of ''raion'' for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the Family History Library Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.  
 
Imperial Russia was divided into ''gubernias/provinces'', which were divided into ''uyezds/districts''. Soviet Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into ''oblasts/provinces'' which were and are divided into ''raions/districts''. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use ''krai'' instead of ''raion'' for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the Family History Library Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.  
</div>
 
{{-}}
 
 
=== Research Tools  ===
 
 
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]
 
*See tutorials on FamilySearch Learning Center for''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Russian Research] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Reading Russian Handwritten Records]''
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Soviet_Calendar Calendar: Soviet]
 
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/2b/Finding_Places_in_the_Former_Russian_Empire.pdf Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]
 
*[http://boxpis.ru/ boxpis.ru/]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/22/German_Collections_in_Russian_Archives.pdf German Collections in Russian Archives]
 
*Guide to reading [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/6/66/Old_Church_Slavonic_Numbers%2C_Dates%2C_and_Months_by_Matthew_Bialawa.pdf Old Church Slavonic]
 
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by BYU]*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/3/30/Russian_Empire_Genealogical_Primer.pdf Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]
 
*[[Russia Websites|Websites]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/8/86/Russian_Word_List.pdf Word List]
 
 
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:&nbsp;'''
 
 
*[[Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
  
 
=== Jurisdictions  ===
 
=== Jurisdictions  ===
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Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.  
 
Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="width: 99%; height: 100px"
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="width: 99%; height: 100px;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
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**Yaroslavl'
 
**Yaroslavl'
  
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|
 
*Republics:  
 
*Republics:  
 
**Adygeya (Maykop)  
 
**Adygeya (Maykop)  
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*Autonomous Oblast:  
 
*Autonomous Oblast:  
 
**Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
 
**Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
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|}
  
 
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)  
 
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)  
  
|}
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=== Research Tools  ===
  
=== Things you can do  ===
+
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]
 +
*See tutorials on FamilySearch Learning Center for''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Russian Research] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Reading Russian Handwritten Records]''
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Soviet_Calendar Calendar: Soviet]
 +
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]
 +
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/2b/Finding_Places_in_the_Former_Russian_Empire.pdf Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]
 +
*[http://boxpis.ru/ boxpis.ru/]
 +
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/22/German_Collections_in_Russian_Archives.pdf German Collections in Russian Archives]
 +
*Guide to reading [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/6/66/Old_Church_Slavonic_Numbers%2C_Dates%2C_and_Months_by_Matthew_Bialawa.pdf Old Church Slavonic]
 +
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by BYU]*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/3/30/Russian_Empire_Genealogical_Primer.pdf Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]
 +
*[[Russia Websites|Websites]]
 +
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/8/86/Russian_Word_List.pdf Word List]
  
*
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:&nbsp;'''
 +
 
 +
*[[Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
 
 +
=== Featured Content  ===
 +
 
 +
(add text here)
 +
 
 +
== Help Wanted  ==
 +
 
 +
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: black; font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 100%; background-color: white;" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
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|-
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*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
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*[[How to Create an Article on FamilySearch Wiki|Create a new article]]
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*[[Categorization|Categorize articles]]
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|
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*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
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*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
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*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
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|}
  
 
=== Related Content  ===
 
=== Related Content  ===
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*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]  
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]  
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php]  
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*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php]
*[[Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия}}
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</div>
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__NOTOC__
  
{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия}}
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{{featured article}}  
  
[[Category:Russia]]
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[[Category:Russia]] [[Category:Soviet_Union]]

Revision as of 21:27, 21 January 2013

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Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population (149 million people). The Russian Federation spans nine time zones.

Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).

Russia was an independent country for many centuries, then following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),  Russia is now known as the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.

Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg

Imperial Russia was divided into gubernias/provinces, which were divided into uyezds/districts. Soviet Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into oblasts/provinces which were and are divided into raions/districts. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use krai instead of raion for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the Family History Library Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.

Jurisdictions

Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into gubernias or provinces. These were sub-divided into several uyezds or districts.

Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.

Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.

  • Oblasts:
    • Amur (Blagoveshchensk)
    • Arkhangel'sk
    • Astrakhan'
    • Belgorod
    • Bryansk
    • Chelyabinsk
    • Irkutsk
    • Ivanovo
    • Kaliningrad
    • Kaluga
    • Kemerovo
    • Kirov
    • Kostroma
    • Kurgan
    • Kursk
    • Leningrad
    • Lipetsk
    • Magadan
    • Moscow
    • Murmansk
    • Nizhniy Novgorod
    • Novgorod
    • Novosibirsk
    • Omsk
    • Orenburg
    • Orel
    • Penza
    • Pskov
    • Rostov
    • Ryazan'
    • Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)
    • Samara
    • Saratov
    • Smolensk
    • Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)
    • Tambov
    • Tomsk
    • Tula
    • Tver'
    • Tyumen'
    • Ul'yanovsk
    • Vladimir
    • Volgograd
    • Vologda
    • Voronezh
    • Yaroslavl'
  • Republics:
    • Adygeya (Maykop)
    • Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)
    • Bashkortostan (Ufa)
    • Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)
    • Chechnya (Groznyy)
    • Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
    • Dagestan (Makhachkala)
    • Ingushetiya (Magas)
    • Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)
    • Kalmykiya (Elista)
    • Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
    • Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
    • Khakasiya (Abakan)
    • Komi (Syktyvkar)
    • Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
    • Mordoviya (Saransk)
    • North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
    • Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
    • Tatarstan (Kazan')
    • Tyva (Kyzyl)
    • Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
  • Autonomous Okrugs:
    • Chukotka (Anadyr')
    • Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)
    • Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)
    • Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)
  • Krays:
    • Altay (Barnaul)
    • Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
    • Khabarovsk
    • Krasnodar
    • Krasnoyarsk
    • Perm'
    • Primorsk (Vladivostok)
    • Stavropol'
    • Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)
  • Autonomous Oblast:
    • Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)

Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Research Tools

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at: 

Featured Content

(add text here)

Help Wanted

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:

Related Content