Scotland Old Counties pre 1974 and New Counties post 1974

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== County changes made in 1974 ==
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''[[Scotland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Scotland Old and New Counties'''''
  
In 1974 the British government reorganized the counties of Scotland. Twelve areas called ''regions'' were created from the original thirty-four counties.  
+
[[Image:Map of Scotland Counties.jpg|thumb|left]]
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Scotland1974+.jpg|thumb|right]]
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
Click on a map to see a larger version.
 +
 
 +
*Left--Pre-1974 counties
 +
*Right--Modern counties
 +
 
 +
== County changes made in 1974  ==
 +
 
 +
In 1974 the British government reorganized the counties of Scotland. Twelve areas called ''regions'' were created from the original thirty-three counties.  
  
 
These changes should not seriously affect genealogical research, but be aware of the following issues:  
 
These changes should not seriously affect genealogical research, but be aware of the following issues:  
Line 9: Line 22:
 
*If you are looking for a parish, city, or regional office that houses records, you will need to know the current address and the areas covered by the repository.
 
*If you are looking for a parish, city, or regional office that houses records, you will need to know the current address and the areas covered by the repository.
  
You should still begin with the pre-1974 county name when you start your genealogical research.&nbsp; For a list of the pre-1974 counties, with links to their article pages, see below.
+
However, you should still&nbsp;use the pre-1974 county name when you start your genealogical research.&nbsp; For a list of the pre-1974 counties, with links to their Wiki article pages, see below.
 +
 
 +
== Use of the suffix 'shire'  ==
 +
 
 +
'Shire' is an old Anglo-Saxon word designating a county or district, which was&nbsp;integrated into Scotland by the English. A shire was policed by a 'shire reeve' or sheriff.  
  
==Use of the suffix 'shire'==
+
The word 'shire' is usually used on the end of a county name when there is a parish or city (burgh) of the same name within the&nbsp;county, such as the city or burgh of Aberdeen in Aberdeenshire. When referring to 'the county of Aberdeen', you do not use 'shire' on the end of the name as that would be redundant.  
'Shire' is an old Anglo-Saxon word designating a county or district, which was&nbsp;integrated into Scotland by the English. A shire was policed by a 'shire reeve' or sheriff.
+
  
The word 'shire' is usually used on the end of a county name when there is a parish or city (burgh) of the same name within the&nbsp;county, such as the city or burgh of Aberdeen in Aberdeenshire. When referring to 'the county of Aberdeen', you do not use 'shire' on the end of the name as that would be redundant.
+
One exception worth noting is that of Fife, which has never actually been a county in the true sense of the word, but anciently was a kingdom. It is still referred to as "the Kingdom of Fife" and should not at any time be given the -shire suffix.  
  
One exception worth noting is that of Fife, which has never actually been a county in the true sense of the word, but anciently was a kingdom. It is still referred to as "the Kingdom of Fife" and should not at any time be given the -shire suffix.
+
== Alternate names ==
  
==Alternate names==
+
Long before the 1974 reorganization, some counties had alternate names by which they were at times known. These include Edinburghshire or Midlothian, Elginshire or Moray, Forfarshire&nbsp;or Angus, Haddingtonshire or East Lothian, and Linlithgowshire or West Lothian.  
Long before the 1974 reorganization, some counties had alternate names by which they were at times known. These include Edinburghshire or Midlothian, Elginshire or Moray, Forfarshire&nbsp;or Angus, Haddingtonshire or East Lothian, and Linlithgowshire or West Lothian.
+
  
 
== County list  ==
 
== County list  ==
  
Here is a list of the old counties with the new (post-1974) county or counties they are primarily a part of. Click on an old county name to see a list of historic parishes with further links to information on parish records, which information comes from the [[Scotland Church Records Union Lists|Scotland Church Records Union List]]''.''
+
Here is a list of the&nbsp;historic counties with the new (post-1974) county or counties they are primarily a part of. Click on an old county name to see a list of historic parishes with further links to information on parish records.&nbsp;&nbsp;(The codes are the&nbsp;standard 'Chapman Code' abbreviations&nbsp;for the&nbsp;historic counties.)&nbsp;
  
