South Carolina Probate Records

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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[South Carolina|South Carolina&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[South_Carolina_Probate_Records|Probate Records]]'' <br> [[Barnwell County, South Carolina|Barnwell County]]
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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''[[South Carolina Probate Records|Probate Records]]'''
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{{SCBarnwellCourthouse}}
  
 
== Record Synopsis  ==
 
== Record Synopsis  ==
  
Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. For further information about&nbsp;the [[Analyzing United States Probate Records|probate process]],&nbsp;types of probate records,&nbsp;[[Analyzing United States Probate Records|analyzing probate records]], and to access a [[Glossary of United States Probate Terms|glossary]] of probate terms, see [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Probate_Records United States Probate Records].  
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.  
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Select these links for further information about the [[Analyzing United States Probate Records|probate process]], [[United States Probate Limitations|limitations of probate records]], [[Analyzing United States Probate Records|analyzing probate records]], a [[Glossary of United States Probate Terms|glossary]] of probate terms, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], and [[United States Probate Records]].  
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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Probate records of [[South Carolina]] were kept by the secretary of the province prior to 1732, and were later kept by the courts of ordinary and probate courts of each county. Most of the original wills for the colonial period have not survived. Pre-Civil War probate files for Beaufort, Chesterfield, Colleton, Georgetown, Lancaster, and Orangeburg districts were destroyed. However, for the colonial period, dozens of South Carolina wills proved in the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury|Prerogative Court of Canterbury]] in London, England have survived.  
 
Probate records of [[South Carolina]] were kept by the secretary of the province prior to 1732, and were later kept by the courts of ordinary and probate courts of each county. Most of the original wills for the colonial period have not survived. Pre-Civil War probate files for Beaufort, Chesterfield, Colleton, Georgetown, Lancaster, and Orangeburg districts were destroyed. However, for the colonial period, dozens of South Carolina wills proved in the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury|Prerogative Court of Canterbury]] in London, England have survived.  
  
The following important events affected political / jurisdictional&nbsp;boundaries and&nbsp;record keeping.  
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The following important events affected political / jurisdictional boundaries and record keeping.  
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*1670 The first permanent English settlement was made at Albemarle Point (Charles Town).
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*1713-1719 The South Carolina region separated from North Carolina and became a royal colony. Records were kept in Charleston.
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*1769 Nine original judicial districts were established, but records were still kept in Charleston until 1780.
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*1788 South Carolina became a state. The state government was moved from Charleston to Columbia in 1790, although some functions remained at Charleston until after the Civil War.
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*1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. The Civil War began there in 1861.
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*1868 South Carolina was readmitted to the Union. Districts were now called counties.
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*A brief history of the settlement of South Carolina and the resultant effects on record keeping can be found on [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=History_of_South_Carolina Ancestry]. ($)
  
*1670 The first permanent English settlement was made at Albemarle Point (Charles Town).
 
*1713-1719 The South Carolina region separated from North Carolina and became a royal colony. Records were kept in Charleston.
 
*1769 Nine original judicial districts were established, but records&nbsp;were still kept in Charleston<br>until 1780.
 
*1788 South Carolina became a state. The state government was moved from Charleston to <br>Columbia in 1790, although some functions remained at Charleston until after the Civil War.
 
*1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. The Civil War began there in 1861.
 
*1868 South Carolina was readmitted to the Union. Districts were now called counties.<br><br>
 
*A brief history of the settlement of&nbsp;South Carolina and the resultant effects on record keeping can be found on [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=History_of_South_Carolina Ancestry]. ($)
 
 
*A discussion of South Carolina Probate Records written by Johni Cerny and Gareth L. Mark for ''Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources'' can be found at [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=South_Carolina_Probate_Records Ancestry]. ($)
 
*A discussion of South Carolina Probate Records written by Johni Cerny and Gareth L. Mark for ''Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources'' can be found at [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=South_Carolina_Probate_Records Ancestry]. ($)
  
 
== State Statutes  ==
 
== State Statutes  ==
  
Understanding the&nbsp;South Carolina&nbsp;probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.  
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Understanding the South Carolina probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.  
  
Additional information about&nbsp;South Carolina state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "South Carolina statutes."  
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Additional information about South Carolina state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "South Carolina statutes."  
  
