Spanish-American War, 1898

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(35 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Spanish-American_War,_1898|Spanish-American War, 1898]]''
  
The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio. Records for this war are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.  
  
UNITED STATES ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
+
The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio.
  
=== Service Records ===
+
=== Service Records ===
  
Below is an index to service records:
+
'''Volunteers'''
  
''General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)
+
Below is an index to service records:
  
Individual state indexes are also available for:
+
*''General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)
  
* Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
+
:'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
* North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)
+
  
The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
+
:[[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:
+
Individual state indexes are also available for:  
  
''Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.
+
*Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
 +
*North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)
  
Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library. To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
  
[STATE] ‑ MILITARY RECORDS ‑ WAR OF 1898
+
The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:
  
=== Records of Officers ===
+
*''Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.
  
A list of volunteer officers is in the following:
+
Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  
Heitman, Francis B. ''Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States.'' . . . Volume 2. 1903. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1994, pages 185–272. (FHL book 973 M2hh 1994.) (FHL film 0002237.) Entries are in alphabetical order and include the rank and military unit.
+
<u>Officers</u>
  
=== Pension Records ===
+
A list of volunteer officers is in Vol.2 pages 185–272 of the following:
  
For pension files of Spanish‑American War veterans, use General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, National Archives Microfilm Publication T288. The index covers veterans of the <span id="__firefox-findbar-search-id">Civil War</span>, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. The pension records are not on microfilm at the Family History Library. To obtain copies you must request copies from the National Archives using NATF Form 80. For additional information, see “Pension Records” in the “<span id="__firefox-findbar-search-id">Civil War</span>” section of this outline.
+
*The "[[Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army|Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army]]..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 in two volumes giving a brief history of the officers service and awards received.
  
For Spanish‑American War nurses who applied for pensions, see the source below:
+
'''Regular Army'''
  
''Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served between 1861 and 1900''. National Archives Microfilm Publication T289 765 rolls (FHL films 1570402–03.)
+
<u>Enlisted Men</u>
  
=== Veterans’ and Lineage Society Records ===
+
The "Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914" (NARA M233) consists of U.S. Army registers that recorded the name and other information on soldiers that enlisted between 1798 and 1914. The collection includes enlistees from the time period of the Spanish-American War, however, it does not specify whether they served in the war or not. See [[US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914]].
  
The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the war with Spain and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources with information on their members who were veterans of these wars are available at the Family History Library.
+
<u>Officers</u>
  
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL Sources for Further Reading
+
*The "[[Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army|Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army]]..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 in two volumes giving a brief history of the officers service and awards received.
  
Michigan. ''United Spanish War Veterans Master Index'', ca. 1890–1984. (FHL film 1765850–52.) This index is similar to the one described above.<br><br>Utah. United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. ''Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957''. (FHL film 1666085.) Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.
+
=== Pension Records  ===
  
<br>See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.
+
'''Indexes'''
  
=== Cemetery Records <br> ===
+
*The [[General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934|General Index to Pension Files]] is available online. The "General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934" (NARA) T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces.
  
Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.
+
*The [[Organization Index to Pension Files|Organization Index to Pension Files]] is available online. The "Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900" (NARA T289), also called the "Civil War Pension Index", lists Spanish‑American War veterans including Spanish‑American War nurses.
  
=== Sources for Further Reading ===
+
'''Pension Records'''
  
Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.
+
The pension records themselves are not on microfilm. Copies can be [http://www.archives.gov/forms ordered from the National Archives].
  
Gabbert, Howard Markland. ''The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898.'' Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.
+
:See also ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/U.S._Military_Records__Pre-WWI_Pension_Application/Player.html Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications]'' (16 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.  
  
