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Back to [[Portal:Slovakia|Slovakia Portal Page]]►  
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Back to [[Slovakia|Slovakia Page]]►  
  
==Introduction==
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== Introduction ==
  
[[image:Terchová.JPG|thumbnail|right|200px|View of Terchová village]]
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[[Image:Terchová.JPG|thumb|right]]  
  
[[image:Statue of Juraj Jánošík in Terchová.JPG|thumbnail|right|200px|Statue of Juraj Jánošík in Terchová]]
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[[Image:Statue of Juraj Jánošík in Terchová.JPG|thumb|right]]  
  
Begin with family and home sources. Look for names, dates, and places on certificates, family Bibles, obituaries, diaries, and similar sources. Ask your relatives for any additional information they may have. It's likely that your second cousin, great-aunt, or other relative already has some family information. Organize the information you find, and record it on pedigree charts and family group records.
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Begin with family and home sources. Look for names, dates, and places on certificates, family Bibles, obituaries, diaries, and similar sources. Ask your relatives for any additional information they may have. It's likely that your second cousin, great-aunt, or other relative already has some family information. Organize the information you find, and record it on pedigree charts and family group records.  
  
Select a specific relative or ancestor born in the Czech Republic for whom you know at least a name, the village or parish where he or she lived in the Czech Republic, and an approximate date when he or she was born there. It is also very helpful to know the names of other family members born in the Czech Republic.  
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Select a specific relative or ancestor born in Slovakia for whom you know at least a name, the village or parish where he or she lived in Slovakia, and an approximate date when he or she was born there. It is also very helpful to know the names of other family members born in Slovakia.  
  
 
As you look over your family group records, or pedigree charts, ask yourself “What do I want to find next?” Common goals might be:  
 
As you look over your family group records, or pedigree charts, ask yourself “What do I want to find next?” Common goals might be:  
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*The last person on a specific line of your pedigree chart  
 
*The last person on a specific line of your pedigree chart  
 
*A missing parent on the family group record  
 
*A missing parent on the family group record  
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*Locating the marriage date and place for the parents on a family group record
 
*Locating the marriage date and place for the parents on a family group record
  
==Before you start==
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== Before you start ==
  
[[image:Ludgerovice Church.jpg|thumbnail|right|150px|Ludgeřovice Church]]
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[[Image:Church in Terchová.JPG|thumb|right]]  
  
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Before doing Slovak family history research, you will need to find:
  
Before doing Czech family history research, you will need to find:
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*The actual name of an ancestor  
*The actual name of an ancestor
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*The date of birth, marriage, and death (can be estimated)
*The date of birth, marriage, and death
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*The place of origin  
*The place of origin
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*The religion of an ancestor
 
*The religion of an ancestor
  
Tips:
+
Tips:  
*You can calculate an approximate date from other information you know. A birth date can be calculated from a persons age.
+
 
*If you do not know where the event took place, back up to the place where you have some record of him or her and work from there.
+
*You can calculate an approximate date from other information you know. A birth date can be calculated from a persons age.  
 +
*If you do not know where the event took place, back up to the place where you have some record of him or her and work from there, such as other places where the person lived, last known address, place of residence of family members or relatives, or location of the school attended by that person.
  
 
== Determine the actual name of an ancestor  ==
 
== Determine the actual name of an ancestor  ==
  
[[Image:Terchova Houses.JPG|thumb|right|200px|Houses in Terchová]]  
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[[Image:Bethlehem in the Terchová Church.JPG|thumb|right]]
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A serious problem for some researchers is to determine the actual name of their immigrant ancestor. Some ancestors in their eagerness to be assimilated into American culture, traded their dificult foreign names for American names. This occured often with given names and to a lesser extent with surnames.
 +
 
 +
To learn more about Slovak given names and their English equivalents see [[Slovakia Names Personal|Personal Names]].
 +
 
 +
== Determine the date of birth, marriage, and death  ==
 +
 
 +
If you cannot find an exact date, you may estimate dates based on other information. You need at least the approximate year of an event. You may use standard genealogical approximation. From a marriage date, you can estimate that a man was married at age 25 and a woman at age 21. You can also estimate that a first child was born one year after the parent's marriage and that subsequent children were born every 2 years after that.
  
