Spartanburg County, South CarolinaEdit This Page

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Coordinates: 34.93°0′N 81.99°0′W / 34.93°N 81.99°W / 34.93; -81.99

Spartanburg County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Spartanburg County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1795
County Seat Spartanburg
Courthouse

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Spartanburg County

Contents

Quick Dates

Spartanburg County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
 1915 1911  1915  1790  1785 1785 

County Courthouse

SpartanburgSCJudicialCenter.jpg
 

Spartanburg County Courthouse
180 Magnolia St.
Spartanburg, South Carolina 29306

Clerk of Court
180 Magnolia St., 2nd floor. Suite 500
Spartanburg, SC 29306
864-596-2591
Court and land records

Probate Court
180 Magnolia St., 1st Floor, Suite 302
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Phone: 864-596-2556
Probate and marriage records

Hours:
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m.

History

The county is named after the Spartan Regiment.[1] Known in history as the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowpens.

Parent County

1795--"Spartan District" was created in 1795 from Ninety-Six District. In 1791 at the request of the citizens the legislature renamed the same place Spartanburg District (county) in honor of the district/county seat. in 1868 all districts including Spartanburg were renamed counties.[2]
County seat: Spartanburg [3]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[4]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Variant Spellings

  • Spartanburgh[5]
  • Spartenburg

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Places/Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

  • Eelman, Bruce W. "'An Educated and Intelligent People Cannot Be Enslaved': The Struggle for Common Schools in Antebellum Spartanburg, South Carolina," History of Education Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Summer, 2004), pp. 250-270. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Heinegg, Paul. "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County," Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Spartanburgh County.]

Biography

  • Boggs, John. The Southern Christian; Exemplified in the Memoirs of Anthony Jefferson Pearson, Who Died August 31st, 1834 in Spartanburgh, South Carolina. New York: Ezra Collier, 1835. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Spartanburg County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 8,800
1800 12,122 37.8%
1810 14,259 17.6%
1820 16,989 19.1%
1830 21,150 24.5%
1840 23,669 11.9%
1850 26,400 11.5%
1860 26,919 2.0%
1870 25,784 −4.2%
1880 40,409 56.7%
1890 55,385 37.1%
1900 65,560 18.4%
1910 86,465 31.9%
1920 94,265 9.0%
1930 116,323 23.4%
1940 127,733 9.8%
1950 150,349 17.7%
1960 156,830 4.3%
1970 173,724 10.8%
1980 201,861 16.2%
1990 226,800 12.4%
2000 275,534 21.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.


1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Spartanburg County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Spartanburg County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital versions at Google Books. [See South Carolina, Spartanburgh [Spartanburg] District on page 143.]
1850
  • Gilbert, Horace Elbert and Rodney Dusterhoft. An Enhanced 1850 Census, Spartanburg District, South Carolina. Spartanburg, S.C.: Pinckney District Chapter, SCGS, 1994. FHL Collection 975.729 X2g 1850
1860
  • Emory, Mary Mills and Lorene Burton Ambrose. 1860 Census, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Vol. 1. FHL Collection 975.729 X2p 1860 v. 1

Church

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Spartanburg

Court

  • Racine, Philip N. "The Spartanburg District Magistrates and Freeholders Court, 1824-1865," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 87, No. 4 (Oct., 1986), pp. 197-212. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 20 genealogies have been published about Spartanburg County families. To view a list, visit Spartanburg County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Immigration

  • Howe, George. The Scotch-Irish and Their First Settlements on the Tyger River and Other Neighboring Precincts in South Carolina a Centennial Discourse, Delivered at Nazareth Church, Spartanburg District, S.C., September 14, 1861. 1861; reprint, Greenville, S.C.: A Press, 1981. FHL 975.7 A1 no. 87

Early migration routes to and from Spartanburg County for European settlers included:[6]

Land and Property

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information abou types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart shows where you may best expect to find land records for Spartanburg County:


Tracing Land Currently in Spartanburg County with Parent Counties and Districts [7]
Date Government Office  
1868-present Spartanburg County
1800-1868 Spartanburg District
1791-1800 Spartanburg County in Pinkney District
1785-1791 Spartanburg County (old) in Ninety-Six District
1769-1785 Ninety-Six District
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
 

* Some early records may be found in North Carolina counties Anson, Mecklenburg, or Tryon

Orignial deed books are located at the Spartanburg County Courthouse.

