Secondary Coast Road

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary Coast Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary Coast Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' was a roughly parallel alternate to the [[King's Highway]]. As that highway became more popular, neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in [[Prince George County, Virginia]] and ended at [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' was a roughly parallel alternate to the [[King's Highway]]. As that highway became more popular, neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in [[Prince George County, Virginia]] and ended at [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref> North of Virginia the similar alternate routes to the [[King's Highway]] apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road."
 
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=== Historical Background  ===
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Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]],<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> and a few months later Sephardic [[Jewish Genealogy Research|Jews]].<ref name="Sava">Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Secondary Coast Road served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
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As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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Residents along the Secondary Coast Road may have arrived via this road, or by the [[King's_Highway|King's Highway]], or by sea.
  
 
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
 
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
  
:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians
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:*[[Prince George, Virginia]]
:*[[Colleton County, South Carolina]] 1682 by English, French Huguenots
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:*[[Sussex, Virginia]]
:*[[Beaufort County, South Carolina]] 1686 by Scots Highlanders
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:*[[Southhampton, Virginia]]
:*[[Jasper County, South Carolina]] 1732 by Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots
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:*[[Isle of Wight, Virginia]]
:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
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:*[[Suffolk, Virginia]]
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:*[[Gates, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Hertford, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Bertie, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Martin, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Beaufort, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Craven, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Jones, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Onslow, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Pender, North Carolina]]
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:*[[New Hanover, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Brunswick, North Carolina]]
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:*[[Horry, South Carloina]]
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:*[[Georgetown, South Carolina]]
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:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians
  
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
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=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}} {{Georgia|Georgia}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
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{{reflist}} {{Virginia|Virginia}}{{North Carolina|North Carolina}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
<div></div>  
 
<div></div>  
 
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]
 
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]

Revision as of 12:12, 14 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Secondary Coast Road

Secondary Coast Road.png
The Secondary Coast Road was a roughly parallel alternate to the King's Highway. As that highway became more popular, neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in Prince George County, Virginia and ended at Charleston County, South Carolina The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).[1] North of Virginia the similar alternate routes to the King's Highway apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road."

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Contents

Route

Residents along the Secondary Coast Road may have arrived via this road, or by the King's Highway, or by sea.

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[2]

Connecting trails. The Secondary Coast Road links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:[3]

The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Secondary Coast Road start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road and even the King's Highway.

No complete list of settlers who used the Secondary Coast Road is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

in Colleton County, SC:

in Beaufort County, SC:

  • Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996) (FHL Book 975.799 H2r) WorldCat entry.

in Jasper County, SC:

in Chatham County, GA:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).