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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[South Dakota|South Dakota]]  >  [[South Dakota Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Dakota|South Dakota]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South_Dakota_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[South Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online South Dakota indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online South Dakota}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="90" | '''South Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900):&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 39. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 306-13. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 104. </ref>
+
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|646856|title-id|disp=1910}}
 +
| {{FHL|698889|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| {{FHL|1037514|title-id|disp=1930}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|650604|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
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| {{FHL|704550|title-id|disp=1860}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave Owners'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortality'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricultural'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Industrial/ Manufacturers'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defective'''
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| align="center" width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
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|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
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| {{FHL|555234|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
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| {{FHL|670376|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| align="center" | -
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|  
| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
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|  
| align="center" | Exist
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|  
| align="center" | -
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|  
| align="center" | -
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|}
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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<br>
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
| align="center" | -
+
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1920''' Jan 1
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| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#south-dakota 1910 T624]&nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#dakota 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#south-dakota 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-06.html#south-dakota Soundex T1071]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#dakota 1860 M653]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#south-dakota 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-05.html#south-dakota Soundex M1587]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#cs 1890 fragments M407]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#ic index M496]
 +
|
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#dakota 1880&nbsp;T9]&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#dakota Soundex T740]
 +
|
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Adoption SDGenWeb}} For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of South Dakota, [[South Dakota Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="77%" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" align="center" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for South Dakota'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" align="center" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1885'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
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| '''1870'''  
| align="center" | Exist
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| Mortality ('''Lost''')
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
 +
|+ Indian Census Rolls
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1890''' Jun 2
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| {{FHL|280373|title-id|disp=Supplemental census, births and deaths,1946-1948}}
| align="center" width="18%" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost''', except 1 family in Union County
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| {{FHL|750675|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Crow Creek, 1886-1942}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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|-
 
|-
| align="left" | Partial '''1885''' Jun 1
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| {{FHL|279096|title-id|disp=Census of Yankton Reservation, 1931}}
| align="center" | Partial<ref>Census population schedules exist for less than half the 1885 Dakota Territory counties. Population schedules remain from these 20 South Dakota counties: Beadle, Butte, Charles Mix, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Hand, Hanson, Hutchinson, Hyde, Lake, Lincoln, Marshall, McPherson, Moody, Roberts, Sanborn, Spink, Stanley, and Turner. </>ref 
+
| {{FHL|18649|title-id|disp=Tribal census, 1886-1942}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|116129|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls,&nbsp; 1910,1911,1921,1924}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|744742|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Yankton, 1885-1931}}
| align="center" | -  
+
|-
| align="center" | -  
+
| {{FHL|18298|title-id|disp=Register of Lower Yantonai Sioux families, ca.1901}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|744694|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Santee, 1885-1917}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|279064|title-id|disp=Tribal census of the Lower Yantonai Sioux, 1895-1940}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|18308|title-id|disp=Tribal census, 1877}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|747697|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Flandreau, 1892-1939}}
| align="center" | Exist<ref>People living in what is now South Dakota in 1860 were enumerated in (1) the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census east of the Missouri River, together with several forts on the west shore of the Missouri River, and (2) Ft. Randall (now Gregory County) was enumerated as part of the "unorganized county" of the Nebraska Territory census west of the Missouri River. </ref>
+
| {{FHL|266372|title-id|disp=Census records, 1876-1939}}
| align="center" | -  
+
|-
| align="center" | -  
+
| {{FHL|265799|title-id|disp=Lists of males over 18 years of age, 1889}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|279112|title-id|disp=Census records, 1874-1932}}
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
|-
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| {{FHL|361029|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Cheyenne River, 1886-1942}}
| align="center" | -  
+
|
| align="center" | -
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Sources and Notes  ====
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of South Dakota, [[South Dakota Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
{{reflist}}<br>
+
=== State and territorial censuses  ===
  
== Availability  ==
+
South Dakota often took censuses in the years before and between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sdcensus/sd1860cen.pl?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185&o_xt=1231185 1860 Dakota Territory Census&nbsp;Search]<br><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1217512280936_146" />[http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/sd/census/1860.txt?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185&o_xt=1231185 1860 Dakota Territory Census]
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center"
 
+
|-
'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.
+
| bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" align="center" | '''South Dakota (Dakota Territory 1861-1889) state, territorial, and colonial censuses'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 103.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 58-59, 72.</ref>
 
+
|-
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
| bgcolor="#99cc99" width="90" align="center" | '''Exact Date'''
 
+
| bgcolor="#99cc99" width="600" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.  
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" | '''1945'''  
'''1890--'''Census was destroyed.&nbsp; The 1890 veterans schedule and index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.
+
| align="left" | Exist
 
+
|-
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1935'''  
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist
'''1900-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for South Dakota.
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" | '''1925'''  
Many of the federal census records are found at the Family History Library and the National Archives and other federal and state archives.[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sdcensus/sd1860cen.pl?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185&o_xt=1231185]
+
| align="left" | Exist
 
+
|-
== Historical Background  ==
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''  
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist
'''1861--'''Congress created Dakota Territory, which included all of present-day North and South Dakota, Montana, and northern Wyoming.&nbsp;The first counties were established in southeastern Dakota in 1862. The creation of Montana Territory in 1864 and Wyoming Territory in 1868 reduced Dakota Territory to the area included in the two Dakotas of today.
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" | '''1905'''  
'''1889--'''South Dakota was separated from North Dakota and became a state.
+
| align="left" | Exist
 
+
|-
== Indexes  ==
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1895'''  
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist for only the counties of Beadle, Brule, Pratt (now Jones), Presho (now Lyman), Campbell, and Charles Mix.
A statewide soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for the 1900 and 1920 censuses. Indexes are available at the South Dakota State Historical Society. Indexes to the federal censuses of the Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and Dakota territories have been published in book and fiche format for 1836, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. A partial soundex (phonetic) index is also available on microfilm for the 1880 census of Dakota Territory.
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" | '''1885'''  
== Special Censuses  ==
+
| align="left" | a Federal census of Dakota Territory; see the chart above for details.
 
