Scotland - Birth - 1559-1840Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (fixed link)
(Adding findmypast.co.uk information)
 
(3 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 70: Line 70:
 
==== '''Accessing the records'''  ====
 
==== '''Accessing the records'''  ====
  
Microfimed copies of the census records for 1841-1891, and some indexes, are available at the Family History Library and are listed in the library's [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp catalog].  Do a 'Place search' for your parish of interest and click on the topics of 'Census' and 'Census - Indexes.'  Indexes may also be found under the county name rather than the parish name.  
+
Microfimed copies of the census records for 1841-1891, and some indexes, are available at the Family History Library and are listed in the library's [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog catalog].  Do a 'Place search' for your parish of interest and click on the topics of 'Census' and 'Census - Indexes.'  Indexes may also be found under the county name rather than the parish name.  
  
 
Information about census records and indexes for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and and click on Search.  
 
Information about census records and indexes for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and and click on Search.  
Line 76: Line 76:
 
Online indexes are available through several websites including:  
 
Online indexes are available through several websites including:  
  
*[http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] (complete 1841-1901 indexes and images; per use fee-based website)  
+
*[http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] (complete 1841-1911 indexes and images; per use fee-based website)  
 
*[http://www.ancestry.co.uk Ancestry.co.uk] (1841-1901 indexes only; annual membership fee-based website)  
 
*[http://www.ancestry.co.uk Ancestry.co.uk] (1841-1901 indexes only; annual membership fee-based website)  
 
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/scotland.htm Censusfinder] (free; starting in alphabetical order by county, the list is short but growing)   
 
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/scotland.htm Censusfinder] (free; starting in alphabetical order by county, the list is short but growing)   
*[http://www.freewebs.com/mmjeffery/index.htm FreeCEN Scotland] (free; almost every county has some years and some parishes indexed) 
+
*[http://www.freewebs.com/mmjeffery/index.htm FreeCEN Scotland] (free; almost every county has some years and some parishes indexed)   
 +
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/search-menu/census-land-and-surveys Findmypast.co.uk] (Commercial website that access to 1841-1911 indexes is in process)
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 93: Line 94:
 
Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.  
 
Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.  
  
==== '''Accessing the records<br>''' ====
+
==== '''Accessing the records<br>''' ====
  
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956."&nbsp;  
+
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956."&nbsp;  
  
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] web site (per-use fee-based).<br><!--{12094901301110} --><!--{12094901301111} --><!--{12094901301112} -->
+
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] web site (per-use fee-based).<br><!--{12094901301110} --><!--{12094901301111} --><!--{12094901301112} -->  
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 109: Line 110:
 
Civil registration marriage records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a marriage certificate.  
 
Civil registration marriage records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a marriage certificate.  
  
==== '''Accessing the records '''<!--{12094901498150} --><!--{12094901498151} --><!--{12094901498152} --><!--{12094901498153} --><!--{12094901498154} --><!--{12094901498155} --> ====
+
==== '''Accessing the records '''<!--{12094901498150} --><!--{12094901498151} --><!--{12094901498152} --><!--{12094901498153} --><!--{12094901498154} --><!--{12094901498155} --> ====
  
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of marriages for 1855-1875 are indexed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=igi/search_IGI.asp&clear_form=true International Genealogical Index].  
+
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of marriages for 1855-1875 are indexed in the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=EUROPE International Genealogical Index].  
  
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] web site (per-use fee-based).<br><!--{12094901498156} --><!--{12094901498157} --><!--{12094901498158} -->
+
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk ScotlandsPeople] web site (per-use fee-based).<br><!--{12094901498156} --><!--{12094901498157} --><!--{12094901498158} -->  
  
[Return to [[Scotland Strategies for Locating Births, Marriages and Deaths|Strategies]] page.] <!--{12094901498159} --><!--{120949014981510} -->
+
[Return to [[Scotland Strategies for Locating Births, Marriages and Deaths|Strategies]] page.] <!--{12094901498159} --><!--{120949014981510} -->  
  
 
[[Category:Scotland]]
 
[[Category:Scotland]]

Latest revision as of 18:51, 15 December 2011

Scotland Gotoarrow.png Scotland: Research Strategies for Locating Births, Marriages and Deaths

The record categories below are arranged in the order most likely to help you find a birth in this time period.

Contents

1. Church of Scotland: Church records

The Church of Scotland was the 'state' or 'established' church in Scotland from 1690 onward.  It was Presbyterian in form.  Individual church units are called parishes.  Parish church records fall into two primary categories:  parish registers and Kirk session records (see below).  

Parish registers contain the baptisms, marriages, and burials recorded by church officials at the time of an event. Baptism records usually give the name of the child, baptism date, names of parents (including the mother's maiden name), place of residence, and father's occupation. Sometimes the child's birth date and the names of witnesses are recorded.  Most church records date from the time of establishment, but some date earlier.  The earliest known records date from 1553.

Click here to read more about Church Records.

Accessing the records

You should begin your search by looking for your ancestor in an index. All of the extant baptism records and marriage records have been indexed. Read about Indexes in the article on Church Records. Click on the link above.  

Also search the Wiki for a particular parish. In the search field above, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.  Click on the link for the parish you want.  Read about the records for that parish. 


