Shawnee IndiansEdit This Page

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Various Spellings: Shawnee, Shawanoe, Shawanoese, Shawanee, Shawonee

Ancestral Homeland: near Cumberland River, Ohio and Tennessee River (Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio)

Federal Recognition :

Leaders: Tecumseh



Brief Timeline

1689-1763: French and Indian Wars, sided with the French

1763: joined the Ottawa and other tribes in Pontiac's Rebellion against the British

1774: fought Virginians in Lord Dunmore's War. (Lord Dunmore gave veterans of the French and Indian War who fought under him land that belonged to the Shawnee)

October 6, 1774: Point Pleasant, West Virginia- Treaty - ceded land

1775: Sided with the British during the Revolutionary War

1794: land ceded

1795: Treaty of Fort Greenville

October 5, 1813: Battle of the Thames, Tecumseh killed

1832: Black Hawk War

1861-65: supported the Union during the Civil War


Ohio, Indiana, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Texas

Brief History


Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Shawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Ohio History Central article on the Shawnee Indians

Tribal Headquarters

Shawnee Tribe
P.O. Box 189
Miami, OK 74355
Phone: 918.542.2441
Fax: 918.542.2922


Agency Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M 234 RG 75 Roll 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Roll 693

Roll Number




Shawnee, Indian Territory Shawnee Agency, 1890-1952 Fort Wayne - - - -
Shawnee, Ohio Piqua and Ohio Agencies, 1831-43 Washington D.C. Rolls 600-03 - - -
Shawnee, Kansas Fort Leavenworth Agency,1824-51 Washington D.C. Rolls 299-303 - - -
Shawnee, Kansas Kansas Agency, 18521-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 363-70 - - -
Shawnee, Kansas Shawnee Agency, 1855-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 808-23 - - -
Shawnee, Kansas-Indian Territory Union Agency,  1875-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 864-77 - - -
Shawnee, Eastern Neosho Agency, 1867-71 Washington D.C. Rolls 534-37 - - -
Shawnee, Eastern Quapaw Agency 1885-1939 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth - - Rolls 410-16 581405-410
Shawnee, Eastern Seneca Agency, 1901-7, 1910-21 Washington D.C. - - Rolls 487-89 581498-99
Shawnee, Absentee Whichita Agency, 1859-67 Washington D.C. Rolls 927-30 - - -
Shawnee, Absentee Sac and Fox Agency,    ca. 1869-80 Chicago - - - -
Shawnee, Absentee Shawnee Agency, 1890-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth - - Rolls 490-96 581865-581871



  • 1786 January 31, on the Miami  
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville  
  • 1803 June 7, at Fort Wayne with the Delawares 
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry, with the Wyandot 
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown, with the Chippewa 
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville, with the Wyandot 
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells, with the Wyandot 
  • 1817 September 29,with the Wyandot 
  • 1818 September 17, at St. Mary's, with the Wyandot 
  • 1825 November 7, at St. Louis,  
  • 1831 July 20, at Lewistown, with the Seneca 
  • 1831 August 8, at Wapaghkonnetta
  • 1832 December 29, at Seneca Agency with the Seneca 
  • 1832 October 26, at Castor Hill, with Shawnee  
  • 1854 May 10, at Washington 
  • 1865 September 13, at Fort Smith - unratified- with the Cherokee and other Tribes in the Indian Territory 
  • 1867 February 23, at Washington, with Seneca, Mixed Seneca and Shawnee, Quapaw, Etc.,  

Vital Records

  • Quapaw Agency, M595, birth and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 581408
  • Shawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1910-1934, FHL Film: 581870

Important Web Sites



  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; Family History Library book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; Family History Library book 970.1 G131g.
Volume 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Volume 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Volume 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Volume 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; Family History Library book 970.1 W146e 2006.


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