St. James Goose Creek Parish, South CarolinaEdit This Page

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[St._James_Goose_Creek_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Goose Creek Parish]]''  
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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[St._James_Goose_Creek_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Goose Creek Parish]]''  
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
  
St. James Goose Creek Parish has served [[Berkeley County, South Carolina|Berkeley]] County, South Carolina. It had a chapel of ease in ruins by 1820.<ref>[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=26255 St. James, Goose Creek Chapel of Ease / Bethlehem Baptist Church], The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.</ref>
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The parish had a chapel of ease in ruins by 1820.<ref>[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=26255 St. James, Goose Creek Chapel of Ease / Bethlehem Baptist Church], The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.</ref> The chapel of ease at Strawberry includes a graveyard.
  
South Carolina's "Anglican parishes were used as election districts and had responsibility for road development, care of the poor, and education."<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>
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Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
  
 
=== Founded  ===
 
=== Founded  ===
  
*1706
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[[St._James_Goose_Creek_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Goose Creek Parish]] (Goose Creek, Berkeley, SC) was an original parish created in 1706 from the center north part of [[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768) County]].<ref name="1760map">"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref>
  
 
=== Boundary  ===
 
=== Boundary  ===
  
*Borders [[Christ Church Parish, South Carolina|Christ Church]], [[St. Andrews Parish, South Carolina|St. Andrew's]], [[St. George Parish, South Carolina|St. George]], [[St. Johns, Berkeley, Parish, South Carolina|St. Johns Berkeley]], [[St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina|St. Matthew's]], [[St. Michaels Parish, South Carolina|St. Michael's]], [[St. Philips Parish, South Carolina|St. Philip's]], [[St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish, South Carolina|St. Thomas &amp; St. Denis]] parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina].
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'''Borders:''' [[St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish, South Carolina|St. Thomas and St. Denis]], [[Christ Church Parish, South Carolina|Christ Church]], [[St. Philips Parish, South Carolina|St. Philip's]], [[St. Andrews Parish, South Carolina|St. Andrew's]], [[St. Johns, Berkeley, Parish, South Carolina|St. Johns Berkeley]] since 1708, [[St. George Dorchester Parish, South Carolina|St. George Dorchester]] since 1717, [[St. Michaels Parish, South Carolina|St. Michael's]] since 1751, [[St. Marks Parish, South Carolina|St. Mark's]] since 1757, and [[St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina|St. Matthew's]] since 1768 parishes.<ref name="1760map" /><ref name="1770map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref> For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].
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'''Areas Served:''' St. James Goose Creek Parish served:
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:*part of [[Berkeley (1682-1768) County, South Carolina|Berkeley (1682-1768) County]] 1706-1768<ref name="1760map" />
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:*part of [[Charleston District, South Carolina|Charleston District]] 1768-1800<ref name="1770map" />
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:*part of [[Marion (1785-1791) County, South Carolina|Marion (1785-1791) County]] 1785-1791<ref name="1785map">"South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston County]] 1800-1882<ref name="1800map">"South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref><ref name="1890map">"South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Berkeley County, South Carolina|Berkeley County]] since 1882<ref name="1890map" />
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:*part of [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg County]] since 1897<ref name="1900map">"South Carolina Counties - 1900" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1900.html (accessed 27 May 2011).</ref>
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'''Modern equivalents:''' The original parish covered parts of what are present-day [[Berkeley County, South Carolina|Berkeley]] and [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]] counties.<ref name="1760map" /><ref name="1900map" />
  
 
=== Resources  ===
 
=== Resources  ===
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==== Cemetery  ====
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Many graves from the parish church cemetery are described at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=71243&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2320&CSsr=261& Find A Grave] and [http://www.interment.net/data/us/sc/berkeley/stjames.htm Interment.net]. Graves at the chapel of ease cemetery at Strawberry are also described at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2276759&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2320&CSsr=261& Find A Grave]. The chapel of ease whose cemetery is known as Bethlehem Cemetery is also at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2276759&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2320&CSsr=261& Find A Grave]. Includes transcripts and select photographs.
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Members of the DAR did a survey of St. James Parish Goose Creek Church Church Cemetery:
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*National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. ''Cemetery Records of South Carolina''. Typescript. {{FHL|115076|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 A1 no. 11}}. [Includes St. James Parish Goose Creek Church Cemetery in Charleston County.]
  