Abstracted deeds in Spartanburg County/District, South Carolina, deed abstracts, books A-T, 1785-1827 (1752-1827), A.B. Pruitt FHL Book 975.7 R28p


Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

  • Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants

Local Histories

  • History of Spartanburg County. Spartanburg, S.C.?: Band & White, 1940. Digital version at Ancestry($).
  • Landrum, J.B.O. Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper South Carolina, Embracing for the Most Part the Primitive and Colonial History of the Territory Comprising the Original County of Spartanburg with a General Review of the Entire Military Operations in the Upper Portion of South Carolina and Portions of North Carolina. Greenville, S.C.: Shannon & Co., Printers and Binders, 1897. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Landrum, J.B.O. History of Spartanburg County: Embracing an Account of Many Important Events and Biographical Sketches of Statesmen, Divines and Other Public Men, and the Names of Many Others Worthy of Record in the History of Their County. Atlanta, Ga.: Franklin Printing, 1900. FHL 975.729 H2L; FHL 975.729 H2L index; digital versions at Internet ArchiveWorld Vital Records($); another World Vital Records($) version.
  • Spartanburg City and Spartanburg County, South Carolina, 1903. 1903. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Waldrep, G.C. Southern Workers and the Search for Community: Spartanburg County, South Carolina. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.
Reviews:
  1. By John Hennen in The American Historical Review, Vol. 106, No. 4 (Oct. 2001):1397-1398. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  2. By Annette C. Wright in The Journal of American History, Vol. 88, No. 4 (Mar. 2002):1580-1581. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  3. By R. Phillip Stone II in The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 68, No. 3 (Aug. 2002):738-379. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Harris, David Golightly. Piedmont Farmer, The Journals of David Golightly Harris, 1855-1870. (Knoxville, Tennessee : University of Tenn. Press, c1990. 597 pages. David Harris, the owner of 10 slaves records life on his farm, in his neighborhood, and the society of Piedmont. Book found at FHL 975.729 D3p and Other Libraries.

Maps

Military

Battleofcowpens.jpg
Over the years, many veterans have lived in Spartanburg County. The area receives a lot of attention, as being the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowpens. Spartanburg County, South Carolina Military identifies various military records and histories.
Civil War

Civil War service men from Spartanburg County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regimens that were formed of many men from Spartanburg County.

9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves, Company I

  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Confederate Pension Records, 1889,1896, 1916-1935   (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954, 1971).  6 FHL Microfilms Pension applications, A-I (veterans), 1919-1920's. Pension applications, J-Z (veterans), 1919-1920's. Pension applications, A-N, (widows), 1919-1920's  Pension application,   O-Z (widows), 1919-1920's Pension record, 1889, 1896, 1916-1919. Pension rolls,(widows), 1920-1935 (includes some applications). Microfilm copies at FHL 24505
  • Harris, David Golightly. Piedmont Farmer, The Journals of David Golightly Harris, 1855-1870. (Knoxville, Tennessee : University of Tenn. Press, c1990), 597 pages. David Harris, the owner of 10 slaves records life on his farm, in his neighborhood, and the society of Piedmont. Civil War pages 171-356. Book found at FHL 975.729 D3p and Other Libraries.
  • Gorski, Eddie L. Civil War abstracts from the Gaffney ledger : from the local newspaper. (Gaffney, South Carolina : E.L. Gorski, c1989-c1991). 2 volumes. These abstraction also contain some of those who were living in near by counties such as Union, York and Spartanburg"--Vol. 1, pref., 1st prelim. p. Names are in alphabetical order by surname. Vol. 2 includes information from the Union Times. Books found at FHL 975.742/G1 M2g

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Spartanburg County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.