{| style="width: 463px; height: 822px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="463" border="1"
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{| style="width: 463px; height: 822px" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="463"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Old County'''  
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| '''Historic County'''  
| '''New County'''
+
| '''Code'''
 +
| '''Post-1974 County'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Aberdeenshire, Scotland|Aberdeenshire]]  
 
| [[Aberdeenshire, Scotland|Aberdeenshire]]  
 +
| ABD
 
| Grampian
 
| Grampian
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Angus Parishes|Angus]] (or Forfarshire)  
+
| [[Angus (or Forfarshire), Scotland|Angus]] (or Forfarshire)  
 +
| ANS
 
| Tayside
 
| Tayside
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Argyllshire Parishes|Argyll]]  
+
| [[Argyllshire Parishes|Argyllshire]]  
 +
| ARL
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Ayrshire Parishes|Ayrshire]]  
 
| [[Ayrshire Parishes|Ayrshire]]  
 +
| AYR
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Banffshire, Scotland Parishes|Banffshire]]  
 
| [[Banffshire, Scotland Parishes|Banffshire]]  
 +
| BAN
 
| Grampian
 
| Grampian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Berwickshire Parishes|Berwickshire]]  
 
| [[Berwickshire Parishes|Berwickshire]]  
 +
| BEW
 
| Borders
 
| Borders
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Buteshire Parishes|Bute]]  
 
| [[Buteshire Parishes|Bute]]  
 +
| BUT
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Caithness Parishes|Caithness]]  
 
| [[Caithness Parishes|Caithness]]  
 +
| CAI
 
| Highland
 
| Highland
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Clackmannanshire Parishes|Clackmannanshire]]  
 
| [[Clackmannanshire Parishes|Clackmannanshire]]  
 +
| CLK
 
| Central
 
| Central
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Dumfries-shire Parishes|Dumfries-shire]]  
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| [[Dumfriesshire Parishes|Dumfriesshire]]  
 +
| DFS
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Dunbartonshire Parishes|Dunbartonshire]]  
 
| [[Dunbartonshire Parishes|Dunbartonshire]]  
 +
| DNB
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[East Lothian Parishes|East Lothian]] (or Haddingtonshire)  
 
| [[East Lothian Parishes|East Lothian]] (or Haddingtonshire)  
 +
| ELN
 
| Lothian
 
| Lothian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Edinburghshire (see Midlothian)  
 
| Edinburghshire (see Midlothian)  
| Lothian
+
| ---
 +
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Elginshire (see Moray)  
 
| Elginshire (see Moray)  
| Grampian
+
| ---
 +
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Fife Parishes|Fife]]  
+
| [[Fife, Scotland|Fife]]&nbsp;(Kingdom of)
 +
| FIF
 
| Fife
 
| Fife
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Forfarshire (see Angus)  
 
| Forfarshire (see Angus)  
| Tayside
+
| ---
 +
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Haddingtonshire (see East Lothian)  
 
| Haddingtonshire (see East Lothian)  
| Lothian
+
| ---
 +
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Inverness-shire Parishes|Inverness-shire]]  
 
| [[Inverness-shire Parishes|Inverness-shire]]  
 +
| INV
 
| Highland
 
| Highland
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Kincardineshire Parishes|Kincardineshire]]  
 
| [[Kincardineshire Parishes|Kincardineshire]]  
 +
| KCD
 
| Grampian
 
| Grampian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Kinross-shire Parishes|Kinross-shire]]  
 
| [[Kinross-shire Parishes|Kinross-shire]]  
 +
| KRS
 
| Tayside
 
| Tayside
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Kirkcudbrightshire Parishes|Kircudbrightshire]]  
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| [[Kirkcudbrightshire Parishes|Kirkcudbrightshire]]  
 +
| KKD
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Lanarkshire, Scotland Parishes|Lanarkshire]]  
 
| [[Lanarkshire, Scotland Parishes|Lanarkshire]]  
 +
| LKS
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Linlithgowshire (see West Lothian)  
 