 
== Repositories  ==
 
== Repositories  ==
  
==== Local  ====
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=== Local  ===
  
 
The county's judge of probate office has probate records of the counties and circuit court districts from 1785 to 1800 and probate records from 1800 to the present.  
 
The county's judge of probate office has probate records of the counties and circuit court districts from 1785 to 1800 and probate records from 1800 to the present.  
  
==== Regional  ====
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=== Regional  ===
  
The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of probate records for many counties. These include wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx Will Transcriptions] for 1782 to 1855 online. Not all counties are included.&nbsp;&nbsp;Index searchable by name and the image is available.  
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The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of probate records for many counties. These include wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx Will Transcriptions] for 1782 to 1855 online. Not all counties are included. Index searchable by name and the image is available.  
  
==== National  ====
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=== National  ===
  
 
The Family History Library has a collection of {{FHL|331580|subject-id|disp=South Carolina Probate Records}} and {{FHL|336765|subject-id|disp=Indexes}}. Some are films of the originals, and others are abstracts and transcriptions.  
 
The Family History Library has a collection of {{FHL|331580|subject-id|disp=South Carolina Probate Records}} and {{FHL|336765|subject-id|disp=Indexes}}. Some are films of the originals, and others are abstracts and transcriptions.  
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'''Online Images:'''
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*{{RecordSearch|1919417|South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 (FamilySearch Historical Records)}}
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*{{RecordSearch|1911928|South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964 (FamilySearch Historical Records)}}
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
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*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
 
== Statewide Record Collections  ==
 
== Statewide Record Collections  ==
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==== Wills Proved in South Carolina  ====
 
==== Wills Proved in South Carolina  ====
  
The following are examples of publications that can help you locate colonial records: <br>
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The following are examples of publications that can help you locate colonial records:  
  
*Holcomb, Brent H. ''Probate Records of South Carolina''. Three Volumes. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1977-. {{FHL|33067|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2p}}. Covers 1746 to 1821; thoroughly indexed.<br><br>
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*Holcomb, Brent H. ''Probate Records of South Carolina''. Three Volumes. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1977-. {{WorldCat|6086333|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|33067|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2p}}. Covers 1746 to 1821; thoroughly indexed.
*Houston, Martha L . ''Indexes to the County Wills of South Carolina. ''Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina, 1939. [http://www.genealogical.com/ '''Free Name Search''']<ref name="name">Name Search at Genealogical.com is a comprehensive name index to 638 books and CDs published or reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company (now Genealogical.com). For a complete list of the works included, see [http://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Publications_in_Name_Search_at_Genealogical.com Publications in Name Search at Genealogical.com]</ref>; publisher's bookstore: [http://www.genealogical.com/products/Indexes_to_the_County_Wills_of_South_Carolina/2900.html Genealogical.com]; {{FHL|198305|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22h 1964}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48305 Ancestry] ($); [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdsc6012_wills World Vital Records] ($); 1964 reprint: {{FHL|198305|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22h 1964; Film 908509 item 3; Fiche 6046877}}. This is an index to most pre-1860 county wills, but omits Charleston County wills.
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<br>  
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*Houston, Martha L . ''Indexes to the County Wills of South Carolina. ''Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina, 1939. [http://www.genealogical.com/ '''Free Name Search''']<ref name="name">Name Search at Genealogical.com is a comprehensive name index to 638 books and CDs published or reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company (now Genealogical.com). For a complete list of the works included, see [http://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Publications_in_Name_Search_at_Genealogical.com Publications in Name Search at Genealogical.com]</ref>; publisher's bookstore: [http://www.genealogical.com/products/Indexes_to_the_County_Wills_of_South_Carolina/2900.html Genealogical.com]; {{WorldCat|1741758|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|198305|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22h 1964}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48305 Ancestry] ($); [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdsc6012_wills World Vital Records] ($); 1964 reprint: {{FHL|198305|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22h 1964; Film 908509 item 3; Fiche 6046877}}. This is an index to most pre-1860 county wills, but omits Charleston County wills.
  
