Secondary Coast Road

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(James City)
(Petersburg)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' was a roughly parallel alternate to the [[King's Highway]]. As that highway became more popular, rival neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in [[Prince George County, Virginia]] and ended at [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref> The alternate routes to the [[King's Highway]] in the north apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road" in states north of Jamestown, Virginia.<br><br>  
+
[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' was a roughly parallel alternate to the [[King's Highway]]. As that highway became more popular, rival neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in [[Prince George County, Virginia]] and ended at [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref> The alternate routes to the [[King's Highway]] in the north apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road" in states north of Petersburg, Virginia.<br><br>
  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
Line 9: Line 9:
 
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
 
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
  
 +
:*[[Petersburg, Virginia]] 1645
 
:*[[Prince George County, Virginia]] 1616 by English from Jamestown  
 
:*[[Prince George County, Virginia]] 1616 by English from Jamestown  
 
:*[[Sussex County, Virginia]] 1617 by English from Jamestown  
 
:*[[Sussex County, Virginia]] 1617 by English from Jamestown  
Line 33: Line 34:
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
  
The migration routes connected at the ''north'' end in [[James City County, Virginia|Jamestown, Virginia]] included:  
+
The migration routes connected at the ''north'' end in [[Petersburg, Virginia|Petersburg, Virginia]] included:  
  
:*James River 1607
+
:*Appomatox River  
 
:*[[Occaneechi Path]] pre-historic  
 
:*[[Occaneechi Path]] pre-historic  
:*[[Richmond-Williamsburg Road]] 1690s
 
 
:*[[King's Highway]] about 1704  
 
:*[[King's Highway]] about 1704  
 +
:*[[Fall Line Road]] or Southern Road about 1735
 
:*[[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s
 
:*[[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s
  
Line 54: Line 55:
  
 
:*[[Jonesboro Road]] after 1769 had a junction with the Secondary Coast Road near New Bern, [[Craven County, North Carolina|Craven, North Carolina]]. The Jonesboro Road connected New Bern, North Carolina to Jonesborough and Knoxville, Tennessee.  
 
:*[[Jonesboro Road]] after 1769 had a junction with the Secondary Coast Road near New Bern, [[Craven County, North Carolina|Craven, North Carolina]]. The Jonesboro Road connected New Bern, North Carolina to Jonesborough and Knoxville, Tennessee.  
:*[[Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail]] joined the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail went from Wilmington to Fayetteville, [[Cumberland County, North Carolina|Cumberland, North Carolina]].  
+
:*[[Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail]] joined the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail went from Wilmington to Fayetteville, [[Cumberland County, North Carolina|Cumberland, North Carolina]] on the [[Fall Line Road]].  
 
:*[[Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail]] met the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail connected Wilmington to the [[Great Valley Road]] in [[Roanoke County, Virginia]].
 
:*[[Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail]] met the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail connected Wilmington to the [[Great Valley Road]] in [[Roanoke County, Virginia]].
  
'''Modern parallels.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_17 U.S. Route 17] and any alternates roughly match the routes of the [[King's Highway]] and old '''Secondary Coast Road''' from James City, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina.
+
'''Modern parallels.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_17 U.S. Route 17] and any alternates roughly match the routes of the [[King's Highway]] and old '''Secondary Coast Road''' from Petersburg, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
Line 88: Line 89:
 
{{reflist}} {{North Carolina|North Carolina}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{reflist}} {{North Carolina|North Carolina}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
<div></div>
 
<div></div>
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:James City County, Virginia]][[Category:Prince_George_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Sussex_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Southampton_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Isle_of_Wight_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Suffolk_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:Gates_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Hertford_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Bertie_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Martin_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Craven_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Jones_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Onslow_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Pender_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:New_Hanover_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Brunswick_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Horry_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgetown_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]
+
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:Petersburg,_Virginia]] [[Category:Prince_George_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Sussex_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Southampton_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Isle_of_Wight_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Suffolk_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:Gates_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Hertford_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Bertie_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Martin_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Craven_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Jones_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Onslow_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Pender_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:New_Hanover_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Brunswick_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Horry_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgetown_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 17:41, 15 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Secondary Coast Road

Secondary Coast Road.png
The Secondary Coast Road was a roughly parallel alternate to the King's Highway. As that highway became more popular, rival neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in Prince George County, Virginia and ended at Charleston County, South Carolina The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).[1] The alternate routes to the King's Highway in the north apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road" in states north of Petersburg, Virginia.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Contents

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[2]

Connecting trails. The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.[3]

The migration routes connected at the north end in Petersburg, Virginia included:

The migration pathways connected at the south end in Charleston, South Carolina included:

Between those two ends the Secondary Coast Road also had junctions with three other important migration routes:

Modern parallels. U.S. Route 17 and any alternates roughly match the routes of the King's Highway and old Secondary Coast Road from Petersburg, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean, or the King's Highway. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road.

No complete list of settlers who used the Secondary Coast Road is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:

in Beaufort County, NC:

in Brunswick County, NC:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, S.C.: A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.