Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy

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*In 1821 - [[Mexico]] obtained jurisdiction over the land that later would become Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.  
 
*In 1821 - [[Mexico]] obtained jurisdiction over the land that later would become Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City.  
 
*18 Aug 1846 - During the war with [[Mexico]], the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>Williams 108-110</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
 
*18 Aug 1846 - During the war with [[Mexico]], the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>Williams 108-110</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
*9 Jan 1852 - New Mexico redefined the boundaries of previous counties and created new ones to cover all the land within its territory. The boundary of [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] was expanded to include some land in present day Cochise County Arizona.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292</ref> But most of the land that later became Cochise County still belonged to Mexico. Look for records in the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, [[Mexico]] ceded part of present day [[Arizona]].<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A</ref> The land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona was not ceded, it remained in control of Mexico. This included all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]] and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
*3 Feb 1855 - [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] gained all the land acquired in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gadsden_Purchase Gadsden Purchase].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57</ref> <ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. {{WorldCat|69672637|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref> It included all the land that is now Cochise County. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*30 Dec 1853 - The [[United States]] bought the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gadsden_Purchase Gadsden Purchase] from [[Mexico]]. It contained land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona, including all of present day Santa Cruz County.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives and Records Administration], the Mexico [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|Archives]], and the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*4 Aug 1854 - The land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase was officially added to [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22</ref> Look for records in the [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives].
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*3 Feb 1855 - [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]] gained all the land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57</ref> This county included all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*1 Feb 1860 - New Mexico created [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] from land in [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74</ref> Arizona County was located entirely within present day Arizona, including all of present day Santa Cruz County. Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
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*18 Jan 1862 - New Mexico discontinued [[Arizona County, New Mexico (Extinct)|Arizona County]] returning the land to [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Dona Ana County]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18</ref> Look for records in [http://www.co.dona-ana.nm.us/ Dona Ana County].
 
*24 Feb 1863 - The US created the [[Arizona]] Territory from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162</ref> All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library] and [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives]
 
*24 Feb 1863 - The US created the [[Arizona]] Territory from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162</ref> All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the [http://www.azlibrary.gov/Default.aspx Arizona State Library] and [http://www.nmcpr.state.nm.us/archives/archives_hm.htm New Mexico State Records Center and Archives]
 +
*10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created [[Pima County, Arizona|Pima County]].<ref>Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25</ref> This county named for the Pima Indians. Look for records in [http://www.pima.gov/ Pima County].
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====

Revision as of 22:18, 3 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png ArizonaGotoarrow.png Santa Cruz County

Hand and keyboard.jpg Arizona
Online Records



Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Map
Map of Arizona highlighting Santa Cruz County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 15, 1899
County Seat Nogales
Courthouse
Address 2150 N Congress Dr.

Nogales, AZ 85621
(520) 375-7800
TDD for the Hearing Impaired (520)761-7816

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Santa Cruz County, Arizona
 

Contents

County Courthouse

Santa Cruz County Courthouse
2150 North Congress Drive
P O Box 1265
Nogales, AZ 85628-1265
Phone: 520-761-7800

Clerk Superior Court has marriage,
divorce, probate and Court Records from 1899,
military records 1888-1085
and adoption records from 1940 [1]

History

Santa Cruz County lies directly south of Tucson. The town of Nogales is the county seat. Nogales is also a major border crossing between the United States and Mexico, and is part of a 'twin border city' situation. The Santa Cruz river runs north out of Mexico towards Tucson.

The historic Catholic mission near Tubac on I-19 was significant in the history of the area. However, any records that were produced when this was an active parish were not kept there, but may be in the Diocese in Tucson. Other missions are also nearby, mainly San Xavier which is in Pima County closer to Tucson.

Parent County

15 Mar 1899 - Arizona created Santa Cruz County from land in Pima County.[11] County seat: Nogales [12] This county named for the Santa Cruz River. Look for records in Pima and Santa Cruz counties.

Boundary Changes

See Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Agua Linda Carmen Kino Springs Otero Sotos Crossing (hist.)
Alto Casa Piedra Lochiel Partridge (hist.) Trench Camp
Amado Duquesne Madera Canyon Patagonia Tubac
Beyerville Elgin Nogales Rio Rico Tumacacori
Calabasas Hacienda Los Encino Old Glory Ruby Washington Camp
Canelo Harshaw Oro Blanco Sonoita









Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries

 Arizona Cemetery Transcription and Photo Project

Census

For tips on accessing Santa Cruz County, Arizona Genealogy census records online, see: Arizona Census.


Church

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Nogales

Court

Land

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Newspapers

Probate

Taxation

Vital Records

Many early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index.

The Tumacacori National Historical Park has created a website with searchable Spanish Mission Records as well as an annotated bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians).  Along with transcribed marriage records from the Cathedral of Culiacan in spanish, Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Societies and Libraries

Pimeria Alta Historical Society
136 North Grand Ave.
Nogales, AZ 85621
PO Box 2281
Nogales, AZ 85628
Telephone 520-287-4621
Hours 10-4 Thurs.-Sat

Family History Centers

Introduction to Family History CentersNogales Arizona Family History Center

Nogales Arizona
621 W Green Pl
Nogales, Santa Cruz, Arizona, United States
Telephone: 520-281-0368

This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.


Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Santa Cruz County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Williams 108-110
  3. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
  4. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162
  5. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  7. N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74
  8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18
  9. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
  10. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
  11. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57
  12. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).