St. James Santee Parish, South CarolinaEdit This Page

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[St._James_Santee_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Santee Parish]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[St._James_Santee_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Santee Parish]]''<br><br> [[Image:SCStJamesSantee.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]
  
== History  ==
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=== History  ===
  
St. James Santee Parish has served [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]]&nbsp;County.  
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Also known as the '''Wambaw Church''' on the King's Highway. This is the fourth building to serve this parish. The original parish was authorized upon the request of Huguenot settlers in 1706.<ref>"St. James Santee Parish Church" in ''Historical Markers Database'' at http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=39044 (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref> The original building was few miles inland at Jamestown, but their meeting place was moved closer to the sea as the local population shifted due to the construction of the [[King's Highway]]. In the early years sermons were preached in the French language.<ref>"History of the 'Brick Church'" in ''St. James-Santee Episcopal Church'' at http://www.stjamesec.org/brickchurch.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
  
South Carolina's "Anglican parishes were used as election districts and had responsibility for road development, care of the poor, and education."<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
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Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the [[South Carolina Church Records#Church_of_England_.28Anglican.2C_Protestant_Episcopal.29|Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church)]]. Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.<ref>[http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina,"] at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.</ref>  
  
=== Founded  ===
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==== Founded  ====
  
*1706
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[[St._James_Santee_Parish,_South_Carolina|St. James Santee Parish]] (McClellanville, Charleston, SC) was created as an original parish in 1706 from the southern corner of [[Craven County, South Carolina|Craven County]].<ref name="1760map">"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
  
=== Boundary  ===
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==== Boundary  ====
  
*Borders [[Christ Church Parish, South Carolina|Christ Church]], [[Prince Frederick Parish, South Carolina|Prince Frederick]], [[Prince George Parish, South Carolina|Prince George]], [[St. Stephens Parish, South Carolina|St. Stephen's]], [[St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish, South Carolina|St. Thomas &amp; St. Denis]] parishes. For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina].
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'''Borders:''' [[Christ Church Parish, South Carolina|Christ Church]], [[St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish, South Carolina|St. Thomas and St. Denis]], the Atlantic Ocean, [[Prince George Parish, South Carolina|Prince George]] since 1721, [[Prince Frederick Parish, South Carolina|Prince Frederick]] since 1734, and [[St. Stephens Parish, South Carolina|St. Stephen's]] since 1754 parishes.<ref name="1760map" /> For a map, see: [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/parishes.htm Early parishes in South Carolina]. An overlay of districts is available at [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html Carolana.com].  
  
== Resources  ==
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'''Areas Served:''' St. James Santee Parish served:
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:*part of historic [[Craven County, South Carolina|Craven County]] 1706-1768<ref name="1760map" />
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:*part of [[Charleston District, South Carolina|Charleston District]] 1768-1800<ref name="1770map">"South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
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:*parts of [[Washington County, South Carolina|Washington]] and [[Marion County, South Carolina|Marion]] counties 1785-1791<ref name="1785map">"South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston County]] since 1800<ref name="1800map">"South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
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:*part of [[Berkeley County, South Carolina|Berkeley County]] since 1882<ref name="1890map">"South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 28 May 2011).</ref>
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'''Modern equivalents:''' The original parish covered parts of what are present-day [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] and [[Berkeley County, South Carolina|Berkeley]] counties.<ref name="1760map" /><ref name="1890map" />
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=== Resources  ===
  
 
==== Cemetery  ====
 
==== Cemetery  ====
  
The parish church's cemetery graves are transcribed in Bridges (see below).  
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*"The Inscriptions on the Tombstones at the Old Parish Church of St. James's Santee, near Echaw Creek,"&nbsp;''The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'', Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1911):153-158. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27575308 JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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The parish church's cemetery graves are also transcribed in Bridges (see below).
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Select graves are photographed and transcribed at [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2174234&CScntry=4&CSst=43&CScnty=2322&CSsr=261& Find A Grave].  
  
