Russia GenealogyEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (added a category)
m
 
(46 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Russia-sidebar}}
+
''[[Europe]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Russia Genealogy|Russia]]'' <br>  
<div style="width: 74%; float: right;">Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population (149 million people). The Russian Federation spans&nbsp;nine time zones.
+
Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).
+
  
Russia was an independent country for many centuries, then following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),&nbsp; Russia is now known as&nbsp;the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.  
+
Guide to '''Russia ancestry, family history, and genealogy''': birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records. <br>
  
[[Image:Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg|thumb|center|500px|Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg]]
+
<br>
 +
{{Russia-sidebar}}<div style="width: 75%; float: right">
 +
<br>
  
Imperial Russia was divided into ''gubernias/provinces'', which were divided into ''uyezds/districts''. Soviet Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into ''oblasts/provinces'' which were and are divided into ''raions/districts''. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use ''krai'' instead of ''raion'' for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the Family History Library Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.
+
=== Welcome to the Russia Page!<br>  ===
  
=== Jurisdictions  ===
+
FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors.<br>
  
Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into '''gubernias''' or provinces. These were sub-divided into several '''uyezds''' or districts.  
+
The Russia portal page has many helpful articles that can help you learn how to find, use, and analyze Russian records of genealogical value. There are also sections on the page that can help simplify the research process.  
 +
 
 +
{{RussiaDC}}
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Jurisdictions  ===
  
Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.  
+
Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into '''gubernias''' or provinces. These were sub-divided into several '''uyezds''' or districts. Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into oblasts/provinces which were and are divided into raions/districts. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use krai instead of raion for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the FamilySearch Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.  
  
Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.  
+
Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.  
  
{| style="width: 99%; height: 100px" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
{| align="left" width="99%" style="" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
*Oblasts:  
+
'''Oblasts:'''
**Amur (Blagoveshchensk)  
+
 
**Arkhangel'sk  
+
*Amur (Blagoveshchensk)  
**Astrakhan'  
+
*Arkhangel'sk  
**Belgorod  
+
*Astrakhan'  
**Bryansk  
+
*Belgorod  
**Chelyabinsk  
+
*Bryansk  
**Irkutsk  
+
*Chelyabinsk  
**Ivanovo  
+
*Irkutsk  
**Kaliningrad  
+
*Ivanovo  
**Kaluga  
+
*Kaliningrad  
**Kemerovo  
+
*Kaluga  
**Kirov  
+
*Kemerovo  
**Kostroma  
+
*Kirov  
**Kurgan  
+
*Kostroma  
**Kursk  
+
*Kurgan  
**Leningrad  
+
*Kursk  
**Lipetsk  
+
*Leningrad  
**Magadan  
+
*Lipetsk  
**Moscow  
+
*Magadan  
**Murmansk  
+
*Moscow  
**Nizhniy Novgorod  
+
*Murmansk  
**Novgorod  
+
*Nizhniy Novgorod  
**Novosibirsk  
+
*Novgorod  
**Omsk  
+
*Novosibirsk  
**Orenburg  
+
*Omsk  
**Orel  
+
*Orenburg  
**Penza  
+
*Orel  
**Pskov  
+
*Penza  
**Rostov  
+
*Pskov  
**Ryazan'  
+
*Rostov  
**Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)  
+
*Ryazan'  
**Samara  
+
*Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)  
**Saratov  
+
*Samara  
**Smolensk  
+
*Saratov  
**Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)  
+
*Smolensk  
**Tambov  
+
*Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)  
**Tomsk  
+
*Tambov  
**Tula  
+
*Tomsk  
**Tver'  
+
*Tula  
**Tyumen'  
+
*Tver'  
**Ul'yanovsk  
+
*Tyumen'  
**Vladimir  
+
*Ul'yanovsk  
**Volgograd  
+
*Vladimir  
**Vologda  
+
*Volgograd  
**Voronezh  
+
*Vologda  
**Yaroslavl'
+
*Voronezh  
 +
*Yaroslavl'
  
 
|  
 
|  
*Republics:  
+
'''Republics:'''
**Adygeya (Maykop)
+
**Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)
+
**Bashkortostan (Ufa)
+
**Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)
+
**Chechnya (Groznyy)
+
**Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
+
**Dagestan (Makhachkala)
+
**Ingushetiya (Magas)
+
**Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)
+
**Kalmykiya (Elista)
+
**Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
+
**Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
+
**Khakasiya (Abakan)
+
**Komi (Syktyvkar)
+
**Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
+
**Mordoviya (Saransk)
+
**North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
+
**Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
+
**Tatarstan (Kazan')
+
**Tyva (Kyzyl)
+
**Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
+
  
