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Regions and Islands of South Australia
Kangaroo Island is a pristine wilderness - a place that has offered protection to substantial populations of native Australian animals and a place of beauty. It is 18 km off the coast of South Australia and has a population of just 4,400 people.
The Fleurieu Peninsula (click on this link to view a map of the peninsula), is a picturesque peninsula located south of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia. It was named after the French explorer and hydrographer Charles Pierre Claret de Fleurieu by the French explorer Nicolas Baudin as he mapped the south coast of Australia in 1802. Towns of interest in the area include the scenic Victor Harbor, the heritage town of Willunga, Mount Compass, Goolwa, Yankalilla, Rapid Bay and the wine region of McLaren Vale. There is fine surfing at Waitpinga and Browns Beach on Kangaroo Island. A ferry travels between Cape Jervis, at the tip of the peninsula, and Kangaroo Island.
This adventure playground is famed for its coastal thrills, secluded beaches, adventurous tours and unspoilt wildlife. It's a paradise for divers and snorkellers, with dramatic shipwrecks and stunning marine life, including the famed Leafy Seadragon. And it's alive with vibrant and creative festivals, events and art.
Fleurieu Peninsula is home to some of the best produce and vineyards in the country. If you know about wine, you've certainly heard of names such as McLaren Vale, Langhorne Creek, and Currency Creek. You can find them all here.
The Yorke Peninsula is a peninsula located north-west and west of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia, between Spencer Gulf on the west and Gulf St Vincent on the east. It has geographic coordinates of 34°21′S 137°37′E / 34.35°S 137.617°E / -34.35; 137.617
The peninsula is separated from Kangaroo Island to the southeast by Investigator Strait.
Yorke Peninsula is named by Captain Matthew Flinders, R.N., after the Right Honourable Charles Philip Yorke (1764-1834) (later Lord Hardwicke), narrowly beating French navigator Captain Nicolas Baudin (who preferred the name 'Cambaceres Peninsula'). Charles P. Yorke came from a very distinguished political family (his father had been Lord High Chancellor and grandfather had been Lord Chief Justice, Speaker of the House, and Lord High Chancellor), and had a lengthy political career of his own, serving as Member of Parliament (1790-1810), Secretary of State for War (1801-1803), Home Secretary (1803-1804), and First Lord of the Admiralty (1810-1812).
Eyre Peninsula is a triangular peninsula in South Australia. It is bounded on the east by Spencer Gulf, the west by the Great Australian Bight, and the north by the Gawler Ranges. It is named after explorer Edward John Eyre who explored some of it in 1839-1841. The coastline was first explored by Matthew Flinders in 1801-1802. The west coast was also visited by Nicolas Baudin at around the same time.
The peninsula was explored by a party led by John Charles Darke in 1844, who was killed by local aborigines on the return to Port Lincoln.
The main towns are Port Lincoln on the southern point, Whyalla and Port Augusta at the north east, and Ceduna at the northwest. They are connected by the Eyre Highway across the inland edge, and the Flinders Highway and Lincoln Highway along the west and east coasts.
The major industry is farming - cereal crops, sheep, and cattle in the drier north and more water-intensive activities such as dairy farming and a growing wine industry in the south. Many coastal towns have commercial fishing, in particular Port Lincoln, which had a large tuna-fishing fleet, Port Lincoln is gradually being converted to fish farming in bays along the coast. The Eyre Peninsula has a growing population of around 55,390 people.
There is a commercial nephrite jade mine near Cowell as well as this iron ore is mined in the hills near Iron Knob inland from Whyalla, to where it is transported by rail for smelting.
National Parks located on the Eyre peninsula include Lincoln National Park, Coffin Bay National Park, Gawler Ranges National Park, and several conservation parks and reserves like Acraman Creek Conservation Park.
The peninsular is served by the isolated narrow gauge Eyre Peninsula Railway.
The area is also known as the Eyre Coastal Plain.
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