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Sussex County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Sussex County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Sussex County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1754
County Seat Sussex
Courthouse
United States  RTENOTITLE  Virginia  RTENOTITLE  Sussex County

Contents

County Courthouse

RTENOTITLE
Sussex County Courthouse
P.O. Box 1337
15088 Courthouse Road
Route 735
Sussex, VA 23884
434-246-1012
  • Circuit Court Clerk has marriage, probate court and land records from 1754[1]

History

RTENOTITLE

Sussex County, Virginia was formed as the result of a law passed by the Virginia General Assembly in November, 1753. This created Sussex County from southwestern Surry County in 1754.

The county is named after the English county of Sussex.[2]

Sussex County, Virginia's county seat is Sussex, where county records were kept in the Dillard House, which was built in 1802, until a courthouse could be erected.

Early in its history, Sussex County was a part of the Anglican parish known as Albemarle Parish.

Parent County

1754--Sussex County was created 1754, as the result of a 1753 legislative act, from Surry County.
County seat: Sussex [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
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Places/Localities

Populated Places

  • Jarratt
  • Stony Creek
  • Wakefield
  • Waverly

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Sussex County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):127-129. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

  • Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872
  • Deeds of Emancipation, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives
  • Heinegg, Paul. "Sussex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Johnson, Martha C. Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Includes information about the Bassette family of Sussex County, Virginia.]
  • Judkins Family Association. The Judkins Journal. [Newsletter] 16 vols. plus supplement. Available at FHL.

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Sussex County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


For tips on accessing Sussex County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 10,549
1800 11,062 4.9%
1810 11,362 2.7%
1820 11,884 4.6%
1830 12,720 7.0%
1840 11,229 −11.7%
1850 9,820 −12.5%
1860 10,175 3.6%
1870 7,885 −22.5%
1880 10,062 27.6%
1890 11,100 10.3%
1900 12,082 8.8%
1910 13,664 13.1%
1920 12,834 −6.1%
1930 12,100 −5.7%
1940 12,485 3.2%
1950 12,785 2.4%
1960 12,411 −2.9%
1970 11,464 −7.6%
1980 10,874 −5.1%
1990 10,248 −5.8%
2000 12,504 22.0%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1840

  • Evans, June Banks. Census of 1840, Sussex County, Virginia. New Orleans, Louisiana: Bryn Ffyliaid Publications, 1990. Available at FHL.

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Church of England

RTENOTITLE See also Albemarle Parish

  • Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. Available at FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson, and Andrew Wilburn Hogwood. Albemarle Parish Vestry Book, 1742-1786, Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore: Clearfield, 2005.
  • Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [Includes Sussex County.]
Quaker
  • Putnam, Martha A. Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1996. Available at FHL. [Includes records about Quakers in Dinwiddie, Isle of Wight, Nansemond, Norfolk, Prince George, Southampton counties and Suffolk City from 1600s and 1700s (Blackwater Montly Meeting, Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting, Pagan Creek Meeting, Western Branch Monthly Meeting, and Somerton Monthly Meeting.)]

Court

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about Sussex County families. To view a list, visit Sussex County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Stephenson, Mary A. Old Homes in Surry & Sussex. Richmond [Virginia]: Dietz Press, 1942. FHL Collection

Immigration

Land

Deeds

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Sussex County, Virginia Deed Books A-E, 1754-March 1779. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1990. Available at FHL. WorldCat link.
  • Bradley, Stephen E. The Deeds of Sussex County, Virginia, 1779-1792. [Deed Books F and G] Keysville, Virginia: S.E. Bradley, 1993. Available at FHL.
  • Deeds, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Virginia Writers' Program, Works Projects Administration, Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries. Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson, 1942. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

Migration

  • Elliott, Katherine B. Emigration to Other States from Southside Virginia. 2 vols. South Hill, Virginia: K.B. Elliott, 1966. Vol. 1 of original edition available at FHL; 1983 reprints (both volumes) available at FHL; 1990-1992 reprints (both volumes) also available at FHL. [Includes individuals who migrated out of Sussex County to other parts of the country.]

Early migration routes to and from Sussex County for European settlers included:[3]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Sussex County, see p. 101.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Sussex County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Sussex County supplied soldiers for the:

- 4th Virginia Regiment
- 15th Virginia Regiment (8th Company)[4]

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Sussex County on page 133.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Sussex County, p. 105. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865


 George E. "Murder and Mayhem Rides the Rails," Civil War Times Illustrated, Vol. 48, No. 6, Dec. 2009, pp. 38-44 (focuses largely on Sussex Co.). WorldCat link.

Naturalization

Newspapers

  • Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
  • Obituaries, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives

Private Papers

  • Family Bible Records of Lamb and Driver Families. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library, Smithfield, Va. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL.

Probate

A free index to Sussex County, Virginia wills and administrations (1754-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Sussex County, Virginia Will Books A-F, 1754-1806. Richmond, Virginia: Self-published, 1990. In FHL, 975.5565.P28. WorldCat link.
  • Will and Estate Records, Sussex County, Virginia, USGenWeb Archives

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1777] Tithables, 1777, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Jan 1985. Vol. 3 Iss. 2.
  • [1782] 1782 Sussex County, Virginia tax lists (USGenWeb Archives)
  • [1782] Personal property tax lists, 1782, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Apr 1988. Vol. 6 Iss. 2; Jul 1988. Vol. 6 Iss. 3.
  • [1782-1818] Heinegg, Paul. "Sussex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Sussex County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Sussex County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1798, 1802] Removals from militia fines, 1798-1802, Southside Virginian. Richmond VA: Jul 1983. Vol. 1 Iss. 4.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Sussex County is included in Vol. 2.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Sussex County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
Marriages
  • Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriages of Sussex County, Virginia, 1754-1810. Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1982. WorldCat link.
Death
  • Boddie, John Bennett. Births, Deaths and Sponsors, 1717 - 1778 from the Albemarle Parish Register of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield, 1998. Available at FHL. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). For further information, see Albemarle Parish.
  • Jones Funeral Home Obituaries (Jones Funeral Home, Stony Creek, Sussex County, Virginia)
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Sussex County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sussex_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  4. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.

 

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