St. Davids Parish, South Carolina

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[St._Davids_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. David's Parish]]''  
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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[St._Davids_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. David's Parish]]''  
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
 
Historic St. David's Parish, now known&nbsp;as St. David's Episcopal Church, located in Cheraw, South Carolina, serves the area of historic [[Cheraws District, South Carolina|Cheraws&nbsp;District]], which, since 1785, has been [[Chesterfield County, South Carolina|Chesterfield]], [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro]], and [[Darlington County, South Carolina|Darlington]] counties.<ref>Brent H. Holcomb, ''St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924'' (Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979), introduction.</ref>
 
  
 
During the Revolutionary war St. David’s Church was used as quarters for the South Carolina militia and as a hospital for the British troops under Major McArthur, who was under Lord Cornwallis’s command.<ref>Wiki Contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheraw,_South_Carolina "Cheraw, South Carolina,"] ''Wikipedia,'' accessed 25 January 2011.</ref>  
 
During the Revolutionary war St. David’s Church was used as quarters for the South Carolina militia and as a hospital for the British troops under Major McArthur, who was under Lord Cornwallis’s command.<ref>Wiki Contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheraw,_South_Carolina "Cheraw, South Carolina,"] ''Wikipedia,'' accessed 25 January 2011.</ref>  
  
In addition to religious purposes, South Carolina's "Anglican parishes were used as election districts and had responsibility for road development, care of the poor, and education."<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
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Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
  
 
==== Founded  ====
 
==== Founded  ====
  
*1768
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[[St._Davids_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. David's Parish]] (Cheraw, Chesterfield, SC) was created in 1768 from the northeast corner of the [[Georgetown District, South Carolina|Georgetown District]] and most or all of the [[Cheraw District, South Carolina|Cheraw District]].<ref name="map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 7 May 2011).</ref>
  
 
==== Boundary  ====
 
==== Boundary  ====
  
*Borders [[Prince Frederick Parish, South Carolina|Prince Frederick]] and [[St. Marks Parish, South Carolina|St. Mark's]] parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina].
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'''Borders:''' [[Prince Frederick Parish, South Carolina|Prince Frederick]] and [[St. Marks Parish, South Carolina|St. Mark's]] parishes, and the North Carolina border. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].
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'''Areas Served:''' St. David's Parish served:<ref name="map" />
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:*[[Cheraw District, South Carolina|Cheraw]] and part of [[Georgetown District, South Carolina|Georgetown]] districts 1768-1800<ref name="map" />
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:*[[Chesterfield County, South Carolina|Chesterfield]], [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro]], and [[Darlington County, South Carolina|Darlington]] counties since 1785<ref name="1785map">"South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 24 May 2011).</ref><ref>Brent H. Holcomb, ''St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924'' (Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979), introduction.</ref>
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:*part of [[Liberty County, South Carolina|Liberty County]] 1785-1798,<ref name="1785map" /> and thereafter part of [[Marion County, South Carolina|Marion County]] since 1798<ref>"South Carolina Districts and County - 1792 to 1799" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1799.html (accessed 24 May 2011).</ref>
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:*the north tip of [[Kingston County, South Carolina|Kingston County]] 1785-1801,<ref name="1785map" /> and thereafter the tip of [[Horry County, South Carolina|Horry County]]<ref>"South Carolina Districts - 1810" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_districts_1810.html (accessed 24 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Florence County, South Carolina|Florence County]] since 1888<ref name="1890map">"South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 24 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Lee County, South Carolina|Lee County]] since 1902<ref name="map1910">"South Carolina Counties - 1910" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1900s/sc_1900s_counties_1910.html (accessed 24 May 2011).</ref>
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:*[[Dillon County, South Carolina|Dillon County]] since 1910<ref name="map1910" />
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'''Modern equivalents:''' The original parish covered what are present-day [[Chesterfield County, South Carolina|Chesterfield]], [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro]], [[Darlington County, South Carolina|Darlington]], and [[Dillon County, South Carolina|Dillon]] counties, and parts of present-day [[Lee County, South Carolina|Lee]], [[Florence County, South Carolina|Florence]], [[Marion County, South Carolina|Marion]], and [[Horry County, South Carolina|Horry]] counties.<ref name="map" /><ref name="map1910" />
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
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*Lost parish registers: 1768 to 1818
 