*Moore, Carolina T., and Agatha Aimar Simmons. ''Abstracts of the Wills of the State of South Carolina''. Three Volumes. Columbia, South Carolina: R. L. Bryan Co., 1960-69. {{FHL|381197|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2m; Film 1035622 items 1-3; Fiche 6051514}}. These volumes cover the years 1670 to 1784.
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*Moore, Carolina T., and Agatha Aimar Simmons. ''Abstracts of the Wills of the State of South Carolina''. Three Volumes. Columbia, South Carolina: R. L. Bryan Co., 1960-69. {{WorldCat|1282519|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|381197|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2m; Film 1035622 items 1-3; Fiche 6051514}}. These volumes cover the years 1670 to 1784.
  
==== Additional Statewide Collections  ====
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=== Additional Statewide Collections  ===
  
*Lesser, Charles H. ''South Carolina Begins: The Records of a Proprietary Colony, 1663-1721''. Columbia, South Carolina: S.C. Dept. of Archives and History, c1995. {{FHL|752048|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 H2Lc}}. Includes index.<br><br>
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*Lesser, Charles H. ''South Carolina Begins: The Records of a Proprietary Colony, 1663-1721''. Columbia, South Carolina: S.C. Dept. of Archives and History, c1995. {{WorldCat|32714840|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|752048|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 H2Lc}}. Includes index.
*Daughters of the American Revolution (South Carolina).&nbsp;''South Carolina Name Index to Genealogical Records Collected by South Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988, c1988. {{FHL|656316|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6052835}} (102 fiche).<br><br>
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*Warren, Mary Bondurant. ''South Carolina Wills, 1670-1853, or Later'': ''Compiled from C.W.A., W.P.A. <br>Microfilms, and Original Volumes''''.&nbsp;'''''Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers, c1981. {{FHL|278828|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22w}}.<br><br>
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*Daughters of the American Revolution (South Carolina). ''South Carolina Name Index to Genealogical Records Collected by South Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988, c1988. {{WorldCat|229264336|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|656316|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6052835}} (102 fiche).
*Bates, Susan Baldwin. ''Proprietary Records of South Carolina''.&nbsp;Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2006. {{FHL|1404195|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 N2b, 2 vol}}. Includes indexes.<br><br>
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*Moore, Caroline T.&nbsp;''Records of the Secretary of the Province of South Carolina, 1692-1721''.&nbsp;[S.l.&nbsp;: s.n.], c1978 (Columbia, South Carolina: R.L. Bryan Company). {{FHL|10705|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2mco}}. Includes full-name index.<br><br>
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*Warren, Mary Bondurant. ''South Carolina Wills, 1670-1853, or Later'': ''Compiled from C.W.A., W.P.A. <br>Microfilms, and Original Volumes''''.&nbsp;'''''Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers, c1981. {{WorldCat|8206870|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|278828|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P22w}}.
*Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma Anne Wates.&nbsp;''South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868. ''Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1978-1979, c1980. {{FHL|377756|item|disp=FHL Film 1433922 Item 1}} (31 films). Includes index. Some records are dark, torn and hard to read.<br><br>
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*Esker, Katie-Prince Ward. ''South Carolina Wills and Other Court Records''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1998. {{FHL|197725|item|disp=FHL Film 2055417 Item 5}}. Includes index.<br><br>
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*Bates, Susan Baldwin. ''Proprietary Records of South Carolina''.&nbsp;Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2006. {{WorldCat|58594920|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1404195|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 N2b, 2 vol}}. Includes indexes.
*South Carolina. Probate Court (Charleston County). ''South Carolina Wills and Related Probate Matters. . . .1671, 1692-1868. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958-1959. {{FHL|236996|item|disp=FHL Film 23452}} (18 films). Indexes are at front of each volume.<br><br>
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*South Carolina. Surrogate Court (Ninty Six District).''Surrogate's Records, 1776-1783''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. {{FHL|101803|item|disp=FHL Film 954250 Item 25}}. Index on {{FHL|954250|item|disp=FHL Film 954251 Item 1}}.<br><br>
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*Moore, Caroline T.&nbsp;''Records of the Secretary of the Province of South Carolina, 1692-1721''.&nbsp;[S.l.&nbsp;: s.n.], c1978 (Columbia, South Carolina: R.L. Bryan Company). {{WorldCat|4580364|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|10705|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P2mco}}. Includes full-name index.
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*Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma Anne Wates.&nbsp;''South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868. ''Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1978-1979, c1980. {{WorldCat|8155334|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|377756|item|disp=FHL Film 1433922 Item 1}} (31 films). Includes index. Some records are dark, torn and hard to read.
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*Esker, Katie-Prince Ward. ''South Carolina Wills and Other Court Records''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1998. [https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?from_proxy=true&dps_pid=IE106816&dps_dvs=1335192884364~489&dps_pid=IE106816&change_lng=en Digital Version]; {{FHL|197725|item|disp=FHL Film 2055417 Item 5}}. Includes index.
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*South Carolina. Probate Court (Charleston County). ''South Carolina Wills and Related Probate Matters. . . .1671, 1692-1868. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958-1959. {{FHL|236996|item|disp=FHL Film 23452}} (18 films). Indexes are at front of each volume.
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*South Carolina. Surrogate Court (Ninty Six District).''Surrogate's Records, 1776-1783''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. {{FHL|101803|item|disp=FHL Film 954250 Item 25}}. Index on {{FHL|954250|item|disp=FHL Film 954251 Item 1}}.
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*South Carolina. ''Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977''. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia. This collection includes wills, records of estates and guardianships recorded by the counties of South Carolina. Although the inclusive dates span a larger year range, most of the records fall between the year 1800 through 1930. [[South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Click here for a detailed description of this collection]]. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1911928 View and browse images.]&nbsp; Most volumes are individually indexed.
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*South Carolina. ''Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964.&nbsp; ''South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia.&nbsp; Although the inclusive dates span a larger year range, most of the records fall between the year 1800 through 1930. [[South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Click here for a detailed description of this collection]]. {{RecordSearch|1911928|View and browse images}}. Most volumes are individually indexed.
  