<br>A serious problem for some researchers is to determine the actual name of their immigrant ancestor. Some ancestors in their eagerness to be assimilated into American culture, traded their dificult foreign names for American names. This occured often with given names and to a lesser extent with surnames. If you think that your ancestor Americanized his or her name click [[Czech Republic Names Personal#Americanization_of_Names|here]] to read about various changes.
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== Determine the place of origin  ==
  
To learn more about historical background of Czech surnames and given names see [[Czech Republic Names Personal|Personal Names]].
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[[Image:Terchova Houses.JPG|thumb|right|200px|Terchova Houses.JPG]]  
  
==Determine the date of birth, marriage, and death==
+
In Slovakia, most records used in family history research are kept on a town or parish level. Therefore the exact town of origin must be known before research in Slovak records can begin. Most of the time, the Slovak place of origin is found in sources created in the country of immigration. These records should be searched for the ancestor, possible relatives, and other associated persons. If you do not know the place of origin in Slovakia see [[Slovakia Determining a Place of Origin|Determining a Place of Origin in Slovakia]] for sources that may give you that information.
  
If you cannot find an exact date, you may estimate dates based on other information. You need at least the approximate year of an event. You may use standard genealogical approximation. From a marriage date, you can estimate that a man was married at age 25 and a woman at age 21. You can also estimate that a first child was born one year after the parent's marriage and that subsequent children were born every 2 years after that.
+
Slovak place names are often mispelled in American sources. Difficult names were shortened and diacritic marks ommitted. A gazetter, which is defined as a geographical dictionary, is an essential tool for identifying places. Look up your place name in the gazetteer to be sure that it is spelled correctly. Please note that many locality names are comprised of two or more words. If you cannot find a place name in the gazetteer under the first word try searching under the second word.  
  
==Determine the place of origin==
+
To learn about several important gazetters for Slovakia, including instructions and examples, see [[Slovakia Gazetteers|Gazetteers]].
  
In the Czech Republic, most records used in family history research are kept on a town or parish level. Therefore the exact town of origin must be known before research in Czech records can begin. Most of the time, the Czech place of origin is found in sources created in the country of immigration. These records should be searched for the ancestor, possible relatives, and other associated persons.
+
As mentioned earlier, Slovak place names are often mispelled in American sources. If you still cannot determine correct spelling of your locality even after you searched the gazetteers and the Internet, please post your query on [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/ FamilySearch Forums] and one of our research consultants will be happy to evaluate your research problem.  
If you do not know the place of origin in the Czech Republic see [[Czech Republic Determining a Place of Origin|Determining a Place of Origin in the Czech Republic]] for sources that may give you that information.
+
  
Czech place names are often mispelled in American sources. Difficult names were shortened and diacritic marks ommitted. A gazetter, which is defined as a geographical dictionary, is an essential tool for identifying places. Look up your place name in the gazetteer to be sure that it is spelled correctly.
+
== Locate the ancestral home  ==
  
To learn about several important gazetters for the Czech Republic, including instructions and examples, see [[Czech Republic Gazetteers|Gazetteers]].
+
[[Image:Camel in Terchová vicinity.JPG|thumb|right]]  
  
==Locate the ancestral home==
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After you have determined the correct name of the town from which your ancestor emigrated, you must still determine its location. Many Slovak localities have similar names that may be easily confused. An example would be the place names Kameň, Kameňany, Kamenec, Kamenica, Kameničany, Kameničná, Kamenín and Kamienka. In addition, there are places called Kamenica preceded by an adjective, such as Nižná Kamenica and places followed by a description such as Kamenica nad Cichorou. Also, Slovak grammatical endings can change an actual place name.
  
