Sinaloa Language and Languages

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''[[Sinaloa|Sinaloa]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Sinaloa_Language_and_Languages|Language and Languages]]''  
Sinaloa Indigenous Languages ===
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=== Sinaloa Indigenous Languages ===  
  
 
The famous Tarahumara natives of Chihuahua represent only a percent of Mexico's indigenous speakers; 96 percent of Tarahumara live in Chihuahua, but small numbers live in Sinaloa.  
 
The famous Tarahumara natives of Chihuahua represent only a percent of Mexico's indigenous speakers; 96 percent of Tarahumara live in Chihuahua, but small numbers live in Sinaloa.  
  
Mayo is one of three Cáhita languages still spoken in Mexico; before the Spanish conquest there were eighteen, but the Cáhita were decimated by the Spanish. The Mayos, one Cáhita group and cousins of the Yaqui, resisted Spanish conquest. Now they make up 0.54% of Mexico's indigenous population and 24 percent of them live in Sinaloa.<ref>John P. Schmal, "Indigenous Languages of Mexico" (Mexconnect Mexico Culture and Arts, http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexico).</ref>  
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Before the Spanish conquest the Cáhita were a numerous people, speaking eighteen different Cáhita languages. But the people was decimated by the Spanish, and today only three Cáhita languages remain, including Mayo. The Mayos, one Cáhita group and cousins of the Yaqui, resisted Spanish conquest. Now they make up 0.54% of Mexico's indigenous population and 24 percent of them live in Sinaloa.<ref>John P. Schmal, "Indigenous Languages of Mexico" (Mexconnect Mexico Culture and Arts, http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexico).</ref>  
  
=== Mexico Indigenous Languages ===
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=== Mexico Indigenous Languages ===
  
 
Most materials used in Mexican research are written in Spanish. However, you do not need to speak or read Spanish to do research in Mexican records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records.  
 
Most materials used in Mexican research are written in Spanish. However, you do not need to speak or read Spanish to do research in Mexican records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records.  

Revision as of 12:07, 5 April 2013

Sinaloa Gotoarrow.png Language and Languages

Sinaloa Indigenous Languages

The famous Tarahumara natives of Chihuahua represent only a percent of Mexico's indigenous speakers; 96 percent of Tarahumara live in Chihuahua, but small numbers live in Sinaloa.

Before the Spanish conquest the Cáhita were a numerous people, speaking eighteen different Cáhita languages. But the people was decimated by the Spanish, and today only three Cáhita languages remain, including Mayo. The Mayos, one Cáhita group and cousins of the Yaqui, resisted Spanish conquest. Now they make up 0.54% of Mexico's indigenous population and 24 percent of them live in Sinaloa.[1]

Mexico Indigenous Languages

Most materials used in Mexican research are written in Spanish. However, you do not need to speak or read Spanish to do research in Mexican records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records.

The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by 90 percent of the people. Indian languages of the Aztecs, Mayans, and other tribes are still spoken throughout the country. Originally there may have been more than 200 roots of native languages.

In 1889, Antonio García Cubas estimated that 38% of Mexicans spoke an indigenous language, down from 60% in 1820. By the end of the 20th century, this figure had fallen to 6%.

In the early history of Mexico after the Spanish conquest, the spiritual leaders knew Latin, and where schools were established, Latin was a required subject. So you may find some Latin terms included in church records.

Hundreds of native languages and dialects existed although very few written records survived the European conquest. Of these the Náuatl language, spoken by the Aztecs of the Central Plateau region, is predominant, followed by the Mayan of the Yucatan Pennisula and Northern Central America. The Zapoteco, Mixteco, and Otomi languages, follow in importance.

In the early records a great many Indian words, especially names and localities, found their way into the Spanish language. Many of them were modified to make them more pronounceable to the Spanish conquerors.

Spanish phonetics may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For example, the names of your ancestor may vary from record to record in Spanish. For help in understanding name variations, see Mexico Names, Personal.

Language Aids

The Family History Library provides the following aids:

The following English-Spanish dictionaries can also aid you in your research. You can find these publications listed below and similar material at many research libraries:

Cassell’s Spanish-English, English-Spanish Dictionary New York: Macmillan, 1978. (FHL book 743.21 C272c 1978.)

Velázquez de la Cadena, Mariano. A New Pronouncing Dictionary of the Spanish and English Languages New York: Appleton- Century-Crofts, 1942. (FHL book 463.21 V541n.) y también volumen 2 del mismo.

Diccionario de Autoridades (Dictionary of Authorities). 3 vols. Madrid: Edit. Gredos, 1963. (FHL book 463 D56ld.)

Additional language aids, including dictionaries of various dialects and time periods, are listed in the "Place Search" section of the Family History Library Catalog under:

MEXICO- LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES

They are also listed in the "Subject" section of the Family History Library Catalog under:

SPANISH LANGUAGE- DICTIONARIES

And remember that a great free resource is always translate.google.com.


  1. John P. Schmal, "Indigenous Languages of Mexico" (Mexconnect Mexico Culture and Arts, http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexico).