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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary Coast Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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[[Image:Secondary Coast Road.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Secondary Coast Road''' was a roughly parallel alternate to the [[King's Highway]]. As that highway became more popular, rival neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in [[Petersburg, Virginia]] and ended at [[Charleston County, South Carolina]]. The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref> The alternate routes to the [[King's Highway]] in the north apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road" in places north of Petersburg, Virginia.<br><br>  
 
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=== Historical Background  ===
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Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]],<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> and a few months later Sephardic [[Jewish Genealogy Research|Jews]].<ref name="Sava">Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Secondary Coast Road served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].
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As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
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=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
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The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>North Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/nc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 15 April 2011), and South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>  
  
:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians
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:*[[Petersburg, Virginia]] 1645
:*[[Colleton County, South Carolina]] 1682 by English, French Huguenots
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:*[[Prince George County, Virginia]] 1616 by English from Jamestown
:*[[Beaufort County, South Carolina]] 1686 by Scots Highlanders
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:*[[Sussex County, Virginia]] 1617 by English from Jamestown
:*[[Jasper County, South Carolina]] 1732 by Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots
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:*[[Southampton County, Virginia]] late 1610s by English from Jamestown
:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
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:*[[Isle of Wight County, Virginia]] late 1610s by English from Jamestown
 +
:*[[Suffolk County, Virginia]] 1619 by English
  
'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
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:*[[Gates County, North Carolina]] 1690s by Virginians
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:*[[Hertford County, North Carolina]] 1680s by Virginians
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:*[[Bertie County, North Carolina]] 1690s by Virginians
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:*[[Martin County, North Carolina]] 1720s from Halifax and Tyrrell counties
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:*[[Beaufort County, North Carolina]] 1690s by Virginians
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:*[[Craven County, North Carolina]] 1690s by Virginians
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:*[[Jones County, North Carolina]] 1710 by Swiss/Palatines who settled New Bern
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:*[[Onslow County, North Carolina]] 1705/1706 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish (that is Ulster-Irish)
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:*[[Pender County, North Carolina]] 1730s by Scots-Irish
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:*[[New Hanover County, North Carolina]] 1724 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish
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:*[[Brunswick County, North Carolina]] 1713 by English/Welsh, then Scots-Irish
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:*[[Horry County, South Carolina]] 1700 by English, and Scots-Irish
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:*[[Georgetown County, South Carolina]] 1690s by English, and French Huguenots
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:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians
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'''Connecting trails.''' The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
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The migration routes connected at the ''north'' end in [[Petersburg, Virginia|Petersburg, Virginia]] included:
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:*Appomatox River
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:*[[Occaneechi Path]] pre-historic
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:*[[Fall Line Road]] or Southern Road about 1735
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:*[[Secondary_Coast_Road|Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s
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The migration pathways connected at the ''south'' end in [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston, South Carolina]] included:
  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
:*[[King's Highway]] about 1704
 
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
:*[[Secondary Coast Road|Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s  
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:*[[King's Highway]] built 1732-1735 in SC<ref>"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in ''The Royal Colony of South Carolina'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).</ref>
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s
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:*[[Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s or early 1740s
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
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:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765
:*[[Secondary Coast Road]]
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The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:  
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''Between'' those two ends the Secondary Coast Road also had junctions with three other important migration routes:  
  
:*Savannah River pre-historic
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:*[[Jonesboro Road]] after 1769 had a junction with the Secondary Coast Road near New Bern, [[Craven County, North Carolina|Craven, North Carolina]]. The Jonesboro Road connected New Bern, North Carolina to Jonesborough and Knoxville, Tennessee on the [[Great Valley Road]].
:*[[Secondary Coast Road|Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s
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:*[[Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail]] joined the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Fayetteville, Elizabethtown, and Wilmington Trail went from Wilmington to Fayetteville, [[Cumberland County, North Carolina|Cumberland, North Carolina]] on the [[Fall Line Road]].  
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>
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:*[[Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail]] met the Secondary Coast Road near Wilmington, [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover, North Carolina]]. The Wilmington, Highpoint, and Northern Trail connected Wilmington to the [[Great Valley Road]] in [[Roanoke County, Virginia]].
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
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'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Secondary Coast Road start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.  
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'''Modern parallels.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_17 U.S. Route 17] and any alternates roughly match the routes of the [[King's Highway]] and old '''Secondary Coast Road''' from Petersburg, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road and even the King's Highway.  
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The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean, or the [[King's Highway]]. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road.  
  
 
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Secondary Coast Road''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
 
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Secondary Coast Road''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
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For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may&nbsp;''''' have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:  
 
For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may&nbsp;''''' have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:  
  
'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
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'''''in Beaufort County, NC:'''''  
  
*Thomas Petigru Lesesne, ''History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical'' (Charleston, South Carolina&nbsp;: A.H. Cawston, c1931) ({{FHL|53420|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7915 D3L}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3586631 WorldCat entry].
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*C. Wingate Reed, ''Beaufort County: Two Centuries of Its History'' ([Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards and Broughton], 1962) ({{FHL|184415|item|disp=FHL Book 975.6186 H2r}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3533420 WorldCat entry].
  