 
==== Parish History  ====
 
==== Parish History  ====
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==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
  
A 1694 assessment of St. James' Goose Creek Parish's inhabitants was described in two books published in the 1850s. For further information, see Morgan's article (below), footnote 5, on page 52. Morgan states some of the names on the assessment, which he believes no longer survives, were published in these two books:
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A 1694 assessment of St. James' Goose Creek Parish's inhabitants was described in two books published in the 1850s. For further information, see Morgan's article (below), footnote 5, on page 52. Morgan states some of the names on the assessment, which he believes no longer survives, were published in these two books:  
  
#Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. ''A Peep into the Past''. Charleston, S.C., 1853.
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#Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. ''A Peep into the Past''. Charleston, S.C., 1853.  
 
#Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. ''The Olden Time of Carolina''. Charleston, S.C.: S.G. Courtenay &amp; Co., 1855. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=JKU-AAAAYAAJ Google Books].
 
#Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. ''The Olden Time of Carolina''. Charleston, S.C.: S.G. Courtenay &amp; Co., 1855. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=JKU-AAAAYAAJ Google Books].
  
A partial 1745 tax return for St. James' Goose Creek Parish survives. It is kept in the Archive of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London), Reference C/AM/7.149. The tax return is analyzed in:  
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A partial 1745 tax return for St. James' Goose Creek Parish survives. It is kept in the Archive of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London), Reference C/AM/7.149. The tax return is abstracted in:  
  
 
*Morgan, Philip D. "A Profile of Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'', Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):51-65. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567601 JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*Morgan, Philip D. "A Profile of Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'', Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):51-65. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567601 JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
[[Category:South_Carolina]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]]

Latest revision as of 15:47, 28 May 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png St. James Goose Creek Parish

Contents

History

The parish had a chapel of ease in ruins by 1820.[1] The chapel of ease at Strawberry includes a graveyard.

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.[2]

Founded

St. James Goose Creek Parish (Goose Creek, Berkeley, SC) was an original parish created in 1706 from the center north part of Berkeley (1682-1768) County.[3]

Boundary

Borders: St. Thomas and St. Denis, Christ Church, St. Philip's, St. Andrew's, St. Johns Berkeley since 1708, St. George Dorchester since 1717, St. Michael's since 1751, St. Mark's since 1757, and St. Matthew's since 1768 parishes.[3][4] For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: St. James Goose Creek Parish served:

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered parts of what are present-day Berkeley and Orangeburg counties.[3][8]

Resources

Cemetery

Many graves from the parish church cemetery are described at Find A Grave and Interment.net. Graves at the chapel of ease cemetery at Strawberry are also described at Find A Grave. The chapel of ease whose cemetery is known as Bethlehem Cemetery is also at Find A Grave. Includes transcripts and select photographs.

Members of the DAR did a survey of St. James Parish Goose Creek Church Church Cemetery:

  • National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. Cemetery Records of South Carolina. Typescript. FHL Book 975.7 A1 no. 11. [Includes St. James Parish Goose Creek Church Cemetery in Charleston County.]

Parish History

For a history of the parish, see Chapter 5, St. James' Parish, Goose-Creek, pages 244-263, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.

For a history of the area, see:

Parish Records

Taxation

A 1694 assessment of St. James' Goose Creek Parish's inhabitants was described in two books published in the 1850s. For further information, see Morgan's article (below), footnote 5, on page 52. Morgan states some of the names on the assessment, which he believes no longer survives, were published in these two books:

  1. Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. A Peep into the Past. Charleston, S.C., 1853.
  2. Poyas, Elizabeth Anne. The Olden Time of Carolina. Charleston, S.C.: S.G. Courtenay & Co., 1855. Digital version at Google Books.

A partial 1745 tax return for St. James' Goose Creek Parish survives. It is kept in the Archive of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London), Reference C/AM/7.149. The tax return is abstracted in:

  • Morgan, Philip D. "A Profile of Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):51-65. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Websites

References

  1. St. James, Goose Creek Chapel of Ease / Bethlehem Baptist Church, The Historical Marker Database, accessed 17 February 2011.
  2. "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
  4. 4.0 4.1 "South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
  5. "South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
  6. "South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
  7. 7.0 7.1 "South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
  8. 8.0 8.1 "South Carolina Counties - 1900" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1900.html (accessed 27 May 2011).

 

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  • This page was last modified on 28 May 2011, at 15:47.
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