 
==== Parish History  ====
 
==== Parish History  ====
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*Bridges, Anne B. and Roy Williams. ''St. James Santee Plantation Parish [South Carolina] History &amp; records, 1685-1925''. Spartanburg, S.C.: The Reprint Co., 1997. 541 pages. Includes church records for St. James Santee, 1758-1788 (Church of England); previously unpublished records, 1846-1921 (assumed to be Episcopalian). Also includes cemetery records for the church and lists of French &amp; Swiss refugees &amp; inhabitants. The old parish existed in today's Charleston &amp; Berkeley counties. Book found at&nbsp;Book found at {{FHL|734731|item|disp=FHL 975.79 H2b}} and [http://www.worldcat.org/title/st-james-santee-plantation-parish-history-and-records-1685-1925/oclc/35646490&referer=brief_results Other Libraries].  
 
*Bridges, Anne B. and Roy Williams. ''St. James Santee Plantation Parish [South Carolina] History &amp; records, 1685-1925''. Spartanburg, S.C.: The Reprint Co., 1997. 541 pages. Includes church records for St. James Santee, 1758-1788 (Church of England); previously unpublished records, 1846-1921 (assumed to be Episcopalian). Also includes cemetery records for the church and lists of French &amp; Swiss refugees &amp; inhabitants. The old parish existed in today's Charleston &amp; Berkeley counties. Book found at&nbsp;Book found at {{FHL|734731|item|disp=FHL 975.79 H2b}} and [http://www.worldcat.org/title/st-james-santee-plantation-parish-history-and-records-1685-1925/oclc/35646490&referer=brief_results Other Libraries].  
*''South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'', Vol. 17 {{FHL|53362|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 B2s v. 17}}.
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*Webber, Mabel L. "Parish Registers of St. James' Santee 1758-1788," ''South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'', Vol. 15, No. 3 (Jul. 1914):133-143; Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct. 1914):197-203; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Jan. 1915):16-24; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr. 1915):68-79; Vol. 16, No. 3 (Jul. 1915):109-122; Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct. 1915):164-177; Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr. 1916):73-81.&nbsp;{{FHL|53362|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 B2s v. 17}}; digital versions at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 +
 
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Holcomb and Hollowak reprinted marriage register abstracts:
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*Holcomb, Brent H. and Thomas L. Hollowak. ''South Carolina Marriages, 1688-1799''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. {{FHL|7225|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.7 V2hsc v. 1}}
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'''South Carolina Historical Society holdings:''' "St. James, Santee (Episcopal) Church. McClellanville. Records, 1758-1971. 2 vols."
 +
 
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:"Register includes marriages (1758-74; 1778-88); banns of marriage (1760, 1761, 1767, 1769); marriages (1851-1948); baptisms (1758-88); burials (1758-74; 1778-88); list of incumbents (1789-1865); confirmations (1854-61); historical notes (1789-1865); baptisms (1848-61; 1867-90; 1893-1926); list of communicants (1876); confirmations (1854-61; 1869-1952); births and baptisms (1920-71); deaths and burials (1846-63); decennial lists of communicants (1890-1940). Relatively frequent references to baptisms of slaves and, in the 1850s, confirmations on plantations, the rites apparently performed by laymen. Vestry minutes (1806-86), including accounts and references both to 1820 petition to the legislature re right to sell glebe land and to C. C. Pinckney, Jr., secretary of the vestry, then (after ordination) rector (1835-39). Families represented on the vestry include Axson, Doar, Dupré, Mazÿck, Rutledge, and Vanderhorst."<ref>Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 84 (October 1983): 257-57. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567808 JSTOR] ($). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49042081 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|53362|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84}}.</ref>
  
 
== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
{{Wikipedia|St._James_Episcopal_Church_(Santee,_South_Carolina)|St. James Santee Parish}}
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{{Wikipedia|St._James_Episcopal_Church_(Santee,_South_Carolina)|St. James Santee Parish}}  
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*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=39044 St. James Santee Parish Church Marker], The Historical Marker Database
 
*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=39044 St. James Santee Parish Church Marker], The Historical Marker Database
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
[[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:St._James_Santee_Parish,_South_Carolina]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_colonial_parishes]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:St._James_Santee_Parish,_South_Carolina]]

Latest revision as of 17:42, 22 June 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png St. James Santee Parish

SCStJamesSantee.jpg

Contents

History

Also known as the Wambaw Church on the King's Highway. This is the fourth building to serve this parish. The original parish was authorized upon the request of Huguenot settlers in 1706.[1] The original building was few miles inland at Jamestown, but their meeting place was moved closer to the sea as the local population shifted due to the construction of the King's Highway. In the early years sermons were preached in the French language.[2]

Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.[3]

Founded

St. James Santee Parish (McClellanville, Charleston, SC) was created as an original parish in 1706 from the southern corner of Craven County.[4]

Boundary

Borders: Christ Church, St. Thomas and St. Denis, the Atlantic Ocean, Prince George since 1721, Prince Frederick since 1734, and St. Stephen's since 1754 parishes.[4] For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.

