Swedish Genealogical Word List

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Revision as of 23:53, 23 August 2009

Contents

This list contains Swedish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)

Swedish is a Germanic language, as are Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic. Most differences between modern and old Swedish are simply a matter of spelling. Carefully study the Spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below. This will help you find the words in this list.

Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.

Language Characteristics

Variant Forms of Words

In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks in different forms of the same word. Note the following examples:

man
mannen
män
männen
man
the man
men
the men
yrke
yrket
yrken
yrkena
profession
the profession
professions
the professions

Alphabetical Order

Written Swedish has three letters not found in English: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog, and this word list use the following alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö

Spelling

Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common:

ä
i
j
k
t
v
tj
sk
s
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
e
j
g, gj, hj, lj, dj
ck, ch, g, gg, c, q
d, th, tt
hv, fv, ffv, f, w
k, kj, ch
skj, sch, sj, stj
ss, c, z

Examples:

änka
mjölnare
kärr
spelled as
spelled as
spelled as
enka
miölnare
tjärr

Additional Resources

This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History Library. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.

The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in Family History Centers:

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Place Search under SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.

English
banns
birth
burial
child
christening
clerical survey
confirmation
death
father
female
household, examination roll
husband
index
male
marriage
military
mother
moving in
moving out
name, given
name, surname
parents
parish
probate
wife
year
Swedish
lysning
födda, födde, född, födelse
begravning
barn
döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop
husförhörslängd
konfirmation
döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna
far, fader
kvinnkjön, kvinna
husförhörslängd, förhör
man, make
register
mankjön, man
vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk
militär, soldat
mor, moder
inflyttning
utflyttning
förnamn
efternamn
föräldrar
socken, församling, kommun
boupptekning
hustru, maka
år

Numbers

In Swedish genealogical sources numbers are occasionally written out. The following list gives the cardinal (1, 2, 3) and the ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd) versions of each number.

 
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
1000
   Cardinal
noll
en, ett
två
tre
fyra
fem
sex
sju
åtta
nio
tio
elva
tolv
tretton
fjorton
femton
sexton
sjutton
aderton, arton
nitton
tjugo
tjugoen/ett
tjugotvå
tjugotre
tjugofyra
tjugofem
tjugosex
tjugosju
tjugoåtta
tjugonio
trettio
trettioen/ett
fyrtio
femtio
sextio
sjuttio
åttio
nittio
ett/en hundra
två hundra
ett/en tusen
 
 
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
18th
19th
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
26th
27th
28th
29th
30th
31st
40th
50th
60th
70th
80th
90th
100th
200th
1000th
Ordinal
 
första
andra
tredje
fjärde
femte
sjätte
sjunde
åttonde
nionde
tionde
elfte
tolfte
trettonde
fjortonde
femtonde
sextonde
sjuttonde
adertonde
nittonde
tjugonde
tjugoförsta
tjugoandra
tjugotredje
tjugofjärde
tjugofemte
tjugosjätte
tjugosjunde
tjugoåttonde
tjugonionde
trettionde
trettioförsta
fyrtionde
femtionde
sextionde
sjuttionde
åttionde
nittionde
en/ett hundrade
två hundrade
en/ett tusende

Dates and Time

Months

English
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Swedish
januari
februari
mars
april
maj
juni
juli
augusti
september
oktober
november
december


Days of the Week

English
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Swedish
söndag
måndag
tisdag
onsdag
torsdag
fredag
lördag

General Word List

This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.

In this list, optional versions of Swedish words or variable endings are given in parentheses. Parentheses in the English column clarify the definition.

Click the letter below to get to the words starting with that letter.
Index:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Å   Ä   Ö 

A

adel
adelsman
aderton(de)
adlig
adopterad
adress
adressbok
afton
aldrig
alla, allt
alltid
andra
andtäppa
anfall
angiven
ankom
anmärkningar
annan
antavla
april
arbetare
arkiv
arrendator
arton
arv
arvinge
arvskifte
att
attest
augusti
av
avgift
avgång
avgått
avgått med döden
avliden
avskedad
avsomna
nobility
nobleman
eighteen (eighteenth)
noble
adopted
address
directory
evening
never
all
always
second, others
shortness of breath, asthma
seizure(s)
given, stated
came, arrived
remarks, annotations
other
pedigree chart
April
worker, laborer
archive
tenant farmer, leaseholder
eighteen
inheritance
heir
distribution of an inherited estate
that (know that he died)
certificate
August
of
fee
departure
moved
died (departed through death)
deceased, death
discharged, resigned
die, death

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Å

Ä

Ö