+
|}
==== Pensioners Census  ====
+
 
+
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~usgenweb/sd/military/1883pens.htm?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185&o_xt=1231185 South Dakota Pensioners]
+
 
+
==== Native American Census  ====
+
 
+
See [[Indians of South Dakota|Indians of South Dakota]] for information on tribal census reports.
+
 
+
== State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
State Censuses exist for the following years:
+
 
+
'''1885--'''Dakota Territory. Indexed at: http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/ndirs/databases/census.php
+
 
+
'''1895--'''Partial Census.&nbsp; Most of the census was destroyed.
+
 
+
'''1905, 1915, 1925, 1935''', and '''1945--'''Unique information includes:
+
 
+
:Ethnic Background<br>
+
:Maiden Name<br>
+
:Church Affiliation<br>
+
:Military Service
+
 
+
'''1905''' state census with images can be viewed free at [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1477737 FamilySearch Record Search]
+
 
+
'''1915''' state census with images can be viewed free at [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1476041 FamilySearch Record Search]
+
 
+
'''1925 '''state census with images can be viewed free at [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1476077 FamilySearch Record Search]<br>
+
 
+
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''1836--'''South Dakota was included in the WisconsinTerritorial Census.  
+
 
+
'''1840--'''South Dakota was included in&nbsp;the Iowa Territorial Census.  
+
  
'''1850--'''South Dakota was included in&nbsp;the Minnesota (Pembina District) Territorial Census.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
'''1860-1880-- '''Dakota territorial censuses.  
+
For a list of available and missing South Dakota censuses, [[South Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
The territorial and state censuses are at the South Dakota State Historical Society.
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/SD/ http://www.census-online.com/links/SD/]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/sd/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/sd/census.html]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/southdakota.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/southdakota.htm]
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{{reflist}}
  
Census Finder: [http://uwww.censusfinder.com/south_dakota.htmsfinder.com/south_dakota.htm http://][http://www.censusfinder.com/south_dakota.htm www.censusfinder.com/south_dakota.]
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{{Place|South Dakota}} {{USCensus}} {{South Dakota|South Dakota}}
  
National Archives: [http://search.archives.gov/query.html?qt=south+dakota+census&submit=GO&col=1arch&rq=0&qs=&qc=1arch&qc=2pres&pw=100%25&ws=0&la=&qm=0&st=1&nh=10&lk=1&rf=0&oq=&rq=0&qp=http://www.archives.gov/ http://search.archives.gov/query.html?]
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=== <br> ===
  
== References  ==
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'''Wiki artictes describing online collections are found at:'''
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=South_Dakota.ASP South Dakota Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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*[[South Dakota 1905 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Dakota 1915 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Dakota 1925 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Dakota 1935 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[South Dakota 1945 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
[[Category:South_Dakota|Census]]
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[[Category:South_Dakota|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 23:38, 7 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  South Dakota  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online South Dakota indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of South Dakota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1935 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1925 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1915 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1905 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1900 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1890 indexes - - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
images - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
partial 1885 Federal indexes - - Link  - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860[8] indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Link  Link Link Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
- Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870 
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1870 M593         1840 M704
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1071 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625 and Soundex M1587 1890 fragments M407 and index M496 1820 M33
  1880 T9   Soundex T740    

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of South Dakota, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for South Dakota

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1885 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality (Lost) - - - - -
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indian Census Rolls
Supplemental census, births and deaths,1946-1948 Indian census rolls, Crow Creek, 1886-1942
Census of Yankton Reservation, 1931 Tribal census, 1886-1942
Indian census rolls,  1910,1911,1921,1924 Indian census rolls, Yankton, 1885-1931
Register of Lower Yantonai Sioux families, ca.1901 Indian census rolls, Santee, 1885-1917
Tribal census of the Lower Yantonai Sioux, 1895-1940 Tribal census, 1877
Indian census rolls, Flandreau, 1892-1939 Census records, 1876-1939
Lists of males over 18 years of age, 1889 Census records, 1874-1932
Indian census rolls, Cheyenne River, 1886-1942

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of South Dakota, click here.

State and territorial censuses

South Dakota often took censuses in the years before and between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

South Dakota (Dakota Territory 1861-1889) state, territorial, and colonial censuses[9][10]
Exact Date Population Schedules
1945 Exist
1935 Exist
1925 Exist
1915 Exist
1905 Exist
1895 Exist for only the counties of Beadle, Brule, Pratt (now Jones), Presho (now Lyman), Campbell, and Charles Mix.
1885 a Federal census of Dakota Territory; see the chart above for details.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing South Dakota censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. People living in what is now South Dakota in 1860 were enumerated in (1) the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census east of the Missouri River, together with several locales on the west shore of the Missouri River (at Dirtville, Fort Lookout, Fort Pierre, Old Cedar Fort, Old Fort George), and (2) Ft. Randall (now Gregory County) was enumerated as part of the "unorganized county" of the Nebraska Territory census west of the Missouri River.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 103.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 58-59, 72.


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  • This page was last modified on 7 May 2012, at 23:38.
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