  Spartanburg Herald Spartanburg Journal Obituary Search Engine

Obituaries

Spartanbury County Public Libraryhas Indexes to various newspaper obituaries as well as a miscellaneous death index.  The obituaries and index covers various years ranging from 1844 to 2009.

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Pinckney District Chapter Quarterly
  • Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History
  • Old Spartanburg District Genealogy FHL Collection

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[8] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptionsfor 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Spartanburg County wills. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

Probate records for Spartanburg County are found in the court of ordinary, the probate court, and the court of equity. Some estate records and indexes also available on microfilm, including the following:

  • Brent H. Holcomb, comp. Spartanburg County, South Carolina will abstracts, 1787- 1840. Columbia, South Carolina: B.H. Holcomb, c1983. FHL Book 975.729 P2h

Schools

  • First Annual Catalogue of the Instructors and Pupils in the Limestone Springs Female High School, Spartanburg, S.C., August, 1846. New York: Leavitt, Trow & Company, 1846. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Catalogue of the Instructors and Pupils in the Limestone Springs Female High School, Spartanburg, S.C., 1855. Charleston, S.C.: James and Williams, 1855. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Catalogue of the Instructors and Pupils in the Limestone Springs Female High School, Spartanburg, S.C., 1856. Columbia, S.C.: Steam Power-Press of R.W. Gibbes, 1856. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Catalogue of the Instructors and Pupils in the Limestone Springs Female High School, Spartanburg, S.C., 1857. Columbia, S.C.: Steam-Power Press of R.W. Gibbes, 1857. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Taxation

Published abstracts
  • [1788] Iron Works of Spartanburg Sheriff's Sale 2nd Notice, July 14, 1788, Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Aug. 2005).
  • [1844] Tax Return, 1844, Spartanburg Dist., W, Pinckney District Chapter Quarterly, Vol.16, No. 1 (Spring 1992).
  • Freedmen Tax List, Pinckney District Chapter Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Sep. 2008).

Vital Records

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

Birth

Birth records do not begin in Spartanburg until 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Spartanburg County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage records were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived.  See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Spartanburg County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes

  • 1785-1911 - Spartanburg County Marriages, 1785-1911 Implied in Spartanburg County, South Carolina Probate Records by Barbara R. Langdon [9] FHL Collection WorldCat - abstracts
  • 1866-1869 - Marriages from the Carolina Spartan Newspapers, 1866-1869 by Faye Berry Emory [10] FHL Collection WorldCat - abstracts
  • 1911 to 1950s - Spartanburg County Marriage Records by the Spartanburg County, SC USGenweb page - index, incomplete
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death

The town of Spartanburg began recording deaths in 1895.  These records can be obtained from the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Spartanburg County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records


Archives, Libraries, and Museums

   Spartanburg County Public Libraries

Digital items: The Spartanburg County Public Libraries Digitization Program creates digital collections of local history materials from the Kennedy Room of Local and South Carolina History and Cleveland Genealogical Department and makes them available online

Headquarters Library
Address:
151 South Church Street
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Telephone: 864-596-3500
 Hours: Sunday 1:30 PM -6:00 PM; Monday Friday 9:00 AM -9:00 PM; Saturday 9:00 AM -6:00 PM

The Kennedy Room of Local and South Carolina History and Cleveland Genealogy Department on the top floor of the headquarters Library houses an extensive collection of source material for genealogy and history researchers. In addition to books, types of materials in our collection include microform, maps, media clippings, manuscripts, visual arts and access to several online genealogy databases. The materials’ focus is on Spartanburg County but also includes South Carolina and regional information.

The best way to access this material is through personal visits and by viewing our online information. We offer limited assistance to long-distance researchers through email, postal mail or telephone.

