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Stafford County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Stafford County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Stafford County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1666
County Seat Stafford
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Stafford County

Contents

County Courthouse

 

Stafford County, Virginia
P O Box 339
Stafford, Virginia 22554-0339
540-658-8750

Stafford County, Virginia Boyhood Home of George Washington

Beginning Dates for Stafford County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1854 1853 1810 1699 1699

History

Stafford County, Virginia takes its name from the English county of Staffordshire.

The county is named after the English county of Staffordshire.[1]

The port of Falmouth, just opposite of Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock River, is situated in Stafford County.

Parent County

1666--Stafford County was created 5 June 1666 from Westmoreland County.
County seat: Stafford [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Cities, Towns and Communities

Historic Falmouth Towne and Stafford County Incorporated

Clearview Mansion

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Stafford County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Stafford County, Virginia between the 1660s and 1820s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: Antient Press. (Some of the index volumes have not been printed and it is necessary to contact the publishers to search them.)

Research Guides

  • King, George H.S. "A Survey of Stafford County Records [1792]," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 53, No. 3 (Jul. 1945):215-218. Available at JSTOR ($).

African Americans

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Stafford County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 9,588
1800 9,971 4.0%
1810 9,830 −1.4%
1820 9,517 −3.2%
1830 9,362 −1.6%
1840 8,454 −9.7%
1850 8,044 −4.8%
1860 8,555 6.4%
1870 6,420 −25.0%
1880 7,211 12.3%
1890 7,362 2.1%
1900 8,097 10.0%
1910 8,070 −0.3%
1920 8,104 0.4%
1930 8,050 −0.7%
1940 9,548 18.6%
1950 11,902 24.7%
1960 16,876 41.8%
1970 24,587 45.7%
1980 40,470 64.6%
1990 61,236 51.3%
2000 117,874 92.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
 

Stafford County, Virginia Census Records

1785 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Bible Records Stafford County, Virginia

Oversharton Parish Register thoughts of Wm F Boogher

Catholic
  • Downing, Margaret Brent. "The Old Catholic Chapel and Graveyard near Aquia, Stafford County, Va.," The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jan. 1925):561-563. Available at JSTOR ($).
Church of England

Visit the following Church of England parish pages to learn about resources available for Anglican residents of Stafford County:

Gotoarrow.png See also Brunswick Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Chotank Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Hamilton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Lower Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Overwharton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Potomac Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Paul's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Stafford Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Upper Parish

Court

In 2011, a transcript of missing Stafford County Order Book 1749-1755 was located. Read more at NJ.com.

General

  • Waterman, Thomas T. "The Old Court House Buildings, Stafford County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr. 1936):247. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Waterman, Thomas T. "The Old Buildings at Stafford Court House," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct. 1936):587-588. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Happel, Ralph. "Stafford and King George Courthouses and the Fate of Marlborough, Port of Entry," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 66, No. 2 (Apr. 1958):183-194. Available at JSTOR ($).

County Court

  • "Notes from the Records of Stafford County, Virginia, Order Books," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. 1936):191-206; Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct. 1936):296-311; Vol. 45, No. 1 (Jan. 1937):11-28; Vol. 45, No. 2 (Apr. 1937):171-188; Vol. 45, No. 3 (Jul. 1937):243-259; Vol. 45, No. 4 (Oct. 1937):367-382; Vol. 46, No. 1 (Jan. 1938):20-33; Vol. 46, No. 2 (Apr. 1938):126-134; Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul. 1938):222-230; Vol. 46, No. 4 (Oct. 1938):316-320; Vol. 47, No. 1 (Jan. 1939):22-26; Vol. 47, No. 2 (Apr. 1939):126-132; Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):248-252; Vol. 47, No. 4 (Oct. 1939):335-348. Available at JSTOR ($).

District Court of Fredericksburg

The District Court of Fredericksburg and later the Superior Court of Chancery had jurisdiction over certain Stafford County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction: FHL Collection [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]
  • See also Historic Court Records for indexes of Apprentice Records, Clerk's Order Books, Court Records, Free Negro / Slave records, Inquests, Marriage Records, Mayor's Court, Military Records & Wills
    Superior Court of Chancery

See District Court of Fredericksburg 

Genealogy

More than 200 genealogies have been published about Stafford County families. To view a list, visit Stafford County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Goolrick, John T. Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, c1929. FHL Collection; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and BYU Family History Archives.