After you have determined the correct name of the town from which your ancestor emigrated, you must still determine its location. Many Czech localities have similar names that may be easily confused. An example would be the place names Kámen, Kamenec, Kamenice, Kamenička, Kameničky, Kamenka, Kamenná, Kamenné. Czech grammatical endings can change an actual place name. The expression ''in Kamenka'' is ''v Kamence'', ''from Kamenka'' is ''z Kamenky''.
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Use [[Slovakia Gazetteers|gazetteer]] to locate the place your ancestor came from and to determine the location of the parish or synagogue where records were kept.  
  
==Determine the religion of an ancestor and the record keeping jurisdiction==
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== Determine the religion of an ancestor ==
  
Until the 1900s, vital records were kept by church parishes or Jewish congregations. The records of different religions were kept separately. If you are not sure of your ancestor's religion, start by searching Roman-Catholic records. Catholicism was the dominant religion in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.
+
Until the 1900s, vital records were kept by church parishes or Jewish congregations. The records of different religions were kept separately. If you are not sure of your ancestor's religion, start by searching Roman-Catholic records. Catholicism was the dominant religion in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.  
  
==Determine the record keeping jurisdiction==
+
== Determine the record keeping jurisdiction ==
  
Not every village in the Czech Republic had its own parish. Often, several smaller villages belonged to one parish. Use [[Czech Republic Gazetteers|gazetteer]] to determine the proper record keeping jurisdiction.
+
Not every village in Slovakia had its own parish. Often, several smaller villages belonged to one parish. Use [[Slovakia Gazetteers|gazetteer]] to determine the location of the parish or synagogue where records were kept. Once you have determined the location of the church or synagogue, use the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library Catalog] to get the film numbers of the available records. You can then order the appropriate films.  
  
==Find your ancestor in the records==
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== Find your ancestor in the records ==
  
The best sources of genealogical information in the Czech Republic are the church records kept by the local parishes. The Family History Library has microfilms of vital records from only a few German-speaking communities and a limited number of published census returns. Use the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] to determine what records are available for the locality.
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[[Image:Praying Monk in Terchová Vicinity.JPG|thumb|right]]  
  
Presently, some Czech vital records are being digitized and being made available on the Internet. If the records you want are not available through the Family History Library they may be available through the individual Czech regional archives.
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The best sources of genealogical information in Slovakia are the church records kept by the local parishes. The Family History Library has microfilmed records from all regional archives in Slovakia. Use the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] to determine what records are available for the locality.  
  
To find out which regional archive holds the records that you need go to http://www.ihff.at/indexstarte.htm. Click the ''gazetter and picture cards'' link on the left and then click ''continue'' link at the bottom of the page. When you know the respective archive, go to the Czech Republic portal page and check under the Research Tools if records are available.
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== Research by mail  ==
  
==Research by mail==
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If the records you want are not available through the Family History Library or online they may be available through the individual Slovak regional archives. Please refer to the [[Slovakia Letter Writing Guide|Letter Writing Guide]] for detailed information. Remember to enclose photocopies of any old documents or mementos that you may have.  
However, most of the Czech family history research still requires that you write to the Czech Republic for genealogical records. Please refer to the [[Czech Republic Letter Writing Guide|Letter Writing Guide]] for detailed information.
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[[Category: Slovakia]]
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[[Category:Slovakia]]

Latest revision as of 16:57, 30 July 2012

Back to Slovakia Page

Contents

Introduction

Begin with family and home sources. Look for names, dates, and places on certificates, family Bibles, obituaries, diaries, and similar sources. Ask your relatives for any additional information they may have. It's likely that your second cousin, great-aunt, or other relative already has some family information. Organize the information you find, and record it on pedigree charts and family group records.

Select a specific relative or ancestor born in Slovakia for whom you know at least a name, the village or parish where he or she lived in Slovakia, and an approximate date when he or she was born there. It is also very helpful to know the names of other family members born in Slovakia.

