South Carolina

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}}<div style="padding-left: 1px; width: 74%; float: left"><center>''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[South_Carolina|South Carolina]]''</center><br>  
 
}}<div style="padding-left: 1px; width: 74%; float: left"><center>''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[South_Carolina|South Carolina]]''</center><br>  
 
{{TitleStyle1}}Welcome to the South Carolina page,<br>the Palmetto State{{/p}} [[Image:{{SCoaks}}]]'''''Most unique genealogical features:'''''  
 
{{TitleStyle1}}Welcome to the South Carolina page,<br>the Palmetto State{{/p}} [[Image:{{SCoaks}}]]'''''Most unique genealogical features:'''''  
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*From 1800 to 1868 Counties were called Districts  
 
*From 1800 to 1868 Counties were called Districts  
 
*Admiralty Courts played a notable role
 
*Admiralty Courts played a notable role
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{{SCDC}}
  
 
=== South Carolina Counties  ===
 
=== South Carolina Counties  ===
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'''Click''' on the map below to go to a county page. '''Hover''' over a county to see its name. To see a '''larger''' version of the map, [[South Carolina Counties Map|click here]]. {{SCimagemap2}}  
 
'''Click''' on the map below to go to a county page. '''Hover''' over a county to see its name. To see a '''larger''' version of the map, [[South Carolina Counties Map|click here]]. {{SCimagemap2}}  
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==== Counties or Districts  ====
 