2. Nonconformists: Church records

If you do not find your ancestor in an index to the records of the Established Church of Scotland, it may be because he/she was a 'nonconformist.'  Anyone who did not adhere to the teachings of the Church of Scotland was considered a 'nonconformist.'  For our purposes we will divide nonconformists into two basic categories: seceders and dissenters.

  • Seceders were people who left the established Church of Scotland and formed other presbyteries.  These include those known as the United Presbyterian Church and the Free Church of Scotland.  
  • Dissenters were people who belonged to religious organizations other than Presbyterian.  These include Baptists, Methodists, Episcopalians, Catholics, etc.  

To read more about nonconformists, go to the article on the Scotland Church Records Union List.

Nonconformist groups may have kept records of members.  These can include baptisms, marriages, minutes of meetings, communion rolls, and other records of value.

Accessing the records

Not many nonconformist church records are available on microfilm and therefore are not in the collection of the Family History Library.  Those records that are will be listed in the library's catalog under the town or parish of interest and the topic of 'Church records.'  Some of the few records available at the library are included in the various indexes to church records.  Read about them in the article on Church Records.

Information about extant nonconformist church records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page.  In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.

Most nonconformist church records are held in the collection of the National Archives of Scotland (NAS) or other repositories in Scotland.  Other repositories can include regional archives, denominational archives, or individual churches. Contact information for other archives may be found in the directory of the Scottish Archives Network.

If you find that the records are available at an archive, you will need to visit in person or you may wish to hire a researcher in Scotland to search the records for you. The Remote Research page of the NAS website provides a list of professional researchers in Scotland.

 

3. Kirk Session: Church records

Kirk is the Scottish word for church.  The Kirk session is the lowest ecclesiastical court of the Presbyterian Church, held on the parish level. It consists of the minister and elected elders of the parish. Kirk session records deal with the business and organization of the parish and discipline of members. They may include lists of communicants, accounts of money paid to the poor, testimonials of persons moving from one parish to another, and details about illegitimate births and alleged fathers. Christening and marriage information is sometimes included.

Kirk session records may exist and may fill in gaps in the parish registers.  Whether or not you found your ancestor in baptismal and marriage records, you may learn more about them from Kirk session records.

Accessing the records

Most Kirk session records have not been microfilmed and therefore are not in the collection of the Family History Library.  Those few that are will be found in the library's catalog under the town or parish of interest and the topic of 'Church records.'  

Information about extant Kirk session records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page.  In the search field above, type in the name of the parish and and click on Search. 

Most Kirk session records are held in the collection of the National Archives of Scotland (NAS) and are classed with the reference number of CH2.  Click here to search the Archives' online catalogue.

If you find that the records are available at the Archives, you will need to visit in person or you may wish to hire a researcher in Scotland to search the records for you. The Remote Research page of the NAS website provides a list of professional researchers in Scotland.

 

4. Census records

A census is a count and description of the population. Government censuses were taken every ten years starting in 1841. They are especially valuable because they list the majority of the population and are available at many repositories. In these records you may find names of the members of a household, and each person's age, gender, marital status, relationship to the head of the household, occupation, address, and place of birth. Census records can provide clues that may lead you to other records.

The 1841 through 1901 censuses are currently available.

You should find your ancestor in as many different census records as you can and compare information.

Accessing the records

Microfimed copies of the census records for 1841-1891, and some indexes, are available at the Family History Library and are listed in the library's catalog.  Do a 'Place search' for your parish of interest and click on the topics of 'Census' and 'Census - Indexes.'  Indexes may also be found under the county name rather than the parish name.

Information about census records and indexes for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and and click on Search.

Online indexes are available through several websites including:

  • ScotlandsPeople (complete 1841-1911 indexes and images; per use fee-based website)
  • Ancestry.co.uk (1841-1901 indexes only; annual membership fee-based website)
  • Censusfinder (free; starting in alphabetical order by county, the list is short but growing) 
  • FreeCEN Scotland (free; almost every county has some years and some parishes indexed) 
  • Findmypast.co.uk (Commercial website that access to 1841-1911 indexes is in process)


5. Civil Registration: Death Certificate

If you cannot find your ancestor's birth in church records, and he/she died in Scotland after 1855, you should look for a civil registration death record.

Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find the name of the deceased; his or her cause of death, death date and place, rank or profession, marital status, sex, age (from which you can estimate a year of birth), spouse's name, father's name and rank or profession, and mother's name andmaiden name; and the signature, relationship, and residence of the informant. This information may help you find a record of birth that took place before 1840.

Read more about Civil Registration records.

Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.

Accessing the records

The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." 

Indexes and images of records are also available on the ScotlandsPeople web site (per-use fee-based).


6. Civil Registration: Marriage Certificate

If you cannot find your ancestor's birth in church records, and he/she was married in Scotland after 1855, you should look for a civil registration marriage record.

Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find the names of the bride and groom; their ages (which you can use to determine a year of birth), marriage date and place, marital status, residences, occupations, fathers' names and occupations, and mothers' names and maiden names; whether they were married according to the forms of the Church of Scotland or another church; and the names of witnesses. This information may help you find the record of a birth that took place before 1840.

Civil registration marriage records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a marriage certificate.

Accessing the records

The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of marriages for 1855-1875 are indexed in the International Genealogical Index.

Indexes and images of records are also available on the ScotlandsPeople web site (per-use fee-based).

[Return to Strategies page.]


 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 15 December 2011, at 18:51.
  • This page has been accessed 18,697 times.