As you look over your family group records, or pedigree charts, ask yourself “What do I want to find next?” Common goals might be:

  • The last person on a specific line of your pedigree chart
  • A missing parent on the family group record
  • A gap between the birth years of the children on a family group record (a wide enough gap that there may be missing children in between siblings)
  • Finding the last children to the parents (during the mothers’ child bearing years)
  • To find the birth date and place for an individual listed on the family group record without one
  • Locating the marriage date and place for the parents on a family group record

Before you start

Before doing Slovak family history research, you will need to find:

  • The actual name of an ancestor
  • The date of birth, marriage, and death (can be estimated)
  • The place of origin
  • The religion of an ancestor

Tips:

  • You can calculate an approximate date from other information you know. A birth date can be calculated from a persons age.
  • If you do not know where the event took place, back up to the place where you have some record of him or her and work from there, such as other places where the person lived, last known address, place of residence of family members or relatives, or location of the school attended by that person.

Determine the actual name of an ancestor

A serious problem for some researchers is to determine the actual name of their immigrant ancestor. Some ancestors in their eagerness to be assimilated into American culture, traded their dificult foreign names for American names. This occured often with given names and to a lesser extent with surnames.

To learn more about Slovak given names and their English equivalents see Personal Names.

Determine the date of birth, marriage, and death

If you cannot find an exact date, you may estimate dates based on other information. You need at least the approximate year of an event. You may use standard genealogical approximation. From a marriage date, you can estimate that a man was married at age 25 and a woman at age 21. You can also estimate that a first child was born one year after the parent's marriage and that subsequent children were born every 2 years after that.

Determine the place of origin

Terchova Houses.JPG

In Slovakia, most records used in family history research are kept on a town or parish level. Therefore the exact town of origin must be known before research in Slovak records can begin. Most of the time, the Slovak place of origin is found in sources created in the country of immigration. These records should be searched for the ancestor, possible relatives, and other associated persons. If you do not know the place of origin in Slovakia see Determining a Place of Origin in Slovakia for sources that may give you that information.

Slovak place names are often mispelled in American sources. Difficult names were shortened and diacritic marks ommitted. A gazetter, which is defined as a geographical dictionary, is an essential tool for identifying places. Look up your place name in the gazetteer to be sure that it is spelled correctly. Please note that many locality names are comprised of two or more words. If you cannot find a place name in the gazetteer under the first word try searching under the second word.

To learn about several important gazetters for Slovakia, including instructions and examples, see Gazetteers.

As mentioned earlier, Slovak place names are often mispelled in American sources. If you still cannot determine correct spelling of your locality even after you searched the gazetteers and the Internet, please post your query on FamilySearch Forums and one of our research consultants will be happy to evaluate your research problem.

Locate the ancestral home

After you have determined the correct name of the town from which your ancestor emigrated, you must still determine its location. Many Slovak localities have similar names that may be easily confused. An example would be the place names Kameň, Kameňany, Kamenec, Kamenica, Kameničany, Kameničná, Kamenín and Kamienka. In addition, there are places called Kamenica preceded by an adjective, such as Nižná Kamenica and places followed by a description such as Kamenica nad Cichorou. Also, Slovak grammatical endings can change an actual place name.

Use gazetteer to locate the place your ancestor came from and to determine the location of the parish or synagogue where records were kept.

Determine the religion of an ancestor

Until the 1900s, vital records were kept by church parishes or Jewish congregations. The records of different religions were kept separately. If you are not sure of your ancestor's religion, start by searching Roman-Catholic records. Catholicism was the dominant religion in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Determine the record keeping jurisdiction

Not every village in Slovakia had its own parish. Often, several smaller villages belonged to one parish. Use gazetteer to determine the location of the parish or synagogue where records were kept. Once you have determined the location of the church or synagogue, use the Family History Library Catalog to get the film numbers of the available records. You can then order the appropriate films.

Find your ancestor in the records

The best sources of genealogical information in Slovakia are the church records kept by the local parishes. The Family History Library has microfilmed records from all regional archives in Slovakia. Use the Family History Library Catalog to determine what records are available for the locality.

Research by mail

If the records you want are not available through the Family History Library or online they may be available through the individual Slovak regional archives. Please refer to the Letter Writing Guide for detailed information. Remember to enclose photocopies of any old documents or mementos that you may have.


 

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  • This page was last modified on 30 July 2012, at 16:57.
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