St. Helenas Parish, South Carolina

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(div style)
(link removal)
(12 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
From about 1740 to 1886, St. Helena's Parish also had a chapel of ease on Lands End Road.<ref>[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=19647 Chapel of Ease], The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.</ref>  
 
From about 1740 to 1886, St. Helena's Parish also had a chapel of ease on Lands End Road.<ref>[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=19647 Chapel of Ease], The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.</ref>  
  
Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (also called the Anglican Church, and later the Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>
+
Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.
  
 
=== Founded  ===
 
=== Founded  ===
  
[[St._Helenas_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. Helena's Parish]] (Beaufort, Beaufort, SC) was created in 1712 on islands at the eastern tip of [[Granville County, South Carolina|Granville County]].<ref name="1760map">"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 26 May 2011).</ref>  
+
[[St._Helenas_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. Helena's Parish]] (Beaufort, Beaufort, SC) was created in 1712 on islands at the eastern tip of[http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/granville_county_original.html Granville County].<ref name="1760map">"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 26 May 2011).</ref>
  
 
=== Boundary  ===
 
=== Boundary  ===
  
'''Borders:''' [[St. Bartholomews Parish, South Carolina|St. Bartholomew's]], and since 1745 [[Prince William Parish, South Carolina|Prince William]], from 1747 to 1767 [[St. Peters Parish, South Carolina|St. Peter's]], and since 1767 [[St. Lukes Parish, South Carolina|St. Luke's]] parishes.<ref name="1760map" /><ref name="1770map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 26 May 2011).</ref> For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].  
+
'''Borders:''' [[St. Bartholomews Parish, South Carolina|St. Bartholomew's]], the Atlantic Ocean, and since 1745 [[Prince William Parish, South Carolina|Prince William]], from 1747 to 1767 [[St. Peters Parish, South Carolina|St. Peter's]], and since 1767 [[St. Lukes Parish, South Carolina|St. Luke's]] parishes.<ref name="1760map" /><ref name="1770map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 26 May 2011).</ref> For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].  
  
 
'''Areas Served:''' St. Helena's Parish served:  
 
'''Areas Served:''' St. Helena's Parish served:  
Line 29: Line 29:
  
 
==== Cemetery  ====
 
==== Cemetery  ====
<div style="padding-left: 1px; width: 147%; float: left">
+
 
*"Inscriptions from St. Helena Churchyard, Beaufort, South Carolina," ''The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'', Vol. 32, No. 2 (Apr., 1931):131-147; Vol. 32, No. 3 (Jul. 1931):205-237. {{FHL|53340|item}} 975.7 B2s v. 32 (1931); digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
*"Inscriptions from St. Helena Churchyard, Beaufort, South Carolina," ''The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'', [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27569857 Vol. 32, No. 2 (Apr., 1931):131-147]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27569864 Vol. 32, No. 3 (Jul. 1931):205-237]. {{FHL|53340|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 32 (1931)}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
 
Hundreds of graves at St. Helena's are described at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=259001&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2319&CSsr=81& Find&nbsp;A Grave]. Includes transcripts and select photographs.  
 
Hundreds of graves at St. Helena's are described at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=259001&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2319&CSsr=81& Find&nbsp;A Grave]. Includes transcripts and select photographs.  
 +
<div style="padding-left: 1px; width: 147%; float: left;"></div>
  
 
==== Parish History  ====
 
==== Parish History  ====
Line 60: Line 61:
 
The following registers have been indexed in the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
 
The following registers have been indexed in the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Church'''  
 
| '''Church'''  
Line 70: Line 71:
 
| St. Helena's Parish  
 
| St. Helena's Parish  
 
| 1683-1822  
 
| 1683-1822  
| C506581  
+
| {{IGI|C506581}}
 
| 1683-1822  
 
| 1683-1822  
| M506581
+
| {{IGI|M506581}}
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
'''South Carolina Historical Society holdings:''' "St. Helena’s (Episcopal) Church. Beaufort. Records, 1710-1818. 2 vols."
 +
 +
:"Alphabetical register with frequent marginal notations emending or clarifying entries; inside cover bears elaborate rendering of the coat of arms of George II. The index was compiled in 1875-1888. Typescript vestry minutes (1729-1812) include correspondence with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts re securing missionaries, complaints re ministers’ deficiencies, references (1860) to donations and bequests for the education of the poor, a 1778 sumons and trial in magistrate’s court of a parishioner unwilling to pay his poor tax, an 1806 “Report from the several officiating minister’s… throughout the state…” on the general conditions of the church, and an 1806 list of theological and biblical books purchased. Among the family names in the records are Barnwell, Bond, Chaplin, Cuthbert, de Saussure, Elliott, Grayson, Hazzard, Heyward, Stuart, Talbird, Verdier, and Wigg."<ref>Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 84 (October 1983): 255. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567808 JSTOR] ($). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49042081 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|53362|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84}}.</ref>
  
 
===== Vestry Books  =====
 
===== Vestry Books  =====
Line 88: Line 93:
 
*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=19647 Chapel of Ease Marker], The Historical Marker Database
 
*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=19647 Chapel of Ease Marker], The Historical Marker Database
  
=== References  ===
+
=== &nbsp;References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}
+
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
</div>
+
 
 
[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]
 
[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]

Revision as of 21:11, 30 May 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png St. Helena's Parish

Scsthelena.jpg

Contents

History

For an excellent brief history, see the parish's History - St. Helenas 1712.