 
== Proved in London  ==
 
== Proved in London  ==
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South Carolina wills and administrations proved in London have been abstracted and published multiple times. Each edition is listed here, as some are available online, while others are not. In addition, publishers included more detailed abstracts in some editions than&nbsp;others. The 2007 edition includes a place-name index that enables users to pluck out South Carolina references:  
 
South Carolina wills and administrations proved in London have been abstracted and published multiple times. Each edition is listed here, as some are available online, while others are not. In addition, publishers included more detailed abstracts in some editions than&nbsp;others. The 2007 edition includes a place-name index that enables users to pluck out South Carolina references:  
  
*Coldham,&nbsp;Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1699''. Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48506 Ancestry]&nbsp;($).<br><br>
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1699''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48506 Ancestry]($). {{WorldCat|6785703|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}.
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1700-1799''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version of 1991 reprint available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48554 Ancestry] ($).<br><br>
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1800-1858''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48507 Ancestry] ($).<br><br>
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1700-1799''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version of 1991 reprint available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48554 Ancestry] ($). {{WorldCat|6528222|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''American Wills &amp; Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1857''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989. {{FHL|60113|item|disp=FHL Book 942 P27c}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48453 Ancestry] ($).<br><br>
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*Coldham,&nbsp;Peter Wilson. ''American Wills Proved in London, 1611-1775''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. {{FHL|619298|item|disp=FHL Book 973 P27ca}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48497 Ancestry] ($).<br><br>
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1800-1858''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48507 Ancestry] ($).
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London, 1611-1857''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2007. {{FHL|1384506|item|disp=FHL Book 942 P27c 2007}}.
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''American Wills Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1857''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989. {{FHL|60113|item|disp=FHL Book 942 P27c}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48453 Ancestry] ($). {{WorldCat|19273001|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}
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*Coldham,&nbsp;Peter Wilson. ''American Wills Proved in London, 1611-1775''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. {{FHL|619298|item|disp=FHL Book 973 P27ca}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48497 Ancestry] ($). {{WorldCat|27010222|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London, 1611-1857''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2007. {{WorldCat|123228233|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} {{FHL|1384506|item|disp=FHL Book 942 P27c 2007}}.
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If you find a will abstact that interests you in Coldham's books, it is now possible to view digital images of the original Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills online at two United Kingdom pay-per-view websites:
  
If you find a will abstact that interests you&nbsp;in Coldham's books, it is now possible to view digital images of the original Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills online at two United Kingdom pay-per-view websites:  
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (1384-1858)], courtesy: The National Archives, UK.
  