==== Counties or Districts  ====
To find South Carolina records, it helps to understanding the history of their counties and districts. <ref>"The Counties from 1664 to Present - In Alphabetical Order" in ''South Carolina - The Counties'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 28 April 2011).</ref> <br>'''Early.''' Until the 1760s the predominant court was in Charleston. Parish and township records were kept, but records at counties not so much. Early '''''counties''''' were used more to describe locations than as record keeping jurisdictions.<br>'''1769.''' Seven circuit court '''''districts''''' were established. Record keeping in district seats became more important. Parishes continued. All '''''counties''''' were abolished. '''1785.''' The seven overarching '''''districts''''' were sub-divided into three to six '''''counties''''' each. Provisional counties in several older southern districts never built courthouses, never functioned, and were counties in name only. <br></div><div style="float: left; width: 147%">The other newer northern districts were often settled by people accustomed to county government who eventually erected courthouses, and fully functioning counties. Some of the county names (or similar names) from this period were used for later counties with different county boundaries.<br>'''1791.''' The 14 provisional counties within Charleston, Beaufort, and Orangeburg districts and several others were dissolved for failure to thrive. Two new '''''districts''''' with six '''''counties''''' inside those new districts were reorganized from parts of previous districts and counties in the far north. <br>'''1800.''' All overarching '''''districts''''' were abolished. Three of the previous counties were abolished. Seven new '''''counties''''' were created and added to the other remaining counties. However, all South Carolina '''''counties''''' were also <u>called districts</u> until 1868. <br>'''1868.''' Any remaining so-called '''''districts''''' were officially changed to '''''counties'''''. <br><br>'''Extinct Counties: [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Bartholomew_County,_South_Carolina Bartholomew]'''&nbsp;[[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768)]]&nbsp;[[Berkeley (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1785-1791)]]&nbsp;[[Carteret County, South Carolina|Carteret]]&nbsp;[[Charleston (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Charleston (1785-1791)]]&nbsp;[[Claremont County, South Carolina|Claremont]]&nbsp;[[Clarendon (1785-1800) County, South Carolina|Clarendon (1785-1800)]]&nbsp;[[Colleton (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Colleton (1682-1768)]]&nbsp;[[Colleton (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Colleton (1785-1791)]]&nbsp;[[Craven County, South Carolina|Craven]]&nbsp;[[Granville (1708-1768) County, South Carolina|Granville (1708-1768)]]{{·}} [[Granville (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Granville (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Hilton County, South Carolina|Hilton]]{{·}} [[Kingston County, South Carolina|Kingston]]{{·}} [[Lewisburg County, South Carolina|Lewisburg]]{{·}} [[Lexington (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Lexington (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Liberty County, South Carolina|Liberty]]{{·}} [[Lincoln County, South Carolina|Lincoln]]{{·}} [[Marion (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Marion (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Orange County, South Carolina|Orange]]{{·}} [[Pendleton County, South Carolina|Pendleton]]{{·}} [[Salem County, South Carolina|Salem]]{{·}} [[Shrewsbury County, South Carolina|Shrewsbury]]{{·}} [[Waccamaw County, South Carolina|Waccamaw]]{{·}} [[Washington County, South Carolina|Washington]]{{·}} [[Winton County, South Carolina|Winton]]{{·}} [[Winyah County, South Carolina|Winyah]]<br><br> '''Overarching Districts:''' [[Beaufort District, South Carolina|Beaufort District]]{{·}} [[Camden District, South Carolina|Camden District]]{{·}} [[Charleston District, South Carolina|Charleston District]]{{·}} [[Cheraw District, South Carolina|Cheraw District]]{{·}} [[Georgetown District, South Carolina|Georgetown District]]{{·}} [[Ninety-Six District, South Carolina|Ninety-Six District]]{{·}} [[Orangeburgh District, South Carolina|Orangeburgh District]]{{·}} [[Pendleton District, South Carolina|Pendleton District]]{{·}} [[Pinckney District, South Carolina|Pinckney District]]{{·}} [[Washington District, South Carolina|Washington District]] <br>  
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'''Districts that became Counties 1800–1868:''' [[Abbeville District, South Carolina|Abbeville District]]{{·}} [[Anderson District, South Carolina|Anderson District]]{{·}} [[Barnwell District, South Carolina|Barnwell District]]{{·}} [[Beaufort (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Beaufort (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Charleston (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Charleston (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Chester District, South Carolina|Chester District]]{{·}} [[Chesterfield District, South Carolina|Chesterfield District]]{{·}} [[Clarendon District, South Carolina|Clarendon District]]{{·}} [[Colleton District, South Carolina|Colleton District]]{{·}} [[Darlington District, South Carolina|Darlington District]]{{·}} [[Edgefield District, South Carolina|Edgefield District]]{{·}} [[Fairfield District, South Carolina|Fairfield District]]{{·}} [[Georgetown (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Georgetown (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Greenville District, South Carolina|Greenville District]]{{·}} [[Horry District, South Carolina|Horry District]]{{·}} [[Lancaster District, South Carolina|Lancaster District]]{{·}} [[Laurens District, South Carolina|Laurens District]]{{·}} [[Lexington District, South Carolina|Lexington District]]{{·}} [[Marion District, South Carolina|Marion District]]{{·}} [[Marlboro District, South Carolina|Marlboro District]]{{·}} [[Orangeburg (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Orangeburg (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Newberry District, South Carolina|Newberry District]]{{·}} [[Pendleton (1800-1826) District, South Carolina|Pendleton (1800-1826) District]]{{·}} [[Pickens District, South Carolina|Pickens District]]{{·}} [[Richland District, South Carolina|Richland District]]{{·}} [[Spartanburg District, South Carolina|Spartanburg District]]{{·}} [[Sumter District, South Carolina|Sumter District]]{{·}} [[Williamsburg District, South Carolina|Williamsburg District]]{{·}} [[York District, South Carolina|York District]]  