Boiling Springs Library
Address:
 
871 Double Bridge Road
Boiling Springs, SC29316
Telephone: 864-578-3665
Hours: Sun. 1:30 PM -6 PM; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed., Fri. & Sat. 10 AM -6 PM

Chesnee Library
 Address:

100 Pickens Avenue
Chesnee, SC 29323
Telephone: 864-461-2423
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed. & Fri. 10 AM -6 PM; Sat. 10 AM -4 PM

Cowpens Library
Address:

181 School Street
Cowpens, SC 29330
Telephone: 864-463-0430
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon. & Tues. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed., Thurs. & Fri. 10 AM -6 PM; Sat. 10 AM -4 PM

H. Carlisle Bean Law Library
Address:

180 Magnolia Street, 3rd floor
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Telephone: 864-596-2511
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon. - Fri. 8:30 AM -12:15 PM & 1:15 PM -5 PM; Sat. CLOSED

Inman Library
Address:

50 Mill Street
Inman, SC 29349
Telephone: 864-472-8363
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed. & Fri. 10 AM -6 PM; Sat. 10 AM -4 PM

Landrum Library
 Address:

111 East Asbury Drive
Landrum, SC 29356
Telephone: 864-457-2218
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 9 AM -8 PM; Wed. & Fri. 9 AM -6 PM; Sat. 9 AM -2 PM

Middle Tyger Library
Address:

170 Groce Road
Lyman, SC 29365
Telephone: 864-439-4759
Hours: Sun. 1:30 PM -6 PM; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed, Fri. & Sat. 10 AM -6 PM

Pacolet Library
Address:

390 West Main Street
Pacolet, SC 29372
Telephone: 864-474-0421
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon. & Tues. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed., Thurs. & Fri. 10 AM -6 PM; Sat. 12 noon-4 PM

Westside Library
 Address:

525 Oak Grove Road
Spartanburg, SC 29301
Telephone: 864-574-6815
Hours: Sun. 1:30 PM -6 PM; Mon.-Thurs. 9 AM -9 PM; Fri. 9 AM -6 PM; Sat. 10 AM -6 PM

Woodruff Library
Address:

270 East Hayne Street
Woodruff, SC 29388
Telephone: 864-476-8770
Hours: Sun. CLOSED; Mon., Tues. & Thurs. 10 AM -8 PM; Wed. 10 AM -6 PM; Fri. 12 noon-6 PM; Sat. 10 AM -4 PM

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage 

Pinckney District Chapter SCGS
P.O. Box 5281
Spartanburg SC 29304-5281

Spartanburg Historical Association
501 Otis Blvd.
Spartanburg SC 29306
source: Society Hill

Piedmont Historical Society
P.O. Box 8096
Sparanburg SC 29305-8096
source: Society Hill

Family History Centers

Spartanburg South Carolina
121 Quail Dr
Spartanburg, Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States
Phone: 864-585-5943
Hours: Tues 9:00-5:00; Wed 6:30-8:30; Thurs 6:30-8:30; Fri 10-2
Closed: Week of Thanksgiving, and last two (2) weeks of December
Attention: Additional hours opened by appointment. Contact Tracy Terry 864-580-8731

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Spartanburg County, South Carolina

References

  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  2. "A History of Spartanburg County, South Carolina" in South Carolina - The Counties at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/spartan_county_sc.html (accessed 22 April 2011).
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  5. List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883), 188. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  7. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  8. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  9. Langdon, Barbara R. Spartanburg County Marriages, 1785-1911 Implied in Spartanburg County, South Carolina Probate Records. [S.l. : s.n.], c1992.
  10. Emory, Faye Berry, Marriages from the Carolina Spartan Newspapers, 1866-1869, Spartanburg, SC: Piedmont Historical Society, c1983.
  11. Ancestry.com. South Carolina Death Records, 1821-1955 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: South Carolina. South Carolina death records. Columbia, SC, USA: South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

 

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