St. George Dorchester Parish, South CarolinaEdit This Page

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[St. George Dorchester Parish, South Carolina|St. George Dorchester Parish]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[St._George_Dorchester_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. George Dorchester Parish]]''<br><br> [[Image:Scstgeorgedorchester.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]  
[[Image:Scstgeorgedorchester.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]
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Also known as '''St. George Parish'''.
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=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
  
St. George Dorchester Parish serves (?) Dorchester County, South Carolina.  
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First constructed in 1719, a tower and steeple were added in 1751. During the American Revolution British troops burned the church. In 1811 it was finally repaired, but was damaged again by fire in 1820. Shortly after scavengers carried the bricks away except from the tower.<ref>[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=22894 Parish Church of St. George, Dorchester], The Historical Marker's Database, accessed 17 February 2011.</ref><ref>St. George's Parish Church, http://www.quarterman.org/pictures/anglicandorchester20071111/100_2075.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
  
South Carolina's "Anglican parishes were used as election districts and had responsibility for road development, care of the poor, and education."<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
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Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>
  
 
=== Founded  ===
 
=== Founded  ===
  
*1717
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[[St._George_Dorchester_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. George Dorchester Parish]] (Dorchester, Dorchester, SC) was created in 1717 from the northwest part of [[St. Andrews Parish, South Carolina|St. Andrew's Parish]] on the northwest side of [[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768) County]].<ref name="map1729">"Carolana in 1729" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/Carolina/Settlement/carolana_1729_counties_precincts_parishes.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
  
 
=== Boundary  ===
 
=== Boundary  ===
  
*Borders [[St. Andrews Parish, South Carolina|St. Andrew's]], [[St. Bartholomews Parish, South Carolina|St. Bartholomew's]], [[St. James Goose Creek Parish, South Carolina|St. James Goose Creek]], [[St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina|St. Matthew's]], [[St. Pauls Parish, South Carolina|St. Paul's]] parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina].
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'''Borders:''' [[St. Andrews Parish, South Carolina|St. Andrew's]], [[St. James Goose Creek Parish, South Carolina|St. James Goose Creek]], [[St. Pauls Parish, South Carolina|St. Paul's]], [[St. Bartholomews Parish, South Carolina|St. Bartholomew's]], and since 1768 [[St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina|St. Matthew's]] parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].
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'''Areas Served:''' St. George Dorchester Parish served:
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:*part of [[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768) County]] 1717-1768<ref name="map1729" />
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:*part of [[Charleston District, South Carolina|Charleston District]] 1768-1800<ref name="map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
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:*[[Berkeley (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1785-1791) County]] 1785-1791<ref name="1785map">"South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Colleton County, South Carolina|Colleton County]] 1800-1820<ref>"South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
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'''Modern equivalents:''' The original parish covered what is present-day [[Dorchester County, South Carolina|Dorchester County]].<ref name="map1729" /><ref name="map1900">"South Carolina Counties - 1900" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1900.html (accessed 25 May 2011).</ref>
  
 
=== Resources  ===
 
=== Resources  ===
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*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0062.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: St. George Dorchester Parish]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
 
*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0062.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: St. George Dorchester Parish]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
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==== Cemetery  ====
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McElligott made a professional reading of the tombstones at the ruins of this church:
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*McElligott, Carroll Ainsworth. "St. George's Church Cemetery, Dorchester County," ''The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research'', Vol. 13, No. 2 (Spring 1985):87-90. {{FHL|43856|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 13}}
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Select graves at St. George's Parish Church Cemetery are described in various Find A Grave databases:
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#[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2368472&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2330&CSsr=141& Old Saint Georges Anglican Church Cemetery] (18 graves)
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#[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2229937&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2330&CSsr=141& Saint George's Parish Church Cemetery] (10 graves)
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#[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2293240&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2330&CSsr=141& Saint George's Episcopal Church and Cemetery] (1 grave)
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Members of the DAR did a survey of St. George's Church Cemetery:
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*National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. ''Cemetery Records of South Carolina''. Typescript. {{FHL|115076|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 A1 no. 11}}. [Includes St. George's Church Cemetery in Dorchester.]
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==== Census  ====
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A 1726 Census for St. George Dorchester Parish survives. It was taken by Rev. Francis Varnod and is kept in the Archives of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in London (Letter dated 21 Jan 1726, Reference A19, 104). It lists the names of heads of household and statistics on white men, women, and children, as well as slaves.<ref>This source is discussed in Philip D. Morgan, "A Profile of a Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine,'' Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):51-52. See footnotes. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567601 JSTOR] ($).</ref> Abstract:
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*Floyd, Randleson A. "Names and Number of the Inhabitants of St. George's Parish, South Carolina as Inclosed in Mr. Varnod's Letter of 21 January 1725/6 to The Society for the Propogation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts," ''The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research'', Vol. 33, No. 2 (Spring 2005):77-79. {{FHL|43856|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 33}}
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1790 and 1800 censuses of the parish have been published:
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*Jarrell, Lawrence E. ''Early Colleton, South Carolina Census. Complete Transcription of the Federal Census Records; 1790 Charleston District Census, St. Bartholomew's, St. George's-Dorchester; St. Paul's and St. John's-Colleton Parishes; 1800 Colleton District Census--St. Bartholomew's, St. George's-Dorchester and St. Paul's Parishes; 1810 Colleton District Census''. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. {{FHL|742210|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.79 X2j}}
  
