Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki

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*[ Index to Scioto County Tax Records Book-1807]  
*[ Index to Scioto County Tax Records Book-1807]  
*[ Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850]
*[ Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850]
{{Template:OH Tax Records Repositories|Scioto|514889}}
{{Template:OH Tax Records Repositories|Scioto|514889}}

Revision as of 20:20, 6 May 2013

Guide to Scioto County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Scioto County, Ohio
Boundary map of Scioto County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Scioto County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Scioto County Courthouse
607 7th St.
Portsmouth, Ohio 45662-3948
Scioto County Website
United States go to Ohio go to Scioto County


Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Scioto County boundary changes.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census and Directories

Church Records

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Funeral Homes




Local Histories

Land and Property



  • General
    Many Military Records for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.
-Scioto County, Ohio Military Records
  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Scioto County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Scioto County.
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery,  Companies A, D, and F
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company G, also known as the Portsmouth Guards

-Civil War Reserach Database $
-8th Independent Company Ohio Volunteer Sharp Shooters
-91st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Field and Staff
-"Final Roll Call" First Ohio Light Artillery, Battery L
-Fifth Independent Ohio Sharpshooters

Naturalization and Citizenship

  • Many Naturalization and Citizenship Records for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.


Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

  • Many Probate Records for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.

Public Records



Scioto County Courthouse
602 7th Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662-3948
Phone: 740.355.8313

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1817;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
County Recorder has land records[3]

Family History Centers



Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records


Web Sites


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Scioto County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  2. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scioto County, Ohio. Page 545 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.