Kelly, Thomas E., III. ''The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910''. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.
+
=== Casualty Records ===
  
Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)<br>&nbsp;<br>Venzon, Anne Cipriano. ''The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography''. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions. <!--{12053617402311} -->
+
'''Regular Army Officers'''
<!--{12053617402312} -->
+
 
[[Category:United States Military]]
+
*The "[[Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army|Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army]]..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 that were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. See Vol.2 pp. 13-42.
 +
 
 +
=== Cemetery Records  ===
 +
 
 +
Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.
 +
 
 +
=== Census Records  ===
 +
 
 +
'''1900 U.S. Federal Census'''
 +
 
 +
The [[United States Census 1900|1900 Federal Census]] (NARA T623) enumerated military personnel stationed overseas in places such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The census gives the soldier’s name, rank, place of residence in the United States, birth date and place, company, regiment, and branch of service.
 +
 
 +
'''1930 U.S. Federal Census'''
 +
 
 +
The [[United States Census 1930|1930 Federal Census]]asked if a person was "A veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces mobilized for any war or expedition" and "What war or expedition" they served in.
 +
 
 +
'''1940 U.S. Federal Census'''
 +
 
 +
The [[United States Census 1940|1940 Federal Census]] asked "Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces or the wife, widow, or under 18-year-old child of a veteran?" and "If child, is veteran-father dead?" and "War or Military" served in. These were only asked of persons which were recorded on 2 of the 40 lines per page, which would have covered about five percent of the population.
 +
 
 +
=== Prisoner of War Records ===
 +
 
 +
'''Regular Army Officers'''
 +
 
 +
*The "[[Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army|Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army]]..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 that were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. See Vol.2 pp. 13-42.
 +
 
 +
=== Society Records ===
 +
 
 +
'''Veterans and Lineage Society Records'''
 +
 
 +
The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources contain information on their members who were veterans of the two wars.
 +
 
 +
<!--The 4 records below for Kansas, Michigan, and Utah are also listed on the state military pages-->
 +
 
 +
'''Kansas'''
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1680 Kansas, United Spanish War Veterans Reports of Deaths, 1945-1970] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
 
 +
'''Michigan'''
 +
 
 +
*''United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index, ca. 1890–1984'' ({{FHL|1765853|disp= FHL film 1765853-54, 1766000-6003}})
 +
*''United Spanish War Veterans Master Index, ca. 1890–1984'' ({{FHL|1765850|disp=FHL film 1765850–52}})
 +
 
 +
'''Utah'''
 +
 
 +
*United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. ''Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957''. ({{FHL|1666085|disp=FHL film 1666085}}) - Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.
 +
 
 +
=== <center>State Spanish-American War Records</center>  ===
 +
<center>
 +
{| width="503" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" align="left" |
 +
*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Alabama]]
 +
*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Alaska
 +
*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Arizona
 +
*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Arkansas
 +
*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|California]]
 +
*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Colorado]]
 +
*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Connecticut]]
 +
*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Delaware
 +
*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;District of Columbia
 +
*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Florida]]
 +
*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Georgia]]
 +
*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Hawaii]]
 +
*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x18px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Idaho
 +
*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Illinois]]
 +
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Indiana]]
 +
*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Iowa]]
 +
*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Kansas]]
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" align="left" |
 +
*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Kentucky]]
 +
*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Louisiana]]
 +
*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Maine]]
 +
*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Maryland]]
 +
*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Massachusetts]]
 +
*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Michigan]]
 +
*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Minnesota]]
 +
*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Mississippi
 +
*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Missouri]]
 +
*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Montana
 +
*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Nebraska]]
 +
*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Nevada
 +
*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;New Hampshire
 +
*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|New Jersey]]
 +
*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|New Mexico]]
 +
*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|New York]]
 +
*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|North Carolina]]
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" align="left" |
 +
*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x17px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|North Dakota]]
 +
*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Ohio]]
 +
*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Oklahoma]]
 +
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Oregon]]
 +
*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Pennsylvania]]
 +
*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|21x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Rhode Island
 +
*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|South Carolina]]
 +
*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|South Dakota]]
 +
*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Tennessee
 +
*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Texas]]
 +
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898) and the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902)|Utah]]
 +
*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Vermont]]
 +
*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Virginia
 +
*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Washington
 +
*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x12px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;West Virginia
 +
*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Wisconsin
 +
*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Military Records#Spanish-American War (1898)|Wyoming]]
 +
|}</center>
 +
 
 +
=== Further Reading  ===
 +
 
 +
*Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.
 +
*Gabbert, Howard Markland. ''The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898.'' Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.
 +
*Kelly, Thomas E., III. ''The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910''. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.
 +
*Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)  
 +
*Venzon, Anne Cipriano. ''The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography''. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions.  
 +
 
 +
{{U.S. Military}}  
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|Spanish]] [[Category:United States in Spanish-American War, 1898]]

Revision as of 09:31, 4 May 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Spanish-American War, 1898

The war between the United States and Spain was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. The conflict lasted from April to August 1898. As a result, the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and bought the Philippines. Cuba became independent.

