Spanish-American War, 1898

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The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Military Records|Military Records ]] >  [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish-American War, 1898]]''
  
The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio. Records for this war are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.  
  
UNITED STATES ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
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The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio. Records for this war are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
=== Service Records ===
+
UNITED STATES ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
  
Below is an index to service records:
+
=== Service Records  ===
  
* ''General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)
+
Below is an index to service records:
  
Individual state indexes are also available for:
+
*''General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)
  
* Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
+
Individual state indexes are also available for:
* North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)
+
  
The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
+
*Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
 +
*North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)
  
The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:
+
The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
  
* ''Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.
+
The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:
  
Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library. To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
*''Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.
  
[STATE] ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
+
Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library. To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
=== Records of Officers ===
+
[STATE] ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
  
A list of volunteer officers is in the following:
+
=== Records of Officers  ===
  
* Heitman, Francis B. ''Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States.'' . . . Volume 2. 1903. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1994, pages 185–272. (FHL book 973 M2hh 1994.) (FHL film 0002237.) Entries are in alphabetical order and include the rank and military unit.
+
A list of volunteer officers is in the following:  
  
=== Pension Records ===
+
*Heitman, Francis B. ''Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States.'' . . . Volume 2. 1903. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1994, pages 185–272. (FHL book 973 M2hh 1994.) (FHL film 0002237.) Entries are in alphabetical order and include the rank and military unit.
  
For pension files of Spanish‑American War veterans, use General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, National Archives Microfilm Publication T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. The pension records are not on microfilm at the Family History Library. To obtain copies you must request copies from the National Archives using NATF Form 80. For additional information, see “Pension Records” in the “Civil War” section of this outline.
+
=== Pension Records  ===
  
For Spanish‑American War nurses who applied for pensions, see the source below:
+
For pension files of Spanish‑American War veterans, use General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, National Archives Microfilm Publication T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. The pension records are not on microfilm at the Family History Library. To obtain copies you must request copies from the National Archives using NATF Form 80. For additional information, see “Pension Records” in the “Civil War” section of this outline.
  
* ''Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served between 1861 and 1900''. National Archives Microfilm Publication T289 765 rolls (FHL films 1570402–03.)
+
For Spanish‑American War nurses who applied for pensions, see the source below:
  
=== Veterans’ and Lineage Society Records ===
+
*''Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served between 1861 and 1900''. National Archives Microfilm Publication T289 765 rolls (FHL films 1570402–03.)
  
The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the war with Spain and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources with information on their members who were veterans of these wars are available at the Family History Library.
+
=== Veterans’ and Lineage Society Records  ===
  
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL Sources for Further Reading
+
The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the war with Spain and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources with information on their members who were veterans of these wars are available at the Family History Library.  
  
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Master Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL film 1765850–52.) This index is similar to the one described above.
+
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL Sources for Further Reading
  
Utah. United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. ''Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957''. (FHL film 1666085.) Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.
+
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Master Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL film 1765850–52.) This index is similar to the one described above.  
  
See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
+
Utah. United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. ''Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957''. (FHL film 1666085.) Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.  
  
=== Cemetery Records ===
+
See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
  
Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.
+
=== Cemetery Records  ===
  
=== Sources for Further Reading ===
+
Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.
  
Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.
+
=== Sources for Further Reading  ===
  
Gabbert, Howard Markland. ''The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898.'' Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.
+
Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.  
  
Kelly, Thomas E., III. ''The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910''. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.
+
Gabbert, Howard Markland. ''The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898.'' Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.  
  
Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)
+
Kelly, Thomas E., III. ''The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910''. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.
  
Venzon, Anne Cipriano. ''The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography''. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions.
+
Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)  
  
[[Category:United States Military]]
+
Venzon, Anne Cipriano. ''The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography''. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions.
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[[Category:United_States_Military]]

Revision as of 14:01, 4 April 2009

United States  >  Military Records  >  Spanish-American War, 1898

The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.

The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio. Records for this war are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

UNITED STATES ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898

Contents

Service Records

Below is an index to service records:

  • General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)

Individual state indexes are also available for:

  • Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
  • North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)

The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.

The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:

  • Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.

Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library. To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

[STATE] ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898

Records of Officers

A list of volunteer officers is in the following:

  • Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States. . . . Volume 2. 1903. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1994, pages 185–272. (FHL book 973 M2hh 1994.) (FHL film 0002237.) Entries are in alphabetical order and include the rank and military unit.

Pension Records

For pension files of Spanish‑American War veterans, use General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, National Archives Microfilm Publication T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. The pension records are not on microfilm at the Family History Library. To obtain copies you must request copies from the National Archives using NATF Form 80. For additional information, see “Pension Records” in the “Civil War” section of this outline.

For Spanish‑American War nurses who applied for pensions, see the source below:

  • Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served between 1861 and 1900. National Archives Microfilm Publication T289 765 rolls (FHL films 1570402–03.)

Veterans’ and Lineage Society Records

The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the war with Spain and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources with information on their members who were veterans of these wars are available at the Family History Library.

Michigan. United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index, ca. 1890–1984. (FHL Sources for Further Reading

Michigan. United Spanish War Veterans Master Index, ca. 1890–1984. (FHL film 1765850–52.) This index is similar to the one described above.

Utah. United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957. (FHL film 1666085.) Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.

See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.

Cemetery Records

Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.

Sources for Further Reading

Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Gabbert, Howard Markland. The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898. Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.

Kelly, Thomas E., III. The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.

Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)

Venzon, Anne Cipriano. The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions.