Scotland - Marriage - 1841-1854

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== Church Records: Church of Scotland  ==
 
== Church Records: Church of Scotland  ==
  
The Church of Scotland was the 'state' or 'established' church in Scotland from 1690 onward.  It was Presbyterian in form.  Individual church units are called parishes.  Parish church records fall into two primary categories:  parish registers and Kirk session records (see below).
+
The Church of Scotland was the 'state' or 'established' church in Scotland from 1690 onward.  It was Presbyterian in form.  Individual church units are called parishes.  Parish church records fall into two primary categories:  parish registers and Kirk session records (see below).  
  
Parish registers contain 
+
Parish registers contain the baptisms, marriages, and burials recorded by church officials at the time of an event.  Marriage records usually give only the date and the names of the bride and groom.  They may include marital status, residences, the groom's occupation, and the bride's father. 
  
Click [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Scotland_Church_Records here] to read more about Church Records.
+
Click [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Scotland_Church_Records here] to read more about Church Records.  
  
'''Indexes: ''' You should begin by looking for your ancestor in an index.  All of the extant baptism and marriage records have been indexed.  Read about Indexes in the article on Church Records.  Click on the link above.
+
'''Indexes: ''' You should begin by looking for your ancestor in an index.  All of the extant baptism and marriage records have been indexed.  Read about Indexes in the article on Church Records.  Click on the link above.  
  
 
==== Accessing the records  ====
 
==== Accessing the records  ====
Line 14: Line 14:
  
 
Information about extant parish records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.  
 
Information about extant parish records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.  
 +
 +
'''If you do not find your ancestor in the records of the Established Church of Scotland, it may be because:'''
 +
 +
*Your ancestors were members but were not baptized or were not recorded in the records.
 +
*Names of your ancestors were misread or misspelled when copied from the film. Try spelling variations.
 +
*The records for the time period you need are missing or lost.
 +
*Your ancestors did not belong to the Church of Scotland---they were 'nonconformists.'
 +
*There were too many possibilities to choose from in the index. You need to find a record that will tell you where your ancestor was born.  See the article on Church Records for research tips.  Click on the link above.
 +
 +
==== Why go to the next record  ====
 +
 +
1. You did not find any information in the above record.<br>2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.<br>3. You found information but would like to find additional details.
  
 
== Civil Registration: Birth Certificate  ==
 
== Civil Registration: Birth Certificate  ==
  
Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find a child's name, sex, birth date and place, father's name and occupation, mother's name and maiden name, parents' marriage date and place (from 1861), and the name, residence, and relationship of a person present at the birth. Civil registration birth records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a birth certificate. <br>
+
Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find a child's name, sex, birth date and place, father's name and occupation, mother's name and maiden name, parents' marriage date and place (from 1861), and the name, residence, and relationship of a person present at the birth.&nbsp; Therefore, if your ancestor had a child born in Scotland in 1855 or after 1860, the child's birth certificate will give the parent's marriage date and place.
 +
 
 +
Civil registration birth records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a birth certificate.  
  
 
Read more about [[Scotland Civil Registration- Vital Records|civil registration records]].  
 
Read more about [[Scotland Civil Registration- Vital Records|civil registration records]].  
 +
 +
==== <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1219516088067_774"></span>Accessing the records ====
 +
 +
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of marriages for 1855-1875 are indexed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=igi/search_IGI.asp&clear_form=true International Genealogical Index].
 +
 +
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/ ScotlandsPeople] web site (per-use fee-based).
 +
 +
==== Why go to the next record  ====
 +
 +
1. You did not find any information in the above record.<br>2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.<br>3. You found information but would like to find additional details. <br>
  
 
== Civil Registration: Death Certificate  ==
 
== Civil Registration: Death Certificate  ==
  
Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find the name of the deceased; his or her cause of death, death date and place, rank or profession, marital status, sex, age, spouse's name, father's name and rank or profession, and mother's name and maiden name; and the signature, relationship, and residence of the informant. Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.<br>
+
Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find the name of the deceased; his or her cause of death, death date and place, rank or profession, marital status, sex, age, spouse's name, father's name and rank or profession, and mother's name and maiden name; and the signature, relationship, and residence of the informant. This information may help you find a marriage record.
 +
 
 +
Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.
  
 
Read more about [[Scotland Civil Registration- Vital Records|civil registration records]].  
 