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (1384-1858)], courtesy: The National Archives,&nbsp;UK.<br><br>
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*[http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/user/subscriptions.php#record_sets PCC Wills Index and Images (1384-1858)], courtesy: The Genealogist. (in progress)
*[http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/user/subscriptions.php#record_sets PCC&nbsp;Wills Index and Images (1384-1858)], courtesy: The Genealogist. (in progress)
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== Proved in Edinburgh  ==
 
== Proved in Edinburgh  ==
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The wills of some South Carolina residents were proved in Edinburgh, Scotland, see:  
 
The wills of some South Carolina residents were proved in Edinburgh, Scotland, see:  
  
*Dobson, David. ''Scottish-American Wills, 1650-1900''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991. {{FHL|588724|item|disp=FHL Book 973 P22d}}. Over 2,000 citations including name, occupation, residence, and date.
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*Dobson, David. ''Scottish-American Wills, 1650-1900''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991. {{WorldCat|23461441|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|588724|item|disp=FHL Book 973 P22d}}. Over 2,000 citations including name, occupation, residence, and date.
  
 
Most of these references were taken from the Commissariat Court of Edinburgh (now the Sheriff Court of Edinburgh) and the ''Index to Personal Estates of Defuncts, 1846-1866.'' If you find a will abstact that interests you in Dobson's book, it is now possible to view digital images of the original records online at a United Kingdom pay-per-view website:  
 
Most of these references were taken from the Commissariat Court of Edinburgh (now the Sheriff Court of Edinburgh) and the ''Index to Personal Estates of Defuncts, 1846-1866.'' If you find a will abstact that interests you in Dobson's book, it is now possible to view digital images of the original records online at a United Kingdom pay-per-view website:  
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==== Published Materials  ====
 
==== Published Materials  ====
  
*Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma A. Wates. ''South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868''. Columbia, South Carolina&nbsp;: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, c1980. {{FHL|224597|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P27b}}.
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*Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma A. Wates. ''South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868''. Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, c1980. {{FHL|224597|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 P27b}}.
  
*Flanagan, Shawn M. and National Business Institute. ''South Carolina Probate: Beyond the Basics''. Eau Claire, WI&nbsp;: National Business Institute, 1991. [http://www.worldcat.org/title/south-carolina-probate-beyond-the-basics/oclc/604760438&referer=brief_results World Cat entry].
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*Flanagan, Shawn M. and National Business Institute. ''South Carolina Probate: Beyond the Basics''. Eau Claire, WI&nbsp;: National Business Institute, 1991. {{WorldCat|604760438}}.
  
 
==== Websites  ====
 
==== Websites  ====
  
*:South Carolina Department of Archives and History<br>8301 Parklane Road<br>Columbia, SC 29223<br>Tel: (803) 896-6100<br>Fax: (803) 896-6198<br>[http://www.scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History]
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*:South Carolina Department of Archives and History<br>8301 Parklane Road<br>Columbia, SC 29223<br>Tel: (803) 896-6100<br>Fax: (803) 896-6198<br>[http://archives.sc.gov/Pages/default.aspx South Carolina Department of Archives and History]
  
*[http://estate.findlaw.com/probate/probate-court-laws/state-probate-courts(2).html#UT FindLaw] has information on South Carolina State Probate Courts.<br>
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*[http://estate.findlaw.com/probate/probate-court-laws/state-probate-courts(2).html#UT FindLaw] has information on South Carolina State Probate Courts.
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
 
[[Category:South_Carolina|Probate]]
 
[[Category:South_Carolina|Probate]]

Revision as of 15:34, 23 April 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Probate Records

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Contents

Record Synopsis

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[1] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.

Select these links for further information about the probate process, limitations of probate records, analyzing probate records, a glossary of probate terms, wills, and United States Probate Records.

History

Probate records of South Carolina were kept by the secretary of the province prior to 1732, and were later kept by the courts of ordinary and probate courts of each county. Most of the original wills for the colonial period have not survived. Pre-Civil War probate files for Beaufort, Chesterfield, Colleton, Georgetown, Lancaster, and Orangeburg districts were destroyed. However, for the colonial period, dozens of South Carolina wills proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in London, England have survived.

The following important events affected political / jurisdictional boundaries and record keeping.