Areas Served: St. James Santee Parish served:

Modern equivalents: The original parish covered parts of what are present-day Charleston and Berkeley counties.[4][8]

Resources

Cemetery

  • "The Inscriptions on the Tombstones at the Old Parish Church of St. James's Santee, near Echaw Creek," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul. 1911):153-158. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

The parish church's cemetery graves are also transcribed in Bridges (see below).

Select graves are photographed and transcribed at Find A Grave.

Parish History

For a history of the parish, see Chapter 9, St. James' Parish, Santee, pages 295-302, in:

  • Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Parish Records

In the 1960s, the parish kept its registers at the church. Copies: FHL Film 22744 Item 5. Births and christenings dated 1758 to 1788 are indexed on the IGI.[9] Published abstracts:

  • Bridges, Anne B. and Roy Williams. St. James Santee Plantation Parish [South Carolina] History & records, 1685-1925. Spartanburg, S.C.: The Reprint Co., 1997. 541 pages. Includes church records for St. James Santee, 1758-1788 (Church of England); previously unpublished records, 1846-1921 (assumed to be Episcopalian). Also includes cemetery records for the church and lists of French & Swiss refugees & inhabitants. The old parish existed in today's Charleston & Berkeley counties. Book found at Book found at FHL 975.79 H2b and Other Libraries.
  • Webber, Mabel L. "Parish Registers of St. James' Santee 1758-1788," South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 15, No. 3 (Jul. 1914):133-143; Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct. 1914):197-203; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Jan. 1915):16-24; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr. 1915):68-79; Vol. 16, No. 3 (Jul. 1915):109-122; Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct. 1915):164-177; Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr. 1916):73-81. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 17; digital versions at JSTOR ($).

Holcomb and Hollowak reprinted marriage register abstracts:

  • Holcomb, Brent H. and Thomas L. Hollowak. South Carolina Marriages, 1688-1799. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. FHL Book 975.7 V2hsc v. 1

South Carolina Historical Society holdings: "St. James, Santee (Episcopal) Church. McClellanville. Records, 1758-1971. 2 vols."

"Register includes marriages (1758-74; 1778-88); banns of marriage (1760, 1761, 1767, 1769); marriages (1851-1948); baptisms (1758-88); burials (1758-74; 1778-88); list of incumbents (1789-1865); confirmations (1854-61); historical notes (1789-1865); baptisms (1848-61; 1867-90; 1893-1926); list of communicants (1876); confirmations (1854-61; 1869-1952); births and baptisms (1920-71); deaths and burials (1846-63); decennial lists of communicants (1890-1940). Relatively frequent references to baptisms of slaves and, in the 1850s, confirmations on plantations, the rites apparently performed by laymen. Vestry minutes (1806-86), including accounts and references both to 1820 petition to the legislature re right to sell glebe land and to C. C. Pinckney, Jr., secretary of the vestry, then (after ordination) rector (1835-39). Families represented on the vestry include Axson, Doar, Dupré, Mazÿck, Rutledge, and Vanderhorst."[10]

Websites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: St. James Santee Parish

References

  1. "St. James Santee Parish Church" in Historical Markers Database at http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=39044 (accessed 28 May 2011).
  2. "History of the 'Brick Church'" in St. James-Santee Episcopal Church at http://www.stjamesec.org/brickchurch.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  3. "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1760" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  5. "South Carolina Districts and Parishes - 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  6. "South Carolina Districts and County - 1785" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1785.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  7. "South Carolina Districts - 1800" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Early_Statehood/sc_statehood_1800_districts_counties_1800.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  8. 8.0 8.1 "South Carolina Counties - 1890" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/1800s/sc_1800s_counties_1890.html (accessed 28 May 2011).
  9. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Saint James Santee Parish, Charleston, South Carolina Computer Printout; Births or Christenings, 1758-1788. FHL Film 883821 Item 17
  10. Margaretta Childs, and Isabella G. Leland, "South Carolina Episcopal Church Records," South Carolina Historical Magazine 84 (October 1983): 257-57. Digital version at JSTOR ($). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 84.

 

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