*Autonomous Okrugs:
+
*Adygeya (Maykop)
**Chukotka (Anadyr')  
+
*Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)
**Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)  
+
*Bashkortostan (Ufa)
**Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)  
+
*Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)
**Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)
+
*Chechnya (Groznyy)
 +
*Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
 +
*Dagestan (Makhachkala)
 +
*Ingushetiya (Magas)
 +
*Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)  
 +
*Kalmykiya (Elista)
 +
*Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
 +
*Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
 +
*Khakasiya (Abakan)
 +
*Komi (Syktyvkar)
 +
*Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)  
 +
*Mordoviya (Saransk)
 +
*North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
 +
*Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
 +
*Tatarstan (Kazan')  
 +
*Tyva (Kyzyl)
 +
*Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)<br>
  
*Krays:  
+
'''Autonomous Okrugs:'''  
**Altay (Barnaul)
+
**Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
+
**Khabarovsk
+
**Krasnodar
+
**Krasnoyarsk
+
**Perm'  
+
**Primorsk (Vladivostok)
+
**Stavropol'  
+
**Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)
+
  
*Federal Cities:
+
*Chukotka (Anadyr')
**Moscow (Moskva)  
+
*Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)  
**[[Saint Petersburg, Russia|Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)]]
+
*Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)
 +
*Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)<br>
  
*Autonomous Oblast:  
+
'''Krays:'''
**Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
+
 
 +
*Altay (Barnaul)
 +
*Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
 +
*Khabarovsk
 +
*Krasnodar
 +
*Krasnoyarsk
 +
*Perm'
 +
*Primorsk (Vladivostok)
 +
*Stavropol'
 +
*Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Federal Cities:'''
 +
 
 +
*Moscow (Moskva)
 +
*[[Saint Petersburg, Russia|Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)]]<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Autonomous Oblast:'''
 +
 
 +
*Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
  
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)  
 
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)  
 +
 +
<br>
  
 
=== Research Tools  ===
 
=== Research Tools  ===
  
 
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]  
 
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]  
 +
*Join our group of Russia researchers on [https://www.facebook.com/RussiaGenealogy Facebook]
 
*See tutorials on FamilySearch Learning Center for''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Russian Research] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Reading Russian Handwritten Records]''  
 
*See tutorials on FamilySearch Learning Center for''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Russian Research] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Reading Russian Handwritten Records]''  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Soviet_Calendar Calendar: Soviet]  
+
*[[Soviet Calendar|Calendar: Soviet]]  
 
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]  
 
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/2b/Finding_Places_in_the_Former_Russian_Empire.pdf Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]  
+
*[[:File:Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire.pdf|Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]]  
 
*[http://boxpis.ru/ boxpis.ru/]  
 
*[http://boxpis.ru/ boxpis.ru/]  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/22/German_Collections_in_Russian_Archives.pdf German Collections in Russian Archives]  
+
*[[:File:German Collections in Russian Archives.pdf|German Collections in Russian Archives]]  
*Guide to reading [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/6/66/Old_Church_Slavonic_Numbers%2C_Dates%2C_and_Months_by_Matthew_Bialawa.pdf Old Church Slavonic]  
+
*Guide to reading [[:File:Old Church Slavonic Numbers, Dates, and Months by Matthew Bialawa.pdf|Old Church Slavonic]]  
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by BYU]*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/3/30/Russian_Empire_Genealogical_Primer.pdf Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]  
+
*[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by BYU]*[[:File:Russian Empire Genealogical Primer.pdf|Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]]  
 
*[[Russia Websites|Websites]]  
 
*[[Russia Websites|Websites]]  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/8/86/Russian_Word_List.pdf Word List]
+
*[[:File:Russian Word List.pdf|Word List]]
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:&nbsp;'''
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:&nbsp;  
  
 
*[[Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
Line 145: Line 164:
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
=== Featured Content  ===
+
<br>
  