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To find South Carolina records, it helps to understanding the history of their counties and districts. <ref>"The Counties from 1664 to Present - In Alphabetical Order" in ''South Carolina - The Counties'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 28 April 2011).</ref> <br>'''Early.''' Until the 1760s the predominant court was in Charleston. Parish and township records were kept, but records at counties not so much. Early '''''counties''''' were used more to describe locations than as record keeping jurisdictions.<br>'''1769.''' Seven circuit court '''''districts''''' were established. Record keeping in district seats became more important. Parishes continued. All '''''counties''''' were abolished. '''1785.''' The seven overarching '''''districts''''' were sub-divided into three to six '''''counties''''' each. Provisional counties in several older southern districts never built courthouses, never functioned, and were counties in name only. <br>The other newer northern districts were often settled by people accustomed to county government who eventually erected courthouses, and fully functioning counties. Some of the county names (or similar names) from this period were used for later counties with different county boundaries.<br>'''1791.''' The 14 provisional counties within Charleston, Beaufort, and Orangeburg districts and several others were dissolved for failure to thrive. Two new '''''districts''''' with six '''''counties''''' inside those new districts were reorganized from parts of previous districts and counties in the far north. <br>'''1800.''' All overarching '''''districts''''' were abolished. Three of the previous counties were abolished. Seven new '''''counties''''' were created and added to the other remaining counties. However, all South Carolina '''''counties''''' were also <u>called districts</u> until 1868. <br>'''1868.''' Any remaining so-called '''''districts''''' were officially changed to '''''counties'''''. <br><br>'''Extinct Counties: ''' [[Bartholomew County, South Carolina|Bartholomew]]{{·}} [[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768)]]{{·}} [[Berkeley (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Carteret County, South Carolina|Carteret]]{{·}} [[Charleston (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Charleston (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Claremont County, South Carolina|Claremont]]{{·}} [[Clarendon (1785-1800) County, South Carolina|Clarendon (1785-1800)]]{{·}} [[Colleton (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Colleton (1682-1768)]]{{·}} [[Colleton (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Colleton (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Craven County, South Carolina|Craven]]{{·}} [[Granville (1708-1768) County, South Carolina|Granville (1708-1768)]]{{·}} [[Granville (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Granville (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Hilton County, South Carolina|Hilton]]{{·}} [[Kingston County, South Carolina|Kingston]]{{·}} [[Lewisburg County, South Carolina|Lewisburg]]{{·}} [[Lexington (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Lexington (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Liberty County, South Carolina|Liberty]]{{·}} [[Lincoln County, South Carolina|Lincoln]]{{·}} [[Marion (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Marion (1785-1791)]]{{·}} [[Orange County, South Carolina|Orange]]{{·}} [[Pendleton County, South Carolina|Pendleton]]{{·}} [[Salem County, South Carolina|Salem]]{{·}} [[Shrewsbury County, South Carolina|Shrewsbury]]{{·}} [[Waccamaw County, South Carolina|Waccamaw]]{{·}} [[Washington County, South Carolina|Washington]]{{·}} [[Winton County, South Carolina|Winton]]{{·}} [[Winyah County, South Carolina|Winyah]]<br><br> '''Overarching Districts:'''[[Beaufort District, South Carolina|Beaufort District]]{{·}} [[Camden District, South Carolina|Camden District]]{{·}} [[Charleston District, South Carolina|Charleston District]]{{·}} [[Cheraw District, South Carolina|Cheraw District]]{{·}} [[Georgetown District, South Carolina|Georgetown District]]{{·}} [[Ninety-Six District, South Carolina|Ninety-Six District]]{{·}} [[Orangeburgh District, South Carolina|Orangeburgh District]]{{·}} [[Pendleton District, South Carolina|Pendleton District]]{{·}} [[Pinckney District, South Carolina|Pinckney District]]{{·}} [[Washington District, South Carolina|Washington District]] <br> '''Districts that became Counties 1800–1868:''' [[Abbeville District, South Carolina|Abbeville District]]{{·}} [[Anderson District, South Carolina|Anderson District]]{{·}} [[Barnwell District, South Carolina|Barnwell District]]{{·}} [[Beaufort (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Beaufort (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Charleston (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Charleston (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Chester District, South Carolina|Chester District]]{{·}} [[Chesterfield District, South Carolina|Chesterfield District]]{{·}} [[Clarendon District, South Carolina|Clarendon District]]{{·}} [[Colleton District, South Carolina|Colleton District]]{{·}} [[Darlington District, South Carolina|Darlington District]]{{·}} [[Edgefield District, South Carolina|Edgefield District]]{{·}} [[Fairfield District, South Carolina|Fairfield District]]{{·}} [[Georgetown (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Georgetown (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Greenville District, South Carolina|Greenville District]]{{·}} [[Horry District, South Carolina|Horry District]]{{·}} [[Lancaster District, South Carolina|Lancaster District]]{{·}} [[Laurens District, South Carolina|Laurens District]]{{·}} [[Lexington District, South Carolina|Lexington District]]{{·}} [[Marion District, South Carolina|Marion District]]{{·}} [[Marlboro District, South Carolina|Marlboro District]]{{·}} [[Orangeburg (1800-1868) District, South Carolina|Orangeburg (1800-1868) District]]{{·}} [[Newberry District, South Carolina|Newberry District]]{{·}} [[Pendleton (1800-1826) District, South Carolina|Pendleton (1800-1826) District]]{{·}} [[Pickens District, South Carolina|Pickens District]]{{·}} [[Richland District, South Carolina|Richland District]]{{·}} [[Spartanburg District, South Carolina|Spartanburg District]]{{·}} [[Sumter District, South Carolina|Sumter District]]{{·}} [[Williamsburg District, South Carolina|Williamsburg District]]{{·}} [[York District, South Carolina|York District]]  
  
