Santa Ana County, New Mexico

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Santa Ana was a former county of New Mexico from 1846 to 1876.
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
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*In '''1821''' [[Mexico]] had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.
 
*In '''1821''' [[Mexico]] had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.
  
*'''22 September 1846''' - Santa Ana County was created based on an old Mexican government ''partido&nbsp;'' as one of seven original New Mexico counties under '''{{wpd|Kearny Code}}''' of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.<ref>"Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 6” ''Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846'' (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=384 Digital online edition].</ref> This code named after General {{wpd|Stephen W. Kearny}}
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*'''22 September 1846''' - Santa Ana County was created based on an old Mexican government ''partido&nbsp;'' as one of seven original New Mexico counties under '''{{wpd|Kearny Code}}''' of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.<ref>"Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 6” ''Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846'' (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=384 Digital online edition].</ref> This code was named after General {{wpd|Stephen W. Kearny}}
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
*9 January '''1852''' - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Santa Ana county was extended west to the California border including land in present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291</ref> <ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. {{WorldCat|69672637|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref>
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*'''9 January 1852''' - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Santa Ana county was extended west to the California border including land in present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291</ref> <ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. {{WorldCat|69672637|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref> Residents who lived far from the county seat, probably sent few records to the county offices.<br>  
There is a small chance that a few records from 1846 to 1863 in what is now Arizona '''''may&nbsp;''''' have been sent to courthouses in their respective New Mexico counties.
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*'''29 December 1863''' [[Arizona]] is created from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="AZ1">Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref> Santa Ana County was reduced in size to the portion that was still in New Mexico Territory.<br>
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*29 December '''1863''' [[Arizona]]'s three judicial districts were established by the ''Arizona Territory Organic Act&nbsp;'' from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="AZ1">Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref>
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See also [[Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona]] for further details.
All previous counties were dissolved, and eventually four new counties were created in the new Arizona Territory.
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==== Extinguished  ====
 
==== Extinguished  ====
  
*'''1876''' The remaining portion of Santa Ana County survived in New Mexico until it was extinguished by being absorbed into Bernalillo County, New Mexico.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico_Territory (accessed 11 September 2012).</ref>
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*'''13 January 1876''' - Santa Ana was discontinued and absorbed into Bernalillo County, <ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1875-1876, 22d assy., ch. 8/pp. 38-40</ref> <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico_Territory (accessed 11 September 2012).</ref> For '''Santa Ana County''' records, see [[Bernalillo County, New Mexico|Bernalillo County, New Mexico]].<br>
  
For '''Santa Ana County''' records, see [[Bernalillo County, New Mexico|Bernalillo County, New Mexico]].
 
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==== County Seat  ====
 
==== County Seat  ====
  
The first county seat was [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Defiance,_Arizona Fort Defiance] just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. For 1847 to 1863 it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.  
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The first county seat was [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Defiance,_Arizona Fort Defiance] just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. From 1847 to 1863, it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.<br>  
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=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
{{reflist}} {{Arizona|Arizona}} {{Nevada|Nevada}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
 
{{reflist}} {{Arizona|Arizona}} {{Nevada|Nevada}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
  
[[Category:Nevada_counties]] [[Category:New_Mexico_counties]]
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[[Category:Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico]] [[Category:New_Mexico_counties]]

Revision as of 19:35, 9 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Santa Ana County

Santa Ana and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Contents


Santa Ana was a former county of New Mexico from 1846 to 1876.

Parent County

  • Until 1821 New Spain controlled the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821 Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 22 September 1846 - Santa Ana County was created based on an old Mexican government partido  as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[1] This code was named after General Stephen W. Kearny

Boundary Changes

  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Santa Ana county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[2] [3] [4] Residents who lived far from the county seat, probably sent few records to the county offices.
  • 29 December 1863 Arizona is created from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[5] Santa Ana County was reduced in size to the portion that was still in New Mexico Territory.

See also Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona for further details.

Extinguished

County Seat

The first county seat was Fort Defiance just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. From 1847 to 1863, it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.

References

  1. "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 6” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
  2. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  3. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  4. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1875-1876, 22d assy., ch. 8/pp. 38-40
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico_Territory (accessed 11 September 2012).