'''''in Colleton County, SC:'''''  
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'''''in Brunswick County, NC:'''''  
  
*"Colleton County, South Carolina Early History" in ''Colleton County SCGenWeb'' at http://www.oldplaces.org/colleton/colhistory.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
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*Lawrence Lee, ''History of Brunswick County, North Carolina'' (Bolivia, N.C.: Brunswick County, 1980) ({{FHL|71829|item|disp=FHL Book 975.629 H2L}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6868321 WorldCat entry].
*Evelyn McDaniel Frazier Bryan, ''Colleton County, S.C.: a History of the First 160 Years, 1670-1830'' (Jacksonville, Florida&nbsp;: Florentine Press, 1993) ({{FHL|697866|item|disp=FHL Book 975.795 H2b}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29658563 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Beaufort County, SC:'''''
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'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
 
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*Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., ''The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina'' (Columbia, South Carolina&nbsp;: University of S.C., c1996) ({{FHL|776999|item|disp=FHL Book 975.799 H2r}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/490011675 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Jasper County, SC:'''''
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*
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'''''in Chatham County, GA:'''''  
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*Mary Granger, ed., ''Savannah River Plantations'' (Spartanburg, South Carolina&nbsp;: Reprint Co., 1972) ({{FHL|175915|item|disp=FHL Book 975.8724 H2w}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/402235 WorldCat entry].
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*Thomas Petigru Lesesne, ''History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical'' (Charleston, S.C.: A.H. Cawston, c1931) ({{FHL|53420|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7915 D3L}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3586631 WorldCat entry].
*Elizabeth Carpenter Piechocinski, ''Once upon an Island&nbsp;: the Barrier and Marsh Islands of Chatham County, Georgia'' (Savannah, Georgia&nbsp;: Oglethorep Press, c2003) ({{FHL|1162176|item|disp=FHL Book 975.8724 H2p}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53394411 WorldCat entry].
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=== External Links  ===
 
=== External Links  ===
  
*Wikipedia contributors, "Charleston, South Carolina," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charleston,_South_Carolina (accessed 27 March 2011).  
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*Wikipedia contributors, "King's Highway (Charleston to Boston)," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King's_Highway_(Charleston_to_Boston) (accessed 14 April 2011).  
*Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
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*Wikipedia contributors, "Charleston, South Carolina," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charleston,_South_Carolina (accessed 27 March 2011).
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}} {{Georgia|Georgia}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
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{{reflist}} {{North Carolina|North Carolina}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
<div></div>  
 
<div></div>  
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:Petersburg,_Virginia]] [[Category:Prince_George_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Sussex_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Southampton_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Isle_of_Wight_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:Suffolk_County,_Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:Gates_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Hertford_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Bertie_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Martin_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Craven_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Jones_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Onslow_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Pender_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:New_Hanover_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:Brunswick_County,_North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Horry_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgetown_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]

Latest revision as of 18:46, 23 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Secondary Coast Road

Secondary Coast Road.png
The Secondary Coast Road was a roughly parallel alternate to the King's Highway. As that highway became more popular, rival neighboring towns recognized its value and convenience. They began to compete for traffic by offering better accommodations, services, and attractions. In some places they could shave a few miles or a few minutes off the travel time compared to the original route. From Virginia to South Carolina this alternate to the King's Highway became known as the Secondary Coast Road. The Secondary Coast Road was probably opened to European settlers in the 1730s or 1740s. It began in Petersburg, Virginia and ended at Charleston County, South Carolina. The length of the road was about 475 miles (764 km).[1] The alternate routes to the King's Highway in the north apparently did not carry the name "Secondary Coast Road" in places north of Petersburg, Virginia.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Contents

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[2]

Connecting trails. The Secondary Coast Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also branched off it in the middle.[3]

The migration routes connected at the north end in Petersburg, Virginia included:

The migration pathways connected at the south end in Charleston, South Carolina included:

Between those two ends the Secondary Coast Road also had junctions with three other important migration routes:

Modern parallels. U.S. Route 17 and any alternates roughly match the routes of the King's Highway and old Secondary Coast Road from Petersburg, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Secondary Coast Road arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean, or the King's Highway. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Secondary Coast Road.

No complete list of settlers who used the Secondary Coast Road is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Secondary Coast Road from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Secondary Coast Road, see histories like:

in Beaufort County, NC:

in Brunswick County, NC:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, S.C.: A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 853. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. North Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/nc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 15 April 2011), and South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 15 April 2011).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  4. "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in The Royal Colony of South Carolina at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).

 

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