From about 1740 to 1886, St. Helena's Parish also had a chapel of ease on Lands End Road.[1]

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.

Founded

St. Helena's Parish (Beaufort, Beaufort, SC) was created in 1712 on islands at the eastern tip ofGranville County.[2]

Boundary

Borders: St. Bartholomew's, the Atlantic Ocean, and since 1745 Prince William, from 1747 to 1767 St. Peter's, and since 1767 St. Luke's parishes.[2][3] For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: St. Helena's Parish served:

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered part of what is present-day Beaufort County.[2]

Resources

Cemetery

Hundreds of graves at St. Helena's are described at Find A Grave. Includes transcripts and select photographs.

Parish History

  • Baumhofer, Hermine Munz, "Economic Changes in St. Helena's Parish, 1860-1870," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Jan., 1949):1-13. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • History Committee, St. Helena's Episcopal Church. The History of the Parish Church of St. Helena, Beaufort, South Carolina. Beaufort, S.C.: The History Committee and the Vestry of St. Helena's Episcopal Church, 1990.

For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 22, St. Helena's Parish, Beaufort, pages 375-381, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Parish Records

Parish Registers

"An explanation of the way in which this register was saved during the Confederate War, may be of interest. Capt. Edward Barnwell for many years warden of St. Helena's Parish had it in his possession when he died in 1860. When Beaufort was evacuated in November 1861, his widow, Mrs. Sarah Caroline Barnwell (born Richardson) took it with her, preserved it during the war, and after it was over sent it to Mr. Robert Barnwell Rhett, Editor of the Charleston Mercury at his request, to allow him to obtain certain information about his family. He kept it until he removed to Huntsville, Ala., and left it with the Charleston Library Society. Some years afterwards, at the request of the Vestry, it was returned to them."[6]

In 1951, FamilySearch microfilmed a typescript of the parish register: FHL Film 23296 Abstracts have been published:

  • Barnwell, Joseph W. and Mabel L. Webber. "St. Helena's Parish Register," [1752-year], The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan. 1922):8-25; Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr. 1922):46-71; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul. 1922):102-151; Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct. 1922):171-204. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Barnwell and Webber's reading of the marriage register was also reprinted:

  • Holcomb, Brent H. and Thomas L. Hollowak. South Carolina Marriages, 1688-1799. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. FHL Book 975.7 V2hsc v. 1
  • Holcomb, Brent H. and Thomas L. Hollowak. South Carolina Marriages, 1800-1820. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. FHL Book 975.7 V2hsc v. 2

The following registers have been indexed in the International Genealogical Index:[7]

Church Baptisms Batch Marriages Batch
St. Helena's Parish 1683-1822 C506581 1683-1822 M506581

South Carolina Historical Society holdings: "St. Helena’s (Episcopal) Church. Beaufort. Records, 1710-1818. 2 vols."

"Alphabetical register with frequent marginal notations emending or clarifying entries; inside cover bears elaborate rendering of the coat of arms of George II. The index was compiled in 1875-1888. Typescript vestry minutes (1729-1812) include correspondence with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts re securing missionaries, complaints re ministers’ deficiencies, references (1860) to donations and bequests for the education of the poor, a 1778 sumons and trial in magistrate’s court of a parishioner unwilling to pay his poor tax, an 1806 “Report from the several officiating minister’s… throughout the state…” on the general conditions of the church, and an 1806 list of theological and biblical books purchased. Among the family names in the records are Barnwell, Bond, Chaplin, Cuthbert, de Saussure, Elliott, Grayson, Hazzard, Heyward, Stuart, Talbird, Verdier, and Wigg."[8]
Vestry Books

The vestry books have been published:

Websites

 References

  1. Chapel of Ease, The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 26 May 2011).
  3. 3.0 3.1 "South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 26 May 2011).
  4. "South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 26 May 2011).
  5. "South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 26 May 2011).
  6. Joseph W. Barnwell and Mabel L. Webber, "St. Helena's Parish Register," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct. 1922):204.
  7. Hugh Wallis, IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA, accessed 14 September 2010.
  8. Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," South Carolina Historical Magazine 84 (October 1983): 255. Digital version at JSTOR ($). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84.