| Linlithgowshire (see West Lothian)  
| Lothian
+
| ---
 +
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Midlothian (Edinburghshire), Scotland Parishes|Midlothian]] (or Edinburghshire)  
 
| [[Midlothian (Edinburghshire), Scotland Parishes|Midlothian]] (or Edinburghshire)  
 +
| MLN
 
| Lothian
 
| Lothian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Moray Parishes|Moray]] (or Elginshire)  
 
| [[Moray Parishes|Moray]] (or Elginshire)  
 +
| MOR
 
| Grampian
 
| Grampian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Nairn Parishes|Nairnshire]]  
 
| [[Nairn Parishes|Nairnshire]]  
 +
| NAI
 
| Highland
 
| Highland
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Orkney, Scotland Parishes|Orkney]]  
+
| [[Orkney, Scotland Parishes|Orkney]] Islands
 +
| OKI
 
| Orkney
 
| Orkney
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Peebles-shire Parishes|Peebles-shire]]  
+
| [[Peeblesshire Parishes|Peeblesshire]]  
 +
| PEE
 
| Borders
 
| Borders
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Perthshire, Scotland Parishes|Perthshire]]  
 
| [[Perthshire, Scotland Parishes|Perthshire]]  
 +
| PER
 
| Tayside, Central
 
| Tayside, Central
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Renfrewshire, Scotland Parishes|Renfrewshire]]  
 
| [[Renfrewshire, Scotland Parishes|Renfrewshire]]  
 +
| RFW
 
| Strathclyde
 
| Strathclyde
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Ross & Cromarty, Scotland Parishes|Ross &amp; Cromarty]]  
 
| [[Ross & Cromarty, Scotland Parishes|Ross &amp; Cromarty]]  
 +
| ROC
 
| Highland
 
| Highland
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Roxburghshire, Scotland Parishes|Roxburghshire]]  
 
| [[Roxburghshire, Scotland Parishes|Roxburghshire]]  
 +
| ROX
 
| Borders
 
| Borders
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Selkirkshire, Scotland Parishes|Selkirkshire]]  
 
| [[Selkirkshire, Scotland Parishes|Selkirkshire]]  
 +
| SEL
 
| Borders
 
| Borders
 +
|-
 +
| [[Shetland (or Zetland), Scotland Parishes|Shetland]] (or Zetland) Islands
 +
| SHI
 +
| Shetland
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Stirlingshire Parishes|Stirlingshire]]  
 
| [[Stirlingshire Parishes|Stirlingshire]]  
 +
| STI
 
| Central
 
| Central
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Sutherland, Scotland Parishes|Sutherland]]  
 
| [[Sutherland, Scotland Parishes|Sutherland]]  
 +
| SUT
 
| Highland
 
| Highland
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[West Lothian (Linlithgowshire), Scotland Parishes|West Lothian]] (or Linlithgowshire)  
 
| [[West Lothian (Linlithgowshire), Scotland Parishes|West Lothian]] (or Linlithgowshire)  
 +
| WLN
 
| Lothian
 
| Lothian
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Wigtonshire, Scotland Parishes|Wigtonshire]]  
 
| [[Wigtonshire, Scotland Parishes|Wigtonshire]]  
 +
| WIG
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
 
| Dumfries &amp; Galloway
|-
 
| [[Shetland (or Zetland), Scotland Parishes|Shetland]] (or Zetland)
 
| Shetland
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
[Return to the [[Scotland|Scotland Portal page]].]
+
[Return to the [[Scotland|Scotland&nbsp;main page]].]
  
== Parishes in each county ==
+
== Parishes in each county ==
  
The [http://www.scotroots.com/parish.htm Parish List for Scotland]&nbsp;shows all of the parishes in alphabetical order, giving the parish number, county in which it is situated, and the date when the Old Parochical Records (Presbyterian Church records) began.&nbsp; You may also see maps of Scotland through this link.
+
The [http://www.scotroots.com/parish.htm Parish List for Scotland]&nbsp;shows all of the parishes in alphabetical order, giving the parish number, county in which it is situated, and the date when the Old Parochical Records (Presbyterian Church records) began.&nbsp; You may also see maps of Scotland through this link.  
  
