Swedish Genealogical Word List

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Back to [[Sweden|Sweden Portal Page]]►  
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Back to [[Sweden]]►  
  
 
The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)  
 
The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)  
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The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see [[Image:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf]].<br>  
 
The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see [[Image:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf]].<br>  
  
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In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. ''Who—whose—whom'' or ''marry—marries— married'' are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:  
 
In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. ''Who—whose—whom'' or ''marry—marries— married'' are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:  
  
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| ''man <br>mannen <br>män <br>männen''  
 
| ''man <br>mannen <br>män <br>männen''  
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==== Alphabetical Order  ====
 
==== Alphabetical Order  ====
  
Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: '''''Å (å), Ä (ä),''''' and '''''Ö (ö)'''''. Alphabetically, these letters come after '''''z'''''. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the [[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Place Search]] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]], and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
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Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: '''''Å (å), Ä (ä),''''' and '''''Ö (ö)'''''. Alphabetically, these letters come after '''''z'''''. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]], and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
  
 
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö  
 
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö  
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==== Spelling  ====
 
==== Spelling  ====
  
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|-
 
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| align="right" | '''''ä <br>i <br>j <br>k <br>t <br>v <br>tj <br>sk <br>s'''''  
 
| align="right" | '''''ä <br>i <br>j <br>k <br>t <br>v <br>tj <br>sk <br>s'''''  
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Examples:  
 
Examples:  
  
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| align="right" | ''änka <br>mjölnare <br>kärr''  
 
| align="right" | ''änka <br>mjölnare <br>kärr''  
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This word list includes only words ''most commonly found in genealogical sources''. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.  
 
This word list includes only words ''most commonly found in genealogical sources''. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.  
  
The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in [[Finding a Family History Center|Family History Centers]]:  
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The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family History Centers]]:  
  
 
*Ernolv, Carl. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23578493&referer=brief_results Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]]''. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. ({{FHL|16042|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,124,531 item 12}}).  
 
*Ernolv, Carl. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23578493&referer=brief_results Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]]''. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. ({{FHL|16042|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,124,531 item 12}}).  
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For example, in the first column you will find the English word ''marriage''. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as ''marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,''and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.  
 
For example, in the first column you will find the English word ''marriage''. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as ''marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,''and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.  
  
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[[Category:Word_List|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Sweden|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Finland|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Germany|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Denmark|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Norway|Swedish Genealogical]]
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[[Category:Word_List|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Finland|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Germany|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Denmark|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Norway|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Language_Tools_for_Swedish_Research]]

Revision as of 16:59, 15 January 2013

Back to Sweden

The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)

Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Swedish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need.

The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see File:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf.

Links to Swedish Genealogical Words (Swedish to English by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Å
Ä Ö


Links to Swedish Genealogical Words (English to Swedish by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Numbers


Contents

LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS

Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.

Variant Forms of Words

In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:

man
mannen
män
männen
man
the man
men
the men
yrke
yrket
yrken
yrkena
profession
the profession
professions
the professions

Alphabetical Order

Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, thePlace Search of the Family History Library Catalog, and this word list use the following alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö


Spelling

ä
i
j
k
t
v
tj
sk
s
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
e
j
g, gj, hj, lj, dj
ck, ch, g, gg, c, q
d, th, tt
hv, fv, ffv, f, w
k, kj, ch
skj, sch, sj, stj
ss, c, z

Examples:

änka
mjölnare
kärr
spelled as
spelled as
spelled as
enka
miölnare
tjärr

Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.

b used for p

c used for k

d used for t

f used for v

g used for k

i used for j

x used for ks

q used for k

w used for v

e used for ä

u used for v

ch used for k

tj used for ki

Examples:

skov spelled as schov

kvinna spelled as qvinna

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History Library. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.

The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use inFamily History Centers:

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Place Search under SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.

English
banns
birth
burial
child
christening
clerical survey
confirmation
death
father
female
household, examination roll
husband
index
male
marriage

military
mother
moving in
moving out
name, given
name, surname
parents
parish
probate
wife
year

Swedish
lysning
födda, födde, född, födelse
begravning
barn
döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop
husförhörslängd
konfirmation
döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna
far, fader
kvinnkön, kvinna
husförhörslängd, förhör

man, make
register
mankön, man
vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk
militär, soldat
mor, moder
inflyttning
utflyttning
förnamn
efternamn
föräldrar
socken, församling, kommun
boupptekning
hustru, maka
år