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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Rutland]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Rutland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Rutland Probate Records''
  
The following article is about probate records in the county of Rutland. For general information about probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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== Getting Started  ==
  
== Getting Started in Probate Records ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Rutland. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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=== Before 1858  ===
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Durham_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
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#Click a letter or span of letters for your place name. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
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#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
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== Rutland Probate Courts  ==
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Rutland, follow these steps:
  
Most of Rutlandshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of either the [[Court of the Bishop of Peterborough]] (Episcopal Consistory). The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and their superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.  
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
  
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Caldecote]]
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Rutland. Search these indexes first:
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Empingham]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Ketton with Tixover]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Liddington]]
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== Some Explanatory Notes on the Rutland Probate Courts<br>  ==
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*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/other-records-collection-search-start.action?event=O Probate Index 1469-1857]&nbsp; The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.
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*The [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/probate-and-wills (index that was on familyhistoryonline is in findmypast)] was created by Kay Collins, a volunteer at the Northampton Record Office. She was partially assisted by others and from several earlier indices of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office.
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*[http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5928 Rutland, England: Parish and Probate Records] is a collection of historical parish and probate registers from the county of Rutland.
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp?WT.hp=Wills Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of&nbsp;Canterbury]
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*[http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/search/wills/pcc/ The Genealogist a pay website&nbsp;also has indexes and images of Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills 1383-1858]
  
The county of Rutland formed part of the Archdeaconry of Northampton in the Diocese of Lincoln before 1541 when it passed with the Archdeaconry to the Diocese of Peterborough. No probate records are deposited withing the county.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: by the author, page 113.</ref>
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish  ==
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Rutland fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court or a secondary court. For an authoritative treatise on each Rutland probate court and the parishes comprising them in pre-1858, see Anthony J. Camp's ''Wills and Their Whereabouts'', available in select locations and in the Family History Library (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=413992&disp=Wills+and+their+whereabouts%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 942 S2wa]).
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
  
For a list of Rutland parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had jurisdictions over them, click on a link for the span of letters for the parish.  
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Rutland Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A through M|A-M]] &nbsp;&nbsp; [[Rutland Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through Z|N-Z]]  
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
== <br>Probate Indexes Online  ==
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.&nbsp;The [http://www.familyhistoryonline.net/database/NorthantsFHSprobate.shtml Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index] was created by Kay Collins, a volunteer at the Northampton Record Office. She was partially assisted by others and from several earlier indices of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office.<br>
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The gazetteer will either tell you:  
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5928 Rutland, England: Parish and Probate Records] is a collection of historical parish and probate registers from the county of Rutland.<br>
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
  
== Probate Indexes  ==
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
Church of England. Archdeaconry of Northampton. Court Probate records, 1467-1877 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=350023&disp=Probate+records%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
  
Calendars of wills, administrations &amp; etc., for the Archdeaconry Court of Northamptonshire and the Consistory Court of Peterborough 1510-1858 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=677961&disp=Calendars+of+wills%2C+administrations+2++]
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
Card indexes to wills from the consistory court of Peterborough in various arrangements There are indexes by parish and by pre-1858 and post-1858 wills [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=729935&disp=Card+indexes+to+wills+from+the+consistor%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Rutland fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.
  
Church of England. Diocese of Peterborough. Consistory Court Probate records, 1541-1858 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=350346&disp=Probate+records%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
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Before 1858, every town and parish in Rutland fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court or a secondary court. For an authoritative treatise on each Rutland probate court and the parishes comprising them in pre-1858, see Anthony J. Camp's ''Wills and Their Whereabouts'', available in select locations and in the Family History Library (FHL {{FHL|413992|title-id|disp=book 942 S2wa}}).
  
Card index to all Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills, relating to Northamptonshire and Rutland testators, 1383-1700 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=730039&disp=Card+index+to+all+Prerogative+Court+of+C%20%20&columns=*,0,0]  
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For a list of Rutland parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had jurisdictions over them, click on a link for the span of letters for the parish: &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Rutland Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A through M|A-M]] &nbsp;&nbsp; [[Rutland Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through Z|N-Z]]  
  
A Calendar of wills relating to the counties of Northampton and Rutland and proved in the court of the Archdeacon of Northampton, 1510 to 1652[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=231776&disp=A+Calendar+of+wills+relating+to+the+coun%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
== Estate Duty Records<br>  ==
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
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== Rutland Probate Courts  ==
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Most of Rutlandshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of either the r superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.
 +
 
 +
*[[Court of the Bishop of Peterborough]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Caldecote]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Empingham]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Ketton with Tixover]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Liddington]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
== Post-1857 Probate Records ==
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=== <br>Some Explanatory Notes on the Rutland Probate Courts ===
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br><br>  
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The county of Rutland formed part of the Archdeaconry of Northampton in the Diocese of Lincoln before 1541 when it passed with the Archdeaconry to the Diocese of Peterborough. No probate records are deposited within the county.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: by the author, page 113.</ref>  
  
 
&nbsp;{{reflist}}  
 
&nbsp;{{reflist}}  
  
[[Category:Rutland|Probate Records]] [[Category:Probate_records_in_England]]
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[[Category:Rutland|Probate]]

Latest revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Rutland Gotoarrow.png Rutland Probate Records

Contents

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Rutland. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Rutland, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Rutland. Search these indexes first:

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Rutland fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

Before 1858, every town and parish in Rutland fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court or a secondary court. For an authoritative treatise on each Rutland probate court and the parishes comprising them in pre-1858, see Anthony J. Camp's Wills and Their Whereabouts, available in select locations and in the Family History Library (FHL book 942 S2wa).

For a list of Rutland parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had jurisdictions over them, click on a link for the span of letters for the parish:     A-M    N-Z

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Rutland Probate Courts

Most of Rutlandshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of either the r superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.


Some Explanatory Notes on the Rutland Probate Courts

The county of Rutland formed part of the Archdeaconry of Northampton in the Diocese of Lincoln before 1541 when it passed with the Archdeaconry to the Diocese of Peterborough. No probate records are deposited within the county.[1]

 

  1. Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: by the author, page 113.

 

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