 
For more regarding South Carolina county formation and boundary changes, see the following:  
 
For more regarding South Carolina county formation and boundary changes, see the following:  
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=== Migration Routes  ===
 
=== Migration Routes  ===
  
Savannah River{{·}} [[Augusta and Cherokee Trail]]{{·}} [[Augusta-Savannah Trail]]{{·}} [[Augusta-St. Augustine Trail]]{{·}} [[Camden-Charleston Path]]{{·}} [[Catawba and Northern Trail]]{{·}} [[Catawba Trail]]{{·}} [[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]]{{·}} [[Charleston-Savannah Trail]]{{·}} [[Cisca and St. Augustine Trail]] (or Nickajack Trail){{·}} [[Coosa-Tugaloo Indian Warpath]]{{·}} [[Fall Line Road]] (or Southern Road){{·}} [[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]]{{·}} [[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]]{{·}} [[Great Valley Road]]{{·}} [[King's Highway]]{{·}} [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]]{{·}} [[Lower Creek Trading Path]]{{·}} [[Middle Creek Trading Path]]{{·}} [[Occaneechi Path]]{{·}} [[Old Cherokee Path]]{{·}} [[Old South Carolina State Road]]{{·}} [[Savannah-Jacksonville Trail]]{{·}} [[Secondary Coast Road]]{{·}} [[Tugaloo-Apalachee Bay Trail]]{{·}} [[Unicoi Trail]]{{·}} [[Upper Road]]{{·}} '''''Ports:&nbsp;''''' [[Beaufort County, South Carolina|Beaufort]]{{·}} [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]]{{·}} [[Georgetown County, South Carolina|Georgetown]]  
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Savannah River{{·}} [[Augusta and Cherokee Trail]]{{·}} [[Augusta-Savannah Trail]]{{·}} [[Augusta-St. Augustine Trail]]{{·}} [[Camden-Charleston Path]]{{·}} [[Catawba and Northern Trail]]{{·}} [[Catawba Trail]]{{·}} [[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]]{{·}} [[Charleston-Savannah Trail]]{{·}} [[Cisca and St. Augustine Trail]] (or Nickajack Trail){{·}} [[Coosa-Tugaloo Indian Warpath]]{{·}} [[Fall Line Road]] (or Southern Road){{·}} [[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]]{{·}} [[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]]{{·}} [[Great Valley Road]]{{·}} [[King's Highway]]{{·}} [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]]{{·}} [[Lower Creek Trading Path]]{{·}} [[Middle Creek Trading Path]]{{·}} [[Occaneechi Path]]{{·}} [[Old Cherokee Path]]{{·}} [[Old South Carolina State Road]]{{·}} [[Savannah-Jacksonville Trail]]{{·}} [[Secondary Coast Road]]{{·}} [[Tugaloo-Apalachee Bay Trail]]{{·}} [[Unicoi Trail]]{{·}} [[Upper Road]]{{·}} '''''Ports:&nbsp;''''' [[Beaufort County, South Carolina|Beaufort]]{{·}} [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]]{{·}} [[Georgetown County, South Carolina|Georgetown]]{{·}} [[Atlantic Coast Ports]]
  
 
=== Background  ===
 
=== Background  ===
  
[[Image:South-carolina.png|right|200px]] About 80 percent of the settlers of colonial South Carolina were of English origin. Many of them came by way of Barbados and other colonies rather than directly from [[England|England]]. A group of Dutch settlers from [[New York|New York]] came to South Carolina in 1671. Another smaller group was of French origin, mostly descendants of Huguenots, who came to the area beginning in 1680. More numerous were the Scottish dissenters, who were brought in beginning in 1682, and the Germans, who arrived during the eighteenth century. Blacks constituted a majority of the population from early colonial times until 1930. Indian wars drove most of the native Americans from the state, but there are still a few Catawba Indians in York County.  
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[[Image:South-carolina.png|right|200px|South-carolina.png]] About 80 percent of the settlers of colonial South Carolina were of English origin. Many of them came by way of Barbados and other colonies rather than directly from [[England|England]]. A group of Dutch settlers from [[New York|New York]] came to South Carolina in 1671. Another smaller group was of French origin, mostly descendants of Huguenots, who came to the area beginning in 1680. More numerous were the Scottish dissenters, who were brought in beginning in 1682, and the Germans, who arrived during the eighteenth century. Blacks constituted a majority of the population from early colonial times until 1930. Indian wars drove most of the native Americans from the state, but there are still a few Catawba Indians in York County.  
  