(add text here)
+
=== Help with the Russia Wiki pages ===
 
+
<div style="padding-left: 1px; float: right; width: 53%">
== Help Wanted ==
+
{{Click|Image:Volunteers wanted sm.png|FamilySearch Wiki:Help wanted on the Russia pages|Wiki Volunteers Wanted}}
 
+
</div> <div style="padding-left: 1px; float: left; width: 46%">
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
+
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! [[FamilySearch Wiki:Help wanted on the Russia pages|Many tasks need willing volunteers]]. You can help:<br> <br>
 
+
</div>
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" style="color: black; font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 100%; background-color: white;" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
|-
+
|  
+
*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
+
*[[How to Create an Article on FamilySearch Wiki|Create a new article]]
+
*[[Categorization|Categorize articles]]
+
 
+
|
+
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
+
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
+
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
+
 
+
|}
+
  
 
=== Related Content  ===
 
=== Related Content  ===
Line 172: Line 178:
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
 
*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php]
 
*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php]
 +
 +
=== Links to articles, subcategories and images under the Category {{PAGENAME}}  ===
 +
 +
[[:Category:Russia]]
  
 
{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия}}  
 
{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия}}  
</div>
 
__NOTOC__
 
  
[[Category:Russia]][[Category:Soviet Union]]
+
[[Category:Countries_in_Europe]] [[Category:Countries_in_Asia]] [[Category:Countries]] [[Category:Russia]]

Latest revision as of 13:37, 20 February 2015

Europe Gotoarrow.png Russia

Guide to Russia ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


News and Events
Topics
Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in the Learning Center.
Find us on
Facebook

Ask a question
Learn what's new
Build the community


Contents

[edit] Welcome to the Russia Page!

FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors.

The Russia portal page has many helpful articles that can help you learn how to find, use, and analyze Russian records of genealogical value. There are also sections on the page that can help simplify the research process.




[edit] Jurisdictions

Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into gubernias or provinces. These were sub-divided into several uyezds or districts. Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into oblasts/provinces which were and are divided into raions/districts. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use krai instead of raion for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the FamilySearch Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.

Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.

Oblasts:

  • Amur (Blagoveshchensk)
  • Arkhangel'sk
  • Astrakhan'
  • Belgorod
  • Bryansk
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Irkutsk
  • Ivanovo
  • Kaliningrad
  • Kaluga
  • Kemerovo
  • Kirov
  • Kostroma
  • Kurgan
  • Kursk
  • Leningrad
  • Lipetsk
  • Magadan
  • Moscow
  • Murmansk
  • Nizhniy Novgorod
  • Novgorod
  • Novosibirsk
  • Omsk
  • Orenburg
  • Orel
  • Penza
  • Pskov
  • Rostov
  • Ryazan'
  • Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)
  • Samara
  • Saratov
  • Smolensk
  • Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)
  • Tambov
  • Tomsk
  • Tula
  • Tver'
  • Tyumen'
  • Ul'yanovsk
  • Vladimir
  • Volgograd
  • Vologda
  • Voronezh
  • Yaroslavl'

Republics:

  • Adygeya (Maykop)
  • Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)
  • Bashkortostan (Ufa)
  • Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)
  • Chechnya (Groznyy)
  • Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
  • Dagestan (Makhachkala)
  • Ingushetiya (Magas)
  • Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)
  • Kalmykiya (Elista)
  • Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
  • Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
  • Khakasiya (Abakan)
  • Komi (Syktyvkar)
  • Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
  • Mordoviya (Saransk)
  • North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
  • Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
  • Tatarstan (Kazan')
  • Tyva (Kyzyl)
  • Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)

Autonomous Okrugs:

  • Chukotka (Anadyr')
  • Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)
  • Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)
  • Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)

Krays:

  • Altay (Barnaul)
  • Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
  • Khabarovsk
  • Krasnodar
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Perm'
  • Primorsk (Vladivostok)
  • Stavropol'
  • Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)

Federal Cities:

Autonomous Oblast:

  • Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)

Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)


[edit] Research Tools


Wiki articles describing online collections are found at: 


[edit] Help with the Russia Wiki pages

Wiki Volunteers Wanted

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need willing volunteers. You can help:

[edit] Related Content

[edit] Links to articles, subcategories and images under the Category Russia Genealogy

Category:Russia


 

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 20 February 2015, at 13:37.
  • This page has been accessed 48,963 times.