South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(modify browse instructions)
m (Record Description: Added sentence and link about bureau personnel.)
 
(17 intermediate revisions by 12 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
|CID=CID2127881
+
|CID=CID2127881  
 
|title=South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
 
|title=South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
|location=United States
+
|location=South Carolina
|}}<br>  
+
}}<br>  
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1910, Records of the Field Offices for the State South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. English
+
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1910, Records of the Field Offices for the State South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. For a list of Freedmen's Bureau personnel see appendix in the descriptive pamphlet. [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FMFHV-R23%3A1017927001%3Fcc%3D2127881 A descriptive pamphlet]
  
For a list of records currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/2127881/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID2127881
 +
|title=South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
 +
}}
  
== Citation for This Collection ==
+
== Record History, Content and Use ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: [[United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
{{Collection citation| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->South Carolina. Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Freedmen's Bureau Letters, 1865-1872. NARA M1906. National Archive and Records Center. Washington, D.C.<!--bibdescend--> }}
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records">
 
+
[[South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
 
+
== Record Content  ==
+
 
+
<gallery caption="South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
+
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Certified Application for Food DGS 7492035_389.jpg|Certified Application for Food
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Certified Application for Food DGS 7492035_389.jpg|Certified Application for Food
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Labor Contract DGS 7492045_225.jpg|Labor Contract
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Labor Contract DGS 7492045_225.jpg|Labor Contract
Line 29: Line 26:
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Weekly Report of Sick and Wounded DGS 7492011_957.jpg|Weekly Report of Sick and Wounded
 
Image:South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1290) Weekly Report of Sick and Wounded DGS 7492011_957.jpg|Weekly Report of Sick and Wounded
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
 
The information in these records varies. You may find any of the following:
 
 
*Name of the freedman
 
*Name of the freedman’s former owner
 
*Date of the record
 
*Birthplace
 
*Residence
 
*Age
 
*Names of family members
 
*Dates of birth, marriage or death
 
*Physical descriptions
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.
 
  
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links: <br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page <br> ⇒Select the "Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location" category <br> ⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" category which takes you to the images.  
+
To search the collection: <br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page <br> ⇒Select the "Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location" category <br> ⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" category which takes you to the images.  
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
Line 56: Line 37:
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|South Carolina, Civil War|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article [[South_Carolina Archives and Libraries]]. For additional information about this state see the wiki article [[South Carolina Genealogy]].}}
 
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.
+
 
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
+
 
+
*The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.
+
*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
+
*If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.
+
 
+
==== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records  ====
+
 
+
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.
+
 
+
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.<br>
+
 
+
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.
+
 
+
The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.  
+
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]  
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
+
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 +
*[http://freedmensbureau.com/ The Freedmen's Bureau Online]. Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.
 +
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 +
*[http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=117960&sid=1828859 Suffolk University]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[United States Freedmen’s Bureau Letters (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States Freedmen’s Bureau Letters (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
*[[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records]]  
*[[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records|African American Freedmen’s Bureau Records]]  
+
*[[Quick Guide to African American Records]]  
*[[Quick Guide to African American Records|Quick Guide to African American Records]]  
+
*[[African American Research]]
*[[African American Research|African American Research]]
+
*[[South Carolina Genealogy]]
  
== Citing Family Search Historical Collections ==
+
== Citations for This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation| text="South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. ''FamilySearch''. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing NARA publication M1906. National Archives and Records Administration. College Park, Maryland.}} <br><br>
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID2127881
{{Incomplete Section}}
+
|title=South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
 
+
}}
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” database and digital images, FamilySearch ([https://www.familysearch.org]: 4 March 2011), William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, 1890; from Delaware, State Marriage Records 23 November 1913, no. 859, Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover; FHL microfilm 2,025,063.
+
  
*“El Salvador Civil Registration,” database and digital images, FamilySearch ([https://www.familysearch.org]: 21 March 2011), Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, 1880; from La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal, San Salvador.
+
[[Category:NARA_records]]

Latest revision as of 19:12, 26 June 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1910, Records of the Field Offices for the State South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. For a list of Freedmen's Bureau personnel see appendix in the descriptive pamphlet. A descriptive pamphlet

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872.

Record History, Content and Use

For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Search the Collection

To search the collection:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location" category
⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" category which takes you to the images.

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation:

"South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing NARA publication M1906. National Archives and Records Administration. College Park, Maryland.

Image citation:

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872.

 

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 26 June 2015, at 19:12.
  • This page has been accessed 2,776 times.