 
=== Research Tools  ===
 
=== Research Tools  ===
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*[http://www.footnote.com/page/111250600_restore_the_ancestors_indexing_project/ Restore the Ancestors Indexing Project: SC Estate Inventories] Help index all surviving Charleston, SC Estate Inventories, 1732-1872 and Bills of Sale, 1773-1872, for a FREE Footnote.com collection containing the name of every slave ever listed in a surviving inventory.<br>  
 
*[http://www.footnote.com/page/111250600_restore_the_ancestors_indexing_project/ Restore the Ancestors Indexing Project: SC Estate Inventories] Help index all surviving Charleston, SC Estate Inventories, 1732-1872 and Bills of Sale, 1773-1872, for a FREE Footnote.com collection containing the name of every slave ever listed in a surviving inventory.<br>  
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/sc-maps.html South Carolina County Maps and Atlases] - South Carolina County Formation, Atlases and D.O.T. Road and Highway maps  
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*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/south-carolina/ South Carolina County Maps and Atlases] - South Carolina County Formation, Atlases and D.O.T. Road and Highway maps  
 
*Charleston County Public Library's [http://scroom.wordpress.com/finding-aids/ South Carolina Room] describes history and genealogy finding aids at the library.  
 
*Charleston County Public Library's [http://scroom.wordpress.com/finding-aids/ South Carolina Room] describes history and genealogy finding aids at the library.  
 
*The South Carolina Archives has an online [http://archives.sc.gov/information/ Information about Records at the SC Archives page], a database [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx search engine] for Plats of State Land Grants 1784-1868; Will Transcripts 1782-1855; Confederate Pension Applications 1919-1926, and the [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/locguide.htm Summary Guide to Local Records] listing their county and municipality records  
 
*The South Carolina Archives has an online [http://archives.sc.gov/information/ Information about Records at the SC Archives page], a database [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx search engine] for Plats of State Land Grants 1784-1868; Will Transcripts 1782-1855; Confederate Pension Applications 1919-1926, and the [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/locguide.htm Summary Guide to Local Records] listing their county and municipality records  
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*[http://southcarolinapioneers.blogspot.com/ South Carolina Pioneers]&nbsp; blog of name lists in wills, genealogies, estates, Bible records, and gedcom files; enticing you to buy transcript books.  
 
*[http://southcarolinapioneers.blogspot.com/ South Carolina Pioneers]&nbsp; blog of name lists in wills, genealogies, estates, Bible records, and gedcom files; enticing you to buy transcript books.  
 
*Listen to our complete collection of audio files of South Carolina [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:South_Carolina_Dialect county name pronunciations] flavored with local accents.  
 
*Listen to our complete collection of audio files of South Carolina [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:South_Carolina_Dialect county name pronunciations] flavored with local accents.  
*Record Search has provided a name index and images of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417492 South Carolina Deaths 1915-1943]. More information at [[South Carolina Deaths, 1915-1945 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*Record Search has provided a name index and images of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417492 South Carolina Deaths 1915-1943]. More information at [[South Carolina Deaths, 1915-1945 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
*Record Search has provided a name index of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1589507 South Carolina Deaths 1944-1955]. More information at [[South Carolina Deaths, 1944-1955 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*Record Search has provided a name index of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1589507 South Carolina Deaths 1944-1955]. More information at [[South Carolina Deaths, 1944-1955 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[Media:Wiki_Poster.South_Carolina.pdf|Project poster]] extends an invitation to find answers and share knowledge through the South Carolina wiki page.&nbsp; Print as a flyer, post to message board, link to newsletter, website, facebook page, attach to e-mail communication.&nbsp; This is a major initiative of the Family History Library U.S. Reference Unit in anticipation of the 2011 NGS&nbsp;Conference in Charleston.  
 
*[[Media:Wiki_Poster.South_Carolina.pdf|Project poster]] extends an invitation to find answers and share knowledge through the South Carolina wiki page.&nbsp; Print as a flyer, post to message board, link to newsletter, website, facebook page, attach to e-mail communication.&nbsp; This is a major initiative of the Family History Library U.S. Reference Unit in anticipation of the 2011 NGS&nbsp;Conference in Charleston.  
 