Immigration

Headright grants identify many Stafford County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[3] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [List of immigrants, 1707, sailed to Virginia under Capt. James Gaugh on the Ship Joseph and Thomas from Bristol, England, see p. 8.]
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Stafford County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Stafford County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
  • O'Brien, Michael J. "Virginia, Stafford County, Overwharton Parish - Extracts from the Registers of the Protestant Episcopal Church of, from 1720 to 1758, Transcribed by Mr. Powhattan Moncure, Custodian of the Records," The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society, Vol. 12 (1913):156-161. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [O'Brien attempts to identify Irish surnames in this Church of England parish register.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 4 British aliens, some of whom had families, living in Falmouth.[4]

Land

Grants and Patents

Court Records Stafford County, Virginia

  • Davey. 253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1694-1742. Vol. I. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1987. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry. [Includes Stafford County.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Stafford County.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Stafford County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Local Histories

  • Goolrick, John T. Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches. Digital version at Family History Archives.

Maps

Map Resources

Stafford County, Virginia Map

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. FHL Collection; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Stafford County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 53.]

Military

Stafford County, Virginia Military Information

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Stafford County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Stafford County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Stafford County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Stafford County, see pp. 101-102.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Stafford County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Stafford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Stafford County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Stafford County on page 133.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Stafford County men served in the 45th Regiment.[5]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Stafford County, p. 105. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Native Americans

  • Deyo, William L. A Brief Outline of Recorded History of the Patawomeck [Potomac] Tribe. Colonial Beach, Va.: DeJoux Publications, 2000. FHL Book 970.3 P849d

Naturalization


Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

Interesting Newspaper Articles Concerning Stafford County

Stafford County, Virginia Obituaries

 

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL Collection [Includes sections on Falmouth and Stafford County silversmiths.]

Two iron making facilities operated in colonial Stafford County:

  1. Accokeek Furnace
  2. Rappahannock Forge[6]

Private Papers


Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

  • King, George Harrison Sanford. "Notes from the Journal of John Mercer, Esquire, (1704/5-1768) of Marlborough, Stafford County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1960):99-110; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):153-162. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

Probate

Local Court

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. FHL Collection [Includes Stafford County.]
  • King, George Harrison Sanford. "Will of Andrew Edwards, Stafford County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1972):307-310. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Nicklen, John Bailey Calvert. "A Missing Will Book of Stafford County and Its Contents," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 57, No. 1 (Jan. 1949):67-75. Available at JSTOR ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Stafford County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Stafford County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):55-57. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

Stafford county Personal Property Tax List

  • [1723-1790] Vogt, John and T. William Kethley. Stafford County, Virginia Tithables: Quit Rent, Personal Property Taxes and Related Lists and Petitions, 1723-1790 in Two Volumes. 2 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1990. FHL Collection
  • [1742] Quit roll, circa 1742, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy. Richmond VA: Nov 1989. Vol. 27 Iss. 4.
  • [1746-1749] A List of the Rents Belonging to the Estate of Capt. William Brent, Dece[ase]d Virginia, y[ea]rs 1746-1749, in Milnor Ljungstedt, "Some Stafford Records," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul. 1922):183. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • [1768, 1773] Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773. Richmond, Virginia: I.B. Woodson, 1970. FHL Collection
  • [1782-1813] Heinegg, Paul. "Stafford County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1813," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL Collection [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Stafford County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. FHL Collection; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Stafford County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 53.]
  • [1789, 1798] Images of the 1789 and 1798 Personal Property Tax Lists of Stafford County, Virginia  are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL Collection [The source for this publication is 1815 land tax. Stafford County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Stafford County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

  • Boogher, William F. Old Stafford County, Virginia: Overwharton Parish Register, 1720 - 1760. Washington, D.C.: Saxton Printing Co., 1899. FHL Collection; digital version at World Vital Records ($). Contains births, deaths and marriages 1720-1760.

Gotoarrow.png See also Overwharton Parish, Virginia

Overwahrton Parish Register 1720-1760

Stafford County, Virginia Birth Records

Stafford County, Virginia Marriage Records

Stafford County, Virginia Death Records

Stafford County, Virginia Vital Records

Death

Stafford County, Virginia deaths are included in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society, available online - free.

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Stafford County Historical Society

History.Library Point

Central Rappahannock Library
1201 Caroline Street
Fredericksburg, VA 22401
540/372-1144 or 540/371-9165

Stafford County collections are also held at the Library of Virginia and the Virginia Historical Society.

Stafford County Virginia Libraries and Genealogy Societies

Family History Centers

Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.

References

  1. Wikipedia Contributors, "Stafford County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stafford_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  4. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  5. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 200. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  6. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Laying the Hoe, A Century of Iron Manufacturing in Stafford County, Virginia," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 2003):238. Digital version at American Ancestors ($); FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 47 (2003).

 

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