 
==== Parish History  ====
 
==== Parish History  ====
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*Dalcho, Frederick. ''An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published''. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. {{FHL|375296|item|disp=FHL Film 22657}}; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SG0QAAAAIAAJ Google Books]; [http://www.archive.org/details/historicalaccoun00dalc Internet Archive].
 
*Dalcho, Frederick. ''An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published''. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. {{FHL|375296|item|disp=FHL Film 22657}}; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SG0QAAAAIAAJ Google Books]; [http://www.archive.org/details/historicalaccoun00dalc Internet Archive].
  
=== References  ===
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== Websites  ==
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*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=22894 Parish Church of St. George, Dorchester], The Historical Marker Database
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*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=22764 The Bell Tower of St. George's Marker], The Historical Marker Database
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== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
[[Category:South_Carolina]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]

Latest revision as of 15:43, 28 May 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png St. George Dorchester Parish

Scstgeorgedorchester.jpg

Also known as St. George Parish.

Contents

History

First constructed in 1719, a tower and steeple were added in 1751. During the American Revolution British troops burned the church. In 1811 it was finally repaired, but was damaged again by fire in 1820. Shortly after scavengers carried the bricks away except from the tower.[1][2]

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.[3]

Founded

St. George Dorchester Parish (Dorchester, Dorchester, SC) was created in 1717 from the northwest part of St. Andrew's Parish on the northwest side of Berkeley (1682-1768) County.[4]

Boundary

Borders: St. Andrew's, St. James Goose Creek, St. Paul's, St. Bartholomew's, and since 1768 St. Matthew's parishes. For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: St. George Dorchester Parish served:

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered what is present-day Dorchester County.[4][8]

Resources

Research Guides

Cemetery

McElligott made a professional reading of the tombstones at the ruins of this church:

  • McElligott, Carroll Ainsworth. "St. George's Church Cemetery, Dorchester County," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Spring 1985):87-90. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 13

Select graves at St. George's Parish Church Cemetery are described in various Find A Grave databases:

  1. Old Saint Georges Anglican Church Cemetery (18 graves)
  2. Saint George's Parish Church Cemetery (10 graves)
  3. Saint George's Episcopal Church and Cemetery (1 grave)

Members of the DAR did a survey of St. George's Church Cemetery:

  • National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. Cemetery Records of South Carolina. Typescript. FHL Book 975.7 A1 no. 11. [Includes St. George's Church Cemetery in Dorchester.]

Census

A 1726 Census for St. George Dorchester Parish survives. It was taken by Rev. Francis Varnod and is kept in the Archives of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in London (Letter dated 21 Jan 1726, Reference A19, 104). It lists the names of heads of household and statistics on white men, women, and children, as well as slaves.[9] Abstract:

  • Floyd, Randleson A. "Names and Number of the Inhabitants of St. George's Parish, South Carolina as Inclosed in Mr. Varnod's Letter of 21 January 1725/6 to The Society for the Propogation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Spring 2005):77-79. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 33

1790 and 1800 censuses of the parish have been published:

  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. Early Colleton, South Carolina Census. Complete Transcription of the Federal Census Records; 1790 Charleston District Census, St. Bartholomew's, St. George's-Dorchester; St. Paul's and St. John's-Colleton Parishes; 1800 Colleton District Census--St. Bartholomew's, St. George's-Dorchester and St. Paul's Parishes; 1810 Colleton District Census. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. FHL Book 975.79 X2j

Parish History

For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 18, St. George's Parish, Dorchester, pages 345-350, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Websites

References

  1. Parish Church of St. George, Dorchester, The Historical Marker's Database, accessed 17 February 2011.
  2. St. George's Parish Church, http://www.quarterman.org/pictures/anglicandorchester20071111/100_2075.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  3. "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Carolana in 1729" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/Carolina/Settlement/carolana_1729_counties_precincts_parishes.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  5. "South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  6. "South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  7. "South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  8. "South Carolina Counties - 1900" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1900.html (accessed 25 May 2011).
  9. This source is discussed in Philip D. Morgan, "A Profile of a Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):51-52. See footnotes. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

 

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