*Lost parish registers: 1768 to 1818
  
== Resources  ==
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=== Resources  ===
  
==== Church History ====
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==== Parish History ====
  
 
*St. David's Episcopal Church. Women's Auxiliary. Chapter B. ''Old St. David's, Cheraw, South Carolina, 1770-1947''. Cheraw, S.C.: Lillian Lovelace, 1975. {{FHL|199370|item|disp=FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2o}}
 
*St. David's Episcopal Church. Women's Auxiliary. Chapter B. ''Old St. David's, Cheraw, South Carolina, 1770-1947''. Cheraw, S.C.: Lillian Lovelace, 1975. {{FHL|199370|item|disp=FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2o}}
  
==== Church Records  ====
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For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 14, St. David's Parish, pages 326-327, in:
  
The original parish registers are kept in [Charleston?], South Carolina. Copies of a transcript: {{FHL|372459|item|disp=FHL Film 22742 Item 6}}. Published abstracts:
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*Dalcho, Frederick. ''An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published''. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. {{FHL|375296|item|disp=FHL Film 22657}}; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SG0QAAAAIAAJ Google Books]; [http://www.archive.org/details/historicalaccoun00dalc Internet Archive].
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==== Parish Records  ====
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The original parish registers are kept in [Charleston?], South Carolina. Copies of a transcript: {{FHL|372459|item|disp=FHL Film 22742 Item 6}}. Published abstracts:  
  
 
*Holcomb, Brent H. and St. David's Episcopal Church. ''St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924''. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979. {{FHL|24580|item|disp=FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2h}}
 
*Holcomb, Brent H. and St. David's Episcopal Church. ''St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924''. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979. {{FHL|24580|item|disp=FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2h}}
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==== Taxation  ====
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*General Tax Collection List, Parish of St. David, 1783-1787, ''Darlington Flag'', Vol. 20, No. 1 (Winter 2008).
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== Websites  ==
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*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=28270 Old St. David's Marker], The Historical Marker Database
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
[[Category:South_Carolina]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]

Revision as of 15:42, 28 May 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png St. David's Parish

Contents

History

During the Revolutionary war St. David’s Church was used as quarters for the South Carolina militia and as a hospital for the British troops under Major McArthur, who was under Lord Cornwallis’s command.[1]

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.[2]

Founded

St. David's Parish (Cheraw, Chesterfield, SC) was created in 1768 from the northeast corner of the Georgetown District and most or all of the Cheraw District.[3]

Boundary

Borders: Prince Frederick and St. Mark's parishes, and the North Carolina border. For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: St. David's Parish served:[3]

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered what are present-day Chesterfield, Marlboro, Darlington, and Dillon counties, and parts of present-day Lee, Florence, Marion, and Horry counties.[3][9]

Record Loss

  • Lost parish registers: 1768 to 1818

Resources

Parish History

  • St. David's Episcopal Church. Women's Auxiliary. Chapter B. Old St. David's, Cheraw, South Carolina, 1770-1947. Cheraw, S.C.: Lillian Lovelace, 1975. FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2o

For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 14, St. David's Parish, pages 326-327, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Parish Records

The original parish registers are kept in [Charleston?], South Carolina. Copies of a transcript: FHL Film 22742 Item 6. Published abstracts:

  • Holcomb, Brent H. and St. David's Episcopal Church. St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979. FHL Book 975.763/C1 K2h

Taxation

  • General Tax Collection List, Parish of St. David, 1783-1787, Darlington Flag, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Winter 2008).

Websites

References

  1. Wiki Contributors, "Cheraw, South Carolina," Wikipedia, accessed 25 January 2011.
  2. "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 7 May 2011).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 24 May 2011).
  5. Brent H. Holcomb, St. David's Parish, South Carolina: Minutes of the Vestry, 1768-1832; Parish Register, 1819-1924 (Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979), introduction.
  6. "South Carolina Districts and County - 1792 to 1799" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1799.html (accessed 24 May 2011).
  7. "South Carolina Districts - 1810" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_districts_1810.html (accessed 24 May 2011).
  8. "South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 24 May 2011).
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "South Carolina Counties - 1910" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1900s/sc_1900s_counties_1910.html (accessed 24 May 2011).