*[http://www.sciway.net/ SCIWAY] South Carolina's Information Highway is a gateway to genealogical and historical information.
 
*[http://www.sciway.net/ SCIWAY] South Carolina's Information Highway is a gateway to genealogical and historical information.
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&#124; course link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/the-most-overlooked-record-types-in-south-carolina/40&#124; course name = The Most Overlooked Record-Types in South Carolina}}  
  
 
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''  
 
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''  
  
*S[[South Carolina Statewide Death (FamilySearch Historical Records)|outh Carolina Statewide Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
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*[[South Carolina Births and Christenings (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Births and Christenings (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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*S[[South Carolina Deaths, 1915-1945 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|outh Carolina Deaths, 1915-1945 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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*S[[South Carolina Statewide Death (FamilySearch Historical Records)|outh Carolina Deaths 1944-1955 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Carolina Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
=== Things you can do [[Image:South Carolina flag.png|right|150px]]  ===
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=== Things you can do [[Image:South Carolina flag.png|right|150px|South Carolina flag.png]]  ===
  
 
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>  
 
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>  
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{{Click|Image:Volunteers wanted sm.png|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Wiki:Help_wanted_on_the_South_Carolina_pages|Wiki Volunteers Wanted}}
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To add your knowledge and help expand the wiki [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Wiki:Help_wanted_on_the_South_Carolina_pages click here]:
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</div>
 
==== Sources  ====
 
==== Sources  ====
  
 
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{{reflist}}  
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{{Template:Featured article}}  
 
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[[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:States_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:States_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 00:43, 23 February 2013

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United States  go to  South Carolina

Welcome to the South Carolina page,
the Palmetto State

Live oaks over E. Bay Street in Georgetown, SC.
Most unique genealogical features:
  • Earliest colonists were from Barbados
  • Marriage registration began in 1911
  • Before 1785, most South Carolina records were kept in Charleston
  • Old districts affect research
  • From 1800 to 1868 Counties were called Districts
  • Admiralty Courts played a notable role

South Carolina Counties

Click on the map below to go to a county page. Hover over a county to see its name. To see a larger version of the map, click here.
Horry CountyDillon CountyMarion CountyGeorgetown CountyWilliamsburg CountyFlorence CountyDarlington CountyBerkeley CountyClarendon CountyDorchester CountyColleton CountyBeaufort CountyCharleston CountyHampton CountyBamberg CountyAllendale CountyJasper CountyBarnwell CountyAiken CountyEdgefield CountySaluda CountyGreenwood CountyMcCormick CountyAbbeville CountyOconee CountyPickens CountyAnderson CountyLaurens CountyMarlboro CountyChesterfield CountyKershaw CountyLancaster CountyYork CountyCherokee CountyUnion CountySpartanburg CountyGreenville CountyNewberry CountyLexington CountyRichland CountyCalhoun CountyOrangeburg CountyLee CountySumter CountyFairfield CountyChester CountySouth-carolina-county-map.gif

Counties or Districts

To find South Carolina records, it helps to understanding the history of their counties and districts. [1]
Early. Until the 1760s the predominant court was in Charleston. Parish and township records were kept, but records at counties not so much. Early counties were used more to describe locations than as record keeping jurisdictions.
1769. Seven circuit court districts were established. Record keeping in district seats became more important. Parishes continued. All counties were abolished. 1785. The seven overarching districts were sub-divided into three to six counties each. Provisional counties in several older southern districts never built courthouses, never functioned, and were counties in name only.
The other newer northern districts were often settled by people accustomed to county government who eventually erected courthouses, and fully functioning counties. Some of the county names (or similar names) from this period were used for later counties with different county boundaries.
1791. The 14 provisional counties within Charleston, Beaufort, and Orangeburg districts and several others were dissolved for failure to thrive. Two new districts with six counties inside those new districts were reorganized from parts of previous districts and counties in the far north.
1800. All overarching districts were abolished. Three of the previous counties were abolished. Seven new counties were created and added to the other remaining counties. However, all South Carolina counties were also called districts until 1868.
1868. Any remaining so-called districts were officially changed to counties.