Read more about [[Scotland Civil Registration- Vital Records|civil registration records]].  
 +
 +
==== Accessing the records <br> ====
 +
 +
The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of births for 1855-1875 are also indexed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=igi/search_IGI.asp&clear_form=true International Genealogical Index].
 +
 +
Indexes and images of records are also available on the [http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/ ScotlandsPeople] web site (use by purchasing credits).
 +
 +
'''If you do not find your ancestor in civil records, it may be because:'''
 +
 +
*Your ancestor did not live late enough to be recorded in civil records.
 +
*Your ancestor left Scotland before the government began civil records.
 +
*Your ancestor's death did not get recorded, though this is not common.
 +
 +
==== Why go to the next record <br> ====
 +
 +
1. You did not find any information in the above record.<br>2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.<br>3. You found information but would like to find additional details.
  
 
== Census Records  ==
 
== Census Records  ==
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A census is a count and description of the population. Government census records were taken every ten years starting in 1841. The 1841 through 1891 censuses are currently available. They are especially valuable because they list the majority of the population and are available at many repositories. In these records you may find names of the members of a household, and each person's age, gender, marital status, relationship to the head of the household, occupation, address, and place of birth. Census records can provide clues that may lead you to other records.  
 
A census is a count and description of the population. Government census records were taken every ten years starting in 1841. The 1841 through 1891 censuses are currently available. They are especially valuable because they list the majority of the population and are available at many repositories. In these records you may find names of the members of a household, and each person's age, gender, marital status, relationship to the head of the household, occupation, address, and place of birth. Census records can provide clues that may lead you to other records.  
  
Read more about [[Scotland Census|census records]].  
+
Look for your ancestor in as many census as you can and compare information.
 +
 
 +
Read more about [[Scotland Census|census records]].
 +
 
 +
==== Accessing the records ====
 +
 
 +
Microfilmed copies of the 1841-1891 census records, and some indexes, are available in the collection of the Family History Library and are listed in the library's [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp catalog]. Do a Place search for your parish of interest and the topics of 'Census' and 'Census-Indexes.' Indexes may also be found under the county name rather than the parish name.
 +
 
 +
Information about census records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.
 +
 
 +
'''Online indexes are available through several websites including these:'''
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk] (complete 1841-1901 indexes and images; use by purchasing points)
 +
*[http://www.ancestry.co.uk http://www.ancestry.co.uk] (1841-1901 indexes only; annual membership fee required; available for free at many libraries)
 +
*[http://www.censusfinder.com http://www.censusfinder.com]&nbsp;(free; starting in alphabetical order by county, the list is short but growing)
 +
*[http://wwwfreecen.com/Scotland/ http://wwwfreecen.com/Scotland/] (free; almost every county has some years and some parishes indexed).
 +
 
 +
'''If you do not find your ancestor in census records, it may be because:'''
 +
 
 +
*Your ancestor may have left Scotland before census records began in 1841 or before a particular census was taken.
 +
*Your ancestor was indexed incorrectly. Look for spelling variations, including other possible first letters, such as an S instead of an L, or an L instead of a T.
 +
*They were not enumerated, though it is less likely they were missed in more than one census year. Try another year.
 +
*They died before the census was taken.
 +
 
 +
==== Why go to the next record  ====
  
Information about census&nbsp;records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.<br>
+
1. You did not find any information in the above record.<br>2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.<br>3. You found information but would like to find additional details. <br>
  
 
== Church records: Nonconformist churches  ==
 
== Church records: Nonconformist churches  ==

Revision as of 18:42, 23 August 2008

Contents

Church Records: Church of Scotland

The Church of Scotland was the 'state' or 'established' church in Scotland from 1690 onward.  It was Presbyterian in form.  Individual church units are called parishes.  Parish church records fall into two primary categories:  parish registers and Kirk session records (see below).

Parish registers contain the baptisms, marriages, and burials recorded by church officials at the time of an event.  Marriage records usually give only the date and the names of the bride and groom.  They may include marital status, residences, the groom's occupation, and the bride's father. 

Click here to read more about Church Records.

Indexes:  You should begin by looking for your ancestor in an index.  All of the extant baptism and marriage records have been indexed.  Read about Indexes in the article on Church Records.  Click on the link above.

Accessing the records

For more information about Church of Scotland records and how to access them, click here.

Information about extant parish records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.

If you do not find your ancestor in the records of the Established Church of Scotland, it may be because:

  • Your ancestors were members but were not baptized or were not recorded in the records.
  • Names of your ancestors were misread or misspelled when copied from the film. Try spelling variations.
  • The records for the time period you need are missing or lost.
  • Your ancestors did not belong to the Church of Scotland---they were 'nonconformists.'
  • There were too many possibilities to choose from in the index. You need to find a record that will tell you where your ancestor was born.  See the article on Church Records for research tips.  Click on the link above.

