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United States Gotoarrow.png New Jersey Gotoarrow.png Salem County


Salem County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Salem County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1694
County Seat Salem
Courthouse
[[Image: |center|200px]]
Address Salem County Courthouse

Salem County Website


Contents

County Courthouse

Salem County Courthouse
 92 Market Street
Salem, NJ 08079-1913
Phone: 856.935.7510 

County Clerk has marriage records 1675-1912,
court records from 1707, land records from 1695,
naturalization records 1808-1958, military records
from 1715 and newspapers from 1819;
County  Surrogate has probate records from 1804;
City Clerks have birth and death records[1]

History

1642-1643: The New Sweden Colony expanded from present-day Wilmington, Delaware east to New Jersey. Fort New Elfsborg (Nya Älfborg), now west of Salem, Salem, New Jersey was built as part of New Sweden in 1643 and garrisoned until 1651.[2][3][4]

1654-1655: In 1654 New Sweden captured Fort Casimir (now New Castle, Delaware) from the Dutch without a fight and renamed it Fort Trinty (Trefaldighets).[5] In 1655 New Netherland returned with a large army and all of New Sweden in presend-day Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey submitted to Dutch rule.[6]

1664: As part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War New Netherland including West Jersey was surrendered to the English.[7]

1673-1674: A new war broke out and the Dutch sent a large armada to retake New Netherland for a few months. But as the war ended the colony was ceeded to England for the last time.[8]

Parent County

  • 1681, part of West Jersey
  • Created 17 May 1794, from the Colonial lands. [1]

Boundary Changes

  • 1700, part of Cape May County added.
  • 1710, boundaries clarified.
  • 19 January 1748, part set off to become part of Cumberland County. [1]
  • 1822, water boundaries established and clarified in 1846.
  • 1867, Pittsgrove twp. to Cumerland County and returned in 1868.

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Cumberland | Gloucester | Delaware counties: Kent | New Castle

Resources

Cemeteries

Church

Contains the church records of:
  • Daretown: Pittsgrove Baptist Church
  • Salem: Broadway United Methodist Church; St. John's Episcopal Church
  • Upper Penn's Neck: First Baptist Church
Lutheran

Settlers from Penns Neck attended a Swedish Church at Crane Hook as early as 1667.[9]

1754 and 1786 membership lists of Penns Neck Parish are preserved in Archivum Americanum at the Consistory Court of the Archbishop of Upsal in Sweden.[10]

Court

Land

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Newspapers

Probate

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in:

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from:

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Telephone: 609-292-4978
Fax: 609-777-0094
Internet: http://www.answers.com/topic/new-jersey-superior-court


Taxation

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Salem County, New Jersey page 465, {WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Amandus Johnson, "Detailed Map of New Sweden 1638-1655" in Amandus Johnson's book The Swedes on the Delaware 1638-1664 (Philadelphia: Swedish Colonial Society, 1915), 392.
  3. Munroe, 24. “When ordered to build a fort so situated as to enable the Swedes to control all shipping on the Delaware, Printz constructed Fort Elfsborg on the Jersey shore, south of Salem Creek.”
  4. Kartskiss öfver Nya Sverige 1638-55 (Efter Amandus Johnson)” a map image in the article “Nya Sverige” in Nordisk familjebok. Uggleupplagan. 20. Norrsken - Paprocki (Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förlags, 1914; digitized by Projekt Runeberg, 2002), 153-54.
  5. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Sweden (accessed 7 November 2008).
  6. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia.
  7. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_netherland (accessed 13 December 2008).
  8. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia.
  9. "The Story of Church Boats; First Ferries of the Delaware River," SwedishHeritage.US, http://www.swedishheritage.us/, accessed 14 May 2012.
  10. Charles J. Stillé, "Archivum Americanum in the Consistory Court of the Archbishop of Upsal," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 15 (1891):482. For free online access, see WeRelate.

 

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