Extinct Counties: Bartholomew · Berkeley (1682-1768) · Berkeley (1785-1791) · Carteret · Charleston (1785-1791) · Claremont · Clarendon (1785-1800) · Colleton (1682-1768) · Colleton (1785-1791) · Craven · Granville (1708-1768) · Granville (1785-1791) · Hilton · Kingston · Lewisburg · Lexington (1785-1791) · Liberty · Lincoln · Marion (1785-1791) · Orange · Pendleton · Salem · Shrewsbury · Waccamaw · Washington · Winton · Winyah

Overarching Districts:Beaufort District · Camden District · Charleston District · Cheraw District · Georgetown District · Ninety-Six District · Orangeburgh District · Pendleton District · Pinckney District · Washington District
Districts that became Counties 1800–1868: Abbeville District · Anderson District · Barnwell District · Beaufort (1800-1868) District · Charleston (1800-1868) District · Chester District · Chesterfield District · Clarendon District · Colleton District · Darlington District · Edgefield District · Fairfield District · Georgetown (1800-1868) District · Greenville District · Horry District · Lancaster District · Laurens District · Lexington District · Marion District · Marlboro District · Orangeburg (1800-1868) District · Newberry District · Pendleton (1800-1826) District · Pickens District · Richland District · Spartanburg District · Sumter District · Williamsburg District · York District

For more regarding South Carolina county formation and boundary changes, see the following:

Colonial Parishes

All Saints · Christ Church · Prince Frederick · Prince George · Prince William · St. Andrew's · St. Bartholomew's · St. David's · St. George Dorchester · St. Helena's · St. James Goose Creek · St. James Santee · St. John's Berkeley · St. John's Colleton · St. Luke's · St. Mark's · St. Matthew's · St. Michael's · St. Paul's · St. Peter's · St. Philip's · St. Stephen's · St. Thomas and St. Denis

Colonial Townships

Amelia · Congaree · Edisto · Fredericksburg · Hillsborough · Kingston · Kings Town · Londonborough · New Windsor · Orangeburgh · Purrysburg · Queensboro · Queensborough · Saxe-Gotha · The Welsh Tract · Williamsburg

Major Repositories

South Carolina Dept. of Archives and History · South Carolina Historical Society · South Caroliniana Library · Charleston Library Society · South Carolina Genealogical Society · Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina Archives · National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta) · Dallas Public Central Library

Migration Routes

Savannah River · Augusta and Cherokee Trail · Augusta-Savannah Trail · Augusta-St. Augustine Trail · Camden-Charleston Path · Catawba and Northern Trail · Catawba Trail · Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail · Charleston-Savannah Trail · Cisca and St. Augustine Trail (or Nickajack Trail) · Coosa-Tugaloo Indian Warpath · Fall Line Road (or Southern Road) · Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path · Fort Moore-Charleston Trail · Great Valley Road · King's Highway · Lower Cherokee Traders' Path · Lower Creek Trading Path · Middle Creek Trading Path · Occaneechi Path · Old Cherokee Path · Old South Carolina State Road · Savannah-Jacksonville Trail · Secondary Coast Road · Tugaloo-Apalachee Bay Trail · Unicoi Trail · Upper Road · Ports:  Beaufort · Charleston · Georgetown · Atlantic Coast Ports

Background

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About 80 percent of the settlers of colonial South Carolina were of English origin. Many of them came by way of Barbados and other colonies rather than directly from England. A group of Dutch settlers from New York came to South Carolina in 1671. Another smaller group was of French origin, mostly descendants of Huguenots, who came to the area beginning in 1680. More numerous were the Scottish dissenters, who were brought in beginning in 1682, and the Germans, who arrived during the eighteenth century. Blacks constituted a majority of the population from early colonial times until 1930. Indian wars drove most of the native Americans from the state, but there are still a few Catawba Indians in York County.

Research Tools

{{Forum badge | layout = vertical | forum link = https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/forumdisplay.php?s=&f=34&page=3&pp=20&prefixid=south_carolina&sort=lastpost&order=desc&daysprune=-1 | forum name = Southern States Research forum }}

 

{{Online course badge | layout = vertical | course link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/the-most-overlooked-record-types-in-south-carolina/40&#124; course name = The Most Overlooked Record-Types in South Carolina}}

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Things you can do
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In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:


Wiki Volunteers Wanted

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Sources

  1. "The Counties from 1664 to Present - In Alphabetical Order" in South Carolina - The Counties at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 28 April 2011).