  • 1670 The first permanent English settlement was made at Albemarle Point (Charles Town).
  • 1713-1719 The South Carolina region separated from North Carolina and became a royal colony. Records were kept in Charleston.
  • 1769 Nine original judicial districts were established, but records were still kept in Charleston until 1780.
  • 1788 South Carolina became a state. The state government was moved from Charleston to Columbia in 1790, although some functions remained at Charleston until after the Civil War.
  • 1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. The Civil War began there in 1861.
  • 1868 South Carolina was readmitted to the Union. Districts were now called counties.
  • A brief history of the settlement of South Carolina and the resultant effects on record keeping can be found on Ancestry. ($)
  • A discussion of South Carolina Probate Records written by Johni Cerny and Gareth L. Mark for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources can be found at Ancestry. ($)

State Statutes

Understanding the South Carolina probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.

Additional information about South Carolina state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "South Carolina statutes."

Repositories

Local

The county's judge of probate office has probate records of the counties and circuit court districts from 1785 to 1800 and probate records from 1800 to the present.

Regional

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of probate records for many counties. These include wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Not all counties are included. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

National

The Family History Library has a collection of South Carolina Probate Records and Indexes. Some are films of the originals, and others are abstracts and transcriptions.

Online Images:

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Statewide Record Collections

Wills Proved in South Carolina

The following are examples of publications that can help you locate colonial records:

Additional Statewide Collections

  • Daughters of the American Revolution (South Carolina). South Carolina Name Index to Genealogical Records Collected by South Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988, c1988. At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL Fiche 6052835 (102 fiche).
  • Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma Anne Wates. South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868. Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1978-1979, c1980. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1433922 Item 1 (31 films). Includes index. Some records are dark, torn and hard to read.
  • Esker, Katie-Prince Ward. South Carolina Wills and Other Court Records. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1998. Digital Version; FHL Film 2055417 Item 5. Includes index.
  • South Carolina. Probate Court (Charleston County). South Carolina Wills and Related Probate Matters. . . .1671, 1692-1868. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958-1959. FHL Film 23452 (18 films). Indexes are at front of each volume.
  • South Carolina. Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia. This collection includes wills, records of estates and guardianships recorded by the counties of South Carolina. Although the inclusive dates span a larger year range, most of the records fall between the year 1800 through 1930. Click here for a detailed description of this collection. View and browse images.  Most volumes are individually indexed.
  • South Carolina. Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964.  South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia.  Although the inclusive dates span a larger year range, most of the records fall between the year 1800 through 1930. Click here for a detailed description of this collection. View and browse images. Most volumes are individually indexed.

Proved in London

South Carolina wills and administrations proved in London have been abstracted and published multiple times. Each edition is listed here, as some are available online, while others are not. In addition, publishers included more detailed abstracts in some editions than others. The 2007 edition includes a place-name index that enables users to pluck out South Carolina references:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1699. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version at Ancestry($). At various libraries (WorldCat).
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1700-1799. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Digital version of 1991 reprint available at Ancestry ($). At various libraries (WorldCat)
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Estates of American Colonists: American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1800-1858. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

If you find a will abstact that interests you in Coldham's books, it is now possible to view digital images of the original Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills online at two United Kingdom pay-per-view websites:

Proved in Edinburgh

The wills of some South Carolina residents were proved in Edinburgh, Scotland, see:

Most of these references were taken from the Commissariat Court of Edinburgh (now the Sheriff Court of Edinburgh) and the Index to Personal Estates of Defuncts, 1846-1866. If you find a will abstact that interests you in Dobson's book, it is now possible to view digital images of the original records online at a United Kingdom pay-per-view website:

Learn More

Published Materials

  • Brimelow, Judith M. and Wylma A. Wates. South Carolina Will Transcripts, 1782-1868. Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, c1980. FHL Book 975.7 P27b.
  • Flanagan, Shawn M. and National Business Institute. South Carolina Probate: Beyond the Basics. Eau Claire, WI : National Business Institute, 1991. WorldCat 604760438.

Websites

  • FindLaw has information on South Carolina State Probate Courts.

References

  1. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  2. Name Search at Genealogical.com is a comprehensive name index to 638 books and CDs published or reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company (now Genealogical.com). For a complete list of the works included, see Publications in Name Search at Genealogical.com