The war was fought by U.S. regular forces and state volunteers. About 250,000 enlisted men and 11,000 officers served in this conflict. Most volunteers came from the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio.

Contents

Service Records

Volunteers

Below is an index to service records:

  • General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. (FHL films 1002433–558.)
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Individual state indexes are also available for:

  • Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 (FHL film 0880013.)
  • North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 (FHL films 0821907–8.)

The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the Family History Library Catalog for complete information on film numbers.

The service records of Florida have been microfilmed:

  • Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry during the War With Spain. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1087. (FHL films 1314126–38.) See the Family History Library Catalog for complete film numbers.

Other service records are available at the National Archives. You may also find military records at state archives, historical societies, and county courthouses. Some are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

Officers

A list of volunteer officers is in Vol.2 pages 185–272 of the following:

Regular Army

Enlisted Men

The "Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914" (NARA M233) consists of U.S. Army registers that recorded the name and other information on soldiers that enlisted between 1798 and 1914. The collection includes enlistees from the time period of the Spanish-American War, however, it does not specify whether they served in the war or not. See US Army Enlistments, 1798-1914.

Officers

Pension Records

Indexes

  • The General Index to Pension Files is available online. The "General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934" (NARA) T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces.
  • The Organization Index to Pension Files is available online. The "Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900" (NARA T289), also called the "Civil War Pension Index", lists Spanish‑American War veterans including Spanish‑American War nurses.

Pension Records

The pension records themselves are not on microfilm. Copies can be ordered from the National Archives.

See also Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications (16 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes Online, 2010.

Casualty Records

Regular Army Officers

Cemetery Records

Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHL book 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place.

Census Records

1900 U.S. Federal Census

The 1900 Federal Census (NARA T623) enumerated military personnel stationed overseas in places such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The census gives the soldier’s name, rank, place of residence in the United States, birth date and place, company, regiment, and branch of service.

1930 U.S. Federal Census

The 1930 Federal Censusasked if a person was "A veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces mobilized for any war or expedition" and "What war or expedition" they served in.

1940 U.S. Federal Census

The 1940 Federal Census asked "Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces or the wife, widow, or under 18-year-old child of a veteran?" and "If child, is veteran-father dead?" and "War or Military" served in. These were only asked of persons which were recorded on 2 of the 40 lines per page, which would have covered about five percent of the population.

Prisoner of War Records

Regular Army Officers

Society Records

Veterans and Lineage Society Records

The United Spanish War Veterans was established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources contain information on their members who were veterans of the two wars.


Kansas

Michigan

Utah

  • United Spanish War Veterans, Department of Utah. Muster Rolls of Members, 1929–1957. (FHL film 1666085) - Lists the veteran’s name, age, residence, final discharge date, and unit. Some entries may contain additional data.

State Spanish-American War Records

Further Reading

  • Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.
  • Gabbert, Howard Markland. The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898. Tucson, Ariz.: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992. (FHL book 979.1 M2g.) Includes the name of the soldier, rank, place of residence, death date, muster out date, and discharge date.
  • Kelly, Thomas E., III. The U.S. Army and the Spanish-American Era, 1895–1910. Special Bibliography 9 in 2 parts. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1974. (FHL book 973 B4ua no. 9.) An inventory of the manuscript and published holdings of the U.S. Army Military History Research Institute. The collection has material gathered from veterans and widows, including questionnaires completed by veterans in 1968 as part of the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion research project.
  • Livingston, Rebecca. “Sailors, Soldiers and Marines of the Spanish-American War: The Legacy of USS Maine.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 30. (Spring 1998): 62–72. (FHL book 973 B2p.)
  • Venzon, Anne Cipriano. The Spanish-American War: An Annotated Bibliography. Vol. 11 of Wars of the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. (FHL book 973 M23b v. 11.) Contains sections on the U.S. Army and Navy which identify sources on regular and volunteer units and vessels. Also covers Black Americans in the war, relief efforts, and medical and sanitary conditions.