 
[[Category:Scotland]]
 
[[Category:Scotland]]

Revision as of 20:37, 10 April 2012

Scotland Gotoarrow.png Scotland Old and New Counties

Map of Scotland Counties.jpg
Scotland1974+.jpg


Click on a map to see a larger version.

  • Left--Pre-1974 counties
  • Right--Modern counties

Contents

County changes made in 1974

In 1974 the British government reorganized the counties of Scotland. Twelve areas called regions were created from the original thirty-three counties.

These changes should not seriously affect genealogical research, but be aware of the following issues:

  • Current maps show the new boundaries.
  • Current addresses are located in the new counties. The addresses use the current county structure.
  • If you are looking for a parish, city, or regional office that houses records, you will need to know the current address and the areas covered by the repository.

However, you should still use the pre-1974 county name when you start your genealogical research.  For a list of the pre-1974 counties, with links to their Wiki article pages, see below.

Use of the suffix 'shire'

'Shire' is an old Anglo-Saxon word designating a county or district, which was integrated into Scotland by the English. A shire was policed by a 'shire reeve' or sheriff.

The word 'shire' is usually used on the end of a county name when there is a parish or city (burgh) of the same name within the county, such as the city or burgh of Aberdeen in Aberdeenshire. When referring to 'the county of Aberdeen', you do not use 'shire' on the end of the name as that would be redundant.

One exception worth noting is that of Fife, which has never actually been a county in the true sense of the word, but anciently was a kingdom. It is still referred to as "the Kingdom of Fife" and should not at any time be given the -shire suffix.

Alternate names

Long before the 1974 reorganization, some counties had alternate names by which they were at times known. These include Edinburghshire or Midlothian, Elginshire or Moray, Forfarshire or Angus, Haddingtonshire or East Lothian, and Linlithgowshire or West Lothian.

County list

Here is a list of the historic counties with the new (post-1974) county or counties they are primarily a part of. Click on an old county name to see a list of historic parishes with further links to information on parish records.  (The codes are the standard 'Chapman Code' abbreviations for the historic counties.) 

Historic County Code Post-1974 County
Aberdeenshire ABD Grampian
Angus (or Forfarshire) ANS Tayside
Argyllshire ARL Strathclyde
Ayrshire AYR Strathclyde
Banffshire BAN Grampian
Berwickshire BEW Borders
Bute BUT Strathclyde
Caithness CAI Highland
Clackmannanshire CLK Central
Dumfriesshire DFS Dumfries & Galloway
Dunbartonshire DNB Strathclyde
East Lothian (or Haddingtonshire) ELN Lothian
Edinburghshire (see Midlothian) --- ---
Elginshire (see Moray) --- ---
Fife (Kingdom of) FIF Fife
Forfarshire (see Angus) --- ---
Haddingtonshire (see East Lothian) --- ---
Inverness-shire INV Highland
Kincardineshire KCD Grampian
Kinross-shire KRS Tayside
Kirkcudbrightshire KKD Dumfries & Galloway
Lanarkshire LKS Strathclyde
Linlithgowshire (see West Lothian) --- ---
Midlothian (or Edinburghshire) MLN Lothian
Moray (or Elginshire) MOR Grampian
Nairnshire NAI Highland
Orkney Islands OKI Orkney
Peeblesshire PEE Borders
Perthshire PER Tayside, Central
Renfrewshire RFW Strathclyde
Ross & Cromarty ROC Highland
Roxburghshire ROX Borders
Selkirkshire SEL Borders
Shetland (or Zetland) Islands SHI Shetland
Stirlingshire STI Central
Sutherland SUT Highland
West Lothian (or Linlithgowshire) WLN Lothian
Wigtonshire WIG Dumfries & Galloway

[Return to the Scotland main page.]

Parishes in each county

The Parish List for Scotland shows all of the parishes in alphabetical order, giving the parish number, county in which it is situated, and the date when the Old Parochical Records (Presbyterian Church records) began.  You may also see maps of Scotland through this link.