Why go to the next record

1. You did not find any information in the above record.
2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.
3. You found information but would like to find additional details.

Civil Registration: Birth Certificate

Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find a child's name, sex, birth date and place, father's name and occupation, mother's name and maiden name, parents' marriage date and place (from 1861), and the name, residence, and relationship of a person present at the birth.  Therefore, if your ancestor had a child born in Scotland in 1855 or after 1860, the child's birth certificate will give the parent's marriage date and place.

Civil registration birth records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a birth certificate.

Read more about civil registration records.

Accessing the records

The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of marriages for 1855-1875 are indexed in the International Genealogical Index.

Indexes and images of records are also available on the ScotlandsPeople web site (per-use fee-based).

Why go to the next record

1. You did not find any information in the above record.
2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.
3. You found information but would like to find additional details.

Civil Registration: Death Certificate

Civil registration is the government registration of births, marriages, and deaths beginning 1 January 1855. In these records you may find the name of the deceased; his or her cause of death, death date and place, rank or profession, marital status, sex, age, spouse's name, father's name and rank or profession, and mother's name and maiden name; and the signature, relationship, and residence of the informant. This information may help you find a marriage record.

Civil registration death records cover most of the population and are indexed countrywide. Use the general index to identify and obtain a copy of a death certificate.

Read more about civil registration records.

Accessing the records

The general indexes, and the records for the first twenty years, are available on film at the Family History Library. They are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the place of Scotland and the topic of Civil Registration. The correct record title is "Registers of births, marriages, and deaths, 1855-1875, 1881, 1891; and general index, 1855-1956." Most of the records of births for 1855-1875 are also indexed in the International Genealogical Index.

Indexes and images of records are also available on the ScotlandsPeople web site (use by purchasing credits).

If you do not find your ancestor in civil records, it may be because:

  • Your ancestor did not live late enough to be recorded in civil records.
  • Your ancestor left Scotland before the government began civil records.
  • Your ancestor's death did not get recorded, though this is not common.

Why go to the next record

1. You did not find any information in the above record.
2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.
3. You found information but would like to find additional details.

Census Records

A census is a count and description of the population. Government census records were taken every ten years starting in 1841. The 1841 through 1891 censuses are currently available. They are especially valuable because they list the majority of the population and are available at many repositories. In these records you may find names of the members of a household, and each person's age, gender, marital status, relationship to the head of the household, occupation, address, and place of birth. Census records can provide clues that may lead you to other records.

Look for your ancestor in as many census as you can and compare information.

Read more about census records.

Accessing the records

Microfilmed copies of the 1841-1891 census records, and some indexes, are available in the collection of the Family History Library and are listed in the library's catalog. Do a Place search for your parish of interest and the topics of 'Census' and 'Census-Indexes.' Indexes may also be found under the county name rather than the parish name.

Information about census records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.

Online indexes are available through several websites including these:

If you do not find your ancestor in census records, it may be because:

  • Your ancestor may have left Scotland before census records began in 1841 or before a particular census was taken.
  • Your ancestor was indexed incorrectly. Look for spelling variations, including other possible first letters, such as an S instead of an L, or an L instead of a T.
  • They were not enumerated, though it is less likely they were missed in more than one census year. Try another year.
  • They died before the census was taken.

Why go to the next record

1. You did not find any information in the above record.
2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.
3. You found information but would like to find additional details.

Church records: Nonconformist churches

Anyone who did not adhere to the teachings of the Established Church of Scotland was considered a nonconformist or a dissenter. Dissenters could also include people who belonged to religious organizations that broke from the Established church. Dissenter groups kept separate records. In these records you may find baptisms, marriages, minutes of meetings, communion rolls, and other items of value.

Read more about nonconformist churches in the article on the Scotland Church Records Union Lists.

Information about extant nonconformist church records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.

Church records: Kirk Session Records

The Kirk session is the lowest ecclesiastical court of the Presbyterian Church, held on the parish level. It consists of the minister and a number of elders of the parish. The records deal with the business and organization of the parish and discipline of members. They may include lists of communicants, accounts of money paid to the poor, testimonials of persons moving from one parish to another, and details about illegitimate births and alleged fathers. Christening and marriage information is sometimes included.

Information about extant Kirk session records for a particular parish can be found in the Wiki on that parish's information page. In the search field above and to